Prepared by the Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa-Tāmaki Nui ā Rua Trust
Kāore i kotahi te whakahaere o ngā tikanga ā iwi
He iwi āno me ōna tohunga me ōna tikanga me āna whakahaere
Hiki atu he iwi, pērā tonu. Nō reira, kia mau koe ki ōu ake.
Mā ō rātau uri e mau ō rātau nā kōrero.
Engari kia mau koe ki ngā kōrero a mātua, ā ōu tūpuna.
Inā ka tika, ka waiho mai ētahi mātauranga hei taonga mōu.
There was no one universal system of teaching in the Whare-wananga
Each tribe had its own priests, its own colleges, and its own methods From tribe to tribe this was so. My word to you is: “Hold steadfastly to our
Let their descendants adhere to their teaching, and you to yours So that if you err, it was we who declared it unto you, and if you are right, it
was we who shall leave to you these valuable taonga.
[Te Whatahoro Jury, 1865]
E mihi kau atu ana ki tō tātau kaipāruauru o te one whakarito, nāna i hanga te
rangi me te whenua. Ki a rātau mā kua tīokaokahia ake nei e rātau te
whārangi rau pūangiangi, whakangaro atu rā ki ngā nohoanga matamata a
rātau mā, ngā kanohi te urunga o te rā kua ngaro, kua ngaro i te rā nei. Haea
te kākahu whakaruru, paea ki tua ki Paerau.
“We pay our respects to those who have passed on.”
Kāti, e kore e tawhiti te whakaaro ki ngā tūpuna kua whetūrangitia. Kua
huakina mai i konei te mata nui a Kahungunu me ōna tūpuna, ōna marae, ōna
papakāinga, onā māra mahinga kai, ōna pae maunga, ōna moana, ōna roto,
ōna awa, whānau hoki, mai i te Wairarapa ki Tāmaki Nui ā Rua.
“Our thoughts be with our tūpuna who sought excellence for their uri throughout time, and today the face of Kahungunu uri from Wairarapa to Tāmaki-nui-ā-Rua with all its ancestral marae, mountains, river ways, lakes,
food gardens, hapū and papakāinga pay deep homage.
1. The Crown has agreed to a Mandate Strategy prepared and submitted by the
Trustees of the Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa-Tāmaki Nui ā Rua Trust (“the
Trustees” and “the Trust”) for the Trustees holding office from time to time to
be the mandated representatives to negotiate the settlement of all the Ngāti
Kahungunu ki Wairarapa-Tāmaki Nui ā Rua historical Treaty claims.
2. As part of the Mandate Strategy, the Trustees agreed to provide all interested
parties with certain information outlined in the Mandate Strategy in order to
address overlapping claim issues and to provide information to iwi members
ahead of the formal mandate hui.
Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa-Tāmaki Nui ā Rua Trust
3. Following a lengthy period of consultation within the claimant community the
Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa-Tāmaki Nui ā Rua Trust was established for
the purpose of representing the Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa-Tāmaki Nui ā
Rua claimants in historical Treaty claim settlement negotiations with the
4. There are ten trustees elected on the basis of Hapū Karanga. The elections
for the Establishment Trustees were organised by each of the Hapū Karanga
and took place between 11 and 19 December 2010. The following people
a. Ākura: Hone Oneroa;
b. Tāmakinui-ā-Rua: Kahu Pene and Hayden Hape;
c. Te Oreore Marae: Pani Himona;
d. Hurunui-o-Rangi Marae: Ron Mark;
e. Pāpāwai Marae: Marama Tuuta;
f. Te Hika o Pāpāuma: Robin Potangaroa;
g. Ngāi Tumapūhia-a-Rangi: Ian Perry;
h. Wairarapa Moana: Kingi Smiler; and
i. Ngāti Hinewaka: Haami Te Whaiti.
5. The Trustees intend to build on the mandate they received through their
election by seeking to become the mandated representatives of the Ngāti
Kahungunu ki Wairarapa- Tāmaki Nui ā Rua claimants through the
implementation of the process set out in the Mandate Strategy.
The Claimant Definition
6. The Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa- Tāmaki Nui ā Rua claimants include the
members of the hapū listed in the table below who have exercised or descend
from those who have exercised customary rights within the area set out in the
map on page. Further hapū may be added as further research is undertaken.
