Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF)

By Eric Allen,2014-06-22 12:27
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Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function (BRIEF)

    Behavior Checklists and Formal Assessment Measures

BRIEF: Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function assesses inhibition, shifting,

    emotional control, initiation, working memory, planning, organization, and self-monitoring. ; It is available for preschool (BRIEF-P: 2-0 to 5-11), elementary age & adolescents (BRIEF:

    5-0 to 18-0), and adults (BRIEF Adult). There is also the BRIEF-SR, the self-report version.

    All of these, except the adult version, contain a parent form and/or teacher form. ; Each version is a rating scale based on 80 questions that provides T-scores (>65 significant),

    percentiles, and confidence intervals by age and gender. It takes about 10-15 minutes to

    administer and 15-20 minutes to score.

    ; It has good reliability and validity. Normative data is based on 1429 ratings from parents and

    720 from teachers, and reflects 1999 US Census estimates for SES, ethnicity, and gender

    distribution. The clinical sample included children with dev disorders or acquired

    neurological disorders (e.g. reading disorder, ADHD, TBI, Tourette’s, MR, and high

    functioning autism).

    ; It’s published by PAR: Psychology Assessment and Research (qualification B). The BRIEF

    Intro Kit is $205, but I would recommend the BRIEF/BRIEF-SR Combo Kit FOR $325. There

    is also a BRIEF/BRIEF-P Combo Kit for $310.

    ; Go to:

W-JPB-R or W-J III TCA: The Fluid Reasoning cluster of the Woodcock-Johnson Psycho-

    Educational Battery Revised OR the WJ-III NU Tests of Cognitive Abilities assesses

    information-processing abilities, working memory, planning, naming speed, and attention. ; Clusters are grouped into three broad cognitive areas: Verbal Ability, Thinking Ability, and

    Cognitive Efficiency.

    ; Administration time varies, about 5 minutes per test (35-45 minutes).

    ; Go to:

BADS-C: Behavioral Assessment of Dysexecutive Function Children assesses flexibility,

    novel problem solving, sequencing, efficient planning, use of feedback, impulse inhibition, and rule following.

    ; It is appropriate for ages 6-18 (10+ is best) and provides age-scaled scores, percentiles,

    and an overall classification. It also contains a questionnaire which gives means and SDs

    compared to control groups and to impaired groups.

    ; However, the administration instructions are complex and students need fairly good

    language skills to even participate.

    ; The Manual provides comprehensive norms (age-scaled scores and percentile ranks)

    based on a representative sample of 259 children balanced for gender, mean estimated IQ,

    and socioeconomic background. Norms are provided for 8 age groups and 3 IQ groups. ; In addition to the child's level of performance (scores), test interpretation involves the

    clinician's detailed observations about the test performance and the score from the 20-item

    DEX-C rating questionnaire. The DEX-C allows parents and teachers to rate the child on a

    range of emotional/personality, motivational, behavioral, and cognitive problems usually

    associated with the dysexecutive syndrome.

    ; It’s published by PAR: Psychology Assessment and Research (qualification C).

    The Complete Kit is $550.

    ; Go to:

NEPSY-II: The NEPSYII assesses executive functions, attention, language, memory and

    learning, sensorimotor functioning, visual-spatial processing, and social perception. ; Appropriate for ages 3:0 - 16:11 years, it is the only single measure that allows the clinician to create a tailored assessment across six domains, specific to a child's situation in order to answer referral questions or diagnostic concerns.

    ; It can be used for general, diagnostic, selective or full assessments: from a basic overview of a child's neurological status to a full comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation. The administration time will naturally vary, but range between 45 minutes and 1 hour. ; It is nationally normed and provides standard or scaled scores, supplemental scores, and Quantitative Behavioral Observations.

    ; The complete NEPSY II Kit, available from Pearson/Harcourt Assessments, is $865.

    ; Go to:


CTMT: Comprehensive Trail-Making Test assesses attention, concentration, resistance to

    distraction, and cognitive flexibility (or set-shifting). The CTMT is a standardized set of five visual search and sequencing tasks.

    ; The CTMT can be used to evaluate and diagnose brain injury and other forms of central nervous system compromise. More specific purposes include the detection of frontal lobe deficits; problems with psychomotor speed, visual search and sequencing, and attention; and impairments in set-shifting.

    ; Relative to traditional trail-making tasks, the CTMT was designed to enhance the frontal lobe components of the task by introducing inhibition on several trails and adding a new set-shifting task.

    ; The basic task of trail-making is to connect a series of stimuli (numbers, expressed as numerals or in word form, and letters) in a specified order as quickly as possible. ; The score derived for each trail is the number of seconds required to complete the task. The composite score is obtained by pooling the T scores from the individual trails. The five trails are similar, but also are different in some significant way.

    ; It is appropriate for ages 11-74 years and takes only 5-12 minutes to administer and less than five minutes to score.

    ; Standardized on a nationwide sample of 1,664 persons whose demographic characteristics match the U.S. 2000 Census data.

    ; Reliability of scores for each individual trail is high and the composite score has a reliability coefficient of .90 or higher at all ages.

    ; It’s published by PAR: Psychology Assessment and Research (qualification C).

    The Complete Kit is $130.

    ; Go to:

Porteus Maze Test assesses nonverbal or performance intelligence.

