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ACTIVITY 2.1.3 FREE BODY DIAGRAMS

By Michelle Parker,2014-07-08 10:26
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ONE PLANNING TOOL THAT ENGINEERS CAN USE IS THE FREE BODY DIAGRAM. FREE BODY DIAGRAMS SHOW ALL FORCES THAT ACT UPON A BODY OR PART. THE INFORMATION IDENTIFIED IN ...

    Activity 2.1.3 Free Body Diagrams

    Purpose

    In 1981 at a Kansas City Hyatt, a walkway holding hundreds of people collapsed during a party. The collapse killed 114 people and injured 200 others. When building this walkway, designers and engineers made serious errors that allowed the collapse to occur under the weight of so many people. In such a design, every part must be analyzed to ensure that it can perform its intended function without failing. One planning tool that engineers can use is the free body diagram. Free body diagrams show all forces that act upon a body or part. The information identified in a free body diagram can be used to determine whether a part is adequate.

    Procedure

    In this activity you will practice creating free body diagrams (FBD) in order to evaluate all of the forces interacting with those objects.

    1. Examine the image below. Draw a free body diagram for both objects. Use the

    notation in the image as subscripts when labeling forces.

    2. Examine the image below. Draw a free body diagram for the four labeled parts in

    the image. Use the notation in the image as subscripts when labeling forces.

    Project Lead The Way, Inc.

    Copyright 2011

    POE Unit 2 Activity 2.1.3 Free Body Diagrams Page 1

    3. Examine the image below. Draw a free body diagram for the five labeled parts in

    the image. Use the notation in the image as subscripts when labeling forces.

    Conclusion

    4. Why is it important to create free body diagrams?

    5. Sketch a free body diagram of the person sitting in a car seat as shown below.

    Which force arrows do you think would be the largest? Why?

    Project Lead The Way, Inc.

    Copyright 2011

    POE Unit 2 Activity 2.1.3 Free Body Diagrams Page 2

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