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the divine command theory

By Larry Anderson,2014-10-16 18:33
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the divine command theory

The Divine Command Theory

    The Divine Command Theory is one in which the resolution of delimmas is based upon religious beliefs. Central to this theory is that decisions in ethical delimmas are made on the basis of guidance from a divine being.

The utilitarian theory

Philosophers Jeremy BENTHAM and John

Deontology

     Immanusl Kants ethical theory is very complex. Kants theory reduced to simplest terms is that

    you cannot use others in a way that gives you a one-sided benefit (self -enrichment). EVERYONE must operate under the same usage rules. He felt that ethical actions could and should become a universal law of human action in the world.

Social contractarianism

    Sometimes called theory of Justice, John LOCKE and John PAWLS are the philosophers behind

    this theory. They believed that it was enough to put rules into place

Virtue Ethics

    Last, but not least ARISTOTLE and PLATO! They felt that resolving delimmas required training to develop and nurture a set of virtues. The general sense of WELL-BEING is the key behind virtue ethics. They both divided the soul into 3 parts:

    1 nutrition and Growth

    2 perception and locomotion

    3 reason

Ethical Relativisim (or Moral Relativism)

    Moral relativism believe in time-and-place ethics. They DO NOT believe in absolute rules, virtue

    ethics, or even the social contract. This theory claims that morality ,in the form of values

Rights Theory

    This theory is also known as the Entitlement Theory

Ethical Egosim Theory

    This theory holds that we all act in our own self-interest and that all of us should limit our judgment to our own ethical egos and not interfere with the exercise of ethical egosim by others. This view holds that EVERYTHING is determined by self-interst.

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