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Right Click Here - Maryknoll Institute of African Studies

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Right Click Here - Maryknoll Institute of African Studies

    MIASMU Course Offerings 2004

    MARYKNOLL INSTITUTE OF AFRICAN

    STUDIES OF SAINT MARY’S UNIVERSITY OF

    MINNESOTA AND TANGAZA COLLEGE, NAIROBI

    MIAS

    2012/2013

    COURSE

    CATALOGUE

    NAIROBI, KENYA

MIAS Course Catalogue 2012/2013 1

    MARYKNOLL INSTITUTE OF AFRICAN STUDIES

    SPONSORED

    BY THE

    AFRICA AREA OF THE MARYKNOLL FATHERS

    AND BROTHERS

    AND

    ACADEMICALLY AFFILIATED

    WITH

    SAINT MARY'S UNIVERSITY

    OF MINNESOTA/USA

    AND

    TANGAZA COLLEGE

    NAIROBI, KENYA

    P. O. BOX 15199 Lang’ata, 00509, KENYA

    MOBILE PHONE (254- 726) 818-917/ (254-732) 818-917

    E-MAIL: miasmu@tangaza.org OR MIAS@maf.or.ke

    Website http://www.mias.edu

MIAS Course Catalogue 2012/2013 2

    INDEX

    Field Research Principles and Practice (Foundational) 3

    Field Research Principles and Practice (Advanced) 5

    African Cultures: An Overview 7

    African Traditional Religion Interprets the Bible 11

    African Feminist/Womanist Theology: A Source for African

    Christian Theology 15

    Sociology of Development/Underdevelopment and African Religion 17

    Contemporary Political and Economic Realities in Kenya 20

    Introduction to East African Art: its Secular and Religious Themes 23

    Towards the Inculturation of Religious Community Life in Africa 27

    African Christian Theology: Historical and Systematic Development 31

    Gospel and Culture: The African Experience 33

    African Traditional Religion: Major Beliefs, Practices,

    and Contemporary Forms 36

    African Marriage and Family: Challenge and Change 39

    Introduction to East African Literature: Focus on

     Religious Conflicts 42

    Spirituality, Personhood and Psychotherapy in an African Context 44

    Justice and Peace in East Africa 46

    Introduction to Islam in East Africa 48

    Ideology and Practice of Health Ministry in Contemporary

    Africa: Traditional and Western 50

    Church in Contemporary Africa: Social, Political and

     Economic Situation 53

    African Independent Churches: Authentic Integration with or

     Separation from Christianity 55

    Sage Philosophy: The Root of African Philosophy and Religion 59

    Moral Teachings and Practices of African Traditional Religion 62

    MA Thesis (Master of Arts in African Studies) 65

MAS Essay (Master of African Studies) 66

    MIAS Faculty List 67

MIAS Course Catalogue 2012/2013 3

    Course: MARY AFST 506:Research Principles and Practice: Foundational

    (Students in their first to third courses)

    Dates: Taught in all programs as an integral part of each course. The course is designed for students in their first three courses.

Research training:

     This dimension of the program is designed to train students how to do professional field research on the issues pertinent to the particular courses they are taking. The research is facilitated by University students who are assigned to each participant on a one-to-one basis and function as their field assistants. The research is intertwined with all courses being taught each session. It is under the direction of the professors teaching the courses.

Research elements:

    1. Three workshops on how to do research, work efficiently with a field

    assistant, and analyze collected data.

    2. Three sessions each week for three weeks in the Immersion programs,

    one session each week for twelve weeks in the Semester programs doing

    field research in and about Nairobi (with the field assistants, and

    under the guidance of the professors) on situations and issues

    relevant to the materials being taught in the classroom.

    3. Reports to the class on the field research.

    4. Integration of the data collected from the research into the final

    papers required for the courses.

    5. A written skill evaluation exam measuring one‟s comprehension of

    research methods and techniques.

Outline:

    Part I: Classroom Lectures

     Introduction to ideologies and techniques of field research

     1) Working with a field assistant

     2) Participant observation, stream of consciousness interviews

     3) Writing up ethnographic material

     4) Ethical questions

Part II: Field Research

     Nine field trips researching various dimensions of Kenyan society per course in the Immersion programs and ten field trips in the Semester

    programs.

     1) Interviews

     2) Case histories

     3) Questionnaires

     One overnight excursion to the rural homestead of the field assistant per course.

Part III: Required Writings

     Integration of material researched into the required course papers.

     1) Case studies

     2) Analysis of primary data

     3) Correlation with literature and lectures on the topic.

     Written skill evaluation text measuring mastery of Spradley's Participant Observation.

TEXT BOOK

    Spradley, James P. (1980). Participant Observation. New York: Holt,

    Rinehart and Winston.

