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STUDY GUIDE - TEATRO DE LA LUNA

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STUDY GUIDE - TEATRO DE LA LUNA

ABE: Un Sueño Cumplido

ABE: A Dream Fulfilled

Teatro de la Luna

    Abe: A Dream Fulfilled Study Guide

    Table of Contents

    Synopsis of Story ………………………………………………………………………………… 3

    Spanish Vocabulary by Grade …………………………………………………………………… 4

    Theater Vocabulary ……………………………………………………………………………… 5

    English Vocabulary by Grade ……………………………………………………………………. 6

    Timeline for Lincoln‟s Life ………………………………………………………………………. 8

Important States in Lincoln‟s Life:

    1) Kentucky ………………………………………………………………………………… 16

    2) Indiana ………………………………………………………………………………...... 17

    3) Illinois …………………………………………………………………………………… 18

    Biography of Playwright Jacqueline Briceño ……………………………………………………. 19

    Performance-Related Classroom Activities

    1) Pre-K through 1st Grade …………………………………………………………………. 20

    2) 2nd through 4th Grade …………………………………………………………………… 20

    3) 5th through 8th Grade ……………………………………………………………………. 21

Blank State Maps ............................................................................................................................ 22

    Bibliography ……………………………………………………………………………………... 25

    Page 2

Teatro de la Luna

    Abe: A Dream Fulfilled Study Guide

    Summary of the Play

Two magical time travelers, EL (He) and ELLA (She), want to share special people who have

    changed history with the audience. They decide on telling the story of Abraham Lincoln.

    Becoming different characters in the story, EL and ELLA describe Lincoln‟s early childhood in Kentucky, his family‟s move to Tennessee and his mother‟s death and father‟s remarriage. They follow Lincoln to Illinois where he becomes a lawyer and then a state legislator.

    After Lincoln is elected as the 16th President of the United States, they describe his fight to keep the country together and his dislike for slavery. They mark the beginning of the Civil War, and then skip ahead to its ending and Lincoln‟s Emancipation Proclamation.

    The Play ends with Lincoln‟s funeral train, and with the two time travelers again taking wing to tell other stories … another time.

    Page 3

Teatro de la Luna

    Abe: A Dream Fulfilled Study Guide

     Spanish Vocabulary with English Translations

    by Grade Level

Pre-K First Grade

    amigo (ah-ME-go) ………. friend libro (LEE-bro) ………….. book árbol (ARE-bowl) ……….. tree lleno (YEAH-no) ………… full año (AH-nio) …………….. year música (MOO-see-cah) ….. music ave (AH-vay) ……………. bird pasado (pah-SAH-dough) .. past brisa (BREE-tha) …………. breeze perro (PAY-RROW) …….. dog

    cantar (cahn-TAR) ……….. to sing pez (payth) ………………. fish chiller (chee-YAR) ……… to shout/shriek presente (pray-SENT-tay) . present chiste (CHEES-tay) ……… joke reglas (RAY-glahs) ……… rules colorear (coh-lore-ai-ARE) . to color reír (ray-EAR) ……………. to laugh colores (coh-LORE-ace) …. colors rico (REE-coh) …………… rich dulce (DOOL-say) ………... sweet sombrero (sohm-BRAY-row) hat estrellas (es-TRAY-yas) …. stars sueño (soo-EHIN-ios) dream flore (FLOR-ai) ………….. flower tiempo (tee-EM-poh) …….. time fuerza (foo-AIR-ztha) ……. strength tren (train) ……………….. train futuro (foo-TOUR-oh) …… future triste (TREES-tay) ………. sad sad gallo (GUY-yo) …………... rooster viejo (vee-EH-ho) ……… old old gansa (GAHN-sah) ………. goose

