本 科 学 年论文
论文题目，Love and Hate in Wuthering Heights
系 别， 外语系
Love and Hate in Wuthering Heights
Abstract:Wuthering Heights was the only novel which was created by Emily Bronte, the th19 English novelist, in her short span. As a monumental work, in the British literature history, it not only continues the traditional novel model which regards as the crux, but it employs some model techniques. Love-hate-revenge-recovery of humanity, which is permeated in the whole passage, this article reveals the complicated and profound humanity though the entanglement of love and hate, and co-existence of revenge and torment by the development of Heath cliff’s character. It actively combines the sincere and immortal love with always contradicted each other, especially in that between Catherine and Heathcliff, Cathy and Hareton. The story of Wuthering Heights ends up with the recovery of Heath cliff’s humanity—“love” takes the
upper hand of “hate” eventually. Therefore, the oppressed and distorted humanity is released at last.
Key Words: love： hate： revenge： humanity： distortion
摘要， 19 世纪英国小说家艾米丽•勃朗特在短暂的生命历程中创作了唯一一部小说《呼啸
山庄》； 它延续了传统的复仇为核心的小说模式； 并揉以现代手法； 在就了一座艺术丰
揭示了人性的复仇与深刻； 爱与恨的纠缠； 报复与折磨的并存； 并且生动地将现实中生
别是凯瑟琳、 希斯克利夫、 凯茜和哈林顿之间淋漓尽致地展现了最深的爱恋； 最深的执
关键字， 爱情 复仇 人性 扭曲
1.1 Introduction of the author
Emily Bronte, she was born in 1818, and she was one of the most famous British poets and novelists. The writer spent 30 years in the world, she wasn’t known to the public until she left the world. Emily wrote some profound lyrics, including poetry and narrative poems, some of which have been selected for English first poets’
ththselected poems in 19 and 20. However, The Wuthering Heights which was her only
novel in her life was laid on the foundation that was in the history of British literature and world literature. Charlotte Bronte (the author of Jane Eyre), Anne Bronte (the author of Agnes Grey) and Emily Bronte, they were known as Bronte Three Sisters.
thThey together radiated splendor in 19 British literary stage.
1.2 Introduction of story
This is a story about love and revenge. Wuthering Heights, through 30 years of time span, it describes perplexing and shocking emotional entanglements of two generations between the Earnshaws and the Lindens.
In the summer of 1771, Mr. Earnshaw brought an orphan home called Heathcliff. This waif was persecuted by young Hindley, but deeply loved by his daughter Catherine. So there was contradiction between Hindley and Heathcliff since childhood. After the death of their parents and his own marriage, Hindley treated Heathcliff as a servant, but this was relieved by the pleasant times with Catherine.
On one of their expeditions, they reached Thrushcross Grange where Catherine stayed as the Linton’s guest for several weeks. When she returned to the Wuthering Heights, she was altered a lot: she had been deeply attracted by gorgeous materials and gentle Edgar Linton, though she still loved Heathcliff. Later, Heathcliff was even more badly treated by Hindley after his wife’s death. After overhearing part of Catherine’s with Nelly that she would marry Edgar, Heathcliff could not bear the indignation and degradation and left Wuthering Heights.
3years later, Heathcliff, mysteriously and wealthy, appeared. He intent on destroying those who prevented him from being with Catherine, first on Hindley who had treated him so badly in the past; secondly he threatened Catherine to marry to Linton.
Catherine was initially happy at seeing Heathcliff again, but then became very ill after a harsh argument with Heathcliff marrying Isabella. She dead after giving birth to a
daughter named Cathy. When Heathcliff got the news, he became only more bitter and vengeful towards everybody around him. After Catherine’s death Isabella returned to Thrushcross Grange after three months with Heathcliff. Hindley died and Heathcliff took Wuthering Heights. Thirteen years later Isabella died, leaving her son Linton to Heathcliff, an ill-assorted trio, were left at the Heights; while Thrush Grange was left to Lowood
The story ended with the death of Heathcliff and Hareton and Cathy. This was two generations’ love story. The first generation’s love was transcendental and the second generation’s love was earthy.
1.3 Theme of the novel
In Wuthering Heights, the topic is love, deduces us a world-shaking undying love. They are not only have the lingering love, but also a deeply ingrained hate between them. Social pressures and restrictive cultural confines exile Catherine and Heathcliff from the world and then from each other. Hate can’t make love disappear, and love is stronger than hate.
2. The love between Heathcliff and Catherine
2.1 The love during their childhood
40 years ago, Wuthering Heights was filled with light, warmth and happiness. Mr. Earnshaw, a kindly gentleman farmer, lived happily with his children Catherine and Hindley. However, being a kind and generous fellow, he can’t help rescuing a poor starving wretch off of the streets of Liverpool, a gypsy child named Heathcliff became one of the families, loved by all except Hindley. Nevertheless, the owner’s daughter Catherine was an especially good childhood friend, spending many cheerful days playing on the moor with Heathcliff.
