SCIENCE SAFETY - Greater Saskatoon Catholic Schools

By Nicole Lane,2014-09-28 05:58
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SCIENCE SAFETY - Greater Saskatoon Catholic Schools

    Science Safety Guidelines DRAFT 1






Science Safety Guidelines DRAFT 2


    ―Follow Me,‖ Jesus simply but powerfully and individual schools and departments, commanded of the Apostles and they did. strive to practice the guidelines to the best of That call is also made to us as Catholic our abilities and according to our individual educators. How do we follow Jesus? We try needs and situations.

    to live our lives as he did the example of

    the perfect steward. Stewardship is The guidelines were written by a committee discipleship. It is the care and use of all that of Science teachers, administrators, and we have been given by God. We are called board office personnel. Alberta Learning to act as stewards to care for the students in and Manitoba Learning science safety our classrooms, our colleagues, ourselves documents were used as references and and our school communities and framed the content of this document. (See environment. References) Both documents were used with

     permission for educational purposes. This Legally, we are expected to act with due document is to be used in the Greater diligence. Due diligence requires that all Saskatoon Catholic Schools and cannot be reasonable steps are taken to prevent used without permission.

    accidents and injury. Beyond its legal

    ramifications due diligence is about Norbert Engel E. D. Feehan Catholic High instilling positive actions and attitudes School

    towards the prevention of accidents and Clint Binsfeld St. Joseph High School injuries. It asks that as educators we make Norm Lipinski Holy Cross High School ourselves and students aware of possible Roy Sondershausen - E. D. Feehan Catholic hazards, take precautionary measures to High School

    reduce the risk of hazards, and fulfill our Arnie Elder Bishop James High School responsibilities to safety. Ben Garchinski Holy Cross High School

     Bruce Ross Bishop Murray High School Saskatchewan’s Education Act, 1995, Melissa Mercer Joe Duquette High School requires teachers to act as stewards of the Joanne Weninger Greater Saskatoon

    children in their charge as a ―kind, firm and Catholic Schools

    judicious parent‖. Parents can then expect Mark Bodnarchuk - Greater Saskatoon that as Science educators we are called to Catholic Schools

    and will commit ourselves to providing a Lana Bauer - Greater Saskatoon Catholic safe learning environment for our students. Schools

The following guidelines identify those who Elementary Team:

    play a part in providing safe learning Jason Kish Father Vachon

    environments, their roles and responsibilities; Jody Wolos-Knopp St. Peter

    our legal requirements to safety; the various Kent Gauthier St. Francis

    risks and hazards in the Science classroom;

