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Unit1

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    Unit 1 Love

    课内阅读练习答案

    Part One Preparation

    1. Love and Like

     People we love/like What we love/like (doing/to do)

    love father, mother, grandparents, brothers, motherland, hometown, school, nature,

    sisters, children, husband/wife, boyfriend pets, chocolate, ice-cream, a particular

    /girlfriend, friends, fellow countrymen, kind of food/ drink/ fruit/ meat/ fish…,

    mankind as a whole such as noodles, orange juice, tea, wine,

    chicken, beef, salmon, shrimp, sports,

    music

    reading, swimming, going out, talking with

    friends, traveling, singing,

    like classmates, friends, neighbors, colleagues, a particular color, a particular kind of food/

    teachers, group members, boss, drink/ fruit/ meat/ fish…, such as noodles,

    fellow-townsmen, fellow-villagers, orange juice, tea, wine, chicken, beef,

    someone else’s family members/ boy salmon and shrimp; chocolate, ice-cream,

    friend/girl friend/ husband/ wife music, dance, sports, photography,

    calligraphy, watercolor,

    living abroad/ in a big city/in the

    country/in the suburbs, talking about

    movies/ music/ sports/ arts, shopping with

    my friend, to get up early/ go to bed late,

    to help others,

2. Can You Tell the Difference?

     Sample

    1 It’s true that motherly love is unconditional. I believe what I’ve got from my mother is the

    deepest love I’ve ever received. When I was at home, my mother took good care of me and did

    what she could to meet my needs. For example, she remembered all my birthdays and bought nice

    birthday gifts for me. At home she woke me up in the morning after she had prepared breakfast.

    Sometimes she even combed my hair while I was having breakfast so that I could get to school on

    time. She treated my classmates kindly when they were with me. I know that’s because they were

    my good friends. Now, I’m away from home, and she calls me every two or three days asking

    about my college life and what she can do for me. It seems that to her, my life is much more

    important than hers.

    As for fatherly love, I’m not sure if his love is conditional, but obviously it’s different from

    mother’s love. Father also loves me very much. He pays more attention to my education and what

    I’m going to be in the future. He doesn’t care much about my daily life, but asks me to keep him

    informed of my study and progress. During my last year in high school, he was unusually patient

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with me. He encouraged me when I wasn’t doing well at school and helped me when I had

    difficulties. Father must have been a math wizard in his schooldays, because he seemed to know all the solutions to my math problems and could point out my weaknesses. Following his instructions, I began to feel interested in math myself.

    If I’m asked to describe the two kinds of love, I’d like to say my mother takes meticulous care of

    me and makes my life very comfortable while my father cares more about my study and makes me a strong person. I believe there’re many mothers and fathers who are like my parents.

3. Someone You Love Most

     Sample

     I love my mother most, because she’s always very kind to me, unlike my father who would

    scold me or even slap me if I make mistakes or if I am naughty. In my eyes my mother is a very beautiful woman. She is very hard-working, and does almost all the housework. When I was preparing for the university entrance examination, she was very thoughtful and never let me do any housework. When I didn’t do a good job in school, she would encourage me and hope I would

    do better next time. When I was hungry at night, she would fix a snack for me. She is a good cook. Now it’s a pity that I am not able to have what she cooks because I am far away from home.

Part Two Reading-Centered Activities

    In-Class Reading

    Exercises

    Post-Reading

    Reading Comprehension

    1 Paras.1-4C Paras.5-7A Paras.8-11B Paras.12-13D

    2 1 They would stare at them.

    2 He felt embarrassed / ashamed.

    3 He never let on.

    4 He usually walked there with the help of his son.

    5 He was pulled on a child’s sleigh to the subway station.

    6 He liked baseball, dances, and parties.

    7 He asked them to sit down and fight with him.

    8 He was proud of his son.

    9 He missed him very much and was sorry for what he had thought about him.

    10 He learned to have a good heart from his father.

    3 1 C 2 A 3 C 4 B 5 D 6 A 7 B 8 C* 9 D 10 A

    *Although the father was severely crippled, he was eager to join the fight like a normal person. To do so, he could only fight anyone who would sit down with him. After comparing each of the statements in the choices with what he actually said, we can see that C is closest in meaning to the original sentence.

    4 1 the difficulty in coordinating the steps

    2 whether a person has a good heart

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3 a good heart

    4 the baseball team

    5 sat down to fight

    6 what the son has achieved, i.e. serving in the Navy

    7 sensed my reluctance to be seen with him during our walks

    8 the reluctance to walk with him

    5 Sample

    1 I think the father knew his disability stood in the way between him and his son. That’s why he

    said to his son: You set the pace. I’ll adjust to you. When the son was young, he was ashamed

    of his father because other people stared at them when they were on the way to or from work. But deep in their hearts they loved each other. The father was proud of his son, and the son learned a lot from his father. The son loved his father even more when he was older. And as an adult, he felt his father’s love more intensely and it was his father who loved and guided him in his life.

