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APPENDIX `A' APPLICATION GUIDELINES

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APPENDIX `A' APPLICATION GUIDELINES

    Application Guidelines

    for

Check’s - Test’s - Inspection’s

    of

Life Safety System Components

Daily Requirements

INSPECT

    Exit Lights - Check all exit lights not equipped with dual bulbs or fluorescent lamps to ensure that they are illuminated and that their faceplates are intact. Replace defective units as soon as possible.

CHECK

    Fire Alarm System - Visually check the fire alarm panel to ensure that the AC power lamp is illuminated and to determine if there are any trouble signals annunciated. If the AC power lamp is off, press the "lamp test" switch to verify that power is connected. Failure of the lamps to come on indicates that the AC power to the system has been interrupted. Check the fire alarm system AC breaker or call your supervisor. If any lamps besides the AC power on lamp are illuminated, note the lamp description and advise your supervisor immediately.

CHECK

    Voice Communication - Visually check the voice communication panel to ensure that the AC power lamp is illuminated and to determine if there are any trouble signals annunciated.

CHECK

    Tank Heating Equipment - and accessories shall be checked during freezing weather to ensure that they are in operating condition and that the heater valves are open.

CHECK

    Water Tanks/Tank Enclosure - During freezing weather check to ensure that the fire protection water tank temperature is maintained above 4?C (40?F). If the temperature is lower, advise your supervisor immediately.

CHECK

    Fire Pump Room - During freezing weather, check to ensure that the pump room temperature is maintained above 4?C (40?F). It the temperature is lower, advise your supervisor immediately.

Weekly Requirements

    Life Safety Systems " Management’s Responsibilities “ May 16, 1994 2

     CHECK

    Hoods, Filters and Ducts (Public areas only) - Visually check hoods, filters and ducts in the ventilation system which are subject to the accumulation of combustible deposits, such as grease, to reduce fire hazard. Advise

    your supervisor if cleaning is necessary.

CHECK

Commercial Cooking Equipment - Visually check hoods, grease removal devices, fans

    and ducts for accumulation of grease or oily sludge. Clean as necessary to reduce fire hazard or advise your supervisor that cleaning is necessary.

CHECK

    Exit Lights - Visually check exit lights equipped with dual bulbs to ensure that they illuminated and that their face plates are intact. Replace defective units as soon as possible.

CHECK

    Sprinkler Control Valves - with the exception of all electrically supervised valves, all valves controlling water supply to the sprinkler system and alarm connections (i.e. water motor gongs, pressure switches) are to be checked to ensure that they are in the open position. Where valves are not open, report this to your supervisor. Where valves are open but not physically sealed or locked in that position (.e. chained and locked) take corrective action or contact your supervisor.

CHECK

    Drypipe Air Pressure - The compressor for the dry pipe system is designed to maintain the air pressure in a certain specified range (start and stop points). When, through leakage, the air pressure, drops to the lower limit of this range, the compressor shall automatically start up and increase the air pressure within the piping network until it reaches the upper limit, at which point the compressor shall shut off. Thus, the dry pipe pressure gauge shall be checked to ensure that the pressure is within the specified range. The proper range numbers are available from the sprinkler system supplier. If the compressor starts and stops continually or pressure is below the recommended limits, advise your supervisor immediately.

Weekly Requirements (cont.)

    Life Safety Systems " Management’s Responsibilities “ May 16, 1994 3

INSPECT

     Main Water Valves - All valves controlling water supplies exclusively for fire protection systems

    (i.e. sprinkler and standpipe water) shall be inspected to ensure that they are fully open and are sealed

    or locked in that position. Where valves are not open, report this to your supervisor, where valves

    are open but not physically sealed or locked in that position (i.e. chained and locked) take corrective

    action or contact your supervisor immediately.

CHECK

     Pressure Tanks - Pressure tanks supply pressurized water to the sprinkler and standpipe

    systems. They are typically located at the highest possible elevation to maximize the water

    pressure.

     CHECK

     Water Levels - The water level in pressurized tanks shall be checked to ensure that the water

    level is maintained. Generally, pressure tanks are two-thirds full of water and one-third

    pressurized air.

     Pressure - The air pressure gauge for pressure tanks shall be checked to ensure that air

    pressure is maintained. The required air pressure depends on the design of the specific system.

     however, an air pressure of at least 75 psi is typical for pressure tanks.

     Appropriate water and pressure levels shall be specified by the system supplier. If either level

    is outside the recommended upper and lower limits, contact your supervisor immediately.

     INSPECT

     Relief Valves - The relief valves on the air and water side (where applicable) of the pressure

    tank shall be inspected. Where the operation of a relief valve is questionable, the valve shall

    be tested. The relief valve for the air supply is usually located between the compressor and the

    pressure tank. This valve may be tested by:

     a) Determining the valve's pressure setting (check manufacturer's specifications).

     b) Placing the compressor on manual mode and turn it on.

     c) Observing the air pressure gauge. The pressure shall increase until the relief valve

    pressure limit is reached. This limit shall correspond to the design specifications.

