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Periods 5 Using language

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Periods 5 Using language

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    Periods 5 Using language

    Teaching Goals:

    1. To learn to tell facts from opinions.

    2. To write a reply letter.

    3. To learn to talk about cultural relics.

    Teaching Procedures:

    Step 1 Warming up

    Purpose: To get Ss to know the difference between a fact and an opinion.

    1. Definition

    A fact must be real, objective and without a personal judgment. So it can

    be proved. An opinion always expresses ones own ideas. It is always

    subjunctive. So it has not been proved.

    2. Read the passage (P5) and answer the following questions: (1) If you want to go in for law against somebody, and if you want to win, whats the most important thing you should do first? (2) What makes a judge decide which eyewitness he can believe and which not?

    Suggested Answers:

    (1) Searching for facts. The more, the better.

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    (2) The evidences offered by the eyewitnesses.

    Step 2 Guided reading

    1. Read the passage and define what evidence is.

    2. Read the passage and translate each paragraph into Chinese. 3. Read and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in the part.

    Suggested Answers:

    Collocation from Using Language on page 5

    in a trial, rather than, more than, to tell the truth, agree with, It can be proved that ..., no reason to, a reply to, think highly of, search for, returnto

    Step 3. Note taking

    Listen to the tape and fill in the forms (P5).

     As we know, people have never stopped searching for the Amber Room. This time we'll listen to what three people say they know about the missing Amber Room. Get Ss to share their forms and tell what are facts and what are opinions in the three forms.

    Step 4 Speaking

    Purpose: 1. To learn how to ask for or give opinions.

     2. To learn how to write a letter of suggestions.

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    1. Group work

    (1) We often use some expressions to ask for opinions. What are they? What do you think

    of ...?

    Do you believe ... ?

    How can you be sure

    of ...?

    How do you know

    that?

    (2) We often use some expressions to give opinions. What are they? I think ...

    I don't think ...

    I don't agree that ...

    I suppose that ...

Suggested Answers:

     Of the three eyewitnesses, only Anna Petrov has no selfish reason. In particular, she is not involved in any current effort to find the treasure. Therefore she is the most believable.

     Jan Hasek is less believable because he owns a little restaurant near

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    the mine. If the search stopped, his business would suffer.

     Hans Braun is also less believable, because somebody has asked him for help.

    2. Individual work

    (1) Sometimes we may fall into or face a moral choice. That is a moral dilemma. Lets read the letter (P7) and see what's Johanns choice and

    opinion. Answer the following questions.

    ? What's Johanns opinion about the Amber Room?

     Do you agree with Johann? ?

    Step 5. Debate

    Divide Ss into two groups and organize a debate.

    Have a class debate and take notes of the main ideas of the two sides and their reasons. At the end take a class vote.

    ? When you write your letter, you may choose to agree or not

    agree with the writer.

    ? You must give a reason why you agree or don't agree with the

    writer.

    ? Be sure to give an example from your own life so that the reader

    can better understand your opinion.

    Step 6 Writing

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     Write a report on your debate according to the demand of part 4 of P7. Step 6. Homework

    Finish the exercises in the workbook so as to consolidate what has been learned.

Period 3: A lesson plan for using language

    Aims:

    To learn to tell facts from opinions

    To write a reply letter

    To listen and speak about cultural relics

    Procedures

    I. Warming up

    Warming up by questions

    Morning, class. We always say, “We must respect facts and can’t wholly depend on one’s opinions”. But can you tell me:

    A. What does it mean when you say, “It is a fact”?

    B. What does it mean when you say, “It is an opinion”?

    Keys for reference:

    A. A fact must be real, objective and without any personal judgment. So

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    it can be proved.

    B. An option always expresses one’s own ideas. It is always subjunctive. So it has not been proved.

    Warming up by questioning

    Turn to page 5. Read the passage and tell me:

    A. If you want to go in for law against somebody, and if you want to win, what’s the most important thing you should do first?

    B. What makes a judge decide which eyewitnesses to believe and which not to believe.

    Keys for reference:

    A. Searching for facts of course. The more, the better. B. The evidences offered by the eyewitnesses make the judge decide which one is believable and which is not.

    II. Guided reading

    1. Reading and defining

    Read the passage and define: What is a fact? What is an opinion? What is an evidence?

    2. Reading and translating

    Read the passage and translate it into Chinese paragraph by paragraph. Tom, you are to do paragraph 1, please…

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    3. Reading and underlining

    Next you are to read and underline all the useful expressions or collocations in the part. Copy them to your notebook after class as homework.

    Collocation from Using Language on page 5

    in a trial, rather than, …more than…, to tell the truth, agree with, It can be proved that …, no reason to lie, a reply to a letter, think highly of,

    search for, return the treasure to, cost them a lot of time and money 4. Listening

    Now, boys and girls, as we know, people have never stopped searching for the Amber Room. This time we’ll listen to what three people say they know about the missing Amber Room. Before we listen to them, I’ll present some related new words to you to help you understand them easily. Please look at the screen and read after me.

    explode vt. 爆炸, Czch n. 捷克, mayor n. 市长, melt vt. 熔化, sub

    (sub marine) n. 潜水艇,水雷, survivor n. 幸存者, Titanic n. 泰坦尼

    克船

    5. Sharing and Correcting

    Well done. Now share your forms with your partner and tell me in the three forms: What are facts? What are opinions? Li Ming, do you want a

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    try?

    Keys: What they heard, saw, did are facts. And what they believe are opinions.

    6. Reviewing

    We often use some expressions to ask for opinions. What are they? Oh, yes. What do you think of …?

    Do you believe …?

    How can you be sure of …?

    How do you know that?

    And we often use some expressions to give opinions. What are they? Ok, Tom, Please. Oh, yes. They are: I think… / I don’t think… I don’t agree that… / I suppose that…

    7. Discussing

    Please look at exercise 3, and discuss which person gave the best evidence. Use the expressions above to help you. Before we discuss, let’s deal with the following discussion:

    A. What is the best evidence?

    B. How can we know which eyewitness is most believable? Keys:

    A. The best evidence is factual and is given by a person who is

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    believable.

    B. The most believable eyewitness is the one who has nothing to gain from telling a lie.

    Well done. Let’s come to the discussion “Which person gave the best evidence?”

    Keys fore reference:

    Jan Hasek is less believable because he owns a little restaurant near the mine. If the search stopped, his business would suffer. Hans Braun is also less believable because he is working for a company trying to find the ship which carried the treasures in the Baltic sea. Of the three eyewitnesses, only Anna Petrov has no selfish reason for saying what she has said. In particular, she is not involved in any current effort to find the treasure. Therefore she is the most believable. 8. Reading and writing

    Sometimes we may fall into or face a moral choice. That is a moral dilemma. Let’s read the letter on page 7 and see what’s Johann’s choice and opinion. Ok, finished? Now answer the following questions: A. What’s Johann’s opinion about the Amber Room?

    B. What’s his father’s opinion about the things found by him?

    C. What happened to Johann when she was a pupil?

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    Keys:

    A. Johann thinks the people who find the Amber Room should keep it for them own.

    B. His father thinks as Johann does.

    C. She found a little money and kept it to himself.

    9. Completing the letters A & B and then giving your own letters •When you write your letter, you may choose to agree or not agree with the writer.

    •You must give a reason why you agree or don’t agree with the writer.

    •Be sure to give an example from your own life so that the reader can better understand your opinion.

    ? Closing down

    Closing down by a debating

    There is a long ancