Learning about structures, Direct speech and indirect speech Teaching objectives:
After this class, Ss will be able to manage the following knowledge and skills: 1. know about direct speech and indirect speech
2. distinguish them and make conversion
3. know how to change questions in direct speech into statements in indirect apeech 4. choose proper sentence patterns in different speech environment
Change direct speech into indirect speech
Manage the transfer from question to statements
Learning & teaching arrangement
Teacher show several words on the screen, they are words like said, told, asked, suggested, mentioned and wondered. Students read these words with the teacher, then think and find out what similarities do they have.
a. They are words that are used to describe the action of saying something by others. b. They are all in past tense.
Just now we have met so many words, and do you want to use them in your conversation with your foreign friend? I think I do. So let’s meet your friend Carey and Sue. Carey is from New York and Sue is from Chongqing. Later on you will know the stories in their daily school life. First, let’s
find out the way you use these words.
3. Discovering structures
Teacher presents ten sentences and their other forms of expressions on screen. Students read and try to find the difference.
1. She asked the boy, “Is it raining?"- She asked the boy if it was raining.
2."Is your mother a driver “She asked Lily.- She asked Lily if her mother is a driver. 3."Can I do the work here?" She said.- She asked is she could do the work there. 4."Do you want me to give you a helping hand? “Bob asked me.- Bob asked me if I want him to
give me a helping hand.
5."Did you see my teacher two hours ago? “He asked Jim.- He asked Jim if he had seen his
teacher two hours ago.
6. Peter said to me,"Will you go with me?"- Peter asked me if I would go with him.
7."Don't you want to say something for yourself? “Mom asked Tom.- Mom asked Tom if he wants to say something for himself.
8.Mother said to her sons ,"Go to bed quickly。"- Mother asked her sons to go to bed quickly. 9."Don't cry. “The police said to the little girl.- The police told the little girl not to cry. 10."Please don't eat too fast. “The doctor said to the old man.- The doctor told the old man not to ear too fast.
4. Analyzing useful rules
Direct speech Indirect speech
Demonstrative pronoun This That
Adverbials of time Now Then
Today That day
Yesterday The day before
Last week The week before
Tomorrow The next day
Next year The next year
Two days ago Two days before
Adverbials of place Here There
Tense of verbs Present Past
Present progressive Past progressive
Present perfect Past perfect
Past Past perfect
Past perfect Past perfect
Future Past future
Form change of verbs Can/may Could/might
Must Had to
5. Using the rules
Teacher gives students a piece of dialogue between Sue and Carey. Students Use the rules to finish
the task by forming a narrative story based on the dialogue.
6. Task finishing
Teacher give another conversation happened at campus in Chongqing. In order to expand the
knowledge and skills students gained in the task, they transfer dialogues into creative stories and
tall them out orally.