Comparing Primary Education in China and Western Countries
The article tries to make the study of the differences between western and Chinese education.The author will focus on the foregoing five stands,which are family education,teaching methods,responsibility of society,teacher-student relationship and thinking patterns.
“Education is the movement from darkness to light.”said
Allan Bloom.With this definition,it is easy for us to find out that education has so close relationship with our life,which includes many aspects.It is claimed that students from different cultures learn in different ways and their cognitive styles,self-expression and communication are all different from another.Thus,the study of educational differences will increase the understanding of the cultural background.
Studies on primary educational difference,which includes learning experience and educational system,have been conducted mainly from the five perspectives of family education, teaching methods,responsibility of society,teacher-student
relationship and thinking patterns.
The job raising children is a tough one,especially children in primary school.
To the western countries,the goal of parents is to help children grow,they gain more freedom to make their own choices,and they can choose their own forms of entainment,as well as the friends to share them with.“The relationship between
parents and children as individuals,not as extensions of themselves.They allow them to fulfill their own
dreams.Americans parise and encourage their children to give them the confidence to succeed.”
However,Chinese parents may focus more on the
children’s marks,there is much more pressure on the students here to achieve top marks and so enter top univerisities.Their free time is forced to attend an auxiliary class.All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.And Chinese children are allowed not to do any housework,because parents think that it will waste a lot of time.
So I think,If Chinese parents can give children more free time,they can share a colorful children as the western children.
As for the teaching methods,Ngwainmbi points out that the Chinese classrooms are mostly teacher-centered rather than student-centered.In western classrooms teaching methods that inspire students to construct meaning out of their own experiences rather than stimulate them to reproduce the knowledge of others .Then students’ own opinions and feeling
are greatly encouraged and appreciated.
However,in China,the teaching methods are almost complete absent and students’experiences、feeling、attitude and
opinions.Mgwainmbi further remarks that teaching methods in the Asian classroom are authoritarian,expository and focus on cooperative learning,he points out that western cultures value critical thinking creativity, freedom,individualism,independence, competition and competition and self-expression.“Chinese
students are very good at passing exams after they repeatedly practice the exam models with the teacher’s guidance. They can
get good marks in TOEFT,but they still have problems in communication,listening comprehension and some other practical uses of English.”
There is a saying in China which illustrates the relationship between students and teachers,if someone has been your teacher for one day,you should respect him as your father for the rest of your life.That is to say that in China a teacher is desired to not only take care of a student’s learning but offer
advice in many other aspects,even his or her attitude towards life because a teacher is regarded as an authoritative figure and his or her opinions are always supposed to be right.
Whereas in western countries teachers’ responsibility is
only to be a guide in class students are expected to learn more outside the class by themselves.They eneourage students to challenge them with different ideas and “it is not uncommon
that students and teacher have a playful relationship.”They
allow themselves to “be changed and allow students to be so
vocal in their disagreement”. They treat their students more
equal.There is no unchanged rule that students should obey teacher when there are some divergences of opinions.
It is said that western people are good at abstract or logical thinking and Chinese people are good at artistic
thinking.“Abstract or logical thinking refers to thinking in terms of pure reasoning”and “artistic thinking refers to thinking in
which in ages are particularly attended to”  Knowing that we
will not feel strange that Chinese people are fond of being connotative and western people are more straight-out.
As for the writing styles of students.Bennett describes Chinese writing as this “The purpose of Asian students consider
writing to be like painting.They spend most of their time in select words and polishing structures rather than speculating questioning and exploring ideas.” While western writings have
less footfaraw but more logos.We ourselves might have such experience.
Due to the huge educational differences between China and western ,it is concluded that it is better to find out the differences on educational system before we try to understand the cultural difference,and that is real important for those who want to further their study aboard.To adjust to the life in western countries,it requires “courage、determination and persistence to
succeed in doing so.The process of learning involves many efforts-blood and tears.There are many cultural elements that the
learners need to adjust to get used to ；learn or unlearn.But on
the whole ,it is a very rewarding and great learning experience.”
Zhang Suhua.Know More About UK and USA-Beijing;Bing Qi 
Gong Ye Joumal.2012
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