CUSTODIAL/MAINTENANCE EMPLOYEE SAFETY
NOTE: Please heed the safety rules and lifting techniques that follow to protect yourself
and fellow employees; otherwise your quality of life or someone else’s may change ―in a
; Make safety the first consideration in every situation.
; When picking up a load, evaluate whether or not you need help or special equipment. Do
not lift a load alone if you have any doubt of your ability to lift it. Use proper lifting
techniques to prevent injury. See ―Safe Lifting Rules‖ on the next page.
; Keep your work area clean and free of loose objects, stumbling (including office
equipment wires) or slipping hazards, rubbish, etc.
; Be aware of walking surfaces and their condition. Extra care may be required to prevent
; Do not reach too high for something that may fall on you. Use a small set of steps, a
ladder, or ask for help.
; When it is necessary to climb---use a ladder, not a chair, stool, desk or box. Be sure the
ladder is secured.
; Never leave an unsafe condition unguarded unmarked, even temporarily.
; Learn location of fire extinguishers and know how to use them.
; Always post ―wet floor‖ signs when using a liquid floor cleaning method.
; Before using any chemical make sure you have read the Material Safety Data Sheet and
know how to use, store and dispose of it.
; Chemicals and equipment should be stored in accordance with the OSHA Regulations
and Fire Code Regulations rules; with no exception.
; Cleaning chemicals shall be stored in accordance with the instructions on the container
and the material data safety sheets.
; DO NOT store acids and bases or oxidizers and reducers in the same cabinet due to the
possibility of extreme violent reaction between the two.
; Store potentially flammable chemicals in approved containers and areas. ; Never store chemicals in electrical, mechanical, or boiler rooms.
; Keep chemicals away from sources of heat, or sunshine.
; Chemicals storage areas should not be crowded and should have a systematic, easy to
; Never transfer/store chemicals in unlabeled or incorrect labeled containers. ; Always check hand and power tools and electrical cords before using.
; Never use a tool or cord that is damaged or defective.
; Never leave tools or equipment lying on the floor in walk paths or exits. ; All district –owned tools should be cleaned, and in good working condition before stored. ; Get first aid for every scratch, cut, and burn, no matter how small. Untreated minor
injuries may develop into serious injuries.
; Every accident or injury, no matter how small, must be reported to your supervisor
immediately. He/she will then report the accident or injury to the department supervisors. ; Do not attempt to operate equipment you do not understand.
; Wear adequate shoes with full protection of the heel and toes and slip-resistant soles.
Never wear shoes with worn heels or shoes that are open.
; When backing a vehicle into a confined area, always have another adult as a guide. ; Before beginning the workday, check all lights and tires on school district vehicle. ; Seatbelts must be worn while operating district vehicles.
; Make sure you know where fire extinguishers are located and are fully charged and
; Emergency exits must be kept clear at all times.
; Never park or stack anything in front of fire extinguishers, electrical panels and/or fire
; Use proper height ladder to reach high places and avoid, if possible, carrying material up
or down ladders. Put light items on higher shelves.
; Never pour flammable liquids down drains or sewers.
; Dispose of all flammable waste rags in metal containers with lids and in an approved area. ; Change your clothing immediately should they become soaked with any flammable
; Always wear comfortable and adequate clothing on the job. This includes not only well
fitting clothing, but also adequate shoes to protect your feet from hazardous materials. ; Protective gear should be worn at all times, in all areas, indoors or outdoors in hazardous
SAFE LIFTING RULES
; Size up the load; do not attempt to lift a load alone if you have any doubt of your ability
to lift it.
; Always make sure your footing is secure.
; Place feet close to the base of the object to be lifted.
; Get a good grip on the load.
; Bend your knees; keep your back straight.
; Keep the load close to the body.
; Be sure you can see past the load.
; In team lifting, cooperate with your partner when carrying a long object; with a two-
person carry, both should carry from the same side, be it right or left. ; When putting down a load, take care and reverse the lifting procedures. ; Do not attempt to use hand trucks to move objects weighing in excess of 500 pounds. ; Before moving a load, make sure your intended pathway is clear. Be aware of other
potential problems such as class changes, lunch periods, etc.
; When carrying, turn your whole body, including your feet. Never twist shoulders and
hips before moving your feet.
; All types of ladders are available on the job site for your use. There is no excuse for
using a makeshift means of access to a work area.
; Broken or damaged ladders must not be used. Repair or destroy them immediately.
