?. Words and Expressions
4 now (that)
1)as a consequence of the fact (that)
Now that you have the chance, you’d better avail yourself of it.
Now (that) we have gone so far, we might go a little further.
2) at present, right now, when
Now (that) he was ill I realized how much I owed him.
5 the tropics:
the temperate zone the frigid zone
5 put into
1) enter the harbor
The boat had to put into Sidney for supplies. 2) work hard
Put more effort into your work!
3) put in(to) force
make –become effective
A new upper limit on price increases has been put into force.
4) put in(to) effect
realize, execute, fulfill
It is a first-rate scheme, and he is just the man to put it into effect.
5 As it turned out
as it happened in the end
5 call for
1) ask for
We entered the saloon and called for whisky. I will call for you at your house. 来你家接你
2) require, demand
The minister’s resignation was called for by several members.
The occasion called for prompt action.
aim at sth; aim to do sth:
point towards; have as a plan or intention This book aims at giving a general outline of the subject.
We aim to visit you soon.
act of aiming, eg with a gun瞄准
He took good aim at the target before he fired.
He exposed the true aims of the war. Synonym discrimination: purpose; object; aim; end; goal Purpose, object goal 大体相同！是为了达到目标而进行的心理活动！也是在自己眼前存在的应该达到的目的！而goal 强调最终目的？final purpose，; end (目的) 是与means ？手段，相对的。
He never did anything without a purpose. The means doesn’t justify the end. 手段正当不能证明目的是善良的。
Your ultimate goal must be continually kept in view.，，摆在眼前
~(of/ over) : supremacy霸权
Which side will get the ~； 控制权
~ (of): completely control or knowledge ~ of the violin, get ~ of a wild horse
6 a matter of
within a matter of hours
person who compete with another; which cannot be compared with
Although the boxers were rivals in the ring, they were really good friends.
Bob and I are rivals for the job.
There is no rival to Shakespeare as a playwright for something.
As a work of reference for students of English, this dictionary is without a rival无可
. (attrib): rival business firms 匹敌
seem or claim to be as good as
The stores rivaled each other in beautiful window displays. n. rivalry: competition
There is ~ among business firms for trade.
making war; condition of being at war; fighting the horrors of modern warfare
at war; declare war (on); make/ wage从事发动 war on; go to war (against)
make or become different; change in character, appearance, etc
It profoundly altered the historic balance of power. She hasn’t altered a bit.
making a change
My coat needs alteration.
act of changing; changes that is the result of altering My mother had to make some alterations in her new dress. Synonym discrimination: alter; change; turn; vary
turn: 与change 意思相同！但在作为不及物动词时？change 可单独使用！turn需要
The color turned red.
The color changed (into red).
alter: 不如change 词义强！通俗。常意味局部、表面的改变(change往往表示
This coat is too big. I must have it altered. vary: 不规则的或断断续续的改变！使事物有各种各样的变化。
I was told to vary my diet.
n, vt, vi
sudden and violent attack at high speed ( by soldiers, wild animals, a football player,
After a fierce bayonet charge our soldiers captured the enemy’s position.
The striker？前锋， was violently charged by the defender. Suddenly the wolf charged at us.
(old use) army officer’s horse
high fame and honor won by great achievements; being beautiful or magnificent
Glory to God in the highest.
The flowers will then be in their full glory. C可数
reason for pride, subject for boasting, sth deserving respect and honor
He was a glory to his profession. vi
take great pride in
Their father gloried in their success. vt. glorify
worship, give honor and glory to; make (sb or sth) seem more imposing
The Romans gloried Caesar. She calls it a country house, but I call it a glorified barn.
1) well deserved, fairly earned; reasonable公正的！合理的
You have received a just punishment.
2) in accordance with what is right: A judge must be a just man. adv. justly
to feel justly ashamed
1) to indicate an immediate past: just had dinner
2) exactly, precisely:
That is just what I saw.
3) (collq) very, very much
The concert was just splendid. 4) merely, only
He is just an ordinary man.
