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Connection Between Myth&Dreams in Carl Jung

By Paul Sims,2014-07-05 09:27
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Connection Between Myth&Dreams in Carl Jung

    南京师范大学2011-2012学年第二学期

    金陵女子学院 实用英语专业 2011年级 希腊罗马神话课程期末论文

     级; 6 任课教师;

     号; 16110625 名; 滕胜男

    Grammar Content 题号 总分 (30%) (70%)

    得分

    Mythology Humans Collective Dream

    Over 500 years ago, a portrait of a woman by the name of Mona Lisa successfully conquered every lookers heart at their first sight. Then what’s the secret

    behind the perfect effect of touching people by the mysterious beauty of femininity, with a created hazy dreamland? That’s it—the theory of Collective Unconscious Mind,

    put by C .G .Jung.

    In the aspect of human consciousness, Jung developed his teacher (Freud)’s

    “Island metaphor”: sober consciousness is the 1/8 part of an island above sea as always we can see; the left 7/8 hiding below the sea surface which seldom can be seen unless a tide movement refers to the individual unconscious mind; furthermore, the broad limitless seabed deep under the whole sea is the so-called collective unconscious mind which will never been seen (in normal cases). Likewise, collective unconscious mind is the deepest part of human psychology that “inherited” from our

    primitive ancestors as a precious legacy and can not be gained by postnatal experiences. In this sense;we can understand that it has something to do with

    mythology, an old and mysterious record of our ancestors wisdom. What’s more, it’s

    easy to find the great similarities existing in almost every peoples’ mythologies: the

    mandala pictures, strong heroes, wise elders, great savers, even evil spirits bringing a catastrophe, women bringing destruction……And that’s the reason why we call

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mythology a “collective dream”, which reveals the mutual experience, wisdom and

    living(mind) state of human beings in ancient times.

    According to Jung, collective unconsciousness is what really and actually controls people’s psychology in their deepest aspect. Take an explanation made by Jung for example: poets believed they were creating works in absolute freedom but in reality that was just their fancy. When they imagined they were swimming, the fact was that they were carried along by invisible rivers. Since unconsciousness can not be perceived, the way to explore and analyze it as well as the mythology’s meaning

    behind it is going deep into an unconscious statedream(typically and commonly), a

    particular thinking pattern, which can endow human life with ancient images, or something called archetypes (the main content of collective unconscious mind). Lets

    return to the beginning instance. Because deep in everyones unconscious mind

    (usually in dreams), there is a kind of image of a beauty. To men, its called Anima,

    which represents the ideal woman figure. Here, take the Greek mythology for example. The figure of Mona Lisa gained success by reappearing the attractive image

    of Helen, the well-known beauty in Greek mythology praised for her charming smiles and irresistible sexuality, which emerge in mens dream, showing their desires for sex.

    Meanwhile, this kind of beauty was envied by any goddess and any women owing to themselves desires for this beauty. So we can see from above that mythology affects and decides our values and emotions towards things fundamentally, which is showed in our dreams.

    Besides, mythologys wisdom and spirit can be found and appreciated through analyzing dreams, so we can gain a priceless treasure in our spirit. Here I will try to analyze the Apollonian and the Dionysian .Sometimes, on the one hand, we have

    a fantastic dreamland and enjoy the refinement, sobriety, moderation, and the beauty of symmetry in it. It then related to Apollonian which represents the dreamlike

    beauty of human beings reason (sculpture-type). On the other hand, in real life, we can not help to escaping something we fear or hate(even you may not feel so very much) and then at night we may be deserted or buried in intoxication, enjoying the

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    created ecstasy, irrationality and inhumanity. The latter shows a kind of violent and deep tragic emotion in human nature (music-type). And according to Nietzsche (a German philosophy, Rungs some views partly generated from him), the birth the

    Greek tragedy is when Apollonian conquered Dionysian and he desired the union

    of the two to realize the unity of human mind. As to us individuals, we too are in this contradiction or pains. In this case, many people seek fun by deserting their hearts, indulging in the enjoyment of materials instead of seeking inner peace and richness. By approaching mythologies and facing the true selves in dreams, we have the chance to take a brave and new look at our own, otherwise, we have to give up to the fate of being exiled away from our spiritual homeland, struggling in colossal void.

    As a whole, while we bear the memories of collective dreams, we make great

    efforts to weave private mythology in our own dreams, so as to record the living state and emotions belonging to this special generation and era.

    Reference Books: 冯川.荣格的精神 (M).海口;海南出版社.2006

     Appreciating Greco-Roman Mythology

     The Birth of Tragedy

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