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# 188_electronics_Syllabus

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188_electronics_Syllabus

S.E. ELECTRONICS - SEMESTER III

ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS

Detailed Syllabus Lectures/Wee

k 1 Laplace Transform 06 st nd 05 1.1 Existence of Laplace Transform, Properties of L.T,1and 202 shifting theorem, Change of scale Properties, Unit step function,Heavi

side,Dirac delta and Periodic function and their L.T

1.2 Inverse L. T. with partial fraction and Convolution theorem

1.3 Applications to solve initial and boundary value problems involving

O.D.E.

2 Fourier series 07

Dirichlet‟s conditions, Fourier series of periodic function with period

π2

and .F.S for even and odd functions. Half range sine and cosine and

Parseval‟s identity. l2

3 3.1 Complex form of Fourier series 02

3.2.Forier integral and Fourier Transform with properties in 03

detail

4 Matrices 06

4.1 Types of matrices, Adjoint, inverse and rank of a matrix.

Normal form of a matrix

4.2. System of Homogeneous and non homogeneous

equations and their consistency.

5 Complex variables 06

5.1.Analytic function-R equation in Cartesian and polar form. Analytic 04

function by Milne-Thompson method, Harmonic function.

5.2.Conformal mapping, Bilinear mapping and standard transforms.

6 Z- transform & vector analysis 04

6.1 Properties, change of scale, shifting, inverse of z 03

transform. 08

6.2 Initial value and final value.

6.3 Vector integration, scalar potential work down Greens theorem,

Divergence theorem, strokes theorem (without proof).

BASIC OF ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS

Detailed Syllabus Lectures/Week

1. 06 Semiconductor Materials and Diodes

Review of Semiconductor Materials and Properties, The PN

Junction, Introduction to Semiconductor Diode Theory. Diode

Circuits: DC Analysis and Models, AC Equivalent Circuits, Other

Diode Types Solar Cell, Photodiode, LightEmitting Diode,

Schottky Barrier Diode, Pin Diode, Zener Diode, Zener as voltage

Regulator, Temperature Effects, Understanding Manufacturer‟s

Specifications.

2. 08 Diode Circuits

Design of Rectifier Circuits.:- Full Wave Rectification with‟C‟,‟L-

C‟ & „pi‟ Filter, Ripple-Voltage and Diode Current, Voltage

Doubler & Multipliesr Circuit, Zener Diode Circuits, Clipper and

Clamper Circuits, MultipleDiode Circuits. Photodiode and LED

Circuits.

3. 08 The Bipolar Junction Transistor

Basic Bipolar Junction Transistor, PNP &NPN Transistor Structures

Device Symbols:, CurrentVoltage Characteristics, Transistor

Biasing Single Base Resistor Biasing, Voltage Divider Biasing and

Bias Stability, DC Analysis of Transistor Circuits in Common

Emitter Common Base and Common Collector configurations,

Forwardactive Mode Operation Load Line considerations, Non

ideal Transistor Leakage Currents and Breakdown, Integrated

Circuit Biasing, Multistage Circuits. Transistor Applications As a

Switch,

4. 12 Basic BJT Amplifiers

The BJT Linear Amplifier, Graphical Analysis and AC Equivalent Circuit, Small Signal Hybrid

π, (gm rπ) Equivalent Circuit of the Bipolar Transistor, Hybrid π (gm rπ) Equivalent Circuit Including the Early Effect, Expanded Hybrid π Equivalent Circuit, Other Small Signal

Parameters And Equivalent Circuits, Basic Transistor Amplifier Configurations i.e. Common

Emitter Common Base and Common Collector (Emitter Follower. AC Load Line Analysis, The

Three Basic Amplifier configurations: Summary and Comparison, Design of Single Stage BJT

Amplifier.

Multistage Amplifiers, Band-Width and Power Considerations, Thermal Considerations in Transistor Amplifiers, Manufacturers‟ Specifications.

5. 12 The Field Effect Transistor

Junction FieldEffect Transistor, MOS FieldEffect Transistor,

MOSFET, Self Biasing Mid-Point Biasing,Biasing for Zero Drain

Current-Drift Potential Divider Biasing and DC Circuit Analysis,

Basic MOSFET Applications: Switch, Digital Logic Gate and

Amplifier. Temperature effects in MOSFETs, Input Protection in

MOSFET. The Power FET (VMOS).

