The Divine Command Theory
The Divine Command Theory is one in which the resolution of delimmas is based upon religious beliefs. Central to this theory is that decisions in ethical delimmas are made on the basis of guidance from a divine being.
The utilitarian theory
Philosophers Jeremy BENTHAM and John
Immanusl Kant’s ethical theory is very complex. Kant’s theory reduced to simplest terms is that
you cannot use others in a way that gives you a one-sided benefit (self -enrichment). EVERYONE must operate under the same usage rules. He felt that ethical actions could and should become a universal law of human action in the world.
Sometimes called “theory of Justice”, John LOCKE and John PAWLS are the philosophers behind
this theory. They believed that it was enough to put rules into place
Last, but not least ARISTOTLE and PLATO! They felt that resolving delimmas required training to develop and nurture a set of virtues. The general sense of WELL-BEING is the key behind virtue ethics. They both divided the soul into 3 parts:
1 nutrition and Growth
2 perception and locomotion
Ethical Relativisim (or Moral Relativism)
Moral relativism believe in time-and-place ethics. They DO NOT believe in absolute rules, virtue
ethics, or even the social contract. This theory claims that morality ,in the form of values
This theory is also known as the Entitlement Theory
Ethical Egosim Theory
This theory holds that we all act in our own self-interest and that all of us should limit our judgment to our own ethical egos and not interfere with the exercise of ethical egosim by others. This view holds that EVERYTHING is determined by self-interst.