STUDY AIDS FOR PART 1: EXAMINING PERSONALITY
Study Aid for Chapter 1:
What is Personality?
What are the Fundamental Questions Addressed by Personality Psychology? …What are some of the motivating questions of personality psychology. …Know Hippocrates four-fold division of personality, and the definition of each type …Know phrenology
…Know the contribution of Theophrastus to the discipline
What is the Personality System?
…What role did Wilhelm Wundt view for personality?
…What is a system
…what are the dimensions along which personality is located in relation to other objects of scientific
study; be able to apply those dimensions to other scientific areas of study …What is the definition of personality used in this book and course. How is it the same or different than
…Gordon Allport’s role in defining personality and the origins of the term
What is the Field of Personality Psychology?
…Where are personality psychologists typically trained?
…Where do personality psychologists work?
Why Study Personality Psychology?
…What are some reasons for studying personality psychology? …Why is personality assessment important?
How Should One Study Personality?
…What are some common ways of organizing the personality course?
…What are four central topics used in this book?
Study Aid for Chapter 2:
Where Do Data Come From?
…Know what external-source, personal-report data are
…Know what self-judgment, projective/thematic, process, and criterion-report data are What Research Designs are Used in Personality?
…Know the advantages and disadvantages of case studies
…Know the similarities and differences between case studies and observationism; Freud’s contribution to
…Know correlational design, the nature of the correlation coefficient, its range, and how to interpret it. …Know quasi-experimental design and true experiments
What Does it Mean to Measure Personality?
…Know the fundamental equation of classical true score theory. Know X, T, and e, and how they relate
to reliability. Know the definitions of reliability
…Know validity and the types of validity, including face, content, criterion, and structural. (You may
consider construct validity to be the same as overall validity). How do Personality Psychologists Study So Many Variables?
…Know in the most general terms what multivariate statistical techniques are used for
…Regarding structural validity, know the mathematical technique it relates to.
…Regarding factor analysis, know the type of validity it relates to, know what a factor loading is, and how to interpret a factorial result. Also, know the difference between a bipolar and unipolar scale.
…Understand critiques of factor analysis
Study Aid for Chapter 3:
Perspectives on Personality
What Are Perspectives on Personality?
...What are a field-wide framework, a perspective, a theory, a micro-theory?
What Is the Biological Perspective?
…What theories make up the biological perspective?
…What is natural selection; sexual selection?
…What is the biopsychological perspective? How does twin research work? What are the typical
correlations of personality variables among identical twins vs. that among strangers?
...What are the ways that genetics influence the brain and behavior? …Know the corpus callosum and its possible role in individual differences …Know the relationship between testosterone and criminal behavior
…Know Eysenck’s biological theory of introversion
What Is the Intrapsychic Perspective?
…Know the definition of a trait, what trait theories emphasize, and the Big Five
…Know the central ideas of the psychodynamic approach
…Understand the conscious, preconscious, unconscious, defense mechanisms
What is the Sociocultural Perspective?
…How do traits and social behavior correlate? What was Walter Mischel’s role in this? What is an if-then trait?
…What is the cross-cultural perspective?
…What sorts of variables differ across cultures?
What Is the Temporal-Developmental Perspective? …What are psychosocial theories of development?
…What was Erik Erikson’s contribution? Know examples of his model …What is the humanistic approach concerned with?
…What was Maslow’s contribution?
…What is positive psychology?
How Does One Cope with Multiple Theories?
…What does research evidence say about the effectiveness of clinical therapies?
…Is there one big theory?
…How will the book/this course deal with multiple perspectives?