6. 10 Basic FET Amplifiers

Basic JFET Amplifier Configurations :- Common Source Amplifier,

The Source Follower(Common Drain) Amplifier, The Common Gate

Configurations. Summary of the Three Basic Amplifier

Configurations.AC Circuit analyses of Common Source Amplifier,

The Source Follower(Common Drain) Amplifier, The Common Gate

Amplifier Configurations. Design of Single Stage JFET Amplifier.

MOSFET amplifier Biasing and DC Circuit Analysis.Ac analysis of

Single Stage MOSFER amplifier. Single Stage Integrated Circuit

MOSFET Amplifiers, Multistage Amplifiers.

DIGITAL SYSTEMS DESIGN I

Detailed Syllabus Lectures/Week

1. Introduction and Digital Codes: 06

Analog Vs Digital Systems Digital Devices, Binary codes, Gray

codes, Character codes, Codes for detecting and correcting errors

2. Logic Circuits: 14

Boolean Algebra, theorems, combinational circuit analysis,

combinational circuit synthesis, minimization, Karnaugh Map, Sum

of Products, Product of Sums form, and their minimization,

Programmed minimization-Quine Mc-Cluskey minimization

algorithm, timing hazards-Static, Dynamic Hazards

3 Combinational MSI, LSI Devices: 10

Combinational design using SSI, MSI devices, Decoders

(74x139,74x138), Encoders (74x148), Tri state buffers

(74x244,74x245), Multiplexers (74x151), Parity circuits(74180),

subtractors , ALU (74181), Combinational Multipliers,

Combinational PLDs

4 Logic families: 10

Basics of TTL, CMOS, ECL Circuits for basic logic operations just

Circuits and working of them in all above families. No

Characteristics of families.

5. Sequential Logic Practices: 08

and Flip flops, Flip Flop conversions, Applications of Latches and Flip-Flop in switch

debouncing, bus holder circuits, Flip-flop Timing Considerations and Metastability.

6 Counters Asynchronous, Synchronous counters, Up down counters, 08

Mod counters,Ring counters. Shift Registers, Universal Shift register.

ELECTRICAL NETWORK ANALYSIS AND SYNTHESIS

Detailed Syllabus Lectures/W

eek

1 12 Circuit analysis (ac and dc):

Kirchoff‟s law, Loop variable analysis, Node variable analysis, Source

transformations, Reference directions for current and voltage, Active element conventions, dot convention for coupled circuits. Linearity, Superposition, Thevenin‟s and Norton‟s, Maximum power for ac source and dependent source.

2 08 Linear graphs:

Introductory definitions, The incidence matrix A, the loop matrix B, relationship between sub matrix of A and B. Cut-sets and cut-set

matrix, Fundamental cut-sets and fundamental tie-sets, Planar graphs,

A and B matrices, Loop, node, node pair equations, duality.

3 08 Laplace transforms:

Properties of Laplace transforms, basic theorems, Laplace transform of gate function, impulse function and periodic functions, convolution integral, inverse Laplace transform, application of Laplace transforms

to solution of Network problems.

4. 10 Transient and frequency analysis:

Transient response of R-L, R-C, R-L-C circuits (Series combinations

only) for d.c. and sinusoidal excitations Initial conditions - Solution

using differential equation approach and Laplace transform methods

of solutions. Transfer function. Concept of poles and zeros. Concept of frequency response of a system

5. 08 Two port networks:

Concept of two port networks, Driving point and Transfer functions., open circuit and short circuit parameters, transmission and inverse transmission parameters, hybrid parameters, inter-

relationship of different parameters, interconnection of two port networks, T and pi representation, terminated two port networks

6. 08 Fundamentals of network synthesis:

Realizability concept, Hurwitz property , positive realness, properties of positive real functions, testing positive real functions, Synthesis of R-L, R-C and L-C driving point functions Foster

and Cauer forms.

CONTROL SYSTEM ENGINEERING

Detailed Syllabus Lectures/W

eek

1 06 Introduction to control system analysis

Introduction, examples of control systems, open loop control systems, closed loop control systems. Transfer function. Types of feed back & feed back control system characteristics noise rejection, gain,

sensitivity, stability.

2 09 Mathematical modeling of systems

Importance of a mathematical model, Block diagrams, signal flow graphs, Masan‟s gain formula and its application to block diagram reduction.

State space method, solving time-invariant system, transfer matrix.

3 12 Transient & steady state - Response Analysis

3.1 Impulse response function, First order system, second

order system, time domain specifications of systems,

analysis of transient-response using Second order model.

