Reconstruction Study Guide
Ms. Garratt – American History
Lesson One: A Time for Reconciliation pp.376-384
1. In what ways was the Southern economy destroyed after the Civil War?
2. What factors made the process of economic recovery extremely difficult?
3. How was the labor force impacted by the war?
4. Why was the practice of sharecropping important to both freed blacks and plantation owners? 5. The plan to bring the 11 Confederate states back into the Union was known by what name? 6. “I do not want to hurt the hair of a single man in the South if it can possibly be avoided”. Who said this and
what view did it reflect?
7. When Union forces took over a Southern area what were organized?
8. What were the key points of Lincoln’s Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction?
9. In your opinion was this Proclamation sufficient? If not, what would you have included? 10. Into what 2 factions did the Republican Party split?
11. How did the Wade Davis Bill differ from Lincoln’s moderate policy?
12. Why were Moderate Republicans willing to back the Radicals in support of the Wade Davis Bill? 13. How was the Wade Davis Bill defeated?
14. In what way did Lincoln eventually compromise with the Radicals? (What did he propose?) 15. Why was Lincoln’s assassination detrimental to the South?
16. What was the background and fate of John Wilkes Booth?
17. Andrew Johnson’s background stood out in stark contrast to Lincoln. Explain.
18. Why did the Radicals dislike Johnson’s Reconstruction plan?
19. Southern states passed laws known as “Black Codes” in an effort to what?
20. Name 3 things that emancipation gave former slaves that the Black Codes and other forms of
discrimination cold not take away
21. How was the demography of Southern cities changed after the Civil War?
22. For what purposes was the Freedmen’s Bureau established? In what way do you think it was most
successful? Least successful?
23. How was education different in the post-war era? How were African-Americans affected? 24. What set the stage for a major conflict between Johnson and the Congress? (p. 384) 25. Why was the Fourteenth Amendment a major victory for the Radical Republicans?
26. The Moderates were less concerned with black rights than the Radicals so why did they also support it?
Lesson Two: Radical Reconstruction pp. 385-390
27. What were the results of the 1866 Congressional elections and how did Reconstruction policy change as a
28. Why did the Republicans want the newly formed Southern governments dissolved? 29. Before martial law would be lifted what did southern states have to ratify? 30. State conventions slowly began to be set up. What new group participated & which political party kept
expanding in the South?
31. How did Southern whites protest the new constitutions and how did that decision ultimately backfire? 32. How did Johnson alienate and ultimately provoke a Congressional resolution of impeachment? P. 387 33. Which political institution would conduct the trial of President Johnson? 34. How did the political climate change for African-Americans immediately after the Civil War? 35. What enabled some African-Americans to take control of local governments? 36. Why was the position of Hiram Revels particularly symbolic?
37. What attracted carpetbaggers to the South?
38. Why did the average Southerner resent carpetbaggers?
39. How would a carpetbagger defend his presence in the South?
40. Which group came up with the names carpetbaggers and scalawags?
41. Why did scalawags resent plantation owners?
42. What benefits did scalawags hope to gain from new state governments?
43. How did Southerners loyal to the Confederate cause view scalawags?
44. Did scalawags actively want to help emancipated blacks?
45. Look at the cartoon on page 389. How would you interpret it?
46. Southerners blamed the corruption in the South on 2 things. What were they? 47. What are some examples of the corruption that took place?
48. In what way was black suffrage important to Radicals politically?
49. How did the Radicals propose to ensure that black suffrage continued?
50. In what way did the Fifteenth Amendment not go far enough?
51. How would Southerners exploit this weakness?
Lesson Three: Southern Life Under Reconstruction pp. 391-397
52. What did General Sherman provide to newly emancipated blacks?
53. What happened to abandoned land?
54. What happened when President Johnson restored legal rights to white Southerners?
55. What is the relationship between labor and the black codes?
56. Why did white Southerners agree to abolish slavery?
57. Why was sharecropping a risky business? And to whom was it riskiest?
58. What was the promise of the Democrats in the South?
59. What did Redeemers believe states had a right to do?
60. Why did Redeemers target black voters?
61. How were Redeemers able to prevent black voters from voting?
62. How did gerrymandering reduce the political power of blacks?
63. What were at least 2 goals of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK)?
64. Who did the Klan target?
65. In what ways was the Klan a vigilante organization?
66. What efforts were made by law enforcement in the South to stop the Ku Klux Klan?
67. Did Redeemers and the Klan succeed in reducing black political power?
68. Give at least 6 reasons why the North was giving up on Reconstruction policy?
69. What was unusual about the 1876 presidential election?
70. What was the impact of the Compromise of 1877?
71. How would Home Rule effect civil rights in the South?
72. What political party would now dominate the South for the next 100 years?
73. How did Reconstruction change he US?
Lesson One Lesson Two Lesson Three
Reconstruction Radical Reconstruction Davis Bend
Sharecropping Military Reconstruction Acts Forty Acres & a Mule Proclamation of Amnesty & Reconst Martial law General Sherman Moderates Constitutional Conventions Freedmen’s Bureau
Radicals Tenure of Office Act Abandoned Land
Wade Davis Bill impeachment Black Codes
Pocket-veto Senator E.G. Ross of KS Sharecropping John Wilkes Booth Hiram Revels Redeemers
Andrew Johnson carpetbaggers Home Rule
Black Codes Scalawags Poll Tax
Freedmen’s Bureau Fifteenth Amendment Gerrymandering
Howard University Corruption Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
Joint Committee on Reconstruction Thaddeus Stevens Fourteenth Amendment Rutherford B. Hayes
Compromise of 1877