Types of Sonnets---Revision Pages prepared by Yang Yingjun

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Types of Sonnets-Revision Pages Prepared by Yang Yingjun/ Page 1 of 5

    Types of Sonnets---Revision Pages prepared by Yang Yingjun

    Rhyme Type & Feature Sample

     The Petrarchan or Francesco Petrarch (13041374) Italian sonnet was (As an example) popularized by abab 1. I find no peace, and have no arms for war, Petrarch (1304- 74). 2. And fear and hope, and burn and yet I freeze, The term sonnet 3. And fly to heaven, lying on earth‟s floor, derives from the 4. And nothing hold, and all the world I seize. Italian for 'little abab 5. My jailer opens not, nor locks the door, song'. The Italian 6. Nor binds me to hear, nor will loose my ties; sonnet usually 7. Love kills me not, nor breaks the chains I wear, consists of an 8. Nor wants me living, nor will grant me ease. octave & a sestet. cde 9. I have no tongue, and shout; eyeless, I see; The Octave 10. I long to perish, and I beg for aid; typically introduces 11. I love another, and myself I hate. the theme or cde 12. Weeping I laugh, I feed on misery, problem while the 13. By death and life so equally dismayed: Sestet provides the 14. For you, my lady, am I in this state. resolution.

     William Shakespeare (15641616)

     Shakespearean Sonnet #18

    (p. 99) (English) sonnet:

    It consists of 3 abab 1. Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? quatrains & a final 2. Thou art more lovely and more temperate: or closing couplet 3. Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, which is usually a 4. And summer's lease hath all too short a date:

    5. Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, sum-up of the point cdcd

    the sonneteer is 6. And often is his gold complexion dimm'd, trying to make. The 7. And every fair from fair sometime declines, problem is usually 8. By chance, or nature's changing course untrimm'd: developed in the 1st efef 9. But thy eternal summer shall not fade, 3 quatrains, each 10. Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow'st, with a new idea 11. Nor shall death brag thou wander'st in his shade,

    12. When in eternal lines to time thou grow'st, growing out of the

    previous one. gg 13. So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,

    14. So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

     William Shakespeare (15641616)

     Sonnets: #29

    Types of Sonnets-Revision Pages Prepared by Yang Yingjun/ Page 2 of 5

    (p. 100)

    abab 1. When in disgrace with fortune and men's eyes Shakespearean

    (English) sonnet: 2. I all alone beweep my outcast state,

     3. And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries,

     4. And look upon myself, and curse my fate, cdcd 5. Wishing me like to one more rich in hope,

     6. Featur'd like him, like him with friends possess'd,

     7. Desiring this man's art, and that man's scope,

     8. With what I most enjoy contented least; efef 9. Yet in these thoughts my self almost despising,

     10. Haply I think on thee,-- and then my state,

     11. Like to the lark at break of day arising

     12. From sullen earth, sings hymns at heaven's gate; gg 13. For thy sweet love remember'd such wealth brings

    14. That then I scorn to change my state with kings.

     William Shakespeare (15641616)

     Sonnet #66:

    (p. 102)

    abab 1. Tired with all these, for restful death I cry,

     2. As to behold desert a beggar born,

     3. And needy nothing trimm'd in jollity ,

     4. And purest faith unhappily forsworn, cdcd 5. And gilded honour shamefully misplac'd, Shakespearean 6. And maiden virtue rudely strumpeted , (English) sonnet: 7. And right perfection wrongfully disgrac'd,

     8. And strength by limping sway disabléd

    9. And art made tongue-tied by authority, efef

     10. And folly, doctor-like, controlling skill,

     11. And simple truth miscall'd simplicity,

     12. And captive good attending captain ill: gg 13. Tir'd with all these, from these would I be gone,

    14. Save that, to die, I leave my love alone.

     William Shakespeare (15641616)

     Sonnet #66:

    (Tested in midterm exam)

    abab That time of year thou mayst in me behold

     When yellow leaves, or none, or few, do hang Shakespearean

    (English) sonnet: Upon those boughs which shake against the cold,

     Bare ruined choirs, where late the sweet birds sang. cdcd In me thou see'st the twilight of such day

Types of Sonnets-Revision Pages Prepared by Yang Yingjun/ Page 3 of 5

     As after sunset fadeth in the west,

     Which by and by black night doth take away,

     Death's second self that seals up all in rest.

    efef In me thou see'st the glowing of such fire,

     That doth lie on the ashes of his youth,

     As the deathbed whereon it must expire,

     Consumed with that which it was nourished by.

    gg This thou perceiv'st, which makes thy love more strong,

    To love that well which thou must leave ere long.