Second Fourth Grades

    abogado (ah-bow-GAA-dough) lawyer juguete (who-GET-tay) ……. toy aprender (ah-prain-DARE) … to learn letras (LAY-tras) …………… letters (abc) bosque (BOHS-kay) ……….. woods leyes (LAY-es) …………….. laws cambiar (cahm-bee-ARE) ….. to change madera (mah-DARE-ah) …… wood caminar (cah-me-NAR) ……. to walk manos (MAH-nose) ………... hands cargado (car-GAHD-dough)… loaded memoria (may-MORE-ee-ah) memory centavo (sane-TAHV-oh) ….. penny mundo (MOON-dough) ……. world crecer (cray-SAIR) …………. to grow up nota (NO-tah) ………………. note cielo (see-AI-low) ………….. heaven nubes (NEW-base) …………. clouds corazón (core-ah-ZTHON) … heart palabras (pah-LA-brahs) …… words cortar (core-TAR) ………….. to cut practicar (prah-tea-CAR) …… practice despertar (des-pair-TAR) …… to wake up soldado (soul-DAH-dough) … soldier enseguida (n-say-GHEE-dah) . at once sordo (SORE-dough) ……….. deaf esclavo (es-CLAHVE-oh) ….. slave sorpresa (sore-PRAY-sah) …. surprise escucharle (es-coo-CHAR-lay) to listen to him tantos (TAHN-toes) ………… so many frases (FRAH-says) ………… sentences tesoro (tay-SORE-oh) ……… treasure granjero (gran-HAIR-oh) …... farmer trabajador (tra-baa-ha-DOOR) worker historia (ee-STORE-ee-ah) … story viajero (vee-ah-HAIR-oh) …. traveler igual (ee-GWAHL) ………… the same

Fifth Seventh Grades

    aletas (ah-LAY-tas) ……………… fins consolar (cone-soul-LAR) ……….. console arroyuelo (ah-rrow-you-AI-low) … brook/stream barril (bah-RREEL) ……………… barrel carpintero (car-peen-TEAR-oh) …. carpenter Confederados (con-fade-air-AH-dos) Confederates

    ciudadano (see-oo-dah-DAHN-oh) citizen contrario (cohn-TRAR-ee-oh) …… contrary

    Page 4

Teatro de la Luna

    Abe: A Dream Fulfilled Study Guide

cumplido (coom-PLEA-dough) …. fulfilled pradera (prah-DARE-ah) ………….. meadow

    descalzo (days-CAL-ztho) ………… barefoot prueba (pru-AI-bah) ……………….. proof

    escándalo (es-CAHN-dah-low) ... outrage/scandal raza (RAH-ztha) …………………… race

    gobierno (go-be-AIR-no) ………. government regadera (ray-gah-DARE-ah) ……… watering-can

    Guerra Civil (who-AIR-rah see-VEAL) Civil War ruiseñores (roo-ee-say-NIOR-es) …. nightingales

    humanidad (oo-mahn-ee-DAHD) .. humanity sembrar (same-BRAR) …………. to sow

    inolvidable (een-ol-vee-DAH-blay) unforgettable semillas (same-EE-yas) ………… seeds

    latir (la-TIER) …………………… to beat (heart) serpiente (sair-pea-N-tay) ……… serpent

    leña (LAY-nia) …………………. firewood transformarse (trans-for-MAR-say) transform

    mudarse (moo-DAR-say) ……… to change/move unido (oo-KNEE-dough) ……….. united

    vagones (vah-GOHN-ace) ............ freight cars orador (oh-rah-DOOR) ………… orator

    poderoso (po-dare-OH-so) ……… powerful volador (vow-la-DOOR) ……….. flying

    Vocabulario del Teatro (Theater Vocabulary)

Autor (auw-TORE) Playwright: The person who wrote the play.

    Actor/Actriz Actor/Actress: The men and women who play the parts onstage.

     (ahk-TORE/ahk-TREESTH)

    Director (dee-reck-TORE) Director: The person who picks the actors and tells them what to do. Escena/Escenario/ Scene/Stage/Scenery: All words related to the stage. The scene is the Escenografía location where each part of a play takes place; the stage is the place

     (ai-SAIN-ah, where the actors work, and the scenery is what they act in front of.

     s-sain-ARE-ee-oh,

     s-sain-oh-grah-FEE-ah)

    Fotografía Photography. Photos have to be taken of all shows for publicity, for

     (foe-tow-grah-FEE-ah) program covers, and for reminders.

