New Zealand, the Youngest Country
Legend has it that New Zealand was fished from the sea. Fact has it that New Zealand was the last land mass on earth to be discovered, making New Zealand the youngest country on earth.
Three points:population ,character of Kiwis ,Wine and Gum industry Three aspects :British migration,Dutch Migration,Pacific Friends.
In 1839 there were only about 2000 Pakeha [?pɑki?hɑ〉 白种人(尤指祖先是欧洲人的新
西兰人 ( Europeans) in New Zealand. However the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi1. [新西兰] 怀唐伊 in 1840, which saw New Zealand become a British colony, had an enormous effect on the New Zealand population. British migrants were offered a paid passage to New Zealand, and 40,000 arrived here between 1840 and 1860. By 1858 the Maori (新西兰的)毛利人2. 毛利语and Pakeha populations were nearly equal. A labour shortage here in the late 19th century saw even more migrants from the British Isles and Europe . Most came with assistance from the New Zealand Government.
Abel Tasman, who sighted New Zealand in 1642, was the first European to visit New Zealand. In the 1950s ,an agreement between the Dutch and New Zealand governments saw a large number of Dutch migrants settle throughout New Zealand. Dutch migrants brought many skills with them, and made a major contribution to the development of the New Zealand restaurant, horticulture [?h?rt??k?lt??园艺学(particularly flower
growing), building design, and fashion industries. Today, about 100,000 New Zealanders can claim Dutch descent. Thanks to Dutch migrants, New Zealand currently exports tulip bulbs to the Netherlands!
During the 1960s and 70s( New Zealand faced a severe labour shortage. This led to a large number of migrants from the Pacific Islands arriving in New Zealand, especially in Auckland. Pacific Islanders now make up more than 5 percent of the New Zealand population, and Auckland is now the largest Polynesian city in the world. While Pacific Islanders were originally employed in factories and lesser-skilled jobs, a growing number are now entering the professions, and making a major contribution to professional sport, fashion, popular music, television, and the arts in New Zealand. The influence of Pacific Island food, fashion, and arts can be seen on the streets of most New Zealand cities.
Majority of the population are Christians under the following denominations –
1. 英国国教会的,英国圣公会的2. <美>英国的；英国人的；英国文化的n.
1. 圣公会的信徒 Catholic, and Presbyterian[?pr?zb??t?ri?n,n.
1. 长老制,长老派;长老会教义. Non-Christian religions include Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam.
Second, national character of Kiwis.
National stereotypes seem to fit many of the New Zealanders male and female population. For the kiwi male, the “kiwi ingenuity”, “hard man”, and “rugby, racing and beer”
have become the national stereotypes. Kiwi female stereotypes are not as strong compare with their male counterparts but still surround New Zealand women, it includes “independence” and “lack of femininity”[?f?m??n?n?ti.This quality is still seen
on the sporting field today. Rugby football is the most popular spectator sport in New Zealand, and the legendary All Blacks have won the World Cup once and been a finalist twice. Though the sport has public school beginnings in England. New Zealand was also one of the earliest countries to grant women the right to vote and has a strong trade union tradition.
The last thing i want to talk about is the wine and gum industry in Newzealand From the 1890s over 5000 migrants from Dalmatia (now in Croatia) settled in the far north. Most Dalmatians worked in the gumfields, digging for gum from the giant kauri[?ka?ri杉木的一种或其木材[树脂]tree. When gumdigging ceased, many Dalmatians
[d?l?mei?i?n]达尔马提亚人become involved with farming, intermarrying with locals and becoming part of the rural community. Dalmatian immigrants also established vineyards [?v?nj?d 葡萄园 in West Auckland in the early 1900s. Today, some of New Zealand’s best-known wines, including Babich and Pleasant Valley, come from vineyards established by Dalmatians in this area.