    as well as safe procedures and practices. It

    is the intent that these guidelines are shared

    with the school administration and the

    science teachers and that we, as a division

Science Safety Guidelines DRAFT 3


Chapter 1 Roles and Responsibilities 4

Chapter 2 Legal Requirements 7

Chapter 3 Risk Management 12

Chapter 4 Facility and Equipment 11

    Chapter 5 Hazards in the Science Classroom 18

Chapter 6 Chemical Management 38

    Chapter 7 Elementary Science Classroom Safety 53

References 68

Appendixes 69

     A1: Student Safety Contract/Agreement Elementary 70

     A2: A1: Student Safety Contract/Agreement High School 71

     B1: Chemical Laboratory Safety Inspection Checklist-

     High School 72

     B2: Elementary Science Classroom Safety Inspection

     Checklist 73

     C: Accident Report Form 74

     D: Web Site Addresses for Acts, Regulations, Codes

     And Bylaws 75

     E: General Safety Audit Checklist 76-82

     F1: Suggested Science Department Safety Guidelines

     And Procedures for Science Teachers 83

     F2: Suggested Science Department Safety Guidelines

     And Procedures for Science Students 84

     F3: Science Safety Rubric 85

     G: Basic Laboratory Techniques 86-89

     H: Category D Chemicals 90

     I: Reactive Nature of Chemicals 91-92

     J: Chemical Inventory Template 93

     K: Fire/Evacuation & Lockdown Procedures 94-96

     L1: Parental Consent & Waiver Form for Field Trips 97

     L2: Child Health Form 98

     M: Checklist for Field Trips 99

Science Safety Guidelines DRAFT 4

o Ensure that staff is trained in the Chapter 1 Workplace Hazardous Materials Roles and Responsibilities Information System (WHMIS) and in Transportation of Dangerous Safety is not only a right but a shared Goods, as required. responsibility of many people. The following chapter identifies the many key Ensure staff assignments support safe players and their particular roles and operation of science facilities on an responsibilities towards safety in the science ongoing basis. Give consideration to: classroom. o assignment of science department heads KEY PLAYERS: ROLES o teacher training/competency o the numbers of students per science class o classroom size and facilities Establish a system to monitor the effectiveness of safety policies and practices in all schools. School Boards: Learning Services and Human Establish a system to periodically assess Resources the adequacy of science facilities and safety equipment in each school, and Role: Provide leadership and resources to provide for their ongoing maintenance. support science safety. Make provisions for the safety of Responsibilities students with special needs or language difficulties. Develop safety guidelines and procedures consistent with current Request and/or direct safety and health legislated requirements, such as investigations. Occupational Health and Safety, and facilitate the implementation of these Evaluate any practices that jeopardize policies. student or staff safety. Ensure that division and school staff are School Administrators aware of and carry out their safety responsibilities. Role: Ensure safe policies and practices are in place at the school level, and support Provide in-service training to ensure that teachers in providing a safe working professional staff has the necessary environment. expertise to develop and maintain a safe working/learning environment. Responsibilities o Ensure that CPR/Standard First Aid Ensure that the staff has required safety is made available for all science training and expertise. teachers. At the elementary level, it o Ensure that teachers and substitute is recommended that at least one teachers of science have the staff member has CPR/Standard expertise to teach the assigned First Aid. curriculum safely. In general,

Science Safety Guidelines DRAFT 5

    practical laboratory activities should o enabling teachers to obtain in-

    only be done by the regular service training in science safety

    classroom teacher and not a o supporting and providing

    substitute unless he/she is an disciplinary measures to ensure

    experienced science teacher. safety in science classes

     o ensuring safety procedures o Ensure that staff who handle identified in this manual are carried

    hazardous materials and prepare out

    laboratories have the expertise to do o making provision for the safety of

    so safely. students with special needs, cultural

     or language difficulties

     On setting guidelines and practices for

     Ensure that a general statement of school organization, give consideration

    to: inherent risk is included in the Science o assignment of science department course descriptions in Student

    heads Registration Handbook. o teacher competency

    o the numbers of students per science

    Science Department Head (High School) class

    o classroom size and facilities

    Role: Assist and oversee Science o curricular requirements.

    Department in providing a safe environment

    for students and staff. Implement and maintain safe storage

    and waste disposal systems for

    Responsibilities hazardous substances used or produced

    in the school with the assistance of the

     establish safety awareness training for Science Department Head/Designate.

    science teacher.

     Evaluate any practices that jeopardize ensure that science equipment and student or staff safety. facilities conform to the safety standard in this manual. Communicate any safety concerns that

    cannot be corrected at the school level to follow the safety procedures in this the appropriate school division resource manual personnel.

     implement and maintain safe storage Conduct a yearly inspection of science and waste disposal systems for facilities as directed by the school potentially dangerous substances used or division with assistance of the Science produced in the course of laboratory Department Head/Designate and the work elementary school Science Rep.

    (Checklist is provided in Appendix A of report immediately any recognized this manual for high school lab safety hazards to the appropriate school inspections) or division authority

     Support teachers in providing a safe provide a mentor for teachers new to the working environment by: science area o appointing a Department Head or

    Science Rep (elementary school)

Science Safety Guidelines DRAFT 6

    Responsibilities ensure that MSDS is updated with any

     changes to the chemicals and hazardous

     Make prudent decisions regarding the materials stored in the science area

    selection of laboratory activities, taking ensure that a chemical inventory list is into account the learning environment,

    maintained and updated as necessary. A the knowledge and skills of the students,

    copy of the list is sent to Assistant and the teacher’s knowledge, expertise

    and training to conduct activities in a Supervisor of Human Resource Services stsafe and effective manner. by February 1. This list is to be sent to

    Fire Station #1.

     Provide safety guidelines or lessons to Science Rep (Elementary School) students at the beginning of each year,

    term or course. Outline students’ roles Role: Assist Science teachers in providing a and actions in maintaining classroom safe environment for students and staff. safety, and the location and use of safety

    equipment. It is recommended that implement and maintain safe storage written confirmation from students and

    and waste disposal systems for parents regarding these responsibilities

    potentially dangerous substances used or are understood and accepted. (See

    produced in the science classroom Appendix A1 for a sample safety

    contract for elementary students and maintain and update a chemical Appendix A2 for a sample safety

    inventory list contract for secondary students.)

     complete a annual classroom safety Safety posters should be posted in each

    audit using Appendix B1 of the of the Science classrooms.

    designated science classroom

     Explain and model safety procedures for report immediately any recognized each learning activity. safety hazards to the appropriate school or division authority Monitor students and correct behavior

    that jeopardizes safety. ensure that science equipment and facilities conform to the safety standard Maintain a confidential list of students in this manual. with any special physiological (e.g.,

    allergies, asthma) or physical needs. Assist staff with science resources

     Implement safety regulations specified Oversee the purchasing, storage, and use by Board guidelines and relevant of science materials and equipment. legislation.

