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Unit 4-R language and quiztrans

By Clifford Olson,2014-01-09 07:15
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Unit 4-R language and quiztrans

    -Unit 4 EntertainmentS1A

    1. surprise

    n. give sb a big surprise,

    e.g. The way you communicate gave me a big surprise. to one’s surprise

    e.g. Much to my surprise, I passed.

    in surprise

    e.g. She looked at me in surprise.

    v. sth ~ sb

    e.g. Its always surprised me how popular he is. 他怎么那么受欢迎!我百思不得

    其解。

    c.f. astonish, shock, amaze

    Sb be surprised at /that

    Sb be surprised to see/hear

    Its (not ) surprising that 不足为奇

    2. studio n. a place where TV programmes are filmed

    a television studio 电视转播室

    a sculptors studio 雕塑家工作室

    health studio , art studio, recording studio 录音棚

    3. excerpt n. ~ from sth 摘录!片段

    e.g. One of the Sunday newspapers is publishing excerpts from her new book.

    一家星期日报纸正在刊登她新书的节选

    That director reads three excerpts from the novel Pride and Prejudice

    every day. There is still one excerpt to go today.

    那位导演每天读3篇小说《傲慢与偏见》的节选。今天还有一篇要读.

     v. ~ sth from sth

    4. attend

    attend a meeting /a wedding/a school/ a university

    attend to sb/sth to deal with or to take care of sth

    e.g. I have some urgent business(急事) to attend to .

    A nurse attended to his daily needs .

5. film v. to make a film or TV programme

    e.g. They are filming in Moscow right now.

    film n. to have a film developed

    e.g. I shot five rolls of film on vacation.

    make a film / film industry

    6. director n. the person in charge of making a film or TV programme or a particular

    activity

    e.g. Zhang Yimou is one of the most famous directors in China.

     a musical ~ 音乐总监

    direct v. to give the actors in a play, film, or television programme

    instructions about what they should do

    adj. a ~ answer/question 直截了当的答案

    7. be ready to do/for

    e.g. The contestant is ready for everything.

    Hes always ready to help his friends. 8. whisper v

    e.g. Dont you know its rude to ~ in class?

    He whispered to me that he was afraid n. in whispers 交头接耳

    9. must

    Must 表示有把握的推测!意为一定是!准是!有三种情况(

    a,对现在的推测(must +动词原形?多数为must be/feel

    That tall fellow must be a basketball player. 对现在正在进行中的事的推测(must be +现在分词

    You look happy. You must be having a good time. It is ten o’clock. He must be reading in the reference room.

    b,对过去的推测(must have+ 过去分词

    You must have met him yesterday.

    The door is locked, he must have been out. They must have traveled to Italy, for they know a lot about its historic sites.

(review)

    1). 回答以must 提问的句子!用如下肯定或否定形式作答:

    Must we clean all the rooms?

    Yes, you must.

    No , you dont have to

    No, you neednt

    2). 表示禁止或批评时!常用于否定句

    You mustnt touch that kettle. Its hot!

    10. faint vi.---to fall over and no longer be aware of ones surroundings

    adj. n.

    vi. sb. ~ (from hunger).

    adj 1) a ~ voice His strength grew ~.

    2) ~ colors

    3) I haven’t the ~est idea. a ~ hope

    4) He felt ~ from lack of food.

    11. gasp (高考不要求) v. --- to say in amazement or surprise(因惊讶或害怕)喘着

    气说

    12. stage (舞台)

    on stage (在舞台上) / off stage (退下舞台)

    (只作了解)v.---阶段, ,时期

    e.g. The children are at different stages of development.

     The product is at the design stage.

    13. control vt. n.

    vt. be automatically ~led, ~ prices / birthrate / one’s feelings / oneself

    n. under ~, bring / get / have / keep sth under ~, (sb) lose ~ of sth = (sth) be out of ~, beyond ~

    have no ~ over控制不住,

    (sb) be in control of sth= (sth) be in the control of sb / in sb’s control

    (某人管理/掌控着)

    14. opposite n. adj. adv.

    n. Play is the ~ of work.

    do / think / act just the ~ adj. on the ~ side of, (on the other side of)

    be ~ to 与相反/不同, 对面

    (to) the house prep(adv.). live ~

    sit down ~(to) Debbie

    15. raise vt.举起; 使升高; 种植; 喂养; 筹集

     vt. 1) ~ one’s hand / one’s voice

    2) ~ (=put forward) a question 3) ~ cotton / flowers

    4) ~ pets

    5) ~ money / funds

    6) ~ (=bring up ) children 7) ~ a cheer/ a shout 8). ~ efficiency 9). ~ oneself

    站起来

    16. seat vt ---to show someone to a place where they can sit

    seat sb. / oneself(sb) be seated

    Please be seated = Please sit down. I found many visiting teachers seated / sitting at the back of our classroom.

    n. sit back in ones seat

     Please, take a seat = sit down

    seat belt(汽车\ 飞机等) 座椅安全带

    17. make-up n. substances used esp. by women to make their faces look more

    attractive, or used by actors to change their appearance.

    e.g. put on ones make-up

     She never wears make-up.