    ; The Porteus Maze Test is a graded set of paper forms on which the subject traces the way from a starting point to an exit; the subject must avoid blind alleys along the way. There are no time limits. The mazes vary in complexity from simple diamond shape for the average three-year-old to intricate labyrinths for adults. There are three sets of mazes: the original (the Vineland series), and two supplements, the Extension and the Supplement. ; Validity: Many early studies of correlations with other intelligence tests ranged widely from moderate to high coefficients. Because the Porteus is a nonverbal performance test, one does not expect a high correlation with purely verbal tests, but the correlation should be at least moderately positive. Researchers note that a correlation coefficient of .50 is representative of studies with other IQ tests. Correlations with intelligence tests involving

    spatial abilities, such as the Kohs Blocks and Knox Cubes, are particularly high. Norms:

    This information is not included in the manual.

    ; It is appropriate for ages 3 and over. It provides a Test Age score and a qualitative or Q

    score. Administration time is varies from 15 to 60 minutes.

    ; The basic set (Vineland Revision) is available from Pearson/Psychological Corporation for


    ; Go to:


RCFT: Rey Complex Figure Test and Recognition Trial assesses visuospatial ability and

    visuospatial memory.

    ; It is appropriate for ages 6-89 years, with an administration time of approximately 45 minutes,

    including a 30-minute delay interval (timed)

    ; The RCFT provides an objective and standardized approach to scoring drawings based on

    the widely used 36-point scoring system. The same scoring criteria apply to all three

    drawing trials. Each of the 18 scoring units is scored based on accuracy and placement

    criteria. Unit scores range from two (accurately drawn, correctly placed) to zero

    (inaccurately drawn, incorrectly placed, unrecognizable, omitted).

    ; The normative sample included 601adults ages 18-89 years and 505 children and

    adolescents ages 6-17 years. Demographically corrected normative data for the RCFT copy

    and memory variables are presented to assist in interpretation as well as in making

    comparisons among individuals and various patient groups.

    ; Intercorrelations between the RCFT and other measures, in samples of both normal and

    brain-damaged subjects, establish the convergent and discriminant validity of the RCFT as a

    measure of visuospatial constructional ability (Copy trial) and visuospatial memory

    (Immediate Recall, Delayed Recall, and Recognition trials).

    ; It’s published by PAR: Psychology Assessment and Research (qualification C). The

    Introductory Kit is $270.

    ; Go to:

WCST: Wisconsin Card Sorting Test assesses perseveration and abstract reasoning,

    primarily, but it has gained increasing popularity as a neuropsychological instrument. It has been considered a measure of executive function because of its reported sensitivity to frontal lobe dysfunction. It allows the clinician to assess the following "frontal" lobe functions: strategic planning, organized searching, utilizing environmental feedback to shift cognitive sets, directing behavior toward achieving a goal, and modulating impulsive responding.

    ; It is appropriate for ages 6.5-89 years, with an administration time of 20-30 minutes. ; It’s published by PAR: Psychology Assessment and Research (qualification C). The

    Introductory Kit is $350.

    ; Go to:

    Brown ADD Scales are intended for use as a component of a structured interview designed to assess attention-deficit disorders. There are a total of 40 items which fall into five clusters: activation, attention, effort, affect, and memory. The test is normed or high school students, with the total score falling into one of three ranges: ADD possible but not likely, ADD probable but not certain, and ADD highly probable. The individual clusters quite readily translate into broader executive skills (e.g. self-regulation of affect, working memory, initiation, sustained attention, and goal-directed persistence.).

    ; It includes a primary/preschool scale (ages 37) and a school-age scale (ages 812).

    ; Administration time is 10-20 minutes.

    ; It gives immediate cluster scores and a total score indicating overall impairment from a broad

    range of ADD symptoms. T scores give you an indication of how much impairment the

    examinee is showing on each of the clusters, relative to a normative population. ; It is available from Pearson/Psychological Corporation (qualification B). The Complete Kit is


    ; Go to:


DKEFS: Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System is an individually administered battery of

    nine tests designed to assess a range of different executive skills in children and adults. The tests assess executive functions including planning, cognitive flexibility, impulsivity, and problem solving.

    ; Normed on over 1,500 individuals demographically and regionally matched with the U.S.


    ; It is appropriate for ages 8 through 89 years, and provides flexibility in test selection.

    Administration time is 90 minutes, if all nine tests are administered.

    ; It is available from Pearson/Psychological Corporation (qualification C). The Complete Kit is


    ; Go to:


CAS: Das-Naglieri Cognitive Assessment System is an assessment battery designed to

    evaluate cognitive processing. It measures the cognitive processes of Planning and Attention (important for evaluation of attention deficits and brain injuries). It also measures simultaneous processing (ability to integrate individual stimuli into a single whole/group and understand logical-grammatical relationships), and successive processing (involving working with things in a specific serial order sequence and the formation of sounds and movements in order). ; It facilitates the identification of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders, traumatic brain injury,

    learning disabilities, mental retardation, and giftedness.

    ; It is appropriate for ages 5-17. It provides flexible administration options: an 8-subtest Basic

    Battery and a 12-subtest Standard Battery.

    ; It’s published by PAR: Psychology Assessment and Research (qualification C). The

    Introductory Kit is $905.

    ; Go to:

TEA-Ch: Test of Everyday Attention for Children assesses the different attentional

    capacities in children and adolescents. Building on the international reputation of the TEA, the TEA-Ch comprises 9 subtests which measure children’s abilities to selectively attend, to sustain their attention, to divide their attention between two tasks, to switch attention from one thing to another and to withhold (inhibit) verbal and motor responses.

    ; It was normed on 293 U.K. controls, 6 to 16 years by 6 ages bands. It provides aged scales

    scores and percentile ranks.

    ; It is appropriate for ages 6-16 years and has an administration time of 55 to 60 minutes. ; It is available from Pearson/Psychological Corporation (qualification B). The Complete Kit is


    ; Go to:


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