Ngāti Ahuahu Ngāti Hikarara Ngāti Moe Ngāti Te Aokino
Ngāti Hikawera Ngāti Muretu Ngāti Te Hau
Ngāti Te Hina Ngāti Mutuahi
Mere Te Huinga Ngāti Ruawahine Ngapuoterangi Ngāti Kawekairangi Ngāti Matangiuru Ngāti Hinepare Ngāti Pakapaka Ngāti Te Korou
Ngāti Hineraumoa Ngāti Hinetauira Ngāti Matangihia
Ngāti Te Wheke Ngāti Pakuia Ngāti Parera Ngāi Tukoko Ngāi Tahu-
Makakanui Ngāti Matehou Ngāti Rakaipaaka Ngāti Kahukuranui Ngāti Hinewaka Ngāti Hopara Ngāti Tumanuhiri
Ngāi Taneroa Ngāti Ira Ngāti Punarewa
Ngāti Puta Ngāti Tukaihara Ngāti Pohoi Ngāti Turanga Ngāi Te Ngāti Ngāti Hangarakau Kahukuraawhitia Ngāti Rakairangi Rakaiwhakairi Ngāti Te Ngāti RangitāwhangaWhatangarerewa Ngāti Kaiparuparu Ngāti Rangaranga Ngāi Te Ao Ngāti Kaihuitu Ngāti Tutemiha Ngāti Noti
Ngāti Te Ngāti Te Ngāti Rangitehewa Ngāti Rongomaiaia Rangikoianake Whātuiāpiti Ngāti Kaitahi Ngāti Kakawa
Ngāti Rua Ngāti Kauhi Ngāti Maahu Ngāti Tahuahi
Ngāti Tahitokoru Ngāti Kaumoana Ngāti Rautangata Ngāti Te Hauaitu Ngāi Tuohungia Ngāti Koura Ngāti Tauiao Ngāti Hinemanu Ngāti Hikarahui Ngāti Maru Ngāti Tapatu Ngāti Tu Manawa
Ngāti Hāmua Raekaumoana Ngāti Waipuhoro Ngāti Upokoiri
Ngāti Te Ngāti Puha Ngāti Kirikohatu Ngāi Te Aomataura Whakamana Ngāi te Rangiakau Ngāti Komuka Tu mai te Uru Ngāti Hakeke
Ngāti Ngāti Parakiore Ngāti Rakaihikuroa Ngāi Tamahau Tutohengarangi Ngāti Hinaariki Ngāti Te Tohinga Ngāti Meroiti Ngāti Pa Te Ika
Ngāti Tangatakau Ngāti Te Riponga Rangiwhakaewa Ngāti Te Ruinga Ngāti Ihaka Te Hika O
Rautahi Pāpāuma Ngāti Tu Ngāti Kere
Ngāti Te Ngāti Taitama Ngāti Te Hoori Ngāti Te Opekai Hukairangi
Ngāti Koro Ngāti Hinerarau Rangi Ngāti Tutawake
Ngāi Tunuiarangi Ngāti Ruawahia Ngāti Te Umuiti Ngāti Komuka
Ngāti Takoto Ngāti Kaiwahie Ngāti Te Rore Ngāti Raukau
Ngāti Hineararangi Ngāti Te Kari Ngāti Raetea Ngāti Tuhakeke
7. The following marae and papakainga are associated with the claimant
Ākura Marae Hau Ariki Marae Pouākani Marae Te Unuunu Marae
Aotea Marae Mirinoa Marae Pukaroro marae Turanganui Marae
Hiona Marae Tahoraiti Marae Waihora Marae Waipoapoa Marae
Te Rangimarie Parekarangaranga
Ngāi Tumapūhia-a-Mangaakuta Nukutaimemeha Marae
Rangi Marae Marae
Hurunuiorangi Te Aroha o Te Ahu a Turanga Whakatomotomo
Marae Aohanga Marae Marae Marae
Te Kohanga Te Poho o Te
Kaikokirikiri Marae Whakawhitiwhiti Nukutaurua Marae Rangihirawea
Kehemene Marae Okautete Marae Ohio Marae Marae
Kaihoata Marae Kaitoke Marae Otaraia Marae
Kaiwaiwai Marae Pāpāuma Marae Pāpāwai Marae Waitapu Marae
Te Poho o Te Poho o
Raukumara Marae Whakaoriori Marae Hinepare Tutawake
Te Ore Ore Marae Kohunui Marae Whiti-Te-Ra Marae Takitimu Marae
Motuwairaka Te Rae o Maunga
Marae Te Takurua Marae Rakaiwhakairi
The Area of Interest
8. A narrative description of the Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa- Tāmaki Nui ā
Rua area of interest is set out below and a map which gives a graphic
description is on page 7.