3.2. Classification of control systems according to “Type” of

systems, Steady state errors, static error constants,

Steady state analysis of different types of systems using

step, ramp and parabolic input signals.

4 09 Stability Analysis

Introduction to concept of stability, Stability analysis using Routh‟s stability criterion, Absolute stability, Relative stability. RootLocus

plots, summary of general rules for constructing Root Locus, Root

Locus analysis of control

09 Frequency-Response Analysis 5

Introduction, Frequency domain specifications, resonance peak and peak resonating frequency, relationship between time and frequency domain specification of systems. Bode plots, Polar plots, Logmagnitude Vs phase plots, Nyquist stability criterion, stability analysis, Relative stability, gain margin, phase margin, stability analysis of system using Bode plots. Closed-Loop Frequency

Response-Constant gain and phase loci, Nichol’s chart and their use in stability study of systems.

09 Control components & Controller DC and AC servomotors, 6

servoamplifier, potientiometer, synchro transmitters, synchro receivers, synchro control transformer, stepper motors.

Discontinuous controller modes, continuous controller modes, composite controllers.

PRESENTATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUES

Detailed Syllabus Lectures/W

eek

1. 06 Communication in a business organization:

Internal and external communication, Types of meetings, strategies for

conducting successful business meetings, documentation (notice, agenda,

minutes, resolution) of meetings. Introduction to modern communication

techniques

(e-mail, internet, video-conferencing, etc.) Legal and ethical issues in

communication (Intellectual property rights: patents, TRIPS, Geographical

indications)

Report writing: Definition and importance of reports, qualities of reports,

language and style in reports, types of reports, formats (letter, memo,

project-repots). Methods of compiling data for preparing report.

A computer-aided presentation of a technical project report based on survey-

based or reference based topic. The topics are to be assigned to a group of 8-

10 students. The written report should not exceed 20 printed pages.

Technical paper-writing

3 Interpersonal skills: 03

Introduction to emotional intelligence, motivation, Negotiation and conflict

resolution, Assertiveness, team-building, decision-making, time-

management, persuasion

4 04 Presentation skills:

Elements of an effective presentation, Structure of a presentation,

Presentation tools, Audience analysis, Language: Articulation, Good

pronunciation, Voice quality, Modulation, Accent and Intonation.

5 04 Career skills:

Preparing resumes and cover letters. Types of Resumes, Interview

techniques: Preparing for job interviews, facing an interview, verbal

and non-verbal communication during interviews, observation sessions

and role-play techniques to be used to demonstrate interview strategies

(mock interviews)

6 03 Group discussion:

group discussions as part of selection process. Structure of a group

discussion, Dynamics of group behavior, techniques for effective

participation, Team work and use of body language

S.E. (ELECTRONICS) SEMESTER IV

Detailed Syllabus Lectures/We

ek 1 Random variables: 02

1.1 Discrete and continuous random variable,Probability 03

mass and density function for random variables. 02

1.2 Expected value,Variance,Moments and moment

generating functions

1.3 Relation between Raw and central moments.

2 Probability distributions: 06

2..1. Binomial,Poisson and Normal distribution 04

2..2.Introduction to distribution such as „t‟ and „‟,central 2χ

limit theorems and problems based on this theorem.

3 Sampling theory: 05

3.1 Large and small samples, Test of significance for both 01

samples. 02

3.2 paired „t‟ test

3.3 Application for distribution 2χ

4 Discrete Structure 04

4.1 Relation and function (Equivalence relation, Injective, surjective and 04

bijective functions) 04

4.2. Poset, Lattice(Bounded, complemented and distributive lattice)

4.3. Algebraic structure: Group, Ring, Field

5 Matrices 04

5.1. Cayley Hamilton theorem, 04

eigen values and eigen vectors (without proof)

5.2. Similar matrices, orthogonally similar matrices, reduction to the

diagonal form.

6 Complex variables 03

6.1 Cauchy‟s theorem and Cauchy‟s integral formula 04

6.2 Taylor‟s and Laurent‟s formula, Singularities and poles. 03

6.3 Residue theorem.

ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS ANALYSIS AND DESIGN

Detailed Syllabus Lectures/W

eek

1 09 Frequency Response of Amplifiers

High frequency parameters of BJT.Amplifier Frequency Response, System

Transfer Functions, S Domain Analysis,

First Order Functions, Bode Plots, ShortCircuit and OpenCircuit Time

Constants, high Frequency Response of BJT, FET and MOSFET amplifier

analysis.

