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02 - BW Vocab List 2(41)

By Barbara Hill,2014-12-08 04:56
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02 - BW Vocab List 2(41)BW,Vocab,List,list,vocab

    Vocabulary List 2 What’s the Difference?

    1. merger noun ;企业等的;合并?并购?吸收;如刑法中重罪吸收轻罪;

    ; Definition: 1. a statutory combination of two of more corporations by the transfer of the properties to

    one surviving corporation; 2. any combination of two or more business enterprises into a single

    enterprise

    ; Synonyms: consolidation

    ; Antonyms: division, separation

    ; Example Sentence: There is a possibility that the lack of jobs is due to the increase in corporate

    mergers.

    2. acquisition noun. 获得物?获得 ?收购

    ; Definition: 1. the act of acquiring or gaining possession; 2. a corporation or business taking over,

    absorbing, buying, etc. another corporation or business

    ; Synonyms: acquirement

    ; Antonyms: loss

    ; Example Sentence: Hearing about our company’s acquisition of our biggest competitor is great news.

    3. brand noun品牌?商标?牌子?牌名?烙印

    ; Definition: a name, design, symbol, and/or other features that identifies one seller’s goods and

    services plus the psychological aspects like thoughts, feelings, perceptions, experiences, and beliefs

    associated with such images

    ; Synonyms: label, image, identity

    ; Example Sentence: The market shows that their brand of cigarettes is still popular after 80 years.

    4. trademark noun商标?标志?特征?商标词?

    ; Definition: a symbol, design, or word used by a producer to identify a good or service that is registered

    with the government to prevent use by others

    ; Synonyms: logo, symbol

    ; Example Sentence: Arrests and charges of trademark and copyright infringement are pending.

    5. wholesale adjective批发的?大规模的

    ; Definition: of, pertaining to, or engaged in the sale of goods in quantity to retailers for resale

    ; Synonyms: bulk

    ; Antonyms: partial, retail

    ; Example Sentence: Wholesale and retail buyers purchase goods, such as clothing or electronics, for

    resale.

    6. retail adjective零售的?从事零售商品的?零批的?小量的

    ; Definition: pertaining to, connected with, or engaged in the sale of goods to consumers, usually in small

    quantities

    ; Antonyms: wholesale

    ; Example Sentence: The retail price of an average book is about 400 times greater than its wholesale

    price.

    7. commercial adjective贸易的?商务的?与商业有关的

    从事商业的?商业上的

    面向市场的?营利性的?商品化的

    ; Definition: pertaining to an interchange of goods or commodities

    ; Synonyms: economic, exchange, financial

    ; Antonyms: noncommercial

    ; Example Sentence: Seventy percent of McGraw-Hill’s trade is in textbooks, which leaves independent

    publishers a relatively small commercial market.

8. industrial adjective工业的?产业的?从事工业的?供工业用的?来自勤劳的

    ; Definition: pertaining to a manufacturing or production-based enterprise in a particular field

    ; Synonyms: factory-made, manufactured

    ; Example Sentence: When too many companies outsource their manufacturing, the industrial industry

    can suffer long-term consequences.

9. quota noun配额?定额?限额

    ; Definition: a prescribed number or quantity, as of items to be manufactured, imported, or exported

    ; Synonyms: allocation, allotment

    ; Example Sentence: By imposing a quota, they can limit the outflow of beans from producing nations in

    times of oversupply.

10. benchmark noun. 基准?标准检查程序

    ; Definition: a standard of excellence, achievement, etc. against which similar things must be measured

    or judged

    ; Synonyms: standard, basis, mark, criterion

    ; Example Sentence: Talk to investors and they want to know what managers are doing to beat the

    benchmark.

11. profit noun利润?利益

    ; Definition: the monetary surplus (extra money) left to a producer or employer after deducting wages,

    rent, costs of materials, etc. from their total revenue

    ; Synonyms: gain

    ; Antonyms: loss

    ; Example Sentence: After figuring your business income and expenses, you are ready to figure the net

    profit or net loss from your business.

12. revenue noun税收?国家的收入?收入?收益

    ; Definition: the gross (total) income from a business enterprise, investment, property, etc.

    ; Synonyms: annuity, bottom line, earnings, net

    ; Antonyms: debt, payments, expenses

    ; Example Sentence: Advertising revenue has wilted amid the global economic crisis.

13. capital noun资本?资金股本?

    ; Definition: 1. the wealth, whether in money or property, owned or employed in business by an

    individual, firm, corporation, etc.; 2. an accumulated stock of such wealth

    ; Synonyms: estate, assets, finances, stake, savings, stock, nest egg

    ; Example Sentence: Venture capital provides startups with access to tens of billions of dollars every

    year.

14. overhead noun经济费用

    ; Definition: the general, fixed cost of running a business, as in rent, lighting, heating, etc., which cannot

    be charged or attributed to a specific product or part of the work operation

    ; Synonyms: expenditures, expense, budget

    ; Example Sentence: The financial advisors created opportunities to cut payroll and overhead costs.

15. credit noun信用?信誉?[金融] 贷款?学分?信任

    ; Definition: 1. deferred payment arrangement; 2. confidence in a purchaser’s ability and intention to pay,

    displayed by entrusting the buyer with goods or services without immediate payment

; Synonyms: balance, loan, mortgage

    ; Antonyms: cash

    ; Example Sentence: Most people have to buy a home on credit since they don’t have enough money

    upfront for such a huge investment.

16. refund verb退还?偿还?付还

    ; Definition: 1. to give back money when an article purchased is unsatisfactory; 2. to make repayment; to

    give back or restore

    ; Synonyms: repay, pay back

    ; Antonyms: forfeit, lose

    ; Example Sentence: The user account can also be used to check the status of your return or refund and

    make electronic payments.

17. reimburse verb偿还?赔偿

    ; Definition: 1. to repay for money already spent; 2. pay back something owed; 3. to make repayment to

    for expense or loss incurred

    ; Synonyms: compensate, recompense

    ; Antonyms: take, keep

    ; Example Sentence: They also complain that the insurers do not reimburse them enough for claims.

18. compensation noun补偿?报酬?赔偿金

    ; Definition: something given or received as an equivalent for services, debt, loss, injury, suffering, etc.

    ; Synonyms: repayment, rectification, consideration, atonement

    ; Antonyms: damage, penalty

    ; Example Sentence: The senator’s speech didn’t address the lack of compensation workers receive for

    workplace accidents.

19. perk noun小费?额外收入

    ; Definition: short for perquisite; an incidental payment, benefit, privilege, or advantage over and above

    regular income, salary, or wages

    ; Synonyms: advantage, bonus, gratuity

    ; Example Sentence: Going to a designer’s showroom to shop wholesale is a perk of being a celebrity.

20. commission noun佣金?支付手续费

    ; Definition: amount paid entirely or partially with money made from a sale or work done

    ; Example Sentence: The salespeople earn a 6 percent commission of the total amount they sell.

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