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Make a list of assessment strategies

By Margaret Hall,2014-05-06 12:40
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Make a list of assessment strategies

Group 1

    What is backwards design / or design down?

    ; Design down has expectations in mind first so that you can mould your assessment

    strategies to the expectations and consolidation strategies

    Explain how you plan design down (break it into 11 detailed steps). ; Know what you are teaching

    ; Plan your expectations

    ; Choose appropriate expectations

    ; Choose or design appropriate assessment strategies ; Decide the application

    ; Pre-Assessment

    ; Decide on the lessons content

    ; Design or plan strategies for learning

    ; Plan for consolidation

    ; Resources

    ; Reflections

Why is it good to plan design down?

    ; You make sure that your expectations are being met and that your assessments are

    evaluating the expectations

    ; Lesson must flow smoothly through out so that the expectations and learning remain the

    focus

    What are the key principles in co-operative learning? (PIES) ; Group work

    ; Co-operative work

    ; Positive Independence

    ; Individual Accountability

    ; Equal Participation

    ; Simultaneous Interaction

Why is it important for a new teacher to find a mentor at the beginning of the school year?

    ; Role model

    ; Resources

    ; Moral Support

    ; Insight

    ; Ideas

    ; Advice

    ; Learn about unwritten rules

    ; Encouragement

    Group 2

    Make a list of assessment strategies

; Classroom presentation

    ; Conference

    ; Essay

    ; Exhibition/Demonstration

    ; Interview

    ; Learning log

    ; Observation

    ; Performance task

    ; Portfolio

    ; Question and Answer (Oral)

    ; Quiz/Test/Examination

    ; Response journal

    ; Select response

    ; Self-assessment

    Describe 10 assessment strategies

    ; Classroom presentation students verbalize their knowledge to present a

    summary of learning

    ; Conference A meeting between a teacher, the student and/or parent for a variety

    of purposes; could be formal or informal

    ; Essay A writing sample used to assess student understanding and/or ability to

    analyze and/or synthesize information

     A performance in which a student explains and ; Exhibition/Demonstration

    applies a process or procedure.

    ; Learning log An ongoing record of learning progress within a particular theme. ; Observation Systematically viewing and recording student behaviour. ; Portfolio A purposeful collection of samples of a student‟s work.

    ; Question and Answer (Oral) The teacher poses a question, student answers

    orally. Used when writing ability is not a student‟s strength.

    ; Quiz/Test/Examination Requires students to respond to prompts in order to

    demonstrate their knowledge and/or skills.

    ; Self-assessment Student gathers information about and reflects on his/her own

    learning and progress.

    In an introduction part of a lesson, why is it important to have a hook?

; Attract student attention

    ; Relate known to the unknown

    ; Gradual introduction to the lesson

    ; Fun!

    ; Student attention is greater at the beginning of the lesson

    When designing a classroom, what are some important things to consider?

    ; Environment consider heating, noise, light ventilation

    ; Use of space

    ; Seating arrangements teacher proximity to all students, reflects primary

    teaching strategy; all student can see; does not interfere with high usage areas

    ; Bullet boards and displays recognize students; ownership

    ; Classroom guidelines procedures and rules

Learning Centres / Station-Based Learning what are the benefits?

    ; Peer support

    ; Autonomy in student learning

    ; Place responsibility for learning on students

    ; Allows teacher to complete other tasks while still supervising students

    What lesson plan format would you use for learning centres?

    ; Activity Lesson Plan Format

    What kinds of tracking devices would you use for centres?

Incomplete

    Group 3

1. What makes an assessment authentic?

    It has to relate to the expectation. Assessment activities not only capture student understanding of concepts and subject matter, but they also document and promote the development of "real world" skills which students need outside the classroom and beyond the school environment.

2. What is a prompt?

    Words, phrases or sentences that are used to focus thinking. Encourage students to complete a thought.

3. What is a probe?

    Should clarify the answer, have students search for the why of the original question.

    4. In the unit planner, find the teaching/learning strategy called discussion. How does it work? Find two other strategies in this section and describe each.

    Discussion is purposeful talk through which students explore thinking, respond to ideas, process information, and articulate their thoughts in verbal exchanges with peers and teachers. Discussion is used to promote and clarify understanding of concepts, ideas, and information in all subject areas. It places the emphasis on students talking and listening to each other. Students use discussion to make connections between ideas and experience and to reflect on a variety of meanings and interpretations of texts, experiences, and phenomena.