Due to human nature, she loved Heathcliff deeply with childlike passion. Without any doubt, Catherine and he loved each other when they were young. During the fight against the depression, Heathcliff and Catherine allied together and kept a high degree of fit in spirit. Their emotional bond became tighter and tighter until their death. However, their emotional bond became unconsciously, even they didn’t realize until after all the changes happened.
2.2 The love after their grown-ups
Heathcliff’s love was pure in intention and never changed. His love just had the human nature’s emotion without rank, culture. After he tasted bitterness of his lost love, his love for Catherine was expressed simply, honestly brevity but full of fervid love. There were no definite words to represent Heathcliff’s love, it was nonetheless
known and deeply rooted in their hearts, never losing their passion.
However, when Catherine met Edgar in Thrushcross Grange by accident and lived there for a short time. She felt the obvious difference between Edgar and Heathcliff. One was a handsome, young, lively, rich and decent gentleman, while the other was an ill-mannered, stubborn and poor villager. She immediately realized the impact that the social culture has had in her. Her heart became more complex and ambivalent. When she embraced and kissed Heathcliff, she was afraid about his dirty clothes against her clean dress. She also treated her marriage like this. If she married Heathcliff, she will be a beggar. Even if she was well aware that without Heathcliff she can’t live, but the cruel reality helped her realize that marrying Edgar would make
her become the greatest woman in the area.
2.3 The love after Heathcliff’s coming back
When Heathcliff knew Catherine would like to marry Edgar, he left her. After 3 years, he appeared again and became a rich gentleman. To Heathcliff, he can accept everything Hindley did to him, but he could not accept Catherine’s betrayal which made him heartbroken and left. At the beginning, he thought he would not see Catherine any longer and began his new life from then on. However, his love for Catherine didn’t disappear with passage of time. In opposition, his love became more
and more strong.
When Catherine met Heat cliff again, she was particularly excited and forgot her identity. She ignored everything and still loved Heathcliff insanely. When she was ill, she yearned for Heathcliff and the life in Wuthering Heights. Even when she was dying, who she wanted to meet was still Heathcliff. And for the next seven years, Catherine coasted through life, living only in the past. Her soul was so eager to meet Heathcliff’s soul.
3. The hate between Heathcliff and Catherine
3.1 The hate when Catherine’s shifting her love to Edgar
Because of the strength of his love for Catherine, Heathcliff undertook his wicked and vengeful revenge against those deems responsible for his misery.
Heathcliff came from the lower class and because of this, the Linton families made him feel unworthy of her. Catherine sought a more genteel life therefore betraying their love. Three years later, Heathcliff came back with power and money, he was longing for meeting Catherine, at this time he began to do an elaborate plan for revenge. But his cruel and harmful behavior came from the pain of his love. He became a fiend, a demon, toward every person around him. Without Catherine, he lost his sense of life, revenge replaced love, and became the driving force behind his actions.
3.2 The hate after Heathcliff’s coming back
This first act of revenge led to the second, the revenge of Heathcliff on Hindley. He might even be seen as a cause for Catherine’s death. Heathcliff took advantage of him anyway. Especially after the father’s death, Heathcliff, who has been brought up like a son in the family, suffered from a bad treatment. He acted devilishly, brought pain and fear to Wuthering Heights, eventually took over the estate and didn’t even stop at Hindley’s descendant Hareton, who had to live the life of an unpaid servant in his father’s house. His motivation is a burning hate for Hindley. This was an absolutely
crucial point in Heathcliff’s life, his most crucial defeat.
3.3The hate after Catherine’s death
After Catherine’s death, Heathcliff realized that his whole life was filled with hate and vengeance. It was beyond reasonable doubt that love was deeper, more profound, stronger, and deeper-felt than hatred. Heathcliff spent his whole life seeking through revenge a way to satisfy his hatred and anger, but it was useless for there love still flourished. When Heathcliff fulfilled his revenge, he found that the primary pleasure was no longer within him. He began to give up his revenge, wanting only to be with Catherine. The humanity of his love arose again, love for Catherine eroding his lust for revenge.
Inevitably, the unbridgeable gab in Catherine’s and Heathcliff’s social
positionsrenders their fervent romance unrealizable on any practical level. The love and hate between Heath cliff and Catherine, on account of their soul has been the unit can’t separate from each other, no more than two bodies. The emotion can’t use the culture to explain and alter it. The temporal social culture compares with the delicate humanity, thereby resulting in a painful ending to this love story. When love turns to hate, hate twists the humanity. This profound avatar is shown through Heathcliff and Catherine. The author shows for us the struggle between humanity’s love, hate and social culture. In light if this ideal, today, we should learn how we choose our love when we face it.
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