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    The Papers of Robert S. Traub

    Carnegie Museum of Natural History Archives

    Processed by Eric Skinner, Summer 2001

Collection Number:



    Correspondence of Robert S. Traub

Inclusive Dates:



    Robert S. Traub, Colonel, U.S. Army, (Retired)


    19.5 linear feet


    Carnegie Museum of Natural History Archives

    4400 Forbes Avenue

    Pittsburgh, PA 15213



    The correspondence of Robert S. Traub deals primarily with Dr. Traub’s work with fleas,

    chiggers and medical entomology. The papers include Dr. Traub’s correspondence with other scientists, information on his collection of fleas, personnel matters and some personal letters. The collection includes 12 boxes of correspondence plus 9 boxes of unprocessed photographs and drawings, a total of 19.5 linear feet.

Acquisition Information:

    The Carnegie Museum of Natural History received the Traub correspondence collection as part of the gift from Robert Traub in 1997. This gift included specimens, printed literature and archival material. The accession record for the specimen collection, Carnegie Museum of Natural History accession number 36,383, is dated 28 December 1997.

Preferred Citation:

    The Papers of Robert S. Traub, Carnegie Museum of Natural History Archives, 2001-5.

Access Restrictions:

    The collections of the museum shall be available for examination and study by any qualified individual under the normal museum security procedures and other special procedures established by the section for the protection of the specific collection.



    Property rights reside with the Carnegie Museum of Natural History. For information about permission to reproduce or publish, please contact the Museum Librarian at the address above.

Alternate Format:

    The Traub correspondence has been indexed using a Microsoft Access database. Users may search by name of name of individual, institution, start and end of date of correspondence, city and country.


    Dr. Robert S. Traub, Colonel, U.S. Army (Retired) was born in Manhattan, New York on May 26, 1916. He earned degrees in biology and medical entomology from three of the premier universities in the United States: City College of New York (B.S., cum laude, 1938), Cornell University (M.S., 1939), and the University of Illinois (Ph.D., 1947). Over the course of his career, Dr. Traub became the world’s foremost authority on fleas and flea-borne diseases.

    He was also involved in the chemoprophylaxis of chigger-borne rickettsiosis (scrub typhus, tsutsugamushi disease) following World War II. Dr. Traub intentionally caught the disease through chigger bites to test a vaccine for typhus, which proved effective. In addition, Dr. Traub was also an evolutionary theoretician, focusing on host-parasite zoogeography and co evolution. Dr. Traub’s research led to the development of a theory of how 2,200 species of fleas evolved, each along with their host species, over the course of 125 million years. Through this, Dr. Traub was able to provide support to the much debated theory of continental drift.

    Dr. Traub was commissioned into the U.S. Army in 1943 and served in the China-Burma-India Theater of the war. His other military assignments included the U.S. Army Typhus Commission, U.S. Army Medical Research Units in Malaysia and Borneo, and the Commission on Hemorrhagic Fever in Korea. From 1946 to 1955 he was Chief, Department of Entomology, Walter Reed Medical Center. He then served as Commanding Officer of the U.S. Army Medical Research Unit (Malaya). In 1959, Dr. Traub was appointed Chief, Entomological Research Branch, and Interim Chief, Preventive Medicine Branch, Army Medical Research and Development Command. Dr. Traub retired from the Army at the rank of Colonel in 1962. He then became a professor in the department of microbiology in the University of Maryland School of Medicine. Following his retirement from the University of Maryland in 1983, Dr. Traub served as Honorary Curator of Siphonoptera at the U.S. National Museum of Natural History. He retired from this position in 1994.

    Over the course of his career, Dr. Traub described over 150 new species and 30 new genera or sub-genera of fleas and 124 new species of chiggers. He also amassed a collection of fleas with over 70,000 specimens, second only to the collection at the


    British Natural History Museum in size. The bulk of his work centered on Southern Mexico, Northern Africa and Southeast Asia.