    2 I think there are many things which make a good heart, such as kindness to others, generosity, sympathy for others, compassion for the sick, endurance, tolerance, working hard, never hurting others, being satisfied with life, protecting the weak, and patience, etc.

    3 The son realized that it was his father who taught him many things such as how to have a good heart. He knew that having a good heart was more important than a good appearance. Especially after his father died, he felt it more intensely that it was his father who guided him in his life. 4 If I were the son, I wouldn’t feel embarrassed to be seen with him by others. I would be

    proud of my father no matter how he looked because it was he who gave me life and brought me up. His disability was not his own choice. He was disabled, which was difficult enough for him. How could the others look down upon him, let alone his son?

     I’m afraid I would feel embarrassed too when walking together with a disabled father, just like the son did. It’s likely for young kids to pay more attention to appearance. We were taken good

    care of at home and parents seldom asked us to do anything for them. I would feel unhappy to have a father who was disabled. Anyway, as we get older, a good feeling might develop. So I think the son’s feeling toward his father was typical and natural as a young kid.

    Vocabulary

    1 1 urged 2 bother 3 embarrassed 4 adjusted 5 complain

    6 kid 7 subject 8 saw to it that 9 coordinate 10 participate in

    2 patientpatience enterentrance

    bitterbitterness complaincomplaint

    fortunatefortune envyenvious

    knowledgeknowledgeable memorymemorable

    reluctancereluctant frustratefrustration

    1 bitter 2 fortunate 3 patience 4 memorable 5 reluctant

    6 entrance 7 complaints 8 envious 9 knowledgeable 10 frustration

    Translation

    1 More than 3,000 cars were recalled yesterday because of a brake problem.

    2 He came to the meeting despite his serious illness.

    3 See to it that the same mistake won’t happen again.

    4 Now that they’ve got to know more about each other, they get along better.

    5 Then I found myself surrounded by five or six boys.

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6 I send you my best wishes on this happy occasion.

    Part Three Further Development

    1 Grammar Review

    Structure 1

    1 This book is easy to find in the library.

    2 Kitchen floors are not easy to keep clean.

    3 George is hard to get along with.

    4 His attitude is difficult to accept.

    5 This information would be impossible to gather without using computers. Structure 2

    1 It became increasingly difficult for her parents to understand her behavior. 2 It is very difficult for the government to deal with the problem. 3 It is impossible for you to win such a prize.

    4 It was hard for us to take such criticism.

    5 It is convenient for you to prepare these meals.

    Structure 3

    1 At that moment, we really had no vocabulary with which to express our feelings. 2 He was then 14 years old, a rather late age at which to start a formal education. 3 But a regular inspection every four or five years cannot provide enough information by which to judge the effectiveness of a school.

    4 They can usually find another person with whom to share the pain. 5 The professor helped John choose a likely publisher to whom to send his novel. 6 They believe that marriage will provide them with a partner in whom to trust. 2 Vocabulary Review

    1 A paces: The word pace here means a single step when one is running or walking, or the distance one moves in one step.

    B pace: the phrase keep pace with means change, increase or move as fast as sth. or sb. else C pace / speed: the speed at which sb. walks, runs, or moves

    D speed: the rate at which sth. moves or travels during a given period of time. We usually use at

    a high speed, not at a high pace.

    2 A adjust: make small changes in position or level of sth. in order to improve it or make it more suitable

    B adjusted: make small changes in order to improve sth. or make it more suitable. We use carefully to modify adjust but not change.

    C change: make sb. or sth. different. We use change one’s mind but not adjust one’s mind.

    D changed / adjusted: change or move slightly

    3 A precisely / exactly: accurately and carefully

    B precisely / exactly: used to emphasize that a particular thing is completely true or correct C exactly / precisely: used when emphasizing that sth. is no more and no less than a number or amount, but exactly the same is more commonly used.

    D precisely / exactly: correctly; no more, no less than a number or amount 4 A puzzled: confused because you cannot understand sth., especially because it is different from

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what you expect. We say puzzled face but not confused face.

    B puzzled / confused: unable to understand what sb. is saying or what is happening. C confused / puzzled: unable to understand what sb. is saying or what is happening. Get

    confused is more commonly used.

    D puzzled / confused: unable to understand sth. or the reason for sth.