Ladders to be repaired must be tagged ―DO NOT USE.‖
; Do not splice together short ladders to make a longer ladder.
; All straight ladders must be tied off at the top.
; Ladders should not be placed against moveable objects.
; The base of the ladder must be set back a safe distance from the vertical - approximately
one-fourth of the working length of the ladder.
; Ladders used for access to a floor or platform must extend at least three (3) feet above the
; The areas around the top and base of ladders must be free of tripping hazards such as
loose materials, trash, and electrical cords.
; Ladders, which project into passageways or doorways, where they could be struck by
personnel, moving equipment or materials being handled, must be protected by
barricades or guards.
; You must face the ladder at all times when ascending or descending.
; Be sure your shoes are free of mud, grease, or other substances, which could cause a slip
; Do not carry materials up a ladder. Use a hand line.
; Always move the ladder to avoid over-reaching.
; Fully open stepladders to permit the spreader to lock.
; Metal ladders must not be used for electrical work or in areas where they could contact
energized wiring. The use of metal ladders is restricted to special applications where the
heavier wooden ladders are not practical.
EQUIPMENT AND MOTORS
; Follow manufacturer’s instruction for safe operation of all equipment. Be sure that
employees are trained in the use of each piece of equipment. Conduct demonstration on
use of new equipment.
; All electrical systems for the building should conform to the National Electrical Code
; All permanent wiring should be in conduit.
; All electrical outlets should be of the 3-wire grounded type.
; All electrical equipment used in the building should have the Underwriters Laboratories
(U.L.) label and should have 3-wire ground cords and plugs or be otherwise properly
; The use of 2-wire plug adapters and multi-plug outlet adapters should be prohibited. ; Only heavy-duty grounded extension cords should be used as temporary wiring. ; All circuit breakers should be numbered and identified as to the location/appliance served.
Circuit breaker switches should not be taped in the ―ON‖ position. The main electrical
equipment rooms should be kept locked at all times with access by authorized personnel
only. All electrical boxes outside the secured area should be kept locked. ; There should be no storage of combustibles/flammables in electrical rooms. ; Access to all electrical panels must be kept free of any obstructions. ; Motors should be kept free of dust, dirt and oily deposits.
; Equipment or motors should not be kept in blind or inaccessible attic spaces. ; Power cords should be kept in good condition; never worn, broken, improperly repaired
; Any equipment that sparks, stalls, or runs hot should be repaired or replaced.
The District utilizes primarily multifunctional fire extinguishers that will address the three major
fire types. These extinguishers are designated as ABC extinguishers. It is important to use the
right type of fire extinguisher. Familiarize yourself with the different fire extinguishers and their symbols. This symbol (A) indicates the fire extinguisher is designed for combustibles, such as: cloth, wood, paper, rubber, etc. The background color of the symbol will be either metallic or green. This type of fire extinguisher contains water, multipurpose dry chemicals, carbon dioxide or foam. The symbol (B) indicates the fire extinguisher is designed for flammable or combustible liquids, gases, greases, oil, etc. The background color of this symbol is either metallic or red. This type fire extinguisher contains multipurpose dry chemicals or carbon dioxide. The symbol (C) indicates the fire extinguisher is designed for electrical equipment. The background color of the symbol is either metallic or blue. This type fire extinguisher contains either multipurpose dry chemicals or carbon dioxide. The symbol (D) indicates the fire extinguisher is designed for use on certain combustible materials (metals) such as: sodium potassium, magnesium, etc. The background color of this symbol is either metallic or yellow. Very rarely will you need a Class D fire extinguisher, especially for offices and homes. This type fire extinguisher contains a special dry powder.
Falls are one of the most common kinds of accidents. Preventing a fall and injury is your responsibility.
; When it is necessary to climb—use a ladder, not a chair, stool, desk or box.
; Wear good shoes with nonslip soles that are in good condition.
; Use care when working on stairways. Keep your balance.
; Use caution when working so as not to trip over your equipment, mop, bucket, vacuum
cleaner, and other tools.
; Accept the responsibility for his or her own safety. Managers/Supervisors should
encourage employees to be safety conscious.
; Abide by all safety regulations.
; Use protective clothing and devices when needed.
; Use machines, equipment or tools that are in good, safe working condition.
; Do not distract other workers performing a hazardous job.
; Refrain from all forms of pranks or horseplay.
; Report unsafe practices or working conditions to immediate supervisor.
; Report all accidents to the immediate supervisor prior to seeking medical assistance.