    In 1948, Dr. Traub was a member of a research team which was nominated for a Nobel Prize for investigating scrub typhus. He was awarded the Harry Hoogstraal Medal For Outstanding Achievement in Medical Entomology in 1989 by the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

    Over the course of his career, Dr. Traub authored, co-authored, or edited over 200 technical publications, at least 93 of which dealt with fleas. Books from the Traub collection which were cataloged into the Carnegie Museum of Natural History Library are identified by a memorial bookplate.

Dr. Traub died in Bethesda, Maryland on December 21, 1996.


    For a bibliography of Dr. Traub’s works, see Lance A. Durden & Richard G. Robbins:

    “Robert Traub (1916-1996): A Bibliography,” Journal of Medical Entomology, 35(4)

    (1998): 354-361.

Scope and Content Notes:

    The collection comprises the incoming and outgoing correspondence of Dr. Robert S. Traub. It should be noted that Dr. Traub corresponded with people from a wide variety of countries. As a result, a number of the titles and addresses listed in the organization of the collection are in languages such as Spanish, Czech, German, French and Portuguese. In addition, some of the documents have not been translated from their original language into English while others have been translated. The correspondence in each individual folder is filed in reverse chronological order. The correspondence is housed in 213 folders and includes 1,122 correspondents. Some of the incoming correspondence is handwritten. The significant correspondents include Miriam Rothschild, Harry Hoogstraal, Abdu Farhang-Azad, N.G. Gratz, R.H. Green, W.L. Jellison, R.E. Lewis, Li Kuei-chen and Chin Tai-Hsiung, Frank J. Radovsky, Vernon J. Tipton and P.F.D. Van Peenen.

Conservation Notes:

    The correspondence in the collection is on a variety of types of paper. The paper appears to be in good condition at the time of the processing of the collection. Most of Dr. Traub’s outgoing correspondence is typewritten on a form of carbon paper. Some rust was noted on paper clips. There was no evidence of mold or insect infestation in the collection.

Organization of the Collection:

    The Traub Correspondence is arranged alphabetically by correspondent. The organization of the collection is as follows:



    ; Allison, F.R.: National Parks and Wildlife Service, Queensland, Australia.


    ; Anderson, Sydney: American Museum of Natural History, Department of

    Mammalogy, New York 1970-1964

    ; Allison, Allen: Chair, Department of Zoology, Bishop Museum, Hawaii.


    ; Angus, Robin: University of New South Wales, Faculty of Medicine,

    Australia, 1981-1976

    ; Ash, John: UNDP, Mogadishu, Somalia 1979-1973

    ; Ashe, James S.: Head, Division of Insects, Field Museum of Natural

    History, Chicago 1986

    ; Allred: Brigham Young University

    Amin: University of Wisconsin, Parkside 1977

    Australia: Department of Science, Phillip, Australia 1974


    ; Babus, Bela: U.S. Embassy Tashkent, State Department, Washington, D.C.


    ; Baker, Edward W.: Research Entomologist Systematic Entomology

    Laboratory, Agricultural Research Center West, Beltsville, MD 1987 ; Barr, A. Ralph: Professor of Public Health, School of Public Health,

    University of California, Los Angeles 1974

    ; Barrera Vazquez Marin: Alfredo Universidad Nacional Autonoma de

    Mexico, Obituary

    ; Bassols B., Isabel: Lab. De Acarologia, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias

    Biologicas, Mexico 1981-1975

    ; Allen, A. Lester: Chairman, Department of Zoology and Entomology,

    Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah 1967

    ; Beer, Josi: Cornwall, England 1986-1985

    ; Bergmans, Wim: ITZ, Amsterdam, The Netherlands 1987

    ; Birkenholz, Dale E.: Associate Professor, Department of Biological

    Sciences, Illinois State University, Normal, Illinois 1964-1963 ; Boersma, P. Dee: Associate Professor, Institute for Environmental Studies,