    5 A urged: strongly suggest that sb. do sth. Urge can be modified by strongly.

    B persuade: make sb. decide to do sth., especially by giving them reasons why they should do it, or asking them many times to do it

    C urged: try hard to persuade sb. to do sth.

    D persuade: make sb. decide to do sth.

    3 Expressions in Chinese Romances

    STEP ONE

    Sample

    It seems some of them are a bit out of date, but when we look into the deeper meaning, there is still something in most of them. Now, let’s deal with them one by one.

    1 Nowadays in China there are still many men who look for beautiful partners and women for gifted scholars. Another similar expression is “郎才女貌”. Both of them reflect the idea that an

    intelligent man and a beautiful woman will make a perfect match. In fact, it doesn’t work in many

    cases. Now there are quite a few girls who want to seek for rich men as their partners, while men still prefer to have beautiful girls.

    2 The second expression shows us the different roles of a couple in a family, though nowadays they won’t till the soil or weave. I think both the husband and the wife should share the

    responsibilities for their family, but it doesn’t mean that the husband should work outside while

    the wife should stay at home.

    3 Harmony between a couple is an important factor for a long-lasting relationship, but it’s not

    necessarily true that harmony is obtained only in this way: The husband sings while the wife follows in harmony. It can be the other way round, “妇唱夫随”(The wife sings while the husband

    follows in harmony). In a family the husband and the wife cannot always be agreeable with each other. When they have different ideas and then reach agreement after reasoning, they are still in harmony.

    4 The fourth expression is still popular in China, though the divorce rate is reported to have gone up, especially in big cities. I believe both men and women hope to remain devoted to their partners to the end of their lives when and after they are married. Surely devoted couples enjoy considerable advantages in their lives, however, things are changing and why should people keep an unhappy marriage to the end of their lives?

    5 I think people of the same social and economic status may have similar ideas and feelings or share the same value system. But it’s not always true. We live in such a complicated society, which

    is changing so rapidly. Even in the past, there were a lot of stories about men and women with totally different family backgrounds getting over barriers on their way to marriage. And it isn’t

    difficult for us to find more living examples of the kind.

    6 Treating each other with respect is very important to a happy marriage. It also means a couple cherish their relationship and love each other whole-heartedly. I think we should respect people, not only our dear ones in our family but also those who are close to or around us. 7 The last expression, “嫁鸡随鸡”, refers to women, not men, conveys a somewhat out-of date

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    idea. It means that a woman could have only one marriage all her life, no matter what happened to the husband or no matter what kind of person the husband became. This suggests that Chinese women in the past had very low social status and were the vulnerable ones in marriage. A woman could make no choice of her own all her life, and as we know, marriages in the past were usually arranged by parents.

    STEP TWO

    Sample

    1 Naked marriage (getting married with no car, no house, no wedding ceremony and even no rings) started in 2008 when many young people born in the 1980s began to form their own families. Considering the high housing prices and other expenses involved in a wedding, a number of young people prefer naked marriage instead of traditional wedding rituals. I think naked marriage is a good practice for those who don’t want to be in debt as a result of getting married. In

    fact, a happy marriage is not necessarily based on material items like a car, house, wedding ceremony or rings. If both parties feel happy together, nothing can prevent them from getting married.

    2 Flash marriage is gradually becoming popular among young people. When our life pace is so fast people don’t like to wait. We have fast food, instant noodles, instant coffee, high-speed

    railway, express mail and the Internet. All these indicate that we don’t want to waste our time. As

    the saying goes, Time and tide wait for no man. Why should young people date for a long time

    before they can get married? Flash marriage doesn’t mean blind marriage. Nowadays almost

    nothing can be kept secret. When two young people get to know each other and feel happy together they may get married right away. It saves a lot of time and effort.

     As we know, love is a deep feeling of fondness, affection and friendship that grows between two people. Even for those who fall in love at the first sight, it also takes time for their love to evolve with time to become a more lasting sense of attachment. I don’t think people can get to

    know each other well enough within a very short period of time. When the early passion is gone, life may become very difficult for the young couple. Very often flash marriage will lead to flash divorce, and either party could be hurt as a result. So I don’t think flash marriage is a good

    practice.

    3 I know a couple who graduated from our university with the wife working in IT industry and the husband teaching at a university. They visited me just after they got married. When they talked about life, the wife said jokingly that they were a revolutionary couple. Although they do not lead a rich life, they share a common goal and both of them are working hard to achieve their goal. I like their attitude toward marriage and life. There are a lot of choices in our lives, and theirs is surely a good one for young people.

