International Phonetic Symbols？国际音标，
48 phonetic symbols Vowel sounds : Pure vowels, Diphthongs
Consonants: Voiceless C. Voiced C. Voiceless C.
[m] [n] [ŋ]
元音 vowels (20个)
[ i:] – e, ee, ea, ie, ei, eo…
A: Tea or coffee?
B: Tea for Lee and coffee for me, please.
[ i ] – i, e, y, ey…
His little sister is sitting in the middle.
[ e ] – e, ea, ai …
Good, better, best. Never let it rest.
Till good is better. And better best. [ æ ] – a
Cat, cat! Catch that black rat! 中元音
[ ə ] – er, a, e
The farmer’s sister is a doctor.
[ ə:] – ir, ur or
The early bird catches the worm first.
[Λ] – o, u
Come to the front on the double.
[a:] – ar, a…
It’s far to the farm from the park.
כ ] – o, a [
The little pot is so hot.
[ כ: ]—or, a, au, ar
My daughter who’s forty-four is a lawyer.
[u] – oo
Look at the cookbook. It’s really good.
[u:] – oo, u, ou, oe…
How do you do? You look really cool.
单元音 vowels (12个)
[ i:] [ i ] [ e ] [æ]
[Λ] [ə:] [ə ]
[a:] [ɔ:] [ɔ] [u:] [u]
[ ei ] – a, ai, ay, ea, ei
Rain, rain go away. Little Johnny wants to play.
[ ai] – i, y
Out of sight, out of mind. [כi ]—oy, oi
Soybean oil is my choice.
[əu] – o, oa, ow,
Go and open the window, Joe, and show me
[au] – ou, ow
I found a mouse in the house. [iə] – ear, eer, ea
We are near the end of the year. [Èə] – ere, air, are, eir
Where there is a will, there is a way.
[uə] – ure, our
It’s sure to be good for the tourists.
辅音 Consonants (28个) 1.爆破音
• [p] Practice makes perfect.
• [b] Barry found a big bug on her bed.
• [t] This is a hat, that’s a cap.
• [d] The doorman told David to go down.
• [k] Don’t kit the kitten.
• [g] A good beginning makes a good ending. 两清辅音一起时！后一个清辅音变成浊辅音！或叫浊化[sp] ?[sb] [st] ?[sd] [ sk] ?[sg]
[ m ] May I have some milk, mum? [ n ] Nora knows the new comer. [ ŋ ] Lingling is listening to the song.
[f] If you buy fish, make sure it’s fresh.
[v] Victor is very clever.
[ ; ] Thank you for your table cloth. [ ð ] Those are far and these are near. [ s ] Sandy has a new swimming suit. [ z ] What size of shoes does Daisy wear?
[ ； ] sure, she, social, nation
Wash the fish, please.
[ ʒ ] pleasure, television
George measured the garage with pleasure. [ h ] have hot, who whole hate house
Helen holds her hands.
[ r ] read, write, wrong
Are you ready to read?
[ t ] He teaches children how to play chess.
[d ] John likes to tell jokes.
[ tr ] There’re lots of trucks in the street.
[ dr ] He likes strong drinks.
[ ts ] The students are wearing white shirts.
[dz] Take away your dirty hands. 5 舌边音:
[l] land, world 如果在后面 读[ ł ] little, middle, castle！puzzle
What a beautiful bicycle!
[ w ] wall, what, answer
The homework every week is very hard.
[ j ] yes yellow year
Yes, your yellow skirt is wet.