    University of Washington, Seattle 1987-1984

    ; Boucot, Arthur: Department of Geology, Oregon State University,

    Corvallis 1986-1976

    ; Brooks, Joe E.: Wildlife Biologist, Section of International Programs, Fish

    and Wildlife Service, Denver, Colorado 1980

    ; Brown, Richard J.: U.S. Naval Medical Research Unit No. 2, Jakarta

    Detachment 1975

    ; Barkley: Natural History Museum, Los Angeles County 1990, 1986, 1984,


    Beaucournu: Professor of Parasitology and Applied Zoology, Center Hospital and

    University of Rennes, Laboratory of Parasitology, mycology and Parasitic

    Immunology 1994-1970


    Barrera, Alfredo, Professor, Jefe del Laboratorio de Biologia Economica, Instituti

    Politecnico Nacional 1964-1951

    Benton, Department of Biology, SUNY Fredonia 1981-1954

    Bishop Museum: 1985-1965

    Brodzinsky: Amberica, Inc. 1989-1986

    BS-BZ 1987-1966

    ; Buckley, Ian B.: Launceston Pathology, Laucenston, Tasmania 1987

    ; Bullock, John A.: Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


    ; Burgdorfer, Willy: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases,

    Rocky Mountain Laboratory, Hamilton, Montana 1985

C-Misc.: 1993-1982

    ; Cerny, V.: Assistant Editor, Czechoslovak Academy of Sciences, Institute

    of Parasitology Prague, Czechoslovakia 1984

    ; Cheetham, Tom: Department of Biology, Wilson College, Chambersburg,

    PA 1993-1985

    ; Chong, Jin: Dean’s Office, Civil Aviation Institute of China, Tianjin,

    People’s Republic of China 1986-1987

    ; Claucherty, Elizabeth: Probation Report, University Employee, University

    of Maryland, Baltimore.

    ; Clayton, Dale H.: Graduate Research Assistant, Department of

    Entomology, Fisheries and Wildlife, University of Minnesota, St. Paul,

    Minnesota 1995-1982

    ; Conniff. Robert: Deep Water, Connecticut 1994

    Carnegie Museum of Natural History: Correspondence with Suzanne B. McLaren, Collection Manager

    Chicago NHM: 1986-1946

D-Misc.: 1987-1969

    ; Dahlem, Gregory A.: Director Center for Insect Identification, Lansing,

    Michigan, 1987

    ; Damian, Raymond T.: President, American Society of Parasitologists,

    Department of Zoology, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia. 1986

    ; Davis, John: Research Zoologist, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology,

    Hastings Natural History Reservation, University of California, Berkley.


    ; Dalmat, Ethel,: Letter of Condolence, 1986

    ; Davis, David E.: Professor Emeritus, Santa Barbara, California, 1986

    ; Dees, William H.: Medical Entomologist, U.S. Naval Medical Research

    Unit No. 3 1987-1981

    ; Dixon, John: Zoology Department, University of Cape Town 1981-1977 Dixon: Principal Nature Conservator, Etosha National Park, Namibia, 1981-1977 Dobrokhotov: Gamaleya Institute of Microbiology and Epidemiology, Moscow, USSR 1980-1979

    Domrow: Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Aus. 1984-1977


    Dudich: Slovak Academy of Sciences, Dept. of Forest Ecos. Res. Zvolen, CSSR


    Durden: Institute of Arthropodology and Parasitology, Georgia Southern University


    EA-EK: 1994-1973

    ; Easton, Emmet R.: Review of paper as requested by Journal of Medical

    Entomology, 1980

    ; Eads, Richard B.: Department of Health and Human Services, Vector-

    Borne Diseases Division, Fort Collins, Colorado. 1982-1974 ; Eckerlin, Ralph.: Northern Virginia Community College, Annandale,

    Virginia 1994-1982

    ; Edwards, Shirley: Supervisor, Index-Catalogue of Medical and Veterinary

    Zoology, Animal Parasitology Institute, Beltsville, MD. 1981 ; Egoscue, Harold.: National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution,

