-Unit 4 Entertainment！S1A
n. give sb a big surprise,
e.g. The way you communicate gave me a big surprise. to one’s surprise
e.g. Much to my surprise, I passed.
e.g. She looked at me in surprise.
v. sth ~ sb
e.g. It’s always surprised me how popular he is. 他怎么那么受欢迎！我百思不得
c.f. astonish, shock, amaze
Sb be surprised at /that
Sb be surprised to see/hear
It’s (not ) surprising that …不足为奇
2. studio n. a place where TV programmes are filmed
a television studio 电视转播室
a sculptor’s studio 雕塑家工作室
health studio , art studio, recording studio 录音棚
3. excerpt n. ~ from sth 摘录！片段
e.g. One of the Sunday newspapers is publishing excerpts from her new book.
That director reads three excerpts from the novel Pride and Prejudice
every day. There is still one excerpt to go today.
v. ~ sth from sth
attend a meeting /a wedding/a school/ a university
attend to sb/sth to deal with or to take care of sth
e.g. I have some urgent business(急事) to attend to .
A nurse attended to his daily needs .
5. film v. to make a film or TV programme
e.g. They are filming in Moscow right now.
film n. to have a film developed
e.g. I shot five rolls of film on vacation.
make a film / film industry
6. director n. the person in charge of making a film or TV programme or a particular
e.g. Zhang Yimou is one of the most famous directors in China.
a musical ~ 音乐总监
direct v. to give the actors in a play, film, or television programme
instructions about what they should do
adj. a ~ answer/question 直截了当的答案
7. be ready to do/for
e.g. The contestant is ready for everything.
He’s always ready to help his friends. 8. whisper v
e.g. Don’t you know it’s rude to ~ in class?
He whispered to me that he was afraid n. in whispers 交头接耳
a，对现在的推测(must +动词原形？多数为must be/feel ，
That tall fellow must be a basketball player. 对现在正在进行中的事的推测(must be +现在分词
You look happy. You must be having a good time. It is ten o’clock. He must be reading in the reference room.
b，对过去的推测(must have+ 过去分词
You must have met him yesterday.
The door is locked, he must have been out. They must have traveled to Italy, for they know a lot about its historic sites.
1). 回答以must 提问的句子！用如下肯定或否定形式作答:
Must we clean all the rooms?
Yes, you must.
No , you don’t have to
No, you needn’t
You mustn’t touch that kettle. It’s hot!
10. faint vi.---to fall over and no longer be aware of one’s surroundings
vi. sb. ~ (from hunger).
adj 1) a ~ voice His strength grew ~.
2) ~ colors
3) I haven’t the ~est idea. a ~ hope
4) He felt ~ from lack of food.
11. gasp (高考不要求) v. --- to say in amazement or surprise(因惊讶或害怕)喘着
12. stage (舞台)
on stage (在舞台上) / off stage (退下舞台)
e.g. The children are at different stages of development.
The product is at the design stage.
13. control vt. n.
vt. be automatically ~led, ~ prices / birthrate / one’s feelings / oneself
n. under ~, bring / get / have / keep sth under ~, (sb) lose ~ of sth = (sth) be out of ~, beyond ~
have no ~ over控制不住,
(sb) be in control of sth= (sth) be in the control of sb / in sb’s control
14. opposite n. adj. adv.
n. Play is the ~ of work.
do / think / act just the ~ adj. on the ~ side of, (on the other side of)
be ~ to 与相反/不同, 在…对面
(to) the house prep(adv.). live ~
sit down ~(to) Debbie
15. raise vt.举起; 使升高; 种植; 喂养; 筹集
vt. 1) ~ one’s hand / one’s voice
2) ~ (=put forward) a question 3) ~ cotton / flowers
4) ~ pets
5) ~ money / funds
6) ~ (=bring up ) children 7) ~ a cheer/ a shout 8). ~ efficiency 9). ~ oneself
16. seat vt ---to show someone to a place where they can sit
seat sb. / oneself；(sb) be seated
Please be seated = Please sit down. I found many visiting teachers seated / sitting at the back of our classroom.
n. sit back in one’s seat
Please, take a seat = sit down
seat belt(汽车\ 飞机等) 座椅安全带
17. make-up n. substances used esp. by women to make their faces look more
attractive, or used by actors to change their appearance.
e.g. put on one’s make-up
She never wears make-up.