     Be familiar with the location and use of Science Teachers safety equipment and the location of main gas valves and electrical breakers. Role: Plan and prepare learning activities with a view to safety, and model and Conduct a classroom inspection bi-supervise safe practices in the science annually and report any defects in classroom/laboratory. science equipment, facilities or practices to the principal. See Appendix B1 and B2 for a checklist.

Science Safety Guidelines DRAFT 7

     Begin activities only with the teacher’s Verbally report any injuries or accidents permission.

    to the school principal immediately,

    followed by a written report. Written Report unsafe situations or accidents to

    reports of accidents are required by the the teacher immediately.

    school division. See Appendix C for

    access to the accident report form. Dispose of all chemicals, specimens and

     other materials as instructed by the Participate in health and safety training teacher.

    provided by the school division.

     Wash hands thoroughly after each Be WHMIS trained if handling experiment.


    Science Students Chapter 2 Legal Requirements Role: Support safety in the science classroom by acting responsibly and At the time of the development of this knowing how to respond to unsafe situations document the following are the legislative and emergencies. requirements relevant to the science classroom. The first part of the chapter Responsibilities identifies the requirements and the second part identifies the planning procedures and Inform the teacher of health concerns expectations of emergency preparedness. and circumstances that could affect personal safety, e.g., allergies, Part 1: Identifying Legislated medications, use of contact lenses. Requirements Come to the laboratory appropriately A. Occupational Health and Safety dressed for lab work, e.g., closed shoes, long hair tied back, secure clothing or Each lab must have an updated manual jewelry. identifying hazards materials, storage and disposal requirements as outline on the Wear protective and safety equipment as MSDS sheets. required. ; First Aid O-1.1 Reg 1s50 s63 Learn about the hazards posed by Provide for the personnel, supplies, materials and equipment to be used in and equipment to render appropriate each activity, and about procedures to be first aid used and/or avoided. ; Chemical c O-1.1 Reg 1s302-314 Learn the basics WHMIS training Monitor the use and presence of chemicals Learn about the location and use of Where practical substitute a less safety equipment. hazardous chemical Develop and implement safety Follow all safety procedures and procedures

    instructions, and act in a way that shows Develop and maintain a list of

    concern for everyone’s safety. chemicals and controlled products

Science Safety Guidelines DRAFT 8

     Make provisions for appropriate Provides a complementary system to

    safety and protection equipment and WHMIS for the transportation of

    supplies ordered or disposed hazardous


    ; WHMIS c O-1.1 Reg 1 s315-329 ; Environmental Spill Control

     Provide labels, identifiers, Material Regulations, 1981

    Safety Data Sheets and training Chapter D-14 Reg

     Develop procedures for safe use, Describes the reporting and disposal

    storage, handling and disposal of procedures

    controlled products Lists of environmental contaminants

    ; Duties of Employer 1993, c O-1.1 s3 D. Other Legislated Requirements

     Ensure the health and safety of Hazardous Substances and Waste Dangerous

    workplace Goods Regulations, 1989

     ; Duties of operator 25 NOV 88 cE-10.2 ; Duties of Employee 1993, c O-1.1 s4 Reg 3 s13;May92 SR 25/92 s13;27 Jan

     Ensure own health and safety and 95 SR3/95 s10

    those who may be affected by their Maintain all documents including

    acts Material Safety Data Sheets and

    inventory lists

     Maintain a copy of emergency B. Fire Codes

    ; Hazardous Substances Canadian Fire procedures and plans

    Code, Bylaw 7990, Part VI Provide a copy of the list and

     Ensure the proper design, inventory of hazardous products and

    construction, and use of inventory to local fire department

    underground storage and connecting (annually or when revised)


     Ensure reasonable monitoring of E. Local Municipal Bylaws

    underground storage and piping ; The Waste Bylaw City of Saskatoon,

     Ensure proper discharge of Bylaw No. 8310, The Waste Bylaw,

    flammable liquids and hazardous 2004

    wastes into the sewer system Regulates and monitors the

    collection, handling, and disposal of

    waste and recyclable material C. Environmental Requirements

    including hazardous wastes and

    ; Canadian Environmental Protection Act, liquids

    1999, S. C. 1999 ; The Transportation of Dangerous Goods Chapter 33 Bylaw City of Saskatoon, Bylaw No.

