Part 1 Multiple choices
Directions: Read the following passages carefully and choose the best answer from the four choices marked A, B, C and D.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage or dialog.
In order to separate doting parents from their freshman sons,
Morehouse College in Atlanta has instituted a formal "Parting Ceremony". It began on a recent evening, with speeches in the Martin Luther King Jr. International Chapel (小教堂). Then the
incoming freshmen marched through the gates of the
campus—which slowly shut, literally leaving the parents outside.
When University of Minnesota freshmen move in at the end of August, parental separation was a little more artful: mothers and fathers were invited to a reception elsewhere so students can meet
their roommates and negotiate dorm room space—without adult
Grinnell College here, like others, has found it necessary to be explicit about when parents really, truly must say goodbye. After computer printers and bags had been carried to dorm rooms,
everyone gathered in the gymnasium, students on one side of the bleachers (看台座位), parents on the other. The president
welcoming the class of 2011 had his back to the parents—a
symbolic staging meant to inspire parents to realize, "My student is
feeling more comfortable sitting with 400 people they just met." Shortly after, mothers and fathers were urged to leave campus. Most deans can tell stories of parents who lingered around campus for days. At Colgate University, a mother and father once went to
their daughter's classes on the first day of the semester and went to the registrar's office to change her schedule, recalled Beverly Low, the dean of first-year students. "We recognize it's a huge day for families," she said.
A more common approach is for colleges to introduce frank language into drop-off schedules stating clearly the hour for last hugs. As of 5:30 p.m. on Sept. 11, for example, the parents of Princeton freshmen learn from the move-in schedule, "subsequent
events are intended for students only." The language was added in
recent years to draw a clear line. It's easy for students to point to
this and say "Hey, Mom, I think you're supposed to be gone now".
1. Why did Morehouse College hold a "Parting Ceremony"?
A. To welcome the freshmen's parents.
B. To memorize Martin Luther King.
C. To help the students get familiar with the gates of campus.
D. To separate the parents from their freshman children
2. At University of Minnesota, the parental separation was
A. more formal than Morehouse College
B. more skillful than Morehouse College
C. more frank than Grinnell College
D. more popular with parents than any other colleges
3. Why did the president welcoming the class of 2011 have his
back to the parents?
A. Because the gymnasium is too small to hold so many
B. Because he wanted to urge the parents to leave.
C. Because he wanted the parents to realize that their children
feel comfortable there.
D. Because he felt great pressure from the parents.
4. At Colgate University, a mother and father once
A. stayed with their daughter on campus for a semester
B. attended lectures on campus for several days
C. worked at the registrar's office
D. attended their daughter's classes and made decisions for
5. Which of the following is TURE according to the passage?
A. Many colleges allow the last hug between parents and their
children for an hour.
B. Many colleges state clearly the time for parents to part with
C. The parents of Princeton freshmen must leave before 5:30
p.m. on Sept. 11.
D. In fact most students don't want their parents to leave
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage or dialog.
Lord Browne, the former head of BP (英国石油公司), is conducting a
review of student finance with a report expected to be published in the coming weeks. The report's anticipated recommendations would result in new graduates facing an extra ?5,000 burden of debt in addition to the current average of ?20,000, it was claimed.
Among the options being considered by the panel is a limit on the amount of funding per student supplied by the government, with universities being forced to subsidize (补助) teaching from their own
funds. This measure could see the cap on tuition fees removed
completely, but would be likely to result in reduced applications for the most expensive courses, particularly from poorer students.
The recommendation of higher tuition fees would appear to contradict statements by Vince Cable, the Business Secretary,
earlier this summer when he spoke in favor of a tax on graduates.
A source with knowledge of the review reportedly claimed that the proposals will establish a competitive market between universities, with fees likely to rise to between ?6,000 and ?7,000. Tuition fees
are currently capped at ?3,290 a year, with virtually every institution charging the maximum amount.
But a university source reportedly expressed concerns the
recommendations would not sit well with the Liberal Democrats (自
由民主党), who are opposed to fee rises, and suggested Lord Browne was "operating in a parallel universe". The Browne Review could also result in universities incurring extra costs, with student loans set to be extended to part-time students for the first time.
It comes as universities are preparing themselves for massive funding cuts in the Comprehensive Spending Review, with budgets expected to be brought down by up to ?5 billion. The expected increase in fees is likely to be introduced in 2013.
6. Lord Browne's report ________________.
A. is going to be published before his review on student
B. will recommend some measures to help BP
C. is expected to increase new graduates' financial burden to
D. is expected to increase new graduates' financial burden to
7. The panel is considering a measure which will
A. force the government to subsidize the teaching in university
B. limit the amount of tuition fee of university
C. reduce the application for some courses from the poor
D. increase the funding per student supplied by the
8. Vince Cable, the Business Secretary, ________________.
A. agrees to increase tax on graduates
B. recommends the higher tuition fees
C. is in favor of Lord Browne's report
D. made contradictory statements earlier this summer
9. How many tuition fees are charged now by most universities?
10. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. The Liberal Democrats would not agree with the
B. Part-time students could not apply for student loans before.
C. Most universities are not ready for the cuts of funds.
D. The tuition fees are likely to increase in 2013.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage or
The case for college has been accepted without question for more than a generation. All high school graduates ought to go, says conventional wisdom and statistical evidence, because college will help them earn more money, become "better" people, and learn to
be more responsible citizens than those who don't go.
But college has never been able to work its magic for everyone. And now that close to half our high school graduates are attending, those who don't fit the pattern are becoming more numerous, and
more obvious. College graduates are selling shoes and driving taxis and write false letters of recommendation in the intense competition for admission to graduate school. Others find no stimulation in their studies, and drop out—often encouraged by college administrators.