Related phrases: (高考要求)
make up 编制
make up for 补偿！ 弥补
make for 走向
make off 匆匆离开
make out 辨认出
18. rush vi. vt. n
vi. ~ in / out / to / into / out of,
Out ~ed the students. / Out they rushed.
vt. ~ sth / sb to sp be ~ed to the nearest hospital, Relief supplies were ~ed in.
n. a. make a ~ for the door b. the Christmas ~, be caught in the ~-hour traffic
19. powder v. ---to put powder on (someone’s face)
hit your open hands together 20. clap v. ---
eg. The listeners stood and clapped their hands at the end of the performance.
The teacher clapped her hands for attention.
21. boom v --make a loud deep sound (高考不作要求)
eg. Outside, thunder boomed. The little girl was frightened.
22. It’s time for sth:/ to do sth: It’s time +that clause
eg. It’s time for lunch.
It’s time for us to have lunch.
It’s time that we were in bed.
23. Lester Li came running out….
running out 方式状语
He went running to the office.
He went to the office to get his briefcase..(目的状语)
24. terrific adj. ---wonderful ; great; excellent
eg. She’s done very well. She’s feeling terrific.
--- very large, very great
eg. He drove at a terrific speed.
I’ve got a terrific amount of work to do.
25. be ahead of ---in front of
e.g. Three people were ahead of me.
His ideas were always ahead of his time.
She is well ahead of the rest of the class.
---earlier than sb/ sth
eg. He finished the term papers five minutes ahead of the deadline.
26. tense adj. ---nervous; worried, unable to relax
eg. He is likely to get tense before taking an exam.
I spent a tense few weeks waiting for the results of the test.
--- (of a muscle or other part of body)
tight muscles/ hands
27. beat v. ---defeat sb in a game or competition (beat beat beaten)
eg. He beat me at chess.
eg. She’s alive. Her heart is still beating weakly.
Listen. The drums are beating.
eg. the beat of the drum
This type of music has a strong beat to it.
win a game/ a competition
28. six more questions---another six questions
We have two more problems to deal with.(another two problems.
29. keep vi To cause a process or state to continue.
Keep + adj.
She could hardly keep still. 她坐立不安。
You are supposed to keep quiet when reading in the library.
Keep fit / keep cool / calm/ cheerful
e.g. News of successes keeps pouring in.
keep in touch with keep …from doing keep on
keep up with keep company keep ..in order
keep an eye on keep to keep price down still adj.
keep/ stand/ hold/ sit/ stay ~ (proverb.) ~ waters run deep 静水流深
adv. E.g. When I came back at midnight, she still hadn’t finished.
I know he’s admitted putting the money back, but that still doesn’t explain how it came to be missing in the first place.
It’s cold now, but it’ll be still colder tonight.
30. get sth adj. to cause to become or be in a specified state or condition:
e.g. They got the children tired and cross.
get your shirt clean.
31. one question to go = one question left
32. answer v.
~ (sb) back反驳; 顶嘴 ~ for 对…负责 ~ the door应门 ~ the telephone
n (~ to sb / sth) 回答,答复the ~ to the question (the solution to the problem)
in answer (to sth) 作为回应
~ to / respond to the question = answer the question
n. in ~ to one’s challenge 为了响应, 答复
a ~ / a response / an answer to sth e.g. I asked him where he was going, but he didn’t reply.
Have you replied to him/ to his letter?
She replied that she couldn’t come.
Her criticisms brought an immediate reply from a government spokesman.
Newly-built an audience of 500
They must be at home for the light is
The lights are on, so they must be at home.
(whisper, hardly) Please stop
whisper. I can hardly hear the host.
Let’s welcome the contestants from Shanghai.
To whisper/ To talk in whispers is not polite when
someone is speaking.
It is not polite to
whisper when someone is speaking.
(whisper) I’m surprised to learn
that Mary , a top student , likes/ is fond of speaking in whispers in class.
To his relief, he saw his
mother seated at the
back of the hall when the concert began.
The newly-built hall
can seat an audience of