th1. Amendment: Amendment: 3. 14
A law added to the Constitution Made all former slaves citizens
thth2. 13 Amendment: 4. 15 Amendment:
Law outlawing Slavery Gave All citizens the right to vote
To pardon or Forgive
6. Tenant Farmer:
Someone who farmed another person’s land and pays money or crops for rent.
Someone who farmed another person’s land and received a share of the crop.
8. Radical Republicans:
Republicans in congress who wanted to punish the south and set up military rule
9. Black Codes/ Jim Crow Laws
Laws that limited the rights of former slaves in the south
Separating people and the basis of race
To take the right to vote away
One Step Forward…
One step back.
-Former slave owner
-Easy on the south
Radical Republican Congressmen
-Punish the south
-Establish Military rule -Help the freed slaves
-Free but not seen as equals Former Confederates
-Bitter from losing the war -Want life back the way it was -Don’t want to be told what to do.
•13th Amendment: Freed Slaves •14th Amendment: Made them Citizens •15th Amendment: Gave them the right to vote.
Freedmen’s Bureau: An organization that provided:
Health Care, Education, Jobs and…
President Johnson gave the land back to the original owners and ended the program.
Civil Rights Act of 1866: Gave equal rights to all Americans regardless of race.
Johnson tried to veto it but failed. But… the Supreme Court rejected it.
Black Codes and Jim Crow Laws:
Laws that limited the rights of freed slaves.
All freedmen, free negroes or mullatoes who lived together as husband and wife shall be taken and held in law as legally married, and it shall not be lawful for any freedman, free negro or mulatto to intermarry with any white person; nor for any person to intermarry with any freedman, free negro or mulatto; and any person who shall so intermarry shall be deemed guilty of felony, and on conviction thereof shall be confined in the State penitentiary for life; and those shall be deemed freedmen, free negroes and mulattoes who are of pure negro blood, and those descended from a negro to the third generation, inclusive, though one ancestor in each generation may have been a white person.
Compromise of 1877:
- Two people tied for President
- Tilden (Dem) vs. Hayes (Rep)
Compromise: Both sides give something
And the Deal is…
-The Republican Hayes gets to be President
- The North pulls its armies out of the south.
The End Of Reconstruction
Ends in 1877:
–Slavery is Illegal
–The Nation is united. (?)
–Equality for freed slaves is still far off.
So What Can We Learn?
What Happens when problems are not dealt with? –1787: Didn’t address slavery when we created the Constitution
–1860’s: Civil War over Slavery, didn’t finish the job of helping the freed slaves. –1950’s & 60’s: Second Civil Rights movement seeking equal rights. So What Can We Learn?
Problems don’t go away. We need to deal with them.