    Maquillaje (mah-key-YA-hay) Makeup: All actors, both women and men, wear stage makeup to make

    them more visible from the audience.

    Musicalización Music Design: Selecting what music is used for the play.

     (moo-see-cah-lee-tha-see-OWN)

    Producción Production: The people who organize everything about the play,

     (pro-duke-see-OWN) including who will direct it, who will design and build the set, and where the

    costumes come from.

    Sonido (sow-NEE-doe) Sound: Not just music is used during a play; many times there are other

    sounds involved, too.

    Vestuario (ves-too-ARE-ee-oh) Costumes: What the actors wear to make them look different. Utilería (oo-teel-air-EE-ah) Properties: everything that an actor uses onstage (such as the Old Woman‟s embroidery).

    Page 5

Teatro de la Luna

    Abe: A Dream Fulfilled Study Guide

    English Vocabulary & Definitions

Pre-K First Grade

    answer: A reply to a question. (When I ask you a question, please answer me.) farm: A place where plants or animals are grown. (The farm Abe lived on had both plans

    and animals.)

    forget: To not remember or not be able to think of. (I always forget his name.)

    forest: A place where there are lots of trees growing close together. (It’s easy to get lost in

    the forest.)

    law: Rules that are made by people or belief. (Laws help people know what to do.)

    lawyer: A person who has learned about laws and helps others who have problems. (My

    mother is a lawyer who works for poor people.) learn: To find out things or skills by reading or being taught. (I’m learning how to tie my

    shoes.)

    poor: Someone who has little or no money. (Lincoln’s mother and father were very poor.) remember: To have something come into your mind again. (Please remember to hang up your

    coat.)

    slave: Someone who is owned by another person. (Lincoln got rid of slaves.)

Second Fourth Grades

    case: A particular matter that lawyers may fight over. (The lawyers disagreed about the

    case of the missing dog.)

    Civil War: A war between different parts of the same country. (The U.S.’s Civil War was about

    slavery.)

    colorful: a story that seems full of color or clear. (Lincoln’s tall tales were very colorful.) confederate: A person, group or states united with others. (The Southern states formed Confederate

    States.)

    desire: Something you long for. (My desire is to be class president.)

    dreamer: Someone who dreams, or someone who has really big ideas (Lincoln was called a

    dreamer.)

    equal: Be the same as. (These bowls of ice cream are equal.)

    fins: A winglike limb attached to fish, used in swimming. (The fish’s fins waved to and fro.)

    glory: Wonder, fame or praise. (Some people glory in their talents.)

    politics: The science or art of leading people. (Politics can be very exciting or very boring.) race: A group of people linked by the same family. (Lincoln thought race and color did not

    matter.)

    serpent: Another name for a large snake. (The serpent bit the boy.)

    stream: Any small flow of water or other liquid; other names include brook, creek, run, rivulet.

    (I like to wade in the stream.)

    strength: Being strong in body or mind. (He lifted the car by his great strength.)

    successful: Doing very well in something. (My Science Project was successful.)

    intelligent: A person or animal that understands things quickly and is able to think carefully and

    fully. (Abe was a very intelligent child.)

    unforgettable: Something that you can‟t forget (Lincoln is an unforgettable president.) Fifth Seventh Grades

    Page 6

accompany: To go with. (Will you accompany me to the store?)

    dissatisfied: Not satisfied or pleased. (The teacher was dissatisfied with the test scores.)

    educate: Provide teaching or training. (I educate myself by reading the newspaper daily.)

    emancipation: The act of setting free. (Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation to free slaves.)

    forcefully: With full force; acting with strength. (Lincoln spoke forcefully about slavery.)

    fulfill: To complete or carry out an activity or objective. (Lincoln fulfilled his goal of freeing

    the slaves.)

    momentous: Of great importance or significance. (Dr. Martin Luther King’s “I Have a Dream”

    speech was momentous.)

    perish: To die, disappear or be destroyed. (Our country will never perish.)

    reflection: The image of something reflected by a mirror or other mirror-like material. (You can

    see your reflection in the lake.)

    representative: A person who represents a group, especially in government; i.e., the House of

    Representatives. (Lincoln was a state representative before he became President.)

    sharpness: Being very intelligent and clever. (His sharpness won the debate.)

    sow: To scatter or plant seed for a crop. (Lincoln would help his father sow the field.)