    Collaborative teaching is demonstrated when teachers share skills and expertise to plan, implement, and evaluate programs throughout the school in order to meet the learning needs of students and extend their learning opportunities. This may take the form of team-teaching with other teachers in the same or different grades who have specialized training in areas such as guidance, special education, ESL, ELD, and school-librarianship. Each partner in the process brings relevant curricular experience and expertise, knowledge of diverse resources, and extended teaching and learning strategies. The demonstration by teachers of a collaborative approach to learning provides a model for students when they engage in learning activities, explorations, discoveries, and a variety of other group projects. Collaborative teachers also make use of community links to support learning inside and outside the classroom.

    Think/pair/share is a strategy whereby students think alone for a specified amount of time (wait time) in response to a question posed by the teacher. Students form pairs to discuss their ideas, and then share responses with the class. Think/pair/share is used to help students check their understanding during a learning experience and provide opportunities for practice or rehearsal. It provides a simple structure within a short time frame for all students in the class to think and talk (to pose questions, to respond to an issue, to summarize or synthesize ideas).

5. Why is preassessment of the learners so important?

    How you should begin your lesson, prevents overlapping of information. Considering students who have IEP‟s, ESL or any other preassessment that would help with the flow of the lesson.

    6. What do you need to include when you are describing learners that have learning challenges?

    Consider their IEP‟s and what grade level they are functioning at, eg. In grade 4

    functioning at grade2. Teaching strategies that will work best with those students and need to address.

    7. What curriculum planner companion would give you strategies to support learners with challenges?

    Activity based strategies, co-operative learning strategies, any strategy would work for the students.

    8. From this planner companion list some of the strategies from the planner? Activity based strategies: games and activities

    Co-operatives learning strategies: buddy system, and peer teaching

    Group 4

     Review assessment, evaluation, and reporting and define each

     Assessment - Conducted to determine growth and needs of student(s) and / or

    program

     Evaluation - Conducted to determine competence

     Reporting - The communication of the results of assessment and evaluation to

    interested audiences

     Summative

     Conducted at the end of a unit or term

     Conducted to evaluate student knowledge

     Formative

     Conducted throughout a unit or term

     Conducted to reflect on and assess student knowledge and program

    success

     Diagnostic

     Conducted usually at the beginning of the year or a unit to get a baseline

     Should be conducted at the end to demonstrate / measure success

     Should be conducted in the middle to make sure what you are doing is

    working

     Usually focuses on basic skills or knowledge

     What makes a good assessment? Give a rationale for each.

Measures important, high-quality content

     Measures the full range of content

     Results accurately reflect students capabilities

     Is fair and unbiased

     Provides students with useful feedback identifies areas for growth

     Provides teachers with feedback not merely about whether the student learned what

    was taught but whether they met the learning goals that provide the rationale for the

    lessons in the first place

     Addresses comprehension and not just simple recall

     What are the key principles in constructivism?

     Taking what we already know and taking that information to figure out new

    information.

     We construct new understandings by using previous knowledge as a basis for trial

    and error/problem solving.

Key Principles

     Learning is a search for meaning.

     Meaning requires understanding wholes as well as parts therefore the focus is on

    primary concepts not isolated facts.

     In order to teach well we must understand the mental models that students use to

    perceive the world.

     The purpose of learning is for an individual to construct his or her own meaning, not

    just memorized the right answer. The only way to measure learning is to make

    assessment part of the learning process.

     What key teaching/learning strategies could you use to increase learning

    while taking up homework?

     Students should know that homework will be assessed.

     When taking up homework, go over the questions and have students answer them.

    Then have students correct the answers they got wrong.

     When taking up homework relate homework questions to questions you know that

    the students know.

     Use homework as a process of trial and error If you know that there are questions

    that students got wrong, give them a chance to try and get the right answer by

    themselves first.

     Why is it important to have a variety of strategies in your lessons?

?Due to multiple intelligences students learn in a variety of ways. It is important to use a

    variety of teaching strategies to insure that all students have the opportunity to learn the material.

    All students do not learn in the same manner.

    The multiple intelligences are different ways that people learn. Use a variety of teaching strategies throughout each lesson. The multiple intelligences include:

     Why is non-verbal communication with students important?

