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Turning sunlight into electricity - Liceo Petrarca Trieste

By Gilbert Garcia,2014-09-30 06:57
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Turning sunlight into electricity - Liceo Petrarca Trieste

Innovadidattica, Leggere e scrivere l’ambiente S.M. “Divisione Julia”

INGLESE TESTO 3

    Turning sunlight into electricity

    “Photovoltaic” comes from the two words: “photo”, from the Greek root word, meaning light, and “voltaic”, from “volt”, which is the unit used to measure electric potential. Photovoltaic systems

    use cells to convert solar radiation into electricity. The cell consists of one or two layers of a semi-conducting material. When light shines on the cell, it creates an electrical field across the layers, causing electricity to flow. The greater the intensity of the light, the greater the flow of electricity is. Currently, commercial PV cells convert only between 6% and 15% of the radiant energy into electricity.

    Although it may not seem so, it is a good result and great possibilities are inherent in this technology, thanks to important advances achieved by scientific research in the last few years, mainly in the field of new materials which are able to achieve the photovoltaic conversion. The most common semi-conductor material used in photovoltaic cells is silicon, an element commonly found in sand. As a raw material, silicon is the second most abundant material on earth mass. A photovoltaic system does not need bright sunlight in order to operate. It can also generate electricity on cloudy days. Due to the reflection of sunlight, slightly cloudy days can even result in higher energy yields than days with a completely cloudless sky.

    The most important parts of a PV system are the cells which form the basic building blocks of the

    unit, collecting the sun’s light, the modules which bring together large numbers of cells into a unit

    (and in some situations, the inverters used to convert the electricity generated into a form suitable for everyday use). Several modules connected together are called arrays.

    Regardless of size, a typical silicon PV cell produces about 0.50.6 volts DC (Direct Currency).

    The current (and power) output of a PV cell depends on its efficiency and size (surface area), and is proportional to the intensity of sunlight striking the surface of the cell.

Photovoltaic elements

from IUSES- building handbook

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    photovoltaicsystem.doc S.M. “Divisione Julia”

     Classe 3 D

Innovadidattica, Leggere e scrivere l’ambiente S.M. “Divisione Julia”

EXERCISE 1

Scan the text. Find:

a) the two words which “photovoltaic” is made up of …......................................

b) the percentage of radiant energy that a cell converts ….......................................

    c) the material used in photovoltaic cells ….......................................

    d) the name of a unit of a large number of cells ….......................................

    e) the data you need to calculate the output of a cell …........................................

EXERCISE 2

Answer after reading.

1. What is the text about ?

    2. Who do you think it was written for ?

    3. What was the writer's intention ?

EXERCISE 3

    You are the teacher now. You are preparing a reading comprehension for your students. Write 8 questions whose answers can be found in the text, using different WH- words. Use also HOW and WHY at least once. Put the answers in brackets.

EXERCISE 4

Find in the text the procedure for turning sunlight into electricity, then rewrite it using FIRST,

    NEXT, THEN, FINALLY.

EXERCISE 5

Ora dal testo Turning sunlight into electricity devi trarre due testi autonomi più brevi. Nel primo,

    al quale metterai il titolo THE PV CELL, inserirai solo le informazioni relative alla cella fotovoltaica e al suo funzionamento. Nel secondo, dal titolo THE PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEM, sistemerai solo le informazioni generali relative al fotovoltaico e all'importanza di questa tecnologia. Ti accorgerai che utilizzando le funzioni della videoscrittura ( copia e incolla, cancella ecc.) questa operazione sarà molto veloce. Non devi modificare il testo. Puoi solo usare qualche congiunzione o connettivo per il collegamento: in questo caso evidenzia in grassetto le parole che hai inserito.

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    photovoltaicsystem.doc S.M. “Divisione Julia”

     Classe 3 D

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