MIAS Course Catalogue 2012/2013 4

    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Bernard, Russell H. (1994). Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative

    and Quantitative Approaches. Second Edition. Sage Publications Inc.

Crane, G. and Michael V. (1974). Angrosino. Field Projects in Anthropology,

    (A Student Handbook. Illinois/London: Scott, Forsman and Company,

    Glenview.

    Leach, Edmund. (1976). Culture and Communication: The Logic by Which

    Symbols Are Connected: An introduction to the Use of Structuralist

    Analysis in Social Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge University

    Press.

Kirwen, Michael. (Ed.). (1978). Theology of Luo Sacrifice. Unpublished

    paper. Available through the MIASMU program, c/o M. Kirwen, Box 15199

    Lang‟ata, 00509,Kenya.

MIAS Course Catalogue 2012/2013 5

    Course: MARY AFST 508:Field Research Principles and Practice: Advanced

    (Students in their fourth to sixth courses)

    Dates: Taught in all programs as an integral part of each course. The course is designed for students in their fourth to sixth course.

Research overview:

     This dimension of the program is designed to further develop the research skills of students who have participated in the previous years. Like the foundational dimension, this training is intertwined with courses being taught each session and is under the direction of the professors teaching the courses.

Research elements for advanced level:

    1) Three workshops on how to intensify one's field research, work more

    efficiently with a field assistant, and do in-depth analysis of

    collected data.

    2) Three sessions each week for three weeks in the Immersion programs,

    and one session each week for twelve weeks in the Semester programs

    doing field research in and about Nairobi under the guidance of the

    professors on situations and issues relevant to the materials being

    taught in the classroom.

    3) A weekly written research report.

    4) Integration of the data collected from the research into the final

    papers required for the courses.

    5) A written skill evaluation advanced test measuring one's

    comprehension of research techniques and methods.

Outline:

    Part I: Classroom Lectures

     Comprehensive study of ideologies and techniques of field research

     1) Foundations of Social Research

     2) Sampling

     3) Questionnaires and Survey Research

     4) Statistics

     5) Multivariate Analysis

Part II: Field Research

    Nine field trips researching various dimensions of Kenyan society per course in the Immersion programs and ten in the semester programs.

     1) Interviews

     2) Case histories

     3) Questionnaires

Part III: Required Writings

     A more developed manner of integrating the material researched into the course papers than required of those doing the foundational research course.

     1) Case studies

     2) Analysis of primary data

     3) Correlation with literature and lectures on the topic. Written skill evaluation text measuring mastery of Bernard, Russell H.

    Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative

    Approaches.

TEXT BOOKS:

    Benard, Russell H. (1994). Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative

    and Quantitative Approaches Second Edition. Sage Publications Inc.

MIAS Course Catalogue 2012/2013 6

    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Spradley, James P. (1980). Participant Observation. New York: Holt,

    Rinehart and Winston.

Crane, G. and Michael V. Angrosino. (1974). Field Projects in Anthropology,

    (A Student Handbook. Illinois/London: Scott, Forsman and Company,

    Glenview.

    Leach, Edmund. (1976). Culture and Communication: The Logic by Which

    Symbols Are Connected: An introduction to the Use of Structuralist

    Analysis in Social Anthropology. Cambridge: Cambridge University

    Press.

Kirwen, Michael. (1978). Theology of Luo Sacrifice. Unpublished paper.

    Available through the MIASMU program, c/o M. Kirwen, Box 15199

    Lang‟ata, 00509, Kenya.

MIAS Course Catalogue 2012/2013 7

    Course: MAY AFST 510: African Cultures: An Overview Course Overview:

     The course is a systematic presentation of African Cultural Heritage. It is a required course for Master degree and Diploma programs and is offered in both the semester and immersion programs.

Course Description:

     This course gives an overview of the African traditional cultures by studying some of the significant aspects of these cultures. Some of the aspects studied are: social groupings, supernatural beliefs, religious systems, communication systems, political systems, economic systems, education system, health systems and rites of passage. Special attention is given to the traditional features of these aspects, though the contemporary changes affecting them are also mentioned. Special attention is also given to the challenges these cultures pose to Christians in Africa.

PURPOSE:

    The purpose of the course is to help the students understand the African traditional cultures. Such an understanding would help the student to understand African people better; live and work with African people more effectively and even make the student appreciate more the African ways of life.

OBJECTIVES:

    In order for the students to reach the purpose of the course at the end of the course the students shall be able to:

    1) List some of the significant aspects of the African traditional

    cultures.

    2) Describe in detail one aspect of the African culture mentioning such

    things as: features, functions, changes and challenges this aspect

    poses to Christians in Africa.

    3) Participate in several actual African experiences in a family or

    community activity. Each student is assigned a local field

    assistant to help in this regard.

    4) Write a fifteen-page research paper that incorporates materials from

    classroom lectures, assigned readings, field experiences and

    personal reactions as the conclusion.