    Washington, D.C.. 1990-1976

    ; Eichler: Zoologisches Museum, Museum Fur Naturkunde, Universitat Zu

    Berlin, Berlin, Germany. 1977

    EL-EZ: 1987-1970

    ; Enns, Wilbur R.: Director, Entomology Museum, College of Agriculture,

    University of Missouri, Columbia, Missouri. 1971

    ; Eckerlin, Ralph: 1987

    ; Elisburg, B.L.: Olney, MD. 1987-1985

    ; Letter in Cyrillic from Russian Scientist, unable to make out signature. ; Everhart, Bente S.: 1986

    ; Vander Borght-Elbl, Alena: Head, Department of Parasitology, Institut

    National de Recherche Scientifique, Republique Rwandaise, Africa. 1975 ; Eldridge, Bruce, F.: Chairman, Department of Entomology, Oregon State

    University, Corvallis, Oregon. 1983-1975

    ; Elia, Frank C.: Zoological Society of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1983 ; Elia Jr., Joseph J.: Manager of Editorial Operations, New England Journal

    of Medicine. 1984

    ; Elisberg, Bennett L.: Olney, MD. 1987-1974

    ; Elliot, Orville. University of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur. 1963 ; El-Najdawi, Eva: St. Louis, Missouri. 1982

    ; Emel’yanova, N.D.: Irkutsk, USSR. 1991-1974

    ; Emery, Arthur J.: Columbia, MD. 1984-1974

    ; Emmons, Richard W.: Public Health Medical Officer, California State

    Department of Public Health, Berkley, CA. 1970

    ; Endler, John A.: Department of Biology, University of Utah, Salt Lake

    City, Utah. 1985-

    ; Sadi, Elizabeth W.: Kansas Department of Health and Environment,

    Office of Communication Services. Topeka, Kansas. 1988

    ; Ernst, Arthur A.: Matthews, VA. 1983-1975

    ; Evans, Edith: Royal Entomological Society of London, London, England.



    ; Evans, J.W.: Sydney, Australia. 1982-1977

    ; Evans, Thomas M.: Tempe, Arizona. 1983-1968

    ; Explorer’s Club, New York. 1988

    Eckerlin: Natural Sciences Division, Northern Virginia Community College, 1986-1982

    Egoscue, Harold: National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution; University of Utah 1976-1967

    Eads: Dept. of Health and Human Services, Vector-Borne Diseases Division 1982-


    Elbel: University of Utah 1993-1974

    Emerson: 1985-1976

    Easton: University of Macau 1992-1982

    Evans: Evan-Ento Scientific Illustrations 1981-1976

F-Misc.: 1984-1974

    ; Fabrikant, John and Irene: Berkeley, CA. 19841978

    ; Fabrikant, Jacob I.: University Hospital, University of Vermont Medical

    Center, Burlington, Vermont. 1975-1974

    ; Vas, S.I.: Professor and Chairman, Department of Microbiology and

    Immunology, McGill University, Montreal Quebec, Canada 1974

    ; Fabrikant, Irene: London, England. 1974

    ; Bishop, Helen: Registrar, National Registry of Microbiologists, American

    Academy of Microbiology. 1974

    ; Fain, Alex: Prince Leopold Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp,

    Belgium. 1983-1981

    ; Farhang-Azad, Abdu: 1978-1974

    ; Feng, Cyril: Director of Health Sciences Library, UMAB Campus. 1985

    ; Field, Henry: Miami Florida. 1974

    ; Figg, Dennis: Missouri Dept. of Conservation, Jefferson City, MO. 1985

    ; Filippova, N.A. Laboratory of Parasitology, Zoological Institute Academy

    of Sci., Leningrad, USSR. 1986-1977

    ; Fiset, Paul: Timonium, MD. 1984-1981

    ; Fiske, Robert: Bethesda, MD. 1977

    ; Fogarty: International Research Fellowship Program

    ; Foote, Richard H: Systematic Entomology Laboratory, U.S. Department

    of Agriculture, Beltsville, MD. 1975-1974

    ; Fox, Irving: Professor of Medical Entomology, School of Medicine,

    University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico. 1975

    ; Waner, Joseph L.: Department of Tropical Public Health, Harvard School

    of Public Health, Boston, MA. 1979

    ; Foyle, Christine: W. & G. Foyle, Ltd.