Some observers say the fault is with the young people themselves—they are spoiled and they are expecting too much. But that doesn't explain all campus unhappiness. Others blame the state of the world, and they are partly right. We have been told that
young people have to go to college because our economy can't absorb an army of untrained eighteen-year-olds. But disappointed
graduates are learning that it can no longer absorb an army of trained twenty-two-year-olds, either.
Some educators have openly begun to suggest that college may not be the best, the proper, the only place for every young person after the completion of high school. Perhaps college doesn't make people intelligent, ambitious, happy, liberal, or quick to learn
things—maybe it is just the other way around, and intelligent, ambitious, happy, liberal, quick-learning people are merely the ones
who have been attracted to college in the first place. And perhaps all those successful college graduates would have been successful
whether they had gone to college or not. This is unacceptable to those who have been brought up to believe that if a little schooling is good, more has to be much better. But contrary evidence is beginning to mount up.
11. According to the author, ________________.
A. people used to question the value of college education
B. people used to have full confidence in higher education
C. all high school graduates went to college
D. very few high school graduates chose to go to college
12. In the 2nd paragraph, "those who don't fit the pattern" refer to
A. high school graduates who aren't suitable for college
B. college graduates who are selling shoes and driving taxis
C. college students who aren't any better for their higher
D. high school graduates who failed to be admitted to college
13. The dropout rate of college students seems to go up because
A. young people are disappointed with the conventional way of
teaching at college
B. many people are required to join the army
C. young people have little motivation in pursuing a higher
D. young people don't like the intense competition for
admission to graduate school
14. According to the passage, the problems of college education
partly originate in the fact that ________________.
A. society cannot provide enough jobs for properly trained
B. high school graduates do not fit the pattern of college
C. too many students have to earn their own living
D. college administrators encourage students to drop out
15. In this passage the author argues that ________________.
A. more and more evidence shows college education may not
be the best thing for high school graduates
B. college education is not enough if one wants to be
C. college education benefits only the intelligent, ambitious,
and quick-learning people
D. intelligent people may learn quicker if they don't go to
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage or dialog.
Anne Whitney, a sophomore at Colorado State University, first had a problem taking tests when she began college. "I was always well prepared for my tests. Sometimes I studied for weeks before a test. Yet I would take the test, only to find I could not answer the
questions correctly. I would blank out because of nervousness and fear. I couldn't think of the answer." Another student in biology had similar experiences. He said, "My first chemistry test was very difficult. My hands were moving up and down so quickly that it was
hard to hold my pencil. I knew the material and I knew the answers. Yet I couldn't even write them down!"
These two young students were experiencing something called test
anxiety. The student cannot write or think clearly because of the
extreme tension and nervousness. Although poor grades are often a result of poor study habits, sometimes test anxiety causes the low grades. Recently, test anxiety has been recognized as a real problem, not just an excuse or a false explanation of lazy students.
Special university advising courses try to help students. In these courses, advisors try to help students by teaching them how to manage test anxiety. At some universities, students take tests to measure their anxiety. If the tests show their anxiety is high, the
students can take short courses to help them deal with their tensions. These courses teach students how to relax their bodies. Students are trained to become calm in very tense situations. By controlling their nervousness, they can let their minds work at ease.
Learned information then comes out without difficulty on a test.
An expert at the University of California explains, "With almost all students, relaxation and less stress are felt after taking our program. Most of them experience better control during their tests.
Almost all have some improvement. With some, the improvement is very great."
16. The phrase "blank out" in the first paragraph is probably
means ________________ .
A. to be like a blanket
B. to be sure of an answer
C. to be unable to think clearly
D. to show knowledge to the teacher
17. What usually results in poor grades according to the passage?
A. Poor sleeping habit.
C. Lack of sleep.
D. Inability to form good study habits.
18. Test anxiety has been recognized as ________________.
A. an excuse for laziness
B. the result of poor study habits
C. a real problem
D. something that cannot be changed
19. To deal with this problem, students at some universities try to
A. take a short course on anxiety
B. read about anxiety
C. be able to manage or understand their anxiety
D. take tests to prove they are not anxious
20. Which of the following is TURE according to a University of
A. All students could overcome the anxiety after taking a
special test anxiety program.
B. Almost all students felt less stress after taking a University
of California advising course.
C. Students found it difficult to improve even though they had
taken a special test anxiety course.
D. Students found it easy to relax as soon as they entered a
University of California advising course.
Part 1 Multiple choices (每小题: 1 分; 满分；20 分)
小题 得分 对错 我的答案 客观
1. 1 D D
2. 0 C B
3. 1 C C
4. 1 D D
5. 0 D B
6. 0 B D
7. 0 A C
8. 1 A A
9. 1 B B
10. 0 D C
11. 1 B B
12. 0 B C
13. 0 A C
14. 1 A A
15. 0 C A
16. 1 C C
17. 0 B D
18. 1 C C
19. 1 A A
20. 0 D B
Subtotal: 10 老师评语；
Part 2 Cloze
Directions: Read the following passages carefully and choose the best answer from the four choices given for
Questions 1 to 15 are based on the following passage.
One-room schools are part of the heritage of the United States,
and the mention of them makes people feel a(n) 1.
vaguelonging for "the way things were."
endangeredOne-room schools are a(n) 2. species,
however. For more than a hundred years, one-room schools
downhave been systematically shut 3. and their
students sent away to centralized schools. As recently as 1939
there were 149,000 one-room schools in the United States. By
1970 there were 1,800. Today, of the nearly 800 4.