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Appendix E

By Dorothy Thompson,2014-11-28 12:48
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Appendix E

Appendix F

    TERMS

    For the purpose of interpreting these guidelines certain terms are defined herein. All other words not defined in Appendix F shall have their everyday meaning as determined by their dictionary definition.

Administrator Shall refer to the Planning Director and or designee.

C.O.A. Shall refer to a Certificate of Appropriateness.

    Commission Shall refer to the Mooresville Historic Preservation Commission.

    District Shall refer to any Historic Preservation District adopted by the Mooresville Town Board of Commissioners.

    H. P. C. Shall refer to the Mooresville Historic Preservation Commission.

    Planning Department Shall refer to the Town of Mooresville Planning Department.

Staff Shall refer to the Planning Director and or designee.

Town Shall refer to the Town of Mooresville, North Carolina

    DEFINITIONS

    Architrave A horizontal piece supported by the columns of a building in classic architecture.

    Backyard the area of the property that does extends from the back of the house or principal structure to the rear property line.

    Balustrade A series of balusters or pickets connected on top by a handrail and usually a bottom rail which is commonly used on porches, stairs, and balconies.

    Bond The arrangement of bricks or other masonry units to provide the strength and stability and sometimes used in a decorative manner.

    Brackets Projecting support members found under the eaves of the roof or overhangs.

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    Built-in-Gutters Gutters which are sunken below the roofline and usually concealed behind a decorative cornice.

    Bulkhead A protective vertical retaining wall usually made from timbers or masonry.

    Clapboard Siding Boards thicker on one edge than the other. The thick edge of the board on top overlaps the thin edge of the board below.

    Character Defining A feature or element of a structure that is essential to its architectural or historic significance.

Casing The finished visible framework around a window or door.

    Cladding The exterior, non-structural finish material of a building such as siding.

    Corbelling A series of projecting courses of bricks, each stepped out further than the one below. This is usually found on chimneys and walls.

    Corner Board A board that is used as trim on the external corner of a wood frame structure and which the ends of the siding are fixed.

    Cornice the exterior trim of the structure where the roof and the wall meet usually consisting of bed molding, soffit, fascia, or crown molding.

    Crown Molding Finish molding located at the top edge of an exterior wall or at the transition between a wall and the ceiling of the interior wall.

    DBH (Diameter at Brest Height) This is the diameter of a tree at approximately 4 feet above the ground.

Dentil Molding a series of small square blocks found on cornices.

Dormer A window placed vertically on the slope of the roof.

    Double Hung Window A type of window with an upper and lower sash in vertical grooves, one in front of the other, which are movable by means of the sash cords and weights.

Eaves The portion of the roof that extends beyond the walls.

    Elevation Scaled drawings of the front, rear, or side of a building. Usually required for new construction, additions, or other major alterations to the building façade.

     Façade The front or side of a building.

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    Fanlight A semicircular window with radiating muntins located above a door or window.

Fascia The flat board that covers the end of the roof rafters.

    Flashing Overlapping pieces of non-corrosive metal installed to make watertight joints at junctions between the roof and walls, around the chimney, vent pipes, or other protrusions through the roof.

    Front Yard The portion of the property between the front of the house or principal structure and the road right of way.

    Gable The triangular upper portion of a wall at the end of a pitched roof.

Gambrel A roof that has two pitches on each side.

    Hipped Roof A roof that slopes upward from all four side of a building.

Lintel A horizontal beam bridging an opening.

    Macadam Gravel or small stones spread over a binder such as tar or asphalt.

    Molding - A continuous decorative band which often serves the function of obscuring the joint formed when two surfaces meet.

    Mission Tile Semi-cylindrical clay roofing tiles laid in courses with the cortex side alternately up and down.

    Muntin - A thin strip of wood or steel used for holding panes of glass within the window sash.

    Object A term used to distinguish from buildings and structures that are primarily artistic in nature. Although it may be, by nature or design, movable, an object is associated with a specific setting or environment, ie a sculture, monument, etc.

    Pergola A garden walk usually formed by a double row of post or with beams above and covered with climbing plants.

Pitch The degree of slope of a roof.

Portico An entrance porch that is usually supported by columns.

    Quoin An exterior structural angle, as of a masonry wall. A cornerstone.

Rafter The sloping member of a roof that supports the covering.

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    Rafter Tail The part of a rafter that projects beyond the wall of a house or structure and is often used in a decorative manner.

    Retaining Wall A wall consisting of 3 or more courses of brick or stone to hold back the earth.

Sash The sliding section of a window.

Sidelight A long fixed sash located on either side of a door.

    Side Yard The portion of the property that is located from the side of the house to the side lot line.

Sill The horizontal water shedding member at the bottom of a window or door.

    Sill Plate The horizontal member at the bottom of the frame of a wood structure which rest on the foundation.

    Site Feature A site feature is a distinctive, individual, peculiar, or a typical characteristic or element of the site that has historical significance. It could be a sign, fence, wall, fountain, object, etc.

Soffit The exposed underside of overhanging eaves.

    Spandrel The approximately triangular portion of a wall between the extrados of two adjoining arches and the molding or arch above, between and arched opening and a rectangular molding frame.

    Stringcourse A projecting, horizontal molding separating parts of a wall surface, especially in masonry construction.

     Terrace A level promenade in front of a building, usually paved.

    Terra Cotta A fired clay product used for roofing tiles and other architectural elements.

    Tongue and Grove A board whose tongue grove fits exactly into the grove of another board.

Trellis An outdoor structure of lattice work.

    Water Table A plain or molded projection that protects the foundation from water running down the wall of the building.

Widow’s Walk A flat area at the top of a roof surrounded by a rail.

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Wooden Shingles Thin rectangular pieces of wood installed in overlapping rows to

    covered walls or roofs. The butt of the shingles can be cut in a variety of shapes to give a distinctive pattern to the wall or surface.

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