Teatro de la Luna

    Abe: A Dream Fulfilled Study Guide

    Timeline of Lincoln’s Life

    Events in Lincoln’s Life Year Other Significant Events

    Abraham Lincoln born Sunday, February 12 in a 1809 01/19-Edgar Allan Poe born 1-room log cabin in Nolin Creek, Kentucky 02/11-Robert Fulton patents steamboat

     02/12-Charles Darwin also born

     03/04-James Madison becomes President

     05/31-Joseph Haydn, composer, died

     08/10-Ecuador Independence from Spain

     1810 04/27-Beethoven composes Für Elise

     05/25-May Revolution in Argentina starts

     03/01-Frédéric Chopin, composer, born

     07/20-Columbia Independence from Spain

    Lincoln Family moves to 230 acre farm on Knob 1811 02/03-Horace Greeley, publisher, born Creek, Kentucky 05/14-Paraguay Independence from Spain

     06/14-Harriet Beecher Stowe, author, born

     07/11-Venezuela Independence from Spain

A brother, Thomas, is born but dies as infant 1812 02/07-Charles Dickens, author, born 04/30-Louisiana becomes 18th U.S. state 06/18-War of 1812 begins 12/20-Sacagawea, Shoshone guide, dies

     1813 01/28-Jane Austin‟s Pride & Prejudice is

     published.

     03/04-Pres. Madison sworn into 2nd term

     04/21-Stephen A. Douglas born

     10/10-Giusseppe Verdi, composer, born

     10/14-Símon Bolívar gets title El Liberador

     1814 04/06-Napoleon gives up power

     09/13-Francis Scott Key writes Star Spangled

     Banner

     12/24-War of 1812 ends with Treaty of Ghent

    Young Abraham goes to a log cabin school for a 1815 02/26-Napoleon escapes from Elba Island little time 06/18-Battle of Waterloo; Wellington defeats

    Napoleon 11/12-Elizabeth Cady Stanton, women‟s rights, born In December, the Lincoln family crosses the 1816 07-09-Argentina Independence from Spain Ohio River and settles in the backwoods of 12/11-Indiana becomes 19th U.S. state Indiana 03/04-James Monroe becomes President Abraham shoots a wild turkey but regrets its 1817 04/14-1st U.S. school for deaf opens in CT dying and never hunts again. 07/04-Erie Canal begins construction 07/18-Jane Austin, novelist, dies 12/10-Mississippi becomes 20th U.S. state

    Page 8

Teatro de la Luna

    Abe: A Dream Fulfilled Study Guide

    Events in Lincoln’s Life YearOther Significant Events

    October 5, Nancy Hanks Lincoln (Abe‟s mother) 1818 01/01-Mary Shelley‟s Frankenstein published

    dies of “milk sickness”. On December 13, Mary 02/12-Chile Independence from Spain Todd Lincoln was born. 2/14-Frederick Douglas born

     04/07-Brooks Brothers opens its 1st store

     05/10-Paul Revere died

     10/28-Abigail Adams died

     12/03-Illinois becomes 21st U.S. state

     12/24-Silent Night composed by Franz Xaver

     Gruber & Josef Mohr

    December 2, Abe‟s father Thomas marries a 1819 01/25-Thomas Jefferson founds University of widow, Sarah Bush Johnston & becomes Virginia

    stepfather to her 3 children 02/22-Spain gives Florida to the United States

     05/25-Queen Victoria born

     05/31-Walt Whitman, poet, born

     12/14-Alabama becomes 22nd U.S. state

    Abe is able to go to school for a little while. 1820 01/29-George IV becomes king of U.K.

