Classroom English for Teacher training 2013 0228
Part One: Classroom language for starting lessons
1. Coming into the room
The teacher coming into a room full of students
1) 课前请求学生帮助; "Can someone take this CD player and plug it in? Thanks."
[Hold it up as if you are offering it to someone]
2) "Can someone hold the door open for me?" [Stop with the door supported on
3) "Hi, everyone. Just let me put my things down here and we'll get started." 4) 课前到课率不高;"Morning. Not many people here yet? / Where is everyone?"
[Gesture looking at empty seats and then as if searching for those people in the
corners of the room]
5) 向学生解释替某老师代课;"Hello again. Mr. Smith is still sick"/ "Yes, (it's) me
6) "Okay everyone, file in排好队 quietly and take a seat please" [Use two arms to
show the straight lines of the route into the room]
7) "Hi. Come in. Take a seat / Can you sit somewhere different from last week?/
"Can you sit near the front?"
8) "Please put your homework into the tray as you come in"/ "Homework in the
9) "Please put your bags in your desks/ on the back of your chairs/ on the stage "
[mime putting or hanging the bag, then point at position]
10) "We're going to do pairwork, so you need to sit closer to each other" [Gesture
two hands pressing something together]
11) "Sit in your usual teams/ the same teams as last lesson"
12) "Boys on the right and girls on the left" [point at some boys, and then where
they should be, etc]
13) "Sit on the floor/ on the mats/ on the rug/ in the story corner"
14) "Take a flashcard as you come in, they are for the first game" 15) "Line up in order of age/ height/ the date of your birthday/ in alphabetical
16) "Can the last person in close the door?"
17) "As you come in, ask the next person their name and say 'Come in please' and
'Thank you'" [gesture hand coming from your mouth towards the other person,
and then back from them to you]
18) "Knock on the door and say 'Can I come in?'" [Mime knocking with knuckles] 19) "Entrance drill! Today's question is 'What color is your bag?'" 20) "Line up against the wall.
2. Getting started/ getting down to business
1) "So, let's get started, shall we?" [Maybe clapping hands together once] 2) "I could talk about that all day, but I think we should study some English,
3) "Are you ready (to start/ to learn English)?"
4) "English time! (No more Chinese!)" [Point at poster or those words written on
the board if you have them]
5) "Is everybody ready to start?"
6) "I hope you are all ready for your English lesson."
7) "I think we can start now."
8) "Let's begin!"/ "Let's start!"/ "Let's rock and roll!"
9) "Now that everybody is here..."
10) "I was going to start the class by..., but it's too hot/ you all look too tired/ there
aren't enough people/ the equipment isn't working. So, let's move straight
11) "I don't think we need a warm up game today, do we?"
12) "Can anyone remember what we did last week/ in the last lesson/ this
13) "I told you to prepare something for the beginning of this lesson, didn't I? It
looks like some people have completely forgotten about it. Well, the people
who did do it will find the next part really easy"
14) "Whose turn is it to choose the starting game/ song/ the language point for the
1) "Okay everyone, stand up please. Jimmy, that means you too. Right. Good
morning everyone/ Good morning class/ Good morning boys and girls/ Good
morning children... Okay, just 'good morning' is right too, but I want you to say
'Good morning class. Good morning teacher.' like we practiced last week. Can
you do that? Okay, one, two, three. Much better, but remember that the 'or' in
'morning' is a long sound, oooooooooor" [gesture something very long coming
out of your mouth with your right hand] "Oooooor... Good. Moooooorning....
Okay, (that was) maybe a little too long, ha ha! Morning... Great. So, let's do the
whole thing one more time from the start. Good morning class... Much much
better. Okay, sit down please"
2) "(Good) morning/ afternoon/ evening"/ "Hello/ Hi"
3) "Merry Christmas"
4) "Happy New Year"
1) "My name is Mr. /Mrs./Ms. Kim. I'm your new English teacher/ I'm your English
teacher this year/ this term/ today. (Can you ask me some questions, e.g. where
I'm from and my free time?)"
2) "I'll just introduce myself first"
3) "I've got five lessons with you each week."
4) "I'm covering for your usual teacher (today/ this week). He/ she has a cold" 5) "Your last teacher told me you are the best class, so I hope that is true!" 6) "Can you all introduce yourselves to me?"
7) "Can you tell me and the rest of the class two or three things about the person
sitting next to you?"
8) "Let's introduce ourselves, shall we?"
9) "This is my name at the top of the board, it's pronounced..."
5. Taking the register (= roll call)
1) "Who is absent today? / Who isn't here today?" [Looking around class at/ for
empty chairs whilst holding class list in hand or miming doing so] 2) "Oh, John's away. Does anyone know why? Is he ill?"/ "What's the matter with
Stefano today? / What's wrong with Jim today?"/ "Where's Tony? He didn't
look very well yesterday, so maybe he's sick./ In this weather, maybe he's gone
to the beach." / "Does anyone know where Li Ming is?/ Any idea why Li Ming is
3) "So everyone is here except..."
4) "So, only two people away."
5) "Let's take the register."/ "Let's check to see who is here." 6) "Remember to answer 'I'm here'"
7) "Is everybody here?"/ "Is anyone away?"/ "No one absent today?" 8) "So, Su Young isn't back yet. Does anyone know when she'll be back/ what has
happened to her/ if she's dropped out of the class?"
9) "There are a few empty chairs. Who is missing?"
10) "Not many people here today. Is there a bug going round?"
11) "Oh yes, Juan said she was going to miss this lesson, didn't she? Can any
remember where she said she was going?"
12) "Let's see if everyone is here"
13) "Listen while I call your names"
14) "Shout out 'present'/ 'here' if you are here"
15) "No? Is he/ she absent today?"