    Non verbal communication with students is an effective classroom management strategy. Students need to learn about the importance of non-verbal communication. The majority of the communication that we do as human beings is non-verbal. Students need to be aware of this skill. They will learn some of these skills by modeling the teacher. Intelligence Description

    Verbal-Linguistic The ability to read, write and speak well

    Logical-Think logically, conduct experiments, and work with numbers

    Mathematical

    Visual-Spatial Think with mental pictures, sense of direction, sensitivity to colours

    & shapes

    Bodily-Kinesthetic Move with grace and skill; skill with tools and hands-on

    manipulatives

    Musical-Rhythmic Ability to sing, use rhythm, recognize and produce melodies and

    songs

    Interpersonal-Empathy, the ability to understand others, leadership skills, the Social ability to help a group reach consensus

    Intrapersonal-Self-understanding / having a clear picture of one‟s self; associated Introspective with self-motivation, clear goals and values

    Naturalist Attraction to and understanding of the natural world

    Non- verbal communication is also important when using wait time effectively.

     Why is positive feedback during the lesson important?

     It encourages students to continue and participate if they feel that they are being

    successful.

     Creates a risk free environment

     Encourages self development

     What are all the ways you can communicate with students and

    parents?

     Newsletters

     Calls home

     Written notes in planners

     Notes sent home

     Permission forms

     Conferences and Interviews

     Report/Mid Report Cards

    Group 6 (Suk, Anne, Alison, Eric)

     What are the four recording devices?

     checklist, rating scale, anecdotal notes, rubrics

     Why would someone use a visual organizer, such as a content web, for

    planning?

     to see how elements of a lesson interact with each other

     what aspects of that topic need to be addressed

     to determine how many lessons would be needed to address the main

    understanding

     to easily integrate with other subjects

     Why would someone use a visual organizer a student can fill in to

    teach students?

     to find out what they already know a Preassessment tool

     to address the visual learners

     the teacher can model how to classify information and organize it

     to see connections within a topic

     Why would they do this in the application section of a lesson?

     to consolidate the learning

     develops skills for note-taking

     shows students how much information to write in each heading

     List six co-operative learning strategies and describe each, including

    the role of the teacher and the student. (Hint see the planner)

    Buddy System - The buddy system involves linking students for peer/cross-age support through a number of curriculum or co-curricular activities. It may be established for one student or an entire class/school of students. The buddy system provides student role models and opportunities for mentoring. The buddy system is used for specific purposes, with specific activities linked to these purposes.

    The buddy system:

     requires team-building or trust-building activities;

     requires that learning take place for all students in a buddy relationship

    (sometimes older students learn mostly social skills, such as patience and how to

    build relationships);

     provides opportunities for students to offer support in ways related to adult-child

    relationships

    ; The teacher:

     identifies the purposes and selection of student buddies;

     trains older buddies in ways to facilitate the learning exchange; collaborates with students to plan activities;

     establishes clear guidelines and time lines for buddy activities; monitors the buddy learning experiences.

     The students:

     students work together, supporting each other on a certain task

    Discussion - is purposeful talk through which students explore thinking, respond to ideas, process information, and articulate their thoughts in verbal exchanges with peers and teachers. Discussion is used to promote and clarify understanding of concepts, ideas, and information in all subject areas. It places the emphasis on students talking and listening to each other. Students use discussion to make connections between ideas and experience and to reflect on a variety of meanings and interpretations of texts, experiences, and phenomena.

    Discussion:

     requires a physical set-up in the classroom that promotes interaction; demands a sensitivity to shy or reticent students who may need support and encouragement;

     needs time to develop;

     develops into student-to-student interaction from teacher-to-student interaction.

    The teacher:

     enables talk to go from one student to another (not always

    back to the teacher);

     helps students develop discussion techniques;

     helps students use discussion to gain new meaning or

    insight;

     debriefs, summarizes, and shows new possibilities;

     models high-level questions and ideas.

    Student role: Students talk and listen to each other

    The jigsaw - is a cooperative learning strategy that provides opportunities for students to gain a variety of perspectives and insights by participating in a specialized group and then by sharing and integrating what they learned in their “home” group. The jigsaw is used to help students acquire an overview of a range of material or opinions. It enables expertise to be developed, recognized, and shared within a group and encourages a high level of student participation. The strategy may provide a review of previously learned material or identify questions or problems within an issue or topic. The jigsaw supports risk taking and the development of interpersonal skills and abilities.

    The jigsaw:

     requires students to have experience in accurate teaching of information to the home group, and also requires the use of active listening skills;

     requires the topic to be kept simple, if used for a short time frame (e.g., 30 to 60 minutes);

     can be applied in a variety of contexts and across all curriculum areas; works best when students have experience and skills in working collaboratively is useful for students who are shy or lacking confidence;

     may be useful to help students who are developing English as a second language; requires careful teacher monitoring and skilful intervention.

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