9. Te Rongomahina mau ana ki Mangatakoto mau ana ki Whakarongorongo
mau ana ki te awa o Tutahuna ki Piripiri ki Mamaukarua, mau ana ki Waipoua
ki Piripiri ki Ruapautihi mau ana ki Kaitamarote ki Mahikiekie ki te ngutu o
Mangatakoto mau ana ki Te Papa o te Kohatu ki Te Huru o te Koromiko ki
Marapu ki Kapupo ki te Manga a Te Wakarihi ki te Awa o Tawhiti Waingawa
mau ana ki roto ki Waipoua ki te rohe Pihopa o Aotearoa [Rongo Parahirahi]
mau ana ki Wharerua ki te rua o Takiwhenua mau ana ki Mopuna ki te rohe o
Akura ki Waingawa ka whati i runga i te rohe o Wiremu Kingi i araitia te rohe
o Te Manihera mau ana ki Rangitakaiwaho me Piripiri ka hoki ki
10. Beginning at Poroporo on the coast about 5kms north of Cape Turnagain, the
line follows the coast southwards about 38kms to the Mataikona River mouth,
it then follows the Mataikona River and its tributaries, the Pakowhai River and
Makoura Stream to Dreyers Rock continuing eastward just north of
Mauriceville to Mount Dundas, a trig point on the Tararua Ranges. Travelling
north along the central line on the Tararua Ranges to the Manawatu Gorge
where the boundary briefly enters and follows the gorge westward slightly to
the peaks of the Ruahines then follows the central line of the Ruahine Ranges
to Maharahara Trig point then northwards to the northern boundary of the old
Manawatu No. 5 [Ngamoko] land block, turning eastward travelling and
including Manawatu No. 6 [Tuatua] block, Manawatu No 8 [Wharawhara]
block, most of the Ngapaeruru block, Tautane block to the beginning point at
Te Ore ore Marae
11. Commencing at the Mataikona Block and following the Aohanga River inland
to the Waingongoro Stream then north to the Makatote Stream to the
Mataikona River inland to Pakowhai River then north along the Puketoi
Ranges to Mangatainoka then south to Eketahuna. From this point we head
west to Pukemoremore then south along the Tararua Ranges to Mount Alpha,
east towards and along the Waiohine River then north along the
Taratahi/Hikawera block to the Waingawa River. The line then proceeds
south to the Taueru Junction then east across the Maungaraki Ranges to
Kaiwhata and north along the coast back to Aohanga.
12. Mataikona River inland to the Pakowhai River then north along the Puketoi
Ranges to Mangatainoka then south to Eketahuna then west towards
Pukemoremore then south along the Tararua Ranges to Mount Alpha then
following the headwaters of the Waiohine River east then north along the
Taratahi/Hikawera block to Waingawa East to converge with the
Ruamahanga then south to Huangarua River across to Maungaraki to
Pahaoa then along the coast line to Mataikona the starting point.
13. From the mouth of the Orongorongo east along the southern coast to
Whangaimoana. Inland to Ruakokoputuna turning to the east and the mouth
of the Awhea. North along the coast to Uruti then inland to Maungaraki then
Rangitumau. North again to Pukaha then on to Arete. Heading south along
the Tararua and Remutaka Ranges to the mouth of the Orongorongo.
Te Hika O Pāpāuma
14. In former times the hapū boundaries were known as the Castlepoint Purchase
Block. It extended from the north at Akitio/Cape Turnagain along the coast
line down towards Whareama there by following the river inland to Taueru,
from Taueru inland through the mountain range, Maungaraki to the Puketoi
Range and from Pongaroa back out to Akitio/Cape Turnagain.
15. This claim covers the traditional rohe of Ngāi Tumapūhia ā Rangi, which is
located on the Eastern shores of the district of Wairarapa and extends inland
to the Maungaraki Range and South to the Awhea River.
16. “Mai i Whareama ki Taueru, whiti atu ki te Taumata o te Hangatu, ahu atu ki
te Karaka o Waimatua ki Wainuioru, ahu atu ki te Karaka o Waimatua ki Te
Awhea rere atu ki Hawerawera ki te ngutu awa o Te Awhea, rere atu ma te
takutai ki Whareama.”
17. Wairarapa Lakes including Wairarapa Moana, Onoke Moana and the
Ruamahanga River connecting both lakes, to the spit between Okorewa and
Kiriwai and all surrounding lands covered by the traditional flood-line pre the
18. Ngāti Hinewaka are a coastal people. Their lands extend from Lake Onoke in
the South along the south Wairarapa Coast, around Matakitaki-akupe, up the
East Coast through the area around Te Unuunu (Flat Point), inland towards
Kehemane (Tablelands), and back towards the Ruamahanga River and down
the river to Onoke. Ngāti Hinewaka’s rohe embraces significant amounts of
coastal land and land with high cultural, historical and archaeological value.