Life Safety Systems " Management’s Responsibilities “ May 16, 1994 4

     d) If the pressure continues to increase 10% beyond the specified pressure limit, then turn

    off the compressor and replace the relief valve. Contact your supervisor immediately

    if relief valve is defective.

    CHECK

     Reservoir Water Level - The water level in the fire pump reservoir shall be checked to

    ensure that the reservoir is full. If the reservoir is not full, contact your supervisor

    immediately.

    INSPECT

     Operate Fire Pump - Fire pumps are either started automatically by means of a timer or

    require the operator to start them manually. The fire pump shall be operated at rated speeds

    in order to check the discharge and suction pressures. These pressures shall be checked to

    ensure that they comply with the design specifications.

INSPECT

     The pump bearing lubricant shall be checked. Where the bearings are lubricated with oil,

    the oil level shall be checked. Where the bearings are lubricated with grease, grease shall be

    added or the bearings repacked according to the manufacturer's recommendations.

     Where relief valves are provided, they are generally located on the discharge side of the pump. When

    no sprinkler heads or standpipe hose valves are open (as is the case when operating the pump for

    inspection purposes), no water is flowing and the pressure increases until the relief valve opens.

    Relief valves usually open slightly above 100% rated pressure, however, it shall be ensured that the

    relief valve for horizontal shaft fire pumps open at less than 120% rated head at 100% rated capacity,

    while relief valves for vertical shaft fire pumps open at 140% head at 100% rated capacity. Thus, it

    shall be ensured that the relief valve operates at the correct pressure (check discharge pressure gauge)

    during the operation of the pump.

     The relief valve may discharge the water to the drain or recirculate it back to the suction side of the

    pump. Where the relief valve discharges the water to a drain the operation of the relief valve is easily

    detected. Where the relief valve re-circulates the water back to the suction side of the pump, the

    operation of the relief valve may be checked with a flow meter, site glass or by feeling the re-

    circulation pipe to determine if there is water flowing.

INSPECT

     It shall be ensured that the fire pump is primed in accordance with the manufacturer's specifications.

    Where the suction side pressure gauge indicates zero gauge pressure, with the pump turned off, then

    the pump will generally require some type of priming to eliminate the air in the system. If a priming

    tank is provided for this purpose, it shall be ensured that it is full. Where the suction side pressure

    gauge indicates a positive gauge pressure, with the pump turned off, then the pump is probably

    self-priming.

    Life Safety Systems " Management’s Responsibilities “ May 16, 1994 5

     Listen to the pump while it is operating to determine if there are any unusual noises. Unusual noises

    may be an indication of a problem that shall be corrected immediately. If the pump does not operate

    correctly contact your supervisor immediately.

INSPECT

     If an internal combustion engine is used to power the fire pump, then its operation shall also be

    inspected. The pump shall be operated for a minimum of 30 minutes to bring the engine up to normal

    operating temperature. The engine oil level and fuel supply shall be inspected.

INSPECT

     The batteries used to start the engine shall be inspected to ensure that:

     terminals are clean and lubricated where necessary

     terminal clamps are clean and tight where necessary

     electrolyte level and specific gravity, where applicable, are as specified by the manufacturer

     If the pump does not operate correctly, contact your supervisor immediately.

     NOTE: Before conducting this inspection, confirm that the building occupants have been notified that

    an alarm signal will sound. Also notify the Fire Department and/or the central station monitoring the

    fire alarm system (if applicable).

TEST

     Emergency Generator - The emergency electrical power shall be tested weekly.

     The test for system operation shall include:

     Simulation of a failure of the normal supply be arranged so that:

     i) An engine-generator set operates under at least 50% of the rated load for 30 minutes;

    and

     ii) All automatic transfer switches are operated under load;

TEST

     Include an inspection for correct function of all auxiliary equipment such as radiator shutter

    control, coolant pumps, fuel transfer pumps, oil coolers and engine room ventilation controls; Life Safety Systems " Management’s Responsibilities “ May 16, 1994 6

     Include the readings of all instruments associated with the prime mover and generator and

    verify that they are normal.

If the generator does not operate correctly, call your supervisor immediately.

    NOTE: The method for simulation of a failure of normal supply shall be selected with expert advice in consultation with an electrical contractor on the comparative risks of using a test switch associated with a transfer switch voltage sensor and manually tripping a circuit breaker in the building distribution system.

Life Safety Systems " Management’s Responsibilities “ May 16, 1994 7

Monthly Requirements

INSPECT

     Fire Doors - Inspect all door hardware including latches, hinges, door closers, etc. Ensure that they

    operate properly while manually opening and closing the door and that, when opened, they return to

    their closed position and latch. If door closers, latches or hinges do not operate properly, take

    corrective action or advise your supervisor that this work is necessary.

