Annotated Bibliography for Katherine Mansfield Research Paper

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Annotated Bibliography for Katherine Mansfield Research Paper

    Annotated Bibliography for Katherine Mansfield Research Paper

    Alpers, Antony. “Katherine and Virginia, 1917-1923.” Critical Essays on Katherine

    Mansfield. Nathan, Rhoda B., Ed. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1993. Alpers examines the relationship between Mansfield and Woolf. There were some common events in their lives. The major one being that they were both feminist writers and suffered from “early wounds” (198). Their friendship started

    off on rocky ground. Woolf usually greatly respected Mansfield‟s writing. Alpers

    explains that Mansfield helped get Woolf out of her one novel mold. The conflict of their friendship came about because they were both writers, and Woolf feared the Mansfield would out writer her.

    Cornut-Gentille D‟Arcy, Chantal. “Katherine Mansfield‟s „Bliss‟: „The Rare Fiddle‟ as

    Emblem of the Political and Sexual Alienation of Woman.” Papers on Language

    and Literature 35.3 (1999): p244-270. Academic Search Elite. EBSCOhost.

    Hewes Coll. Lib., Monmouth, IL. 2 Mar. 2003. Chantal examines “Bliss” through

    Marxist criticism. This is done by explaining the wife‟s role in society, following

    with their economic dependence on men. Chantal goes farther to compare the nursery with capitalist power. The idea is that the nurse is simply seen as an emotionless worker, who does not want the upper class mother in the way of performing her work. This can also be seen as two women who are dominated by the patriarchal society. Mixed within the Marxist criticism are some feminist and psychological views.

    Dilworth, Thomas. “Monkey Business: Darwin, Displacement, and Literary Form in

Katherine Mansfield‟s „Bliss. ‟” Studies in Short Fiction 35.2 (1998): p141-153.

    Academic Search Elite. EBSCOhost. Hewes Coll. Lib., Monmouth, IL. 2 Mar. 2003. Dilworth looks at Mansfield‟s “Bliss” and questions why there is not much

    criticism on it. He begins examining the story by starting with Bertha‟s desire for

    Miss Fulton and her husband. Dilworth explains that Bertha‟s desires follow a

    certain flow of “narcissistic, female other, and male spousal” (2). He argues that

    other critics claim that Bertha shifts her homosexual desires onto her husband are wrong. He then goes into a discussion on the influence of Darwinism on the story. He highlights that Bertha has sexual desires for the primary male, her husband, but she loses him to another female.

    Dunbar, Pamela. “What Does Bertha Want?: A Re-reading of Katherine Mansfield‟s

    „Bliss. ‟” Critical Essays on Katherine Mansfield. Nathan, Rhoda B., Ed. New

    York: Macmillan Publishing Company, 1993. Dunbar follows the story tracing Bertha‟s sexuality. She points out the developing desire through several key

    events. The first of which is Bertha‟s obsession with decorating the fruit. The tree

    also becomes a symbol of Bertha‟s sexuality. Then when Bertha and Fulton look

    at the pear tree, Bertha becomes sexually interested in both her friend and husband. The ending comes with a denial of both of these options, repressing Bertha‟s sexual needs.

    Hanson, Clare. “Katherine Mansfield.” The Gender of Modernism: A Critical

    Anthology. Scott, Bonnie Kime, Ed. Indianapolis: University of Indiana Press, 1990. Hanson‟s writing is more of a biographical outline of Mansfield‟s life.

    Hanson says that Mansfield began her career looking for a male “protector” and

found one in Murry. Many writers found Mansfield‟s writing to be too feminine,

    which led many to dismiss it. Hanson also plainly states that Mansfield was a modern feminist writer, who could stand up to the male modernists of the time.

    Heilman, Robert B. Modern Short Stories: A Critical Anthology. New York: Harcourt,

    Brace and Company, Inc., 1950. Heilman offers a description of “Bliss” as an

    atmosphere story. He believes that the descriptions of feeling and setting are the key elements Mansfield was trying to get across. Heilman believes looking at the story from objective criticism is the best way to reveal the meaning of the story because outside criticism disrupts the meaning.

    McFall, Gardner. “Poetry and Performance in Katherine Mansfield‟s „Bliss‟.” Critical

    Essays on Katherine Mansfield. Nathan, Rhoda B., Ed. New York: Macmillan

    Publishing Company, 1993. MacFall begins by explaining that the reader needs to examine “Bliss” by closing reading the way in which a poem is read. MacFall

    describes how Mansfield‟s story was influenced by Shelley‟s poem “The

    Question” and how the image of flowers was added to the pear tree. Mansfield‟s

    emotional connection to the poem relates to her longing for Murry. MacFall points out that Mansfield‟s definition of bliss is similar to other works, and yet it

    has an undertone of human failure. Also that the elements Mansfield uses with language and theme in “Bliss” are not new to her stories.

    Murfin, Ross, and Ray, Supryia M. “Feminist Criticism.” The Bedford Glossary of

    Critical and Literary Terms. New York: Bedford/ St. Martin‟s, 1998. The

    description of feminist criticism revealed several of the elements feminist critics look for when examining women‟s writing. Some of these elements are semiotic

    language compared to symbolic language, themes in which women challenge patriarchal authority, and women‟s sexuality.

    Neaman, Judith S. “Allusion, Image, and Associative Pattern: The Answers in

    Mansfield‟s „Bliss. ‟” Critical Essays on Katherine Mansfield. Nathan, Rhoda B.,

    Ed. New York: Macmillian Publishing Company, 1993. Neaman examines the two major works that influenced “Bliss,” which are the Bible and Twelfth Night. She explains that many critics miss the important relationship between Genesis and the pear tree. Neaman looks at how the tree is a symbol of knowledge, and how once Bertha gains knowledge she falls, becoming submissive and longing for her husband. The second work was Twelfth Night, and Neaman shows how Bertha‟s confusion about her sexuality comes from Shakespeare‟s work. This explains the reasoning behind Bertha‟s heterosexual and homosexual love.

    Tulis, David J. “Chapter III: The Critics.” The “Bliss” of Reading. Knoxville, TN: The

    University of Tennessee, 1986. Tulis began by explaining the readers feelings of anti-bliss at the end of “Bliss.” He then goes into discussing the imagery of

    Bertha feeling cold until her desire fan fires. Tulis examines how some critics make the symbolic connection between Bertha‟s desires and the pear tree. His

    observation on the pear tree comes from examining the tree as losing its symbolic meaning at the end of the story. He also explains the feminist view of the tree being a phallic symbol. Tulis also discusses Bertha‟s sexual desires concerning

    her husband and Miss Fulton.

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