    ; Frank, Lawrence: New York 1983

    ; Frantz, Stephen C.: Ecology Division, Johns Hopkins University

    International Center for Medical Research, Kathmandu, Nepal. 1974

    ; Freeman, Paul: Keeper of Entomology, British Museum, London, England.



    ; Freeman, Reino S. Department of Microbiology, FitzGerald Building,

    University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada. 1984

    ; Frenkel, J.K.: Department of Pathology and Oncology, School of

    Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas.


    ; Friedman, Stanley: Professor and Head, Department of Entomology,

    University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL. 1984

    ; Froeschner, Richard C. Department of Entomology, National Museum of

    Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 1982-1981

    ; Frommer, Robert: Department of the Army, U.S. Army Medical

    Laboratory, Fort Meade, MD. 1974

    ; Fuller, Ollar S.: Graduate Assistant, Memphis State University, Memphis,

    TN. 1976

    ; Fuller, William A.: Dept. of Zoology, University of Alberta, Edmonton,

    Alberta, Canada. 1983

    ; Funk, Richard C.: Secretary/Treasurer ASA Dept. of Zoology, Eastern

    Illinois University, Charleston, IL. 1986

    ; Furman, Deane P.: Professor Emeritus, University of California, Berkley.


    ; Farhang-Azad, Abdu: 1972

    Farhang-Azad, 1987-Present: Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Univ. of Maryland School of Medicine 1992-1981

    Farhang-Azad, 1976-1980: 1978-1975

    Fossil Fleas, principal correspondent Dr. Jose Mari Mutt, Departmento de Biologia, Universidad de Puerto Rico en Mayagues: 1986-1982

G-Misc: 1987-1975

    ; Gallo, Richard: New York State Board of Health, New Rochelle, NY.


    ; Gardner, Alfred L.: Wildlife Biologist, Fish and Game Service, Dept. of

    Interior, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 1986

    ; George, R.S.: Cambridge, England. 1975-1957

    ; Garton, Kate: London, England. 1988

    ; Goff, M. Lee: Acarologist, Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii. 1984-


    ; Godfray, H.J.C.: Dept. of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, England.


    ; Gratz: Scientist-Entomologist, Vector Biology and Control, World Health

    Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. 1986-1985

    ; Greenwood, Malcolm: Animal and Plant Ecology, University of

    Technology, Loughborough, England. 1979-1978

    ; Gressit, J.L.: Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii. 1981

    ; Guimaraes, Lindolpho R.: Museo de Zoologica de Universidade de Sao

    Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 1980-1958

    ; Grant: 1987

    GA-GI: 1987-1979


    ; Gallin, John I.: Director, Intramural Research Program, National Institute

    of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda,

    MD. 1987

    ; Gagne, Raymond J.: Entomological Society of Washington, Dept. of

    Entomology, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 1985 ; Galloway, T.D.: Department of Entomology, University of Manitoba,

    Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. 1988-1983

    ; Gangarosa, Eugene J.: Dean, Faculty of Health Sciences, American

    University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon: 1980

    ; Gangwere, S.K.: Professor, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan.


    ; Gaon, Jakob A.: Paper on Louse Eradication Programs in Yugoslavia ; Gardner, Alfred L.: Wildlife Biologist, Fish and Wildlife Service, Dept. of

    Interior, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. 1986-1983 ; Garfield, Susan E.: Manager, Conference Center, Rockefeller Foundation,

    New York. 1985

    ; Lawson, Patricia: Editor, Features Dept., Institute of Scientific

    Information, Philadelphia, PA. 1984

    ; Gasborre, Louis: 1974

    ; Garzon, Fernando Mane: Professor Director del Departmento de Zoologia

    Invertebrados, Montevideo, Uruguay 1984. 1984-1983

    ; Genoways, Hugh H.: Section of Mammals, Carnegie Museum of Natural

    History, Pittsburgh, PA. 1984-1971

    ; Gentry, James W.: Baltimore, MD. 1980

    ; George, Bob: Cambridge, England. 1973

    ; Gerberg, E.J.: Biological Research Institute of America, Baltimore, MD.