     Procedures for storage, 8153, The Transportation of Dangerous

    transportation, and disposal of Goods Bylaw, 2002

    hazardous wastes and materials Regulates the transportation for

     Outlines how to deal with spills delivery of dangerous goods ; Canada Water Act, R.S.C. 1985

    Chapter C-11 See Appendix D for a list of websites for

     Prohibits polluting water supply document access.

    with anything that could alter the

    water quality

    ; Transportation of Dangerous Goods Act,


    Chapter 34

Science Safety Guidelines DRAFT 9

Part 2: Response and Emergency Emergency Preparedness


     Greater Saskatoon Catholic Schools has A general audit of the science classroom developed two emergency preparedness should occur and might include evaluation manuals:

    of the following:

     Fire prevention: a. STAFF TRAINING MANUAL:

    -evacuation procedures (when and how to) Emergency Evacuation and Lock Down -when and who should attempt to extinguish Procedures. This manual outlines

    a fire evacuation procedures in case of fire or -classroom equipment and supplies other emergencies. Classroom posters for

     First aid preparedness: evacuation are provided for each classroom. -CPR/First Aid trained personnel It is recommended that copies of the manual -accident reporting procedures be included in each WHMIS manual. Staffs

     Gas leaks: are trained in the emergency procedures and -when and how to evacuate protocols. See Appendix K for a copy of the -under what circumstances might school manual.

    staff may attempt to dissipate the leaking

    and procedures to do so b. Emergency Protocol Manual. The

     Chemical storage and inventory: procedures outlined in the manual describe -WHMIS training how to respond to a variety of emergency -updated MSDS situations and includes a list of phone -in case of an emergency, provide an numbers and contacts for the various updated chemical inventory list to situations. A copy of this manual is to be emergency responders available for each science classroom.

     Chemical spills:

    -when and how to evacuate

    -reporting procedures Currently all staff are trained in WHMIS on -when and how to clean-up locally a five year cycle. WHMIS manuals are

     General Audit: updated yearly or as needed. Each science -plumbing department has a WHMIS manual and an -gas pipes updated chemical inventory list. -electrical


    -safety equipment


Appendix E is to be used for the purpose of

    a general audit of the science classrooms.

    The audit will be conducted on a yearly

    basis by the Principal and the Science

    Department Head/Designate. The Principal

    will keep a copy of the checklist and will

    forward deficiencies to appropriate Board

    Office personnel to be dealt with.

Science Safety Guidelines DRAFT 10

One of the most important ways to promote Chapter 3 safety in science classrooms is to increase Risk Management students’ awareness of safe practices and to help them develop positive attitudes and All activities involve potential risks. There behaviours towards safety. Remembering are both inherent and situational risks. that safety is a shared responsibility it is Inherent risks arise as the direct therefore essential that teachers enlist consequence of the particular materials students in planning for safety, and in and activities used. Most science establishing safe classroom procedures. activities involve some inherent risks. Students might be involved in the following For example, an activity using heat activities: sources create an underlying risk of -identifying risks burns. -developing class lists of required and Situational risks arise from the context prohibited laboratory activities in which the materials and procedures -creating posters that show appropriate and are used. For example, if heat sources inappropriate activities are used in a crowded workspace, the -developing a safety contract for students to situation of crowding creates an sign at the beginning of the school additional risk of burns. year/course Risk management refers to planning for Appendix F2 describes suggested safety safety from the provision of training, guidelines and procedures for students in the selection of activities, evaluation of the risks science classroom. It is recommended that involved, actions to minimize risks, and all students receive either a copy of Appendix stakeholders practicing safe attitudes and F2 (Science Safety Guidelines and behaviours. Procedures) and/or Appendix A1/2 (Student Safety Contract/Agreement) at the start of Choosing Science Activities the year, term, or course. Safety is a primary concern in selecting activities for science classes. When selecting Staff Training activities a teacher needs to consider many of the following factors and select the Training of science teachers and support materials and activities that will minimize staff would generally cover much of the risks: WHMIS training. Currently the staffs of -identify potential hazards (both inherent Greater Saskatoon Catholic Schools are and situational risks) required to participate in WHMIS training -student competency to carry out the activity on a five year cycle. Teachers new to the -teacher competency to oversee the activity science area, with the assistance of the (experience and expertise) department head, will be provided with both -the equipment and facilities available to a mentor and an orientation to safety. Single safely carry out the activity person departments, with the assistance of -alternative strategies to teaching the the principal, should be encouraged to concept contact a neighbouring school’s science department head to request a mentor. The See Appendix F1 for suggested safety mentor will provide and/or direct the mentee guidelines and procedures for teachers to to appropriate staff for further safety training follow. (i.e. WHMIS). Developing Student Safety Awareness The orientation should include: and Responsible Habits Overview of the legal requirements WHMIS training

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