2 09 OSCILLATORS-

Analysis and Design of phase shift, Quadrature, Wien bridge, Hartley,

Colpitt and Crystal Oscillator.

3 09 Power Amplifiers

Power Amplifiers, Power Transistors Power BJTs, Power MOSFETs, ,

Design of Class- A, Class-AB Push Pull Class- B Transformer Coupled

Push Pull Amplifier, Complementary Class B Power Amplifier. Heat Sinks,

Design of heat sinks, for power Amplifier Devices

4 09 Differential Amplifiers

BJT,FET & MOSFET Differential Amplifier Analysis and Design, Design

of CMOS, Differential Amplifier with Active Load (Ref:- Donald Neamen).

5. 12 Multistage Amplifiers

Design Two Stage BJT, JFET and MOSFET Amplifiers and Design of

CASCODE Amplifiers. Design of BJT-JFET hybrid amplifier.

6. 08 Feedback and Stability Introduction to Basic Feedback Concepts, Ideal

CloseLoop Gain, Gain Sensitivity Bandwidth Extension, Noise

Sensitivity, Reduction of NonlinearDistortion, Ideal Feedback

Topologies. Analysis of Series Shunt, SeriesSeries, ShuntShunt

Shunt Series Amplifiers, Loop Gain, Stability of the Feedback Circuit,

The Stability Problem, Bode Plots Of One Pole, Two Pole, and

Three Pole Amplifiers,Nyquist Stability Criterion, Phase and Gain

Margins, Frequency Compensation Basic Theory, Closed Loop

Frequency Response, Miller Compensation.

DIGITAL SYSTEMS DESIGN II

Detailed Syllabus Lectures/

Week

1. 08 Hardware Description Languages

Introduction to Hardware Description Language,

Core features of VHDL, data types, concurrent and sequential statements,

data flow, behavioral, structural architectures, Subprograms, modularity,

design reuse concepts

2. 08 Application of HDL in combinational circuits

Implementation of Combinational Circuits in VHDL, Use of Component

Instantiation and Structural Architecture

Using VHDL and PLDs Combinational circuit design examples barrel

shifter, simple floating point encoder, cascading comparator.

3 14 Sequential logic design

Synchronous State Machines: Mealy and Moore Machines, Clocked

synchronous state machine analysis, Clocked synchronous state machine

design, designing state machines

using state diagrams, State Reduction techniques, State Assignment Rules,

State machine synthesis using transition lists

4 10 Applications of sequential circuits

MSI counters and applications, MSI Shift registers and their applications

Implementation of Counters and Shift registers in VHDLVHDL sequential

circuit design features. Implementation of FSM in VHDL

5. 08 Memory, CPLDs and FPGAs

memory, Static RAM, Dynamic RAM,

Introduction to Xilinx XC9500 CPLD family and Xilinx XC 4000 FPGA

family.

6 08 Introduction to Asynchronous design

Fundamental and pulse mode Asynchronous sequential machine, Analysis of

Asynchronous Sequential Circuits: Transition Table, Flow Table, Race

Conditions Stability Considerations, Analysis of simple circuits like latches

is expected

BASIC OF ANALOG AND DIGITAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Detailed Syllabus Lectures/

Week

1. 06 Elements of Communication System :

Basic block diagram of communication system, Modulation and Demodulation

concept, channels Noise in Communication System, Signal-to-Noise ratio, noise

factor and Noise Figure, equivalent Noise Temperature

Electromagnetic Waves Propagation : Propagation terms and Definitions.

2. 12 Amplitude Modulation :

Principles of DSB Full Carrier AM, envelope detector, practical diode detector.

Different types of AM : DSB-SC ,SSB-SC , VSB, ISB

3. 12 Angle modulation

Principles of Frequency Modulation and Phase Modulation.

FM Modulators , types of FM: NBFM and WBFM, FM Transmitter, noise

triangle , pre-emphasis and de-emphasis circuits.

FM Detection : frequency discriminator and phase discriminator

choice of IF , AGC , AFC In AM and FM receivers.

5. 07 Analog Pulse Modulation

Sampling Theorem for Low pass signals , Aliasing error , Sampling techniques,

Principles, generation, Demodulation & Spectrum Of PAM, PWM, PPM

6. 12 Digital Pulse Modulation

Comparison of digital signal transmission over analog signal transmission,

significance of regenerative repeaters .

Pulse- coded modulation (PCM) : sampling ,quantizing , encoding

technique, PCM bandwidth,

Necessity of companding, PCM Waveform formats: Uni-polar and polar

NRZ , RZ , AMI