    Related phrases: (高考要求)

    make up 编制

    make up for 补偿! 弥补

    make for 走向

    make off 匆匆离开

    make out 辨认出

18. rush vi. vt. n

    vi. ~ in / out / to / into / out of,

    Out ~ed the students. / Out they rushed.

    vt. ~ sth / sb to sp be ~ed to the nearest hospital, Relief supplies were ~ed in.

    n. a. make a ~ for the door b. the Christmas ~, be caught in the ~-hour traffic

19. powder v. ---to put powder on (someones face)

    hit your open hands together 20. clap v. ---

     eg. The listeners stood and clapped their hands at the end of the performance.

    The teacher clapped her hands for attention.

21. boom v --make a loud deep sound (高考不作要求)

    eg. Outside, thunder boomed. The little girl was frightened.

22. Its time for sth:/ to do sth: Its time +that clause

    eg. Its time for lunch.

     It’s time for us to have lunch.

     Its time that we were in bed.

23. Lester Li came running out.

    running out 方式状语

    He went running to the office.

    He went to the office to get his briefcase..(目的状语)

    24. terrific adj. ---wonderful ; great; excellent

     eg. Shes done very well. Shes feeling terrific.

     --- very large, very great

     eg. He drove at a terrific speed.

    Ive got a terrific amount of work to do.

25. be ahead of ---in front of

    e.g. Three people were ahead of me.

    His ideas were always ahead of his time.

     She is well ahead of the rest of the class.

     ---earlier than sb/ sth

     eg. He finished the term papers five minutes ahead of the deadline.

26. tense adj. ---nervous; worried, unable to relax

    eg. He is likely to get tense before taking an exam.

     I spent a tense few weeks waiting for the results of the test.

    --- (of a muscle or other part of body)

    tight muscles/ hands

    27. beat v. ---defeat sb in a game or competition (beat beat beaten)

    eg. He beat me at chess.

    ---跳动

     eg. Shes alive. Her heart is still beating weakly.

    Listen. The drums are beating.

    n. 节拍;节奏

    eg. the beat of the drum

     This type of music has a strong beat to it.

    win a game/ a competition

    28. six more questions---another six questions

    We have two more problems to deal with.(another two problems.

29. keep vi To cause a process or state to continue.

    Keep + adj.

    She could hardly keep still. 她坐立不安。

    You are supposed to keep quiet when reading in the library.

    当你在图书馆看书时!应当保持安静。

    Keep fit / keep cool / calm/ cheerful

    Keep doing

    e.g. News of successes keeps pouring in.

     捷报频传。

    More phases

    keep in touch with keep from doing keep on

    keep up with keep company keep ..in order

    keep an eye on keep to keep price down still adj.

     keep/ stand/ hold/ sit/ stay ~ (proverb.) ~ waters run deep 静水流深

    adv. E.g. When I came back at midnight, she still hadnt finished.

     I know hes admitted putting the money back, but that still doesnt explain how it came to be missing in the first place.

    Its cold now, but itll be still colder tonight.

30. get sth adj. to cause to become or be in a specified state or condition:

    e.g. They got the children tired and cross.

    把孩子们弄得疲惫而且恼怒;

     get your shirt clean.

     把衬衫洗干净

    31. one question to go = one question left

32. answer v.

     ~ (sb) back反驳; 顶嘴 ~ for 负责 ~ the door应门 ~ the telephone

     n (~ to sb / sth) 回答,答复the ~ to the question (the solution to the problem)

     in answer (to sth) 作为回应

    33reply vi.

    ~ to / respond to the question = answer the question

     n. in ~ to one’s challenge 为了响应, 答复

    a ~ / a response / an answer to sth e.g. I asked him where he was going, but he didnt reply.

     Have you replied to him/ to his letter?

    She replied that she couldnt come.

    Her criticisms brought an immediate reply from a government spokesman.

    Newly-built an audience of 500

    Translation 1.

    (must)

    They must be at home for the light is

    on.

    The lights are on, so they must be at home.

2.

    (whisper, hardly) Please stop

    whispering/ dont

    whisper. I can hardly hear the host.

3.

    welcome

    Lets welcome the contestants from Shanghai.

4.

    (polite)

    To whisper/ To talk in whispers is not polite when

    someone is speaking.

It is not polite to

    whisper when someone is speaking.

5. Mary

    (whisper) Im surprised to learn

    that Mary , a top student , likes/ is fond of speaking in whispers in class.

6. ,

    ,

    . (seat)

    To his relief, he saw his

    mother seated at the

    back of the hall when the concert began.

7.

    500.(seat)

    The newly-built hall

    can seat an audience of

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