Map of Area of Interest
19. A map setting out the Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa- Tāmaki Nui ā Rua area
of interest for the purposes of negotiations with the Crown for the settlement
of the Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa- Tāmaki Nui ā Rua historical Treaty
claims is on the following page.
Claims to be negotiated
20. The claims to be settled (to the extent that they are relevant) are set out in the
Wairarapa Moana Pouakani Wai 85 Kingi Smiler Incorporation
Hinepatokariki Paewai Wai 97 Wairarapa Moana Trust (deceased) and Niniwa Munro.
Wai 171 Land Interests of Henare Matua Henare Matua Kani
Wai 429 Ngāi Tumapūhia-a-Rangi Ryshell Griggs
Ngati Kahungunu ki Tāmaki-nui-ā-Wai 652 Josephine Hape[deceased] Rua
Local government, Department of Wai 741 Conservation, and taonga Murray Hemi
Bernard Patrick Manaena
(deceased) Wai 744 Wairarapa 5 Percents claim
Te Hika-o-Pāpāuma o Wairarapa ki Matai Broughton and Takare Wai 939 Kahungunu Leach.
Wai 943 Ratima whānau claim Lance Ratima
Frances Reiri-Smith and Henare Wai 944 Hurunui-o-Rangi Marae claim Manaena.
Memory Te Whaiti (deceased), Wai 959 Ngati Hinewaka now Haami Te Whaiti Wai 962 Jury whānau lands claim Rebecca Harper Wai 1008 Anaru whānau claim Kerylee Jan Anaru
The Wairarapa Rohe Crown Wai 1019 Murray Hemi & others Consultation claim
Ngati Whātuiāpiti land reserves Wai 1021 Claude Pene claim
Jim Hemi [deceased], Amelia
Wai 1022 Pāpāwai Marae Committee claim Jaro [deceased], and Kingi
The Pouākani Wairarapa Exchange Wai 1023 Noelene Reti claim
Wai 1049 Descendants of Taueru claim Charmaine Kawana
Wai 1050 Ngā Aikiha claim Dorothy Chown & others
Akura Marae, Ngati Hāmua, Ngati Manu Te Whata and Michael Wai 1057 Ahuahu claim Allen junior.
Manu Te Whata, Hone Oneroa, Wai 2241 Nga Uri o Te hau Rawiri Smith
Wai 1453 Land interests of Ngati Ngarengare Janine Anne Smith-laea
Native Land Court and succession Tina Harawira, Jackie Rongonui, Wai 1569 laws. Cherry Ngatai
Leonard Tami Te Hiko
Wai 2211 Wairarapa Moana & land issues Thompson, Olivia Horiwia
Jenny Winipere Mauger and Jim Wai 2213 Coastal resources Hutcheson
Heritage Management, Crown Kaea Aotea Matiaha Te Arohatai Wai 2225 Purchases & Native Land Court. Te Rangipuataata
Wai 2269 Land issues. Rex Murray Hemi
21. Also included in the mandate are any historical claims of Ngāti Kahungunu ki
Wairarapa-Tāmaki Nui ā Rua which have not yet been registered with the
Waitangi Tribunal, including claims of individuals or whānau.
22. The Trustees seek the mandate to settle all historical Treaty of Waitangi
claims of Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa-Tāmaki Nui ā Rua, whether they are
registered or unregistered.
23. The Trustees are committed to addressing any reasonable enquiries that
individuals and/or groups may have about the Trust’s mandating process and
any information provided in this document.
24. Individuals and/or groups may also wish to liaise directly with the Crown in
regards to their concerns or any questions they may have.
25. The Trustees intend to carry out the formal mandating process in late January
to February 2012 with a series of eleven hui across the country. The
Trustees encourage all members of Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa-Tāmaki
Nui ā Rua as defined in the claimant definition above to attend the hui.
Closer to the mandate hui, advertisements will be placed in national and local
newspapers. Information will also be circulated through iwi panui, on Radio
Kahungunu and other appropriate medium.
26. At these mandating hui, the Trustees will not only be seeking a formal
mandate from the iwi members, but will also be providing important
information about the Trust and the settlement negotiation process in general.
Contact Details for Ngati Kahungunu ki Wairarapa-Tāmaki Nui ā Rua Trust
27. All correspondence and enquiries can be made to:
Phone: 021 762 460
Secretary of the Trust
18 Rimu Street,
Phone: (06) 378 2102
Crown Contact Details
28. Office of Treaty Settlements
All correspondence and enquiries can be made to:
Phone: (04) 494 9800
29. Te Puni Kōkiri
All correspondence and enquiries to be made to:
Lucy Te Moana / Amelia Dalley
Te Puni Kōkiri House
143 Lambton Quay
Phone: (04) 819 6000