     Edmund Spenser (c.155299),

     Spenserian Sonnet Sonnet #79

    (As an example) is named after

    Edmund Spenser & abab 1. Men call you fayre and you doe credit it, is similar to the 2. For that your selfe ye dayly such doe see: Shakespearian 3. Bt the trew fayre, that is the gentle wit, Sonnet in 4. And virtuous mind, is much more praysd of me. construction, bcbc 5. For all the rest, how ever fayre it be, differing only in its 6. Shall turne to nought and loose that glorious hew: rhyme scheme. 7. But onely that is permanent and free The Spenserian 8. From frayle corruption, that doth flesh ensew rhyme scheme is cdcd 9. That is true beautie: that doth argue you more repetitive, but 10. To be divine and borne of heavnly seed: without the same 11. Derived from that fayre Spirit, from whom al true variety of rhyme 12. And perfect beauty did at first proceed. sounds. ee 13. He onely fayre, and what he fayre hath made:

    14. All other fayre, lyke flowers, untymely fade.

Miltonic sonnet: a

    sonnet form that John Milton (1608-1674) utilized the Sonnet 22: To Cyriack Skinner (Upon His Blindness)

    (p. 206) Petrarchan rhyme

    scheme but did not abba Cyriack, this three years' day these eyes, though clear feature the To outward view of blemish or of spot, traditional break Bereft of light, their seeing have forgot; between the octave Nor to their idle orbs doth sight appear & the sestet --- abba Of sun or moon or star throughout the year, hence giving his Or man or woman. Yet I argue not

    sonnet a more Against Heav'n's hand or will, not bate a jot unified feel. After Of heart or hope, but still bear up and steer [enjambment] Milton this sonnet cdcdcd Right onward. What supports me, dost thou ask? declined, but The conscience, friend, to have lost them overplied revived with the In liberty's defence, my noble task,

Types of Sonnets-Revision Pages Prepared by Yang Yingjun/ Page 4 of 5

    romantic poets. See Of which all Europe talks from side to side. Ozymandias This thought might lead me through the world's vain mask (Shelley) & Upon Content, though blind, had I no better guide. Westminster Bridge


     William Wordsworth (1770-1850)

     Composed upon Westminster Bridge

    (p. 14)

    abba Earth has not anything to show more fair:

     Dull would he be of soul who could pass by

     A sight so touching in its majesty:

     This City now doth, like a garment, wear Petrarchan abba The beauty of the morning; silent, bare, (Italian) sonnet, Ships, towers, domes, theatres, and temples lie (close to Miltonic Open unto the fields, and to the sky; sonnet) All bright and glittering in the smokeless air.

    cdcdcd Never did sun more beautifully steep

    In his first splendour, valley, rock, or hill;

    Ne'er saw I, never felt, a calm so deep!

    The river glideth at his own sweet will:

    Dear God! the very houses seem asleep;

    And all that mighty heart is lying still!

     Percy Bysshe Shelley (17921822)



    ababa I met a traveller from an antique land,

     Who said --- “two vast and trunkless legs of stone

     Stand in the desert ... near them, on the sand, Petrarchan Half sunk a shattered visage lies, whose frown, (Italian) sonnet, And wrinkled lips, and sneer of cold command, (close to Miltonic cdc Tell that its sculptor well those passions read sonnet with Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things, variation in rhyme The hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed; scheme ede And on the pedestal these words appear:

     My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings,

     Look on my Works ye Mighty, and despair!

    fef Nothing beside remains. Round the decay

    Of that colossal Wreck, boundless and bare

    The lone and level sands stretch far away.”

    Types of Sonnets-Revision Pages Prepared by Yang Yingjun/ Page 5 of 5

     John Keats (1795-1821)

     On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer

    (p. 75)

    abba 1. Much have I travell'd in the realms of gold, Petrarchan

     2. And many goodly states and kingdoms seen; (Italian) sonnet

     3. Round many western islands have I been

     4. Which bards in fealty to Apollo hold. abba 5. Oft of one wide expanse had I been told

     6. That deep-brow'd Homer ruled as his demesne;

     7. Yet did I never breathe its pure serene

     8. Till I heard Chapman speak out loud and bold: cdcdcd 9. Then felt I like some watcher of the skies

    10. When a new planet swims into his ken;

    11. Or like stout Cortez when with eagle eyes

    12. He star'd at the Pacific--and all his men

    13. Look'd at each other with a wild surmise---

    14. Silent, upon a peak in Darien.

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