    4 Nowadays, many beautiful girls wish to marry men from rich and powerful families, especially movie stars, singers or sports stars. They try hard to get into touch with those men, hoping to become their wives. The mass media are interested in publicizing this kind of news, often misleading the public. I think everybody has their own choice to make. That’s their freedom. As

    for the question of whether or not that will lead to a happy marriage, it depends. 4 Agree or Disagree

    Sample

     I agree with this statement because I love pets, and I feel happy when I’m with pets. I myself

    have a pet cat. I like him very much, and I enjoy taking care of him. When I am unhappy or in low

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spirits, I stroke him, cuddle him and then I feel much better. He’s like one of my friends. In a sense,

    he is better than a friend because he never argues with me and usually obeys me. I don’t agree with this statement. I’m afraid of animals, especially dogs. I don’t know why, but I have been afraid of dogs since my childhood. At the sight of dogs, I shiver. I don’t understand how I can lower my blood pressure by stroking or patting them. On the contrary, my blood pressure would rise because I am so nervous when seeing a dog and sometimes I can’t help screaming.

    5 What Is Love?

    1 causes 2 offers 3 to 4 not 5 tell 6 calls

    7 attracted 8 discovers 9 weak 10 disappointed 11 distance 12 out

    6 What’s Wrong with Them?

    STEP TWO

    Sample

    1 At that time they didn’t know how to make the relationship work though they loved each other. In other words, they didn’t understand each other. They didn’t know what the other needed or how the other felt to make their love grow. I believe they both were inexperienced. John said he wasn’t skilled enough to make the relationship work, but I don’t think that was the

    real cause. If they really value their relationship, they can do whatever they can to keep it. I guess the reason why they broke up and went their separate ways at first was that they thought they could find a better partner later on.

    2 Four years later, they became more mature and dated differently because they understood how men and women were different. When they knew how the opposite sex thought and felt differently, they were able to open their hearts to each other and improve their communication. By doing so, they created conditions for love to grow.

     I think the reason why their relationship could be resumed four years later was that they still loved each other. Their problem at that time was that they lacked skills to continue their relationship. When they met again and the problem was solved, they made their relationship work. If they hadn’t loved each other, I think it would have been impossible for them to rekindle the fire

    of love and passion.

    Part Four Writing and Translation

    2 Translation Practice

    1 1 He never complains about the financial burden on his shoulders.

    2 She has a golden heart and loves people around her.

    3 My father has never bought any candies or toys for my younger brother and me, but I know he loves us.

    4 My parents do their best to meet our needs and always keep their promise. 2 1 他从来不感到疲劳,非常喜欢工作,而且说话不多。

    2 我喜欢她的陪伴,有她在我觉得很安心,尤其是在天气不好的时候。

    3 我们非常感激他给我们的一切,而且下决心要努力学习来报答他。

    4 她常常给我讲一些很有趣的故事,从这些故事中我能够知道自己该做什么,不该做什么。

    3 Writing

    Teaching tips

    To give students a clear idea of how to organize their composition, the teacher may encourage

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them to include the following in their writing:

     a description of the physical features (height, weight, etc.) of their father / mother characteristics of their father / mother

     what the student thinks of their father / mother

     something that had happened between their father / mother and the student Sample 1

    My Father, a Hard-Working Man

    My father, 46 years old, is a very hard-working farmer. It seems as if he never feels tired and enjoys working very much. He seldom smiles. Perhaps it’s because he has a big family to support and the heavy burden on his shoulders leaves him no time to enjoy himself. He is also a man of few words.

    Father has never bought any candies or toys for my younger brother and me, but I know he loves us. He is strict with us. Actually he himself has set a good example for us. He once said: You

    should study hard so that you can serve the people better in the future. My family is poor, but

    father does his best to

    meet our needs and always keeps his promise. He once promised that he would pay for the education of my brother and me even if he had to sell our house. We were deeply moved. Following father’s example, both my brother and I are very diligent. We appreciate what we have

    received from him and are determined to study hard to repay him. I love and admire my father. Sample 2

    My Mother

    My mother, a middle-aged woman, has a golden heart and loves people around her. I’m a lucky

    girl and always feel proud of her and thankful for her love.

    When I was a child, my mother took me to the kindergarten every day and talked with me on the way. I enjoyed her company and felt secure, especially when the weather was bad. When I was naughty and made mistakes, my mother never blamed me. Instead she often told me some enjoyable stories from which I was able to know what I should do and what I shouldn’t do.

    When I went to school, my mother cared about not only my daily needs but also my studies. When I did poorly in school, she often encouraged me to try my best the next time. She said she had confidence in me and told me never to lose heart. So I owe what I’ve achieved in my study to my

    mother.

    I love my mother and will remember her kindness forever. I’ll try to be a person who has inherited

    all the good virtues from my mother.

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