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1-Adverbial Clause

By Sally Harris,2014-07-08 03:36
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1 After class work 1. The goods were handed over for disposal against payment by the customer. 2. We cleaned the room against your coming. 3. They are preparing a substantial meal against his return. 4. Samples are subject to a series of tests in the lab, the object of which is largely to determine the correct processing methods to be adopted in each case. 5. On flat..

    After class work

    1. The goods were handed over for disposal against payment by the customer. 2. We cleaned the room against your coming.

    3. They are preparing a substantial meal against his return.

    4. Samples are subject to a series of tests in the lab, the object of which is largely to

    determine the correct processing methods to be adopted in each case. 5. On flat ground you plow disgustedly through the mud, often getting well over your

    ankles. But on a climb you do worse.

    6. We all developed “Dunkirk throat”, a sore hoarseness that was the hallmark of

    those who had been there.

    7. A revolution of declining expectations vaporizes the hopes and dreams of only

    yesterday.

    8. A little after midnight the pilot landed narrowly averting a crackup. 9. The ship turned just in time, narrowly missing the immense wall of ice which rose

    over 100 feet out of water beside her.

    10. When they find who killed that kid and its mother, they’ll throw the book, and

    never mind who it hits.

    11. Modern linguistics gets its charter from Leonard Bloomfield’s language (1933).

    12. If we want your two cents, we’ll ask for it.

    13. last night I heard him driving his pigs to market,

    14. When John was talking about the affair, we smelled a rat.

    15. Hoover was proud of his wife. She spoke five languages fluently and set what

    considered to be the finest table in White House history.

    16. Next to no wife, good wife is best.

    17. Miss Crawley admitted her as a dear, artless, tender-hearted, affectionate,

    incomprehensible creature.

    18. Marjorie has been raised by a scheming aunt to find a millionaire dollars and

    marry it. So when at17, she felt in love with a poor medical student, the aunt

    promptly arranged to take her niece abroad. In the 90s that was still standard

    technique.

    Adverbial Clause Adverbial Clause

    Translation of English Adverbial Clauses Translation of English Adverbial Clauses

1. Adverbial Clauses of Time 1. Adverbial Clauses of Time

    1 Translating Into Corresponding Chinese Adverbial Clauses 1 Translating Into Corresponding Chinese Adverbial Clauses

     While she spoke, the tears were running down . While she spoke, the tears were running down .

     Please turn off the light when you leave the room. Please turn off the light when you leave the room.

     1

He had scarcely handed me the letter when he asked me to read it . He had scarcely handed me the letter when he asked me to read it .

2 Translating Into Chinese Compound Sentences of Parallel Structure 2 Translating Into Chinese Compound Sentences of Parallel Structure

     She sang as she prepared the experiment. She sang as she prepared the experiment.

     They set him free when his ransom had not yet been paid. They set him free when his ransom had not yet been paid.

     I was about to speak, when Mr. Smith cut in. I was about to speak, when Mr. Smith cut in.

    3 Translating Into Chinese Adverbial Clause of Condition 3 Translating Into Chinese Adverbial Clause of Condition Turn off the switch when anything goes wrong with the machine. Turn off the switch when anything goes wrong with the machine.

     A body at rest will not move till a force is exerted on it. A body at rest will not move till a force is exerted on it.

2. Adverbial Clauses of Place 2. Adverbial Clauses of Place

     Make a mark where you have any doubts or questions. Make a mark where you have any doubts or questions.

     The materials are excellent for use where the value of the workpieces is not high. The materials are excellent for use where the value of the workpieces is not high.

     Where water resources are plentiful, hydroelectric power stations are being built in Where water resources are plentiful, hydroelectric power stations are being built in

    large numbers. large numbers.

3. Adverbial Clauses of Cause 3. Adverbial Clauses of Cause

    1 Translating Into Corresponding Chinese Clauses of Cause 1 Translating Into Corresponding Chinese Clauses of Cause The crops failed because the season was dry. The crops failed because the season was dry.

     As the moon gravity is only about 1/6 the gravity of the earth a 200-pound man As the moon gravity is only about 1/6 the gravity of the earth a 200-pound man

    weights only 33 pounds on the moon. weights only 33 pounds on the moon.

    2 Translating Into Chinese Principal Clauses 2 Translating Into Chinese Principal Clauses Because he was convinced of the accuracy of this fact, he stuck to his opinion. Because he was convinced of the accuracy of this fact, he stuck to his opinion.

     Pure iron is not used in industry because is too soft. Pure iron is not used in industry because is too soft.

     Since information is continuously sent into the system as it becomes Since information is continuously sent into the system as it becomes

    vailable,Teletext is always kept up-to-date. vailable,Teletext is always kept up-to-date.

4. Adverbial Clauses of Condition 4. Adverbial Clauses of Condition

    1 Translating Into Chinese Adverbial Clauses of Condition, or Clauses of 1 Translating Into Chinese Adverbial Clauses of Condition, or Clauses of

    Supposition Supposition

     If something has the ability to adjust itself to the environment, we say it has If something has the ability to adjust itself to the environment, we say it has

    intelligence. intelligence.

     Granted that this is true, what conclusion can you draw? Granted that this is true, what conclusion can you draw?

     2

Should there be urgent situation, press the red button to switch off the Should there be urgent situation, press the red button to switch off the

    electricity . electricity .

