Sex Education III
Take Home Messages
1. STDs (“sexually transmitted diseases”) are a group of diseases that are contracted primarily through sexual contact.
2. STDs can be passed on via body fluids such as semen, blood, and breast milk, and by skin-to-skin contact with the genital area. Behaviors that put you at risk are having sex and sharing needles.
3. It is what you DO, not who you are, that puts you at risk for getting an STD. Anyone can get an STD.
4. STDs can be caused by bacteria (which are curable), or by viruses (which have no cure). Common bacterial STDs are chlamydia and gonorrhea. Common viral STDs are herpes, genital warts, and AIDS.
5. Abstinence (not having sex) is the only 100% effective way to prevent getting an STD. 6. Condoms are the only way to prevent STDs besides abstinence.
Abstinence: the act of not having sexual intercourse
Bacterial STD: An STD caused by bacteria, for which there are treatments to cure the disease.
Birth control pills: Pills that are made of hormones that women can take to prevent themselves from becoming pregnant. However, they do NOT provide any protection against STDs.
Condom: A balloon-like piece of latex which is unrolled to cover a man’s erect penis before sexual intercourse begins.
HIV/AIDS: HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that is transmitted via body fluids, including blood and semen. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome).
Immune system: The immune system protects your body against getting diseases, and fights back against diseases when they enter your body. When you get HIV, your immune system is unable to fight back against the virus.
STD: Sexually transmitted disease.
Viral STD: An STD causes by a virus, for which there is no cure.
1. How can someone contract an STD?
a) sharing contaminated needles b) not using a condom when having sex with an
infected partner c) from an STD-afflicted mother to newborn through breast milk d)
all of the above
2. True or False: Antibiotics can be used effectively against viral STDs. 3. True or False: A birth control pill can protect against both pregnancies and STDs. 4. Rank these methods from most effective to least effective (1-4) in protecting against
STDs and pregnancy: condoms abstinence unprotected sex birth
5. Fill in this table with either “Yes” or “No”
Prevents Prevents STDs (like herpes, Prevents
Pregnancy chlamydia) HIV/AIDS
Birth control pills
STD Information Sheet
Any of these STDs can be transmitted through sexual contact (including vaginal and anal intercourse and
oral-genital contact) with an infected partner who may or may not have symptoms.
STD How to care for it? Possible Long-term What are the signs? Problems
Men: Burning urination Infected persons and their Men: Infection of prostate CHLAMYDIA
and secretions from penis. sexual partners must be and epididymis
Women: Often no tested and treated with Women: PID and fertility symptoms until Pelvic antibiotics problems including Inflammatory Disease increased risk of ectopic (PID) pregnancy
Sores around the mouth Infected persons should May contribute to cervical HERPES
(cold sores) or genitals, avoid intimate sexual cancer and pregnancy often with small blisters, contact while lesions problems in women
often painful. Some persist. There are pills that people have no symptoms can help relive symptoms, but are still infected and but will NOT cure herpes.
Painless growths usually Topical treatment may May contribute to cervical GENITAL WARTS
around vaginal opening, help. No cure. cancer
shaft of penis, or rectum.
May occur several months
Men: Burning urination Infected persons and their Men: Infection of prostate GONORRHEA
and secretions from penis sexual partners must be and epididymis
Women: Often no tested and treated with Women: PID and fertility symptoms until PID antibiotics problems including begins. Some people have increased risk of ectopic no symptoms but are still pregnancy
infected and contagious.
Chancre, painless ulcer at Infected persons and their If untreated, my affect SYPHILIS
point of contact, usually sexual partners must be brain, heart, pregnancies, penile shaft or around tested and treated with or may even be fatal
vaginal opening. antibiotics
Secondary stage may
include a rash.
Unusual susceptibility to No current treatment. Full-blown AIDS is fatal. AIDS
common infections and Avoid sexual contact or unusual cancers. practice “safer sex”.
prolonged fever, weight
loss, diarrhea, swollen
glands. Most people show
no symptoms for many
years but are still
Where to Turn for HELP
*All hotlines are toll-free and confidential. They are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week unless otherwise noted.
Planned Parenthood (Bay Area) - 1-800-967-7526
-information from experts on teen sexuality and sexual health
-referrals to local clinics
-clinics provide information on safer sex, contraceptive devices, pregnancy tests, STD & HIV tests, and referral to other doctors
National AIDS Hotline- 1-800-342-AIDS
or http://www.hivtest.org (online search for locations)
-referrals to locations for HIV testing, counseling programs, and treatment
National STD Hotline- 1-800-227-8922
-Center for Disease Control services include counseling from trained Health Communication Specialists and referrals to low cost or free clinics in caller’s local area.
-free educational literature is also available upon request
National Herpes Hotline- 1-800-653-4325
-pre-recorded information on herpes and other STDs
Boys Town Suicide and Crisis Hotline (services also available for girls)- 1-800-448-
3000 or http://www.boystown.org
-highly-trained professional counselors are waiting to listen to your problems and help you come up with immediate solutions
National Youth Crisis Hotline- 1-800-442-HOPE
-information and how to get help if you or a loved one is being physically, emotionally, or sexually abused
National Domestic Violence/Child Abuse Hotline- 1-800-799-SAFE
-helps caller identify possible solutions immediately or in case of emergency -information on domestic violence, intervention programs for batterers, the criminal justice system, and related issues.
-referrals to local shelters, social services, and legal programs
National Rape Crisis Hotline- 1-800-656-4673
-search for nearest rape crisis center