     02/08-William Tecumseh Sherman born

    02/15-Susan B. Anthony, women‟s rights

     advocate, born

     03/15-Maine becomes 23rd U.S. state

     05/12-Florence Nightingale born

     09/26-Daniel Boone died

     The Venus de Milo is found on island of Melos

     1821 02/03-Elizabeth Blackwell, 1st female Dr., born

     02/09-George Washington University founded

     03/04-Pres. Monroe sworn into 2nd term

     05/01-Napoleon dies

     07/28-Peru Independence from Spain

     08/10-Missouri becomes 24th U.S. state

     09/15-Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras,

    Nicaragua & Costa Rica Independence

     from Spain

    09/27-Mexico Independence from Spain

    11/11-Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russian writer, born

     11/28-Panama Independence from Spain 12/25-Clara Barton, U.S. Red Cross, born

    Abe goes to school for a few months 1822 04/27-Ulysses S. Grant born

     09/07-Brazil Independence from Portugal

     10/04-Rutherford B. Hayes, U.S. President,

     born

     The graham cracker is developed. 1823

    12/03-None of 4 candidates for U.S. president Abe is paid for plowing, planting & other work 1824

    gains majority; election thrown to House for neighbors. Goes to school in fall & winter of Representatives

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Teatro de la Luna

    Abe: A Dream Fulfilled Study Guide

    Events in Lincoln’s Life Year Other Significant Events

     1825 02/09-House of Representatives elects John

     Quincy Adams President

     07/18-Uruguay Independence from Brazil

     08/06-Bolivia Independence from Spain 09/27-1st modern railroad opens in England 10/26-Erie Canal opens First roller skates invented

    1826 04/01-Internal combustion engine patented

     07/04-Stephen Foster, U.S. songwriter, born -John Adams, 2nd U.S. President, died -Thomas Jefferson, 4th U.S. President, died 12/03-George McClellan, U.S. general, born

     1827 03/26-Ludwig van Beethoven died

    1828 02/08-Jules Verne, author, born January 20, Abraham‟s married sister, Sarah,

     04/16-Francisco Goya, Spanish painter, died dies giving birth. In April, Abe & Allen Gentry

     03/20-Henrik Ibsen, Norwegian playwright, take a flatboat of farm produce to New Orleans,

     born where he sees a slave auction. . 09/09-Leo Tolstoy, Russian author, born

     11/19-Franz Schubert, composer, died 02/26-Levi Strauss, U.S. clothing, born 1829 03/04-Andrew Jackson becomes U.S. President 05/06-Accordian patented 06/16-Geronimo, Apache leader, born

    05/13-Ecuador separates from Gran Colombia. In March, the Lincoln family moved 200 miles 1830

    12/10-Emily Dickinson, poet, born to Illinois where they settled near the Sangamon

    12/17-Símon Bolívar died River. Abe makes his 1st political speech,

     favoring improving navigation on the Sagamon

    1831 01/14-Victor Hugo‟s The Hunchback of Notre Abe‟s father moves again, but Abe doesn‟t go

    Dame is published in Paris. with him. Instead, he moves to New Salem, IL, 07/04-James Monroe, 4th US President, died where he becomes a shop clerk, sleeping in the 08/21-Nat Turner‟s Slave Rebellion in back of the store. He joins a local debating Southampton County, Virginia. society.

    11/19-James Garfield, U.S. President, born

    12/27-Charles Darwin starts his journey on the HMS Beagle

    01/27-Lewis Carroll, author, born 1832 In March Abe is candidate for Illinois General

    05/11-Greece is accepted as sovereign country Assembly. The Black Hawk War begins and 09/21-Sir Walter Scott, author, died Abe enlists in April, is elected Captain of his 11/29-Louisa May Alcott, author, born rifle company, serves 3 months with no combat. 12/15-Gustave Eiffel, French engineer, born He loses his election on August 6. The store he worked in goes out of business but he and

     William Berry buy another shop in New Salem.

    Page 10

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