Lesson 8: Can I grow a New Brain
I have often thought it would be a blessing if every human
being were stricken to be blind and deaf for a few days at some
time during his early adult life
Darkness would make him more appreciative of sight, silence would teach him the joys of sound. Yet those who have eyes apparently see little. The panorama of color and action is taken for granted.
I don’t think China is likely to become a military superpower.
Life science, gene, gene map, genetic sequence, genetic engineering, transgenic food, stem cells, master cells, Dolly, cloning, a clone, ethnic problems, mortality, failure rates, religious problems, Vatican, …
Education, science and technology, life, culture vulture, crime and punishment
1. That’s because one could get one’s body separated from
one’s brain, but one, as a specific/unique individual/in order
to keep his identity, couldn’t possibly be separated/divorced
from one’s brain.
Part company with sb.
Enjoy one’s company
Keep company with sb.
In the company of = in the presence of
You can judge a person by the company he keeps.
2. He believes that it is not possible in the near future, because
human-brain transplants involve millions of connections,
which are simply too complicated for any surgeon to handle.
Burn = swindle, cheat, deceive
3. The results of the treatment are mixed. It improved the
mobility of many of the Parkinson’s patients, but usually only
partly and in some cases not at all/it does not work at all.
A mixed blessing, mixed feelings, mixed results, mix well with, a good mixer, singles mixer, fundraiser, major, giant, product mix, export mix,
4. For starters, there is the ethically charged issue of making
use of / mining aborted fetuses and even the problem is
solved, then there exist practical factors. For each patient,
cells from as many as 15 fetuses must be harvested/collected
and they must be transplanted almost immediately. So in
view of these practical concerns, it can hardly be popular in
Take advantage of, make use of, avail oneself of, capitalize on, cash in on, draw on, exploit, mine, harness, with, by means of,…
Armed with secretarial skills, she soon landed a job. The industrial park boasts a green coverage of more than
China is blessed with rich natural resources.
Thanksgiving Day dinners feature turkey and pumpkin pies.
5. The discovery about the fetal brain is that it contains
master cells that can grow into any kind of brain cell. Team up with, collaborate with, cooperate with
6. The traditional training is that the adult brain is rigid, or not plastic, that nerve cells or neurons, could never regenerate themselves. A person is born with more brain cells that he needs, and gradually loses them and becomes dumber and dumber as he gets older.
7. The path to overturning the dogma of the rigid brain was circuitous. (para. 7) In 1992, he announced that his lab had removed stemlike cells from mouse brains and had grown them in a culture. He injected stem cells into mice and the cells automatically sought out the injured part of the cortex and changed themselves into healthy neurons. In another experiment, he used stem cells to cure mice of a disease that resembled multiple sclerosis. (para. 10)
8. They are Gage and Snyder whose research has stood
neuroscience on its head/turned the neuroscience the other
9. According to him, it seems better to be the recipient than the donor, because the cells will take their cue/take the order from the host that houses them rather than remembering their past lives.
Long/immediately / just/two months before…
not least because…
Let alone, not to mention, to say nothing of…, much less
Wag, good mixer, sage, guru,
Gate crasher, name dropper, Jack of all trades Impress the society,
As … puts it,
How shall I put it?
Put it bluntly
Impress the society
Impress the prospective employer Reverse
Versatile, anniversary, avert a crisis, revert,
Many, if not most students attended the lecture. A host of ideas,
A barrage of criticism
A swarm of bees, a herd of cattle, A gust of wind, a fit of cough, a burst of laughter, a storm of
= draw out
Tractor, distract, attract
Disrupt, interrupt, corrupt, bankrupt, rupture Erupt = break out
Rewire your gray matter
Deprive sb of sth.
Busy, have a heavy session, time-deprived
However time-deprived we are, we should carve out some time for English learning.
Give occasion to = occasion = give rise to = bring about Team up with = collaborate with = cooperate with
Blockbuster, giant, major, institution, fundraiser, Marriage is a good institution.
Marriage is a great institution, but who wants to live in an institution?
Rewire your grey matter,
Give rise to = give occasion to = occasion = bring about
Thriving, prosperous, booming, blooming, blossoming,
thrive on controversy,
Survive and thrive, survive and succeed Colony,
Be flush with
Be filled up with, be full of, be imbued with, …
Most, if not all,
Few, if any, people,
A mixed blessing
Mix with sb.
Mix well with
A good mixer, a wet blanket, a gate crasher, an apple polisher, a
clinging vine, worrywart,
product mix, export mix,
Deprive sb. of sth
However time-deprived we are, we should carve out some time
Environment-friendly and resources-saving/conserving society
Use, utilize, harness, take advantage of, make use of, avail
oneself of, capitalize on, with, through, by means of…
Sweeping = having wide-ranging influence
Be dismissed as nonsense/ridiculous Gene map, gene sequence, transgenic food, genetic engineering
Or so goes the conventional wisdom Regenerative ability
Entertain the possibility
Bankrupt = broke
I’m flat broke.
Erupt = break out
Extract = draw out
abstracts, distract, attract, tractor, Select, pick out
The wired classroom
The wired world
Rewire your gray matter
Pedal, impede, expedition,
Give rise to = give occasion to, to occasion Culture
Team up with = cooperate with
Engineer = alter/produce by method of genetic engineering
That’s the beauty of…= that’s the attraction of…
Beauty lies in the eye of the beholder. Beauty and beast
Home in on
Do nothing more than…
a thriving colony
Prosperous, booming, blooming, flourishing, blossoming,
Survive and thrive,
Survive and succeed
Thrive on controversy
Unilateralism, multilateralism, Phenomenon,
Go it alone
An increasing number of people
Paycheck, payback, payroll
Cut the payroll