1) aspiring, desiring
~ (for / after); ~ (to do/ be) his aspirations for fame/ to be an actor
be filled with high ambitions立志
to aspire after glory / to aspire to the presidency / to aspire to be made leader
person who is ambitious for fame an aspirant to high office
14 be born to it:
destined to be
Cf. born; borne
He was born of Greek parents in Germany. She had borne 4 children.
He was borne by Eve.
Be borne in on/ upon
make sb understand, accept
The terrible truth was borne in on him. It was gradually borne in on me that---
1) make quiet or calm down
~ a crying baby; a soothing effect 2) make (pains, aches) less sharp or severe
The medicine soothed his pain. n. sooth真实
1) causing, likely to cause, death Cancer is a deadly disease. Fog is one of the sailor’s deadliest enemies. 2) (colloq) excessive非常的！极度的
A deadly silence filled the room. 3) like that of death死一般的
Her deadly appearance is due to long illness.
1) excessively: deadly sick/ a deadly boring play
2)like that of death: deadly pale 3)excessively: deadly serious
18 keep at
1) keep at sth
work at it
Keep at it; don’t give up!
2) keep sb at sth
make him work
Keep them at it! Don’t let them get lazy!
spur sb/ sth (on):
1) urge on
Ambition spurred him on.
He was constantly spurred on by a fear of failure. 2) ride fast or hard
The rider spurred on to his destination. n
win one’s spur
win honor and reputation
(fig) sth that urges a person to greater activity His wife’s encouragement was the spur he needed to succeed. Act on the spur of the moment
on a sudden impulse
foolish act, idea or practice; ridiculous thing
adj (not used as attrib; cf contented)
1) ~ (with)
satisfied with what one has
I am not content with beautiful dreams; I want beautiful realities.
1) ~ to do sth
willing or ready to do sth
He was content to eat the leftovers.
I should be well content (=quite pleased) to do so.
condition of being satisfied: live in peace and content To one’s heart’s content
to the extent that brings satisfaction
~ sb/ oneself (with)
Simple praise is enough to content him. He contented himself with two glasses of beer though he could have had more.
with a contented smile.
Contented with little, yet wishing for more.
1) (plu) that which is contained in sth the contents of a book / room; table of contents 2；(sing or plu) the amount which a vessel will hold; capacity
the content(s) of a barrel
3) (sing) substance, essential meaning To Marx form and content were inextricably connected. 2) ~ (of sth) part of it
the sugar content of milk; a high fat content
1) (slang) good idea
have a sudden inspiration
2)~ (to/ for) person or thing that inspires鼓舞！灵感来源！启示
Dante was the inspiration for my book on Italy.
influence arousing creative activity in literature, music, arts灵感
Many poets have drawn their inspiration from nature.
Inspire sth (in sb); ~ sb (with sth/ to do sth) inspire a new thought into sb;
inspire sb with courage
23 appeal to (sb)
ask for sb earnestly
The government is appealing to everyone to save water. The victims' families of the murder have appealed to the Supreme Court to have a
take and keep a firm hold of; seize firmly紧抓！吸引人
The child gripped its mother's arm.
The pictures gripped my imagination. The film is a gripping story of love and hate. 扣人心弦
act, or power of gripping
He kept a firm grip on his children.
to have a sound grip of a problem
be at grips with; come/ get to grips with: be attacking; in close battle get to grips with a problem
31 mark off
put marks on (to show boundary lines, measurement, etc) This area has been marked off for athletic practice. This phase in his life was marked off from the rest of his life by the death of his father.
1) not natural or real, made by the art of man artificial flowers
This brand of tinned beans contains no artificial coloring.？人造色素，
2)affected, not natural
The film star flashed an artificial smile at the crowd.
人工呼吸 artificial respiration呼吸
artificial fertilizer [manure] 化肥
artificial insemination 人工受精
1) ~ (on/ over/ about)
(fig) think about (troubles) for a long time Don't brood about it.
She sat there brooding on whether life was worth living. 2) brood over: cover
A cloud is brooding over the hills.
3) sit on egg to hatch them孵
all the young birds hatched at one time in a nest; family of other egg-produced
animals; (hum) young family of human beings a brood hen
a brood of chickens一伙鸡！一窝鸡