Introduction to the Olympic Charter
The Olympic Charter (OC) is the codification of the Fundamental
Principles Of Olympism, Rules and By-Laws adopted by the
International Olympic Committee (IOC). It governs the organization, action and operation of the Olympic Movement and sets forth the conditions for the celebration of the Olympic Charter serves three main purpose:
;The Olympic Charter, as the basic instrument of a constitutional nature, set forth and recalls the Fundamental Principles and essential values of Olympism.
;The Olympic Charter also serves as statutes for the International Olympic Committee.
c) In addition, the Olympic Charter defines the main reciprocal rights and obligations of the three main constituents of the Olympic Movement, namely the International Olympic Committee, the International Federations and the National Olympic Committee, as well as the Organizing Committees for the Olympic Games., all of which are required to comply with Olympic Charter.
The International Olympic Committee(IOC) constituted itself on June 23 1984. The first Olympic Games (Games of the Olympiad) of modern times were celebrated in Athens, Greece, in 1896. In 1914, the Olympic flag presented by the Pierre de Coubertin at the Paris Congress was adopted. It includes the five interlaced rings, which the union of five continents and the meeting of athletes from throughout the world at the Olympic Games.The Olympic Winter Games were celebrated in Chamonix, France, in 1924.
Fundamental Principles of Olympism
;Olympism is a philosophy of life, exalting and combining in a balanced whole the qualities of body, will and mind. Blending sport with culture and education, Olympism seeks to create a way of life based on the joy of effort, the educational value of good examples and respect for universal and fundamental ethical principles.
2. The goal of Olympism is to place sport at the service of the
harmonious development of man, with the preservation of human dignity.
3. The Olympic Movement is the concerted, organized, universal and permanent action, carried out under the supreme authority of the IOC, of all individuals and entities who are inspired by the values of Olympism. It covers the five continents. It reaches its peak with bringing together of the world’s athletes at the great sports festival, the Olympic Games. Its symbol is five interlaced rings.
4. The practice of sport is a Human right. Every individual must have the responsibility of practicing sport, without discrimination of any kind and the Olympic spirit, which requires mutual understanding with a spirit of friendship, solidarity and fair play. The organization, administration and management of sport must be controlled by independent sports organizations.
;Any form of discrimination with regard to a country or a person on grounds of race, religion, politics, gender or otherwise is incompatible with belonging to the Olympic Movement.
;Belonging to the Olympic Movement requires compliance with Olympic Charter and recognition by the IOC