Over half of the term , we’ve learned what is morphological structure of English words and
Word-Formation, and I’m hornered and humble to deliver some personal ideas over
There are various ways of forming words, but by and large ,the various processes can be classified on the basis of frequency of usage, into major or minor processes.
A. Compounding, derivation and conversion are three major processes.
B. Acronym, blending, clipping, words from proper names, back-formation, reduplication,
neo-classical formation and miscellaneous are eight minor processes.
Before we deal with word-formation properly , we will first explain some of the terminology to be used in the study and discussion of word-formation.
Word-formation rules: defining the scope and methods whereby speakers of a language may create new words.
Three major processes.
Compounding or composition is a word-formation process consisting of joining two or more bases to form a new unit , a compound word.
Derivation or affixation is generally defined as a word-formation process by which new words are created by adding a prefix, or suffix, or both, to the base. Derivation may be defined as a process if forming new words by the addition of a word element, such as a prefix ,suffix or combining form, to an already existing word.
Conversion is a word-formation process whereby a word of a certain word-class is shifted into a word of another word-class without the addition if an affix.
Eight minor processes.
Acronymy is the process of forming new words by joining the initial letters of phrases. Clipping:
The process of clipping involves the deletion of one or more syllables from a word (usually a noun),which is also available in its form.
Blending is a process if word-formation in which a new word id formed by combining the meanings and sounds of two words, one of which is not in its full form or both of which are not in their full forms.
Back-formation is a term used to refer to type of word-formation by which a shorter word is coined by the deletion of a supposed affix from a longer form already present in the language. Words from proper names
Another minor type of word-formation is the coinage of common words from proper names. Reduplication:
Reduplication is a minor type if word-formation by which a compound word is created by the repetition.
Neoclassical formation denotes the process by which new words are forms from elements derived from Latin and Greek.
Genuine coinage is rare.
You will still come across words whose meaning is not easy to guess just from looking at their components. You will also hear and read vocabulary items that are not listed in dictionaries because they are only invented to fit a particular situation. But if you are familiar with the processes of word building described above, and with the commonest meanings of the wordbuilding elements used in English, it will help you to understand a large number of unfamiliar words, and to realize that English vocabulary is more systematic than it sometimes appears.