    5) Organize the materials of this course in lecture forms that the

    student can teach other students in future.

REQUIREMENTS:

    To meet the objectives of the course, the following things are necessary:

    1) Regular and punctual class attendance.

    2) Reading bibliographical material for each class lecture. There are

    eighteen lectures, for the immersion programs and twenty-four for the

    semester programs.

    3) Doing field research each week. There are nine field researches for

    the immersion programs and ten for the semester programs.

    4) Turning in a report for each field experience.

    5) Writing a fifteen-page research integration paper per course.

Course outline

    I. Introduction to the Concept of Culture.

    - Definitions of culture

    - Elements of culture

    - Culture as a social construction

    - Pillars of culture

    - Attitudes towards African culture

II. Social Groupings

    - Types of social groupings in African traditional cultures

    - The individual. Family, lineage, clan, kinship, community, tribe,

    nation

    - Changes in African social groupings and reasons

MIAS Course Catalogue 2012/2013 8

    - Challenges of social groupings

III. African Worldview

    - Cosmological views

    - Organic universe

    - Relationship with culture

IV. African Traditional Belief Systems

    - Supernatural beings: God, Ancestors (living - dead)

    - Good spirits, Evil spirits, Ghosts, Priests, Shamans (seers)

    - Supernatural Powers: Taboos, Magic (Sorcery), Witchcraft, Charms,

    Divination

    - Mediation through dreams visions, trances, spirit possession and

    mediums

V. African Religion

    - Nature and Functions

    - Sources

    - Relationship between African religion and culture

    - Ethics and morality

    - Reward and punishment

    VI. African Traditional Communication Systems

    - Verbal: Language, proverbs, myths, folktales, etc.

    - Non-verbal: symbols, rituals

VII. African Traditional Economic Systems

    - Definition of economy

    - Principals of organizing economy in the African traditional culture.

    - Challenges posed

    - Attitudes towards work, division of labor and leisure.

VIII. African Traditional Education System

    - Objectives of education

    - Six stages of education

    - Experts on each stage of education

    - Education on health care

    - Challenges posed by African traditional education system IX. African Traditional Political System

    - Definition of politics

    - Styles of political leadership

    - Changes taking place in Africa related to politics

    - Challenges political affairs pose to Christians in Africa

X. African Traditional Rites of Passage

    - Definition of rites of passage

    - Examples of rites of passage: Birth, Initiation, Marriage,

     Parenthood, Elderhood, Ancestorhood

    - Functions of rites of passage

    - Final rites: illness, death and bereavement

    - Changes and challenges

XI. Cultural products

    - Arts, crafts, skills, sculpture

    - Music

XII. Cultural values

    - Health

    - Blessings

    - Wisdom

MIAS Course Catalogue 2012/2013 9

    - Herbal medicine

    - Divination

    - Cleansing

    - Challenges to cultural values

XIII. Cultural vices

    - Witchcraft and sorcery

    - Evil magic

    - Social deviance, laziness, crime

    - Shame

    - Famine

    - Drought

    - Accidents

    - Challenges

    XIV. Changes and challenges of African traditional cultures

    - Definition of cultural changes

    - Causes of cultural changes

    - Examples of cultural changes

    - Challenges of cultural changes in Africa

    - The case of inculturation

    - Other forms of African cultural expressions

    - Challenges and the way forward for African culture

SELECTED TEXT BOOKS

    Ayisi, E.O. (1972). An Introduction to African Culture. London: Heinemann.

    Gyekye, K. (1996). African Cultural Values: An Introduction. Philadelphia:

    Sankofa Publishing Company.

     ndHiebert, P.G. (1983). Cultural Anthropology. (2ed.). Grand Rapids: Baker

    House.

    Kenyatta, J. (1978). Facing Mount Kenya. Nairobi: Heinemann

    Magesa, L. (1998). African Religion: The Moral Traditions of Abundant Life.

    Nairobi: Paulines Publications Africa.

     rdMartin, Phyllis, M and Patrick, O. (Eds). (1995). Africa. (3ed.).

    Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

    Mbiti, J.S. (1975). Introduction to African Religion. New York: Praeger.

    Onwuejeogwu, M.A. (1975). Social Anthropology of Africa. London: Heinemann.

    Shorter, A. (1998). African Culture, An Overview: Socio-cultural anthropology. Nairobi: Paulines Publications Africa.

    Van Gennep, A. (1960). The Rites of Passage. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Recommended books rdDodd, Carley H. (1991). Dynamics of Intercultural communication. (3ed.).

    Dubuque, Iowa: W.C.Brown.

    Good, C. M. (1966). Dimensions of East African Cultures. Michigan: African

    Studies Center.

    Dodd, C. H. (1989). Dynamics of Intercultural Communication. (#rd ed.) Lawa:

    William Brown Publishers.

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