    ; Ghazi, Rafia Rehana: Senior Science Officer, Vertebrate Pest Control

    Laboratory, Karachi, Pakistan. 1986-

    ; Gibbs, C.J.: Laboratory of Central Nervous System Studies, National

    Institute of Neurological and Communicative Disorders and Stroke.

    Bethesda, MD. 1983

    ; Gingrich, John B.: Dept. of Entomology, Walter Reed Army Institute of

    Research, WRAMC, Washington, D.C. 1981

    GL-GZ: 1991-1974

    ; Godfray, H.C.J.: Dept. of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, England.


    ; Goncharov, A.I. Parasitological Laboratory, Stavropol, USSR. 1991-1974 ; Gong, Zheng-da: Research Institute of Epidemic Diseases of Yunnan

    Province, Ziaguna, People’s Republic of China. 1991-1991

    ; Grant, Peter: Executive Director, Medical Services, Royal Brisbane

    Hospital, Brisbane, Australia. 1977

    ; Green, Avonne P.: Silver Spring, MD. 1974

    ; Greenwood, M.T.: Dept. of Human Sciences, University of Technology,

    Loughborough, England. 1983-1977


    ; Grogan, Earl W.: National Research Council, Commission on Life

    Sciences, Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources. 1983

    ; Gross, Ellis M.: Veterinary Public Health Officer, State of Israel. 1984-


    ; Grothaus, R.H.: Commander, MSC, USN, AFPCB Liaison Officer to

    Agriculture, Gainesville, FL. 1976

    ; Groves, Michael G.: Commander, U.S. Army Medical Research Unit,

    Washington, D.C.: 1982

    ; Guigrich, John B.: Dept. of Entomology, Walter Reed Army Institute of

    Research, WRAMC, Washington, D.C. 1979

    ; Guimaraes, Lindolpho R.: Museo de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao

    Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil. 1980-1979

    ; Gunther, K.K.: Museum fur Naturkunde and der Humbolt-Universitat zu

    Berlin, Berlin, Germany. 1981

    ; Gupta, S.K.: Calcutta, India. 1983

    ; Gustad, O.C.: Regional ADC Supervisor, Fish and Wildlife Service,

    Denver, Colorado. 1983

    Gaudusek: Laboratory of Central Nervous System Studies, NIH 1994-1974 Gibbs: Laboratory of Central Nervous System Studies, NIH 1982-1975 Goff: University of Hawaii at Manoa 1987-1977

    Goncharov: 1975-1967

    Gratz: Vector Biology Control, WHO 1986-1972

    Green: Curator of Zoology, Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, Tasmania 1991-1972, Part One

    Green: Curator of Zoology, Queen Victoria Museum and Art Gallery, Tasmania 1991-1972, Part Two

    Gressitt: Bishop Museum, Honolulu Hawaii 1982-1974

HA-HE: 1983-1969

    ; Hadi, Tuti R.: National Institute of Health Research and Development,

    Ecology Research Center, Jakarta, Indonesia. 1982-1979

    ; Haeselbarth, Erasmus: Lehrstuhl fur angewandte Zoologie, Munchen,

    Germany. 1982

    ; Hafner, Ursula: Universitat Hohenheim, Abteilung Parasitologie

    (Frachgruppe Zoologie), Stuttgart, Germany. 1983

    ; Haitlinger, Ryszard: Instytut biologiczynch Podstaw Produke Zwierzecek

    AR, Zespot Zoologii, Wroclaw, Poland. 1977-1975

    ; Hall, Robert D.: Associate Professor, Medical & Veterinary Entomologist,

    University of Missouri-Columbia. 1988

    ; Handley, Charles: Curator, Mammals, Museum of Natural History, Barro

    Colorado Island, Panama. 1985-1976

    ; Hansen, W. Darryl: Executive Director, Entomological Society of

    America, College Park, MD. 1980

    ; Hanson, David: Mammal Survey Group of Victoria, Malvern, Australia.


    ; Hantzschel, W.: Germany(?) 1970


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