CHECK

     Pilot Lights - On the emergency lighting central unit and self contained equipment will be visually

    checked for operation.

INSPECT

     Emergency Lighting Central Unit and Self Contained Equipment - Will be inspected monthly to

    ensure that:

     a) Terminal connections are clean, free of corrosion and lubricated when necessary.

     b) Terminal clamps are clean and tight as per manufacturers specifications.

     c) The electrolyte level and specific gravity are maintained as per manufacturers specifications,

    and

     d) the battery surface is kept clean and dry.

TEST

     Emergency Lighting Unit Equipment - will be tested monthly to ensure that the emergency lights

    will function upon failure of the primary power supply. The test button will first be activated, then

    the plug pulled out to allow the system to be tested for remote lamps, where applicable, under battery

    power. After completion of the test, the charging conditions of voltage and current and the recovery

    period shall be tested to ensure that the charging system is in accordance with the manufacturers

    specifications.

     Where a unit fails this test, take corrective action by following the emergency lighting unit

    manufacturers trouble shooting guide or contact your supervisor immediately.

Life Safety Systems " Management’s Responsibilities “ May 16, 1994 8

TEST

     Fire Drill - The manager shall ensure that a fire drill is carried out for the supervisory staff in charge

    of the children in Daycare areas as outlined in the Fire Safety Plan.

     NOTE:

     Although not required by Code, it is recommended that the children also participate in the drills. This

    drill is only required for the supervisory staff in charge of the Day Care and is not required for other

    supervisory staff throughout the building.

TEST

     Welding & Cutting Equipment - Welding and cutting equipment used in the building shall be tested

    for leaks with a leak test solution. The equipment is to be submerged in the solution as outlined in the

    solution manufacturer's specifications.

INSPECT

     Fire Extinguishers - Inspect all fire extinguishers to ensure that the fire extinguisher has not been

    tampered with, is not damaged, missing, impaired leaking, under or overcharged, or has obvious

    corrosion. If the extinguisher appears defective, replace it immediately or contact your supervisor.

TEST

     Fire Alarm Test - Conduct the following tests on the fire alarm system and take appropriate

    corrective measures if required.

     a) One manual alarm initiating device shall be operated on a monthly rotation basis and shall

    initiate an alarm condition.

     b) The intended function of all alarm audible signal appliances shall be ensured.

     c) The annunciator panel shall be checked to ensure that the tested devices are annunciated

    correctly.

     d) The intended function of the audible and visual trouble signals shall be ensured by operating

    the lamp test switch. Where a lamp test switch is not provided, the wiring to one side of a

    manual pull station shall be removed to verify a trouble condition results.

     e) Fire alarm batteries shall be checked to ensure that:

     Terminals are clean and lubricated where necessary

     Terminal clamps are clean and tight where necessary

Life Safety Systems " Management’s Responsibilities “ May 16, 1994 9

     Electrolyte level and specific gravity, where applicable, are as specified by the

    manufacturer

     Where any of the above tests do not provide the function expected, contact your supervisor

    immediately. After the test, ensure that the system is reset and all indicators except "POWER

    ON" are not illuminated.

     NOTE: Before conducting this test, ensure that the building occupants have been notified that an

    alarm signal will sound. Also notify the Fire Department and/or the Central Station monitoring the

    fire alarm system (if applicable).

TEST

     Voice Communication Test - Voice communications to and from floor areas to the central alarm

    and control facility shall be tested as described below:

     a) One Fire Department handset shall be operated on a rotation basis and shall sound an audible

    and distinguishable signal at the central alarm and control facility;

     b) Loudspeakers operated from the central alarm and control facility shall sound an audible and

    distinguishable signal to the floor area served by each loudspeaker.

     These tests shall be performed by following the equipment suppliers normal operating procedures.

    Where any part of this test fails, call the designated voice communication system service department

    or contact your supervisor immediately.

INSPECT

     Fire Hose Cabinets - Inspect all fire hose cabinets to ensure the hose is properly racked, the valve is

    not leaking and all hose keys, nozzles, etc. (if applicable), are in place. If defects are found, take

    corrective action or contact your supervisor immediately.

     TEST

     Sprinkler Alarm Test - Manually open the sprinkler system alarm test connection located at each

    sprinkler alarm check valve assembly to ensure that an alarm signal will be initiated in less than five

    minutes. Confirm that the alarm signal is identified properly at the fire alarm panel. Also, confirm

    that the water motor gong is audible.

NOTE:

     .1 If there is only one alarm check valve serving the sprinkler system, this test is not required

    during the annual testing month as the same flow alarm signal will be initiated during the main

    water supply test. However, ensure that the test is being completed and "checked off" on

    both charts.

    Life Safety Systems " Management’s Responsibilities “ May 16, 1994 10

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