    2 Translating into Chinese Supplementary Clauses 2 Translating into Chinese Supplementary Clauses You can drive tonight if you are ready. You can drive tonight if you are ready.

     Any body above the earth will fall unless it is supported by an upward force Any body above the earth will fall unless it is supported by an upward force

    equal to its weight. equal to its weight.

5. Adverbial Clauses of Concession 5. Adverbial Clauses of Concession

    1 Translating Into Corresponding Chinese Adverbial Clauses of Concession 1 Translating Into Corresponding Chinese Adverbial Clauses of Concession

     While this is true of some, it is not true of all. While this is true of some, it is not true of all.

     I still think that you made a mistake while I admit what you say. I still think that you made a mistake while I admit what you say.

    2 Translating Into Chinese unconditional Clauses Such as 2 Translating Into Chinese unconditional Clauses Such as

     etc. etc.

     He got the same result whichever way he did the experiment. He got the same result whichever way he did the experiment.

     All living things, whether they are animals or plants, are made up of cells. All living things, whether they are animals or plants, are made up of cells.

     They were determined to carry out their plan no matter what obstacles they They were determined to carry out their plan no matter what obstacles they

    would have to face. would have to face.

6. Adverbial Clauses of purpose 6. Adverbial Clauses of purpose

     We should start early so that we might get there before noon. We should start early so that we might get there before noon.

     Steel parts are usually covered with grease for fear that they should rust. Steel parts are usually covered with grease for fear that they should rust.

     A rocket must attain a speed of about five miles per second so that it may put a A rocket must attain a speed of about five miles per second so that it may put a

    satellite in orbit. satellite in orbit.

     After - Class Work After - Class Work

?. Put the following sentences into Chinese, paying attention to the adverbial ?. Put the following sentences into Chinese, paying attention to the adverbial

    clauses clauses

When Chou Enlais door opened they saw a slender man of more than average When Chou Enlais door opened they saw a slender man of more than average

    height with gleaming eyes and a face so striking that it bordered on the height with gleaming eyes and a face so striking that it bordered on the

    beautiful. beautiful.

     When I try to understand what it is that prevents so many Americans from being When I try to understand what it is that prevents so many Americans from being

     3

    as happy as one might expect, it seems to me that there are two causes, of as happy as one might expect, it seems to me that there are two causes, of

    which one goes ,much deeper than the other. which one goes ,much deeper than the other.

     It had been a fine, golden autumn, a lovely farewell to those who would lose It had been a fine, golden autumn, a lovely farewell to those who would lose

    their youth, and some of them their lives, before the leaves turned again in a their youth, and some of them their lives, before the leaves turned again in a

    peacetime fall. peacetime fall.

     The assertion that it was difficult, if not impossible, for a people to enjoy its basic The assertion that it was difficult, if not impossible, for a people to enjoy its basic

    rights unless it was able to determine freely its political status and to ensure rights unless it was able to determine freely its political status and to ensure

    freely its economic, social and cultural development was now scarcely freely its economic, social and cultural development was now scarcely

    contested. contested.

     Inexpressible was the astonishment of the little party when they returned to find Inexpressible was the astonishment of the little party when they returned to find

    that Mr. Pickwick had disappeared. that Mr. Pickwick had disappeared.

     Aluminum remained unknown until the 19th century, because nowhere in nature Aluminum remained unknown until the 19th century, because nowhere in nature

    is it found free, owing to its always being combined with elements, most is it found free, owing to its always being combined with elements, most

    commonly with oxygen, for which it has a strong affinity. commonly with oxygen, for which it has a strong affinity.

     It was a day as fresh as grass growing up and clouds going over and butterflies It was a day as fresh as grass growing up and clouds going over and butterflies

    coming down can make it. It was a day compounded from silences of bee and coming down can make it. It was a day compounded from silences of bee and

    flower and ocean and land, which were not silences at all, but motions, stirs, flower and ocean and land, which were not silences at all, but motions, stirs,

    flutters, rising, each in its own time and matchless rhythm. flutters, rising, each in its own time and matchless rhythm.

    ?. Put the following sentences into Chinese, paying attention to the idiomatic ?. Put the following sentences into Chinese, paying attention to the idiomatic expressions expressions

I hope this concession of ours will set the ball rolling. I hope this concession of ours will set the ball rolling.

     Sometimes, walking the street at night, Ive been so desperate that Ive made up Sometimes, walking the street at night, Ive been so desperate that Ive made up

    my mind to win the horse or lose the saddle. my mind to win the horse or lose the saddle.

     Why are you rushing around like a chicken with its head cut off; Why are you rushing around like a chicken with its head cut off;

     He gets up very early and sits up very late and is burning the candle at both He gets up very early and sits up very late and is burning the candle at both

    ends. ends.

     Id love to go out to lunch, but you know Im living on a shoestring. Id love to go out to lunch, but you know Im living on a shoestring.

     The competing interests groups confront each other with a show of passion and The competing interests groups confront each other with a show of passion and

    drama, sometimes over inconsequential matters or over a mere linguistic drama, sometimes over inconsequential matters or over a mere linguistic

    difference. difference.

     During the war, he was an embryo surgeon, and joined the mobile medical During the war, he was an embryo surgeon, and joined the mobile medical