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Reconstruction activities

By Jeffery Butler,2014-04-12 21:52
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Reconstruction activities

    Reconstruction activities

1. Roads and bridges

    According to the sources of the Council of Development and Reconstruction, the number of destroyed bridges, in whole or in part, on the international and side roads is 95 bridges. 70 of those bridges were adopted for reconstruction, two of which were completely accomplished until now (details in annex No. 1 schedule No. 1). In addition, the number

    of destroyed roads is 151 roads throughout the Lebanese territories.

    According to the first stage of the rehabilitation and reconstruction plan of the Ministry of Public Works that stipulates the immediate start to reconnect the regions, 120 subcontracts were entered into to convert and repair roads by the High Commission for Relief for a total amount of Lebanese Lira 8.6 billion knowing that some of these contracts include more than one road or one conversion, which increases the number of subcontracted projects to 312 projects in all Lebanese governorates. Furthermore, French, Russian and British technical teams are installing around 15 temporary iron bridges based on the technical advice of the Commission consultants. The Ministry shall, in the second stage, reconstruct the bridges and re-qualify the totally damaged roads.

    Since this stage includes the study, execution and supervision of facilities, the reconstruction period shall take between six months and two years until the last trace of the last war on the roads and bridges is removed.

2. Communications

    The Ministry of Communications started the rehabilitation and reconstruction workshop of the centrals, landlines and mobile relays in all Lebanese territories and completed a big part thereof. In the South, 47 out of 58 centrals that were heavily damaged were repaired and work is still under way on the remaining ones while the ten centrals that were completely destroyed are being studied for a global conception to reconstruct the same in the best manner. The fourteen damaged generating stations were also re-commissioned and 63 out of 175 payphones were repaired and the remaining ones are being imported. As for the lines, 60 percent of the damaged networks, which consist of 169 thousand phone lines, were repaired. As for some stations located near the borders, they shall be repaired and commissioned in the coming period after the withdrawal of the occupation forces and the deployment of the Lebanese army and the UN forces.

    In the southern region of Beirut, 30 percent out of nearly 200 thousand damaged phone lines were repaired pending the termination of the debris removal works and completion of the infrastructure. As for the Bekaa region, around 80% out of 38,800 damaged phone lines were repaired. In the North, all fiber optics communication cables that were damaged due to the war actions were repaired.

    As for the mobile phones, the Ministry of Communication and the mobile companies made all the repairs that included 5 control centers and 13 damaged transmission stations.

3. Power

    The Ministry of Power made major efforts to rehabilitate the power and water sectors in order to restore such services to all regions, especially the ravaged ones. In the electricity sector, two out of five sets in Jiyyeh thermal factory were commissioned and most transmission lines were repaired, even if temporary. In addition, most distribution networks, which works are expected to end prior to the current month, are repaired.

    The Syrian technicians helped repair the damages during the first days of the end of military actions. In addition, the Embassy of Iran offered a set of electrical generators for some municipalities and was ready to finance part of the losses while Egypt contributed with an amount of US Dollars 4 million and a technical team who will work with Lebanon Electricity Company to repair Siblin station, the transmission lines and the underground cables and it offered many required equipments. Furthermore, Algeria offered during the war to store the gas oil in its ports for free while the State of Kuwait worked to provide alternative vessels to transport the gas oil immediately after the marine siege on Lebanon.

    In the water sector, most of the main drag lines were repaired through subcontracts by the High Commission for Relief while the non

    governmental organizations provided temporary water tanks and mobile laboratories to test and purify the water for those returning to their villages in the South.

4. Schools

    The United Arab Emirates, that offered to restore and reconstruct all official and private schools, in the South and Nabatiyeh governorates, which amount to 216 schools, have completed the rehabilitation of 90 schools

    that needed slight and partial restoration. The State of Qatar, that offered the restoration and reconstruction of 29 schools in some villages, completed the rehabilitation of 11 schools that needed slight and partial restoration as well. The rehabilitation of 355 official schools and 5 private schools were subcontracted by the High Commission for Relief while some countries and charitable organizations undertook to rehabilitate schools in many regions, as per the below schedule:

State/Organization No. of adopted Region

    schools

    United Arab Emirates 216 South, Nabatiyeh

    Qatar 30 South, Nabatiyeh

    Development Switzerland 54 Bekaa, North, Mount

    Lebanon

    Walid Ben Talal 10 Southern Dahieh

    MERCYCORP 40 South, Nabatiyeh,

    Baalbeck

    International Orthodox 22 South, Nabatiyeh

    Charitable Organization

    Farah Al-Ataa 3 Marjehyoun

    Caritas 2 Saida

    Germany (KFW) 21 vocational Bekaa, South

    schools

    Turkey 35 units of ready

    schools

    Iran 71 Southern Dahieh,

    Bekaa

5. Hospitals

    The Ministry of Public Health managed to date to rehabilitate and commission Mays Al-Jabal Hospital and Marjehyoun Hospital that stopped working due to the war actions. The Ministry is also coordinating with the bodies entrusted by the United Arab Emirates to restore and re-equip the governmental hospitals in Marjehyoun, Bent Jbeil and Ourqoub villages.

6. Beirut International Airport

    The General Directorate of Civil Aviation ended the necessary engineering works to restore the runways and aprons in Rafiq Hariri International Airport, especially runways 17-35 and 03-21 where they were normally run starting from 17/9/2006 in addition to the services tunnel located on the

    airplanes apron. Work is still under way to restore the marine western runway for four out of six holes were restored and the restoration thereof is expected to end within nearly one month.

    As for the rehabilitation of the fuel tanks, the Directorate is doing its best to start the work therein in the near future. Such work shall be by a generous initiative from CCC Company.

7. Removing the debris and rubble

    The High Commission for Relief subcontracted the works of debris removal in all Lebanese regions. So far, 1,045,000 cubic meters of debris were removed from the Southern Dahieh of Beirut and transported to the temporary dumps in Khalde, Ouzahi and the surrounding of Rafiq Hariri International Airport.

    As for the South of Lebanon, the Ministry of Public Works signed 3 contracts of debris removal while the South Council signed the remaining contracts. The debris were limited by the Commission consultant in cooperation with the South Council to 103 towns and cities of the South and Nabatiyeh governorates in order to enter into contract to this effect. The debris quantity reached, according to the destroyed spaces and number of layers, around 607,441 cubic meters knowing that the final quantity expected will surpass 1,100,000 cubic meters. In addition, the Ministry of Works completed the debris removal in the Bekaa region.

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