16) "Let's all count to see if everyone is here - girls first, then boys." [mime counting
17) "Who's the class monitor this week? Rocky? Rocky, can you count how many
people are here please?"
6. Initial chitchat
1) "How are we all today?"/ "How are you (today)?" / "How are things?" / "How's
2) "Did you have any trouble getting here? I heard there were problems on the
3) "You all look freezing. Is it still snowing outside?/ How's the weather outside
4) "(Did you have a) busy day at work?"
5) "I see we have a few new faces. Can you briefly introduce yourselves to the
6) "Long time no see, Julie. How was your holiday?/ Does anyone have any
questions for Julie about her holiday?"
7) "(Did you have a) good weekend? Did anyone do anything different/
interesting/ exciting?/ John, you said you were going to.... How was it?" 8) "Did you enjoy your holiday?"
9) "Did anyone notice my haircut/ tan/ sunburn/ broken arm/ new suit? Any
questions (about my evening / weekend)?" [Point at noticeable thing] 10) "Tom, you wanted to ask me a question. Can you ask it now?/ Can you ask that
question to everyone in the class?"
11) "You (all) look tired/ hot/ cold"
12) "Is it hot/ cold/ humid/ snowing/ raining outside (at the moment)?" [Mime rain
or snow falling from sky, fanning yourself, or shivering]
13) "Are you (all) feeling better today?"
14) "(Have you ) had a haircut?" [Mime scissors with index and middle finger
15) "(We are all) dressed up smart today, aren't we? (Is there) any special reason?" 16) "I was sorry to hear about..."
17) "Did you hear about...?"
18) "Are you looking forward to...?"
19) "I can hear quite a lot of sniffing/ sniffling. Is there a cold going round/ does
everyone have a cold?"
7. Waiting to start
1) "I'm waiting for you to be quiet/ to settle down/ We won't start until everyone
is quiet." [Cross arms and look impatient, maybe tapping foot] 2) "Please stop talking and be quiet" / "(Can everyone please) settle down so we
can start." [arms out with palms down, moving slowly up and down] 3) "(Everyone be) quiet please!" [index finger in front of lips, or zip across lips with
thumb and index finger]
4) "Okay, I'm glad you're excited, but let's calm down a little, shall we?" 5) "Yes, okay, we'll play the Stations game, but you have to sit down quiet and
then doing the normal greetings first."
6) "I'm still hearing some noise at the back"/ "What's going on back there?"
[stretch your neck and/ or stand on toes and look in that direction] 7) "We have the same thing every week. What am I waiting for?... For you to be
quiet, that's right."
8) "They'll be plenty of time for speaking/ games once the class has started." 9) "... or would you prefer to start by checking your homework instead?"
8. Unusual starting tactics
1) "Catch!" [Really throwing something or miming it]
2) "Is no one going to ask me what I'm doing?"
3) "The first person to the front of the room gets a sweet/ doesn't have to do any
4) "What's this?"
5) "One point to Sebastian for being quiet"
6) "Who wants a sweet?"
9. Stating your aims
1) "Now I'd like you to continue asking and answering questions about your
weekend/ your hobbies, but using the structure on the board/ but as a game" 2) "I'd like to start the lesson by revising what we did last lesson/ seeing how
much you remember from last week"
3) "I'd like to start the lesson with a pop quiz/ a warmer/ some revision/ some
4) "The aims of today's lesson are.../ are at the top of the board" 5) "Today, we are going to..."
6) "As I explained last week, today is the day for the final test/ presentations/
course feedback questionnaires"
7) "Today, we're going to do something a bit different/ unusual/ strange. This is
to.../ Why we are doing it will become clear later on." /"This may seem a little
unusual, but it's all part of the plan!"
8) "Today/ In this lesson/ This week we'll learn how to ... / we will study.../ we will
practice ... (from last week)"
9) "The aim of this class is (to) ..."
10) "I know we don't usually start by checking the homework/ by doing a song, but
we are going to move onto..."
1) "Where have you been?" [gesture tapping watch or look at clock] 2) "We started ten minutes ago. What have you been doing?"
3) "What time does the class start?... And what time is it now?"
4) "Sorry, we are in the middle of a listening exercise. Can you wait outside for two
minutes until we finish?"
5) "Did you miss your bus?"/ "Are there still problems with the underground?"/
"Did you get stuck in traffic?"/ "Did you have problems getting a taxi (in the
6) "Did you oversleep?"/ "(Is your) alarm clock broken (again)?"
7) "Don't let it happen again."
8) "It's okay, but come in quickly/ quietly so we can get on with class" 9) "Don't worry, but try to be on time next time"
10) "You missed the progress test, so you'll need to do that another time" 11) "You can do the part you missed for homework"
12) "Can someone explain what we are doing to Jose Maria?"
13) "Where were we?"/ "Right, let's get back to/ get on with..."
1) "Today is the test, remember. So, I want you to come in without speaking and
take out just one pencil and one eraser. No books and no pieces of paper. Got it?
How many books are you allowed?... No, Sam not a hundred. Yes, okay, a
thousand, very funny. Seriously. How many books?... Yup, zero, none, now.
When you've got your pencil and eraser out of your bag, put your bags at the
back of the classroom. Ready? Quietly, come in one at a time." 2) "Any questions before the test starts?"
3) "Today's the test, but we'll do something else for 10 or 15 minutes to give other
people a chance to get here"
12. Things to think about/ Discussion questions for teachers
1) What stages above wouldn't you bother doing in your classes, e.g. initial
chitchat in a large class, low level class or very young class? 2) What order do you usually do the stages that you do? Could you do them in a
3) Which of the phrases in each of the stages you do use above is the right
language level for your students? Is each one also suitable for their age, polite
enough etc? If not, how could you change it?