Answer sheet of lesson thirteen
“Living with disabilities” Task 1:New Words
Be attuned to
Idiopathic Encephalitis Lancet
Able-bodied In good company
Living with Neuromuscular Diseases
Task 2 spot dictation
There are more than 200 known neuromuscular diseases. Muscular dystrophy is perhaps the most______. These diseases affect more than 400,000 people in the United States, physically and ______.
What do you think when you see someone in a ________? Do you feel sad or sorry for them? Do you think life can’t be ________? Do you wonder if that person has a job or is married? Meet Nancy Seyden. She was a college ________, earned a master’s degree. She’s worked for the University of California at UC Davis for 25 years, and she’s a ________.
Now is that what you thought when you first looked at Nancy? If you didn’t, you’re not ___________, which is why Nancy and a fellow researcher decided to study the quality-of-life ________ for people living with neuromuscular diseases, and how other people ________ them.
Task 3 Note Taking
1, Several things that the researchers did to look at quality of life: A:____________________________________________________ B:____________________________________________________ C:____________________________________________________
2, On a one-to-six scale of quality of life:
A: people without neuromuscular disease rate___________________. B: people with neuromuscular disease rate______________________.
3, Things that were more difficult to people with disabilities: A:____________________________________________________ B:____________________________________________________ C:____________________________________________________
4, A general perception that society has about people with disabilities: ________________________________________________________.
5, Physicians’ view about people with neuromuscular disease:
6, The main reason that Nancy teaches a class to medical students:
7, What people with disabilities want you to see about them: ______________________________________________________.
Task 4 True or False
1. Not many doctors know well congenital myasthenic syndrome. 2. At first glance, you would guess that something isn’t quite right with
Aryela and Brianna Fawcett.
3. Years of diagnostic tests didn’t reveal what was wrong with Aryela
and Brianna Fawcett.
4. Dr. Constance Bowe didn’t know what to do with Aryela and Brianna
Fawcett when their exam was completely normal. 5. It was electro-diagnostic tests that suggested the diagnosis of
congenital myasthenic syndrome.
6. Conventional tests don’t show any obvious abnormalities in the case
of congenital myasthenic syndrome.
Task 5 Short-Answer Questions
1. What is the problem with congenital myasthenic syndrome?
2. How are Aryela and Brianna affected by the problem?
3. What treatment is given to Aryela and Brianna?
4. Why is the family training a canine companion?
5. What are the purposes of the two doctors’ work?
6. How many patients have now been suspected of having congenital
Dopamine drug leads to new neurons and recovery of
Task 6 Summary
If you or someone you know suffers from Parkinson’s disease, you
probably recognize the typical symptoms --a shuffling gait, __________, stiffness, __________, and tremor. You may not know that the symptoms are caused by ___________________________ that produce a nerve-signaling chemical called “dopamine”.
Preliminary results of a study indicate that ________________ may also cause stem cells that already exist in the adult brain _________________. The drug also led to __________ in rats suffering from and animal form of Parkinson’s disease.
Researchers are now looking at how different doses of these drugs___________________. They are also carrying out experiments to learn if using drugs that act on other kids of receptors might stimulate this sort of new neuron growth________________.
Task 7 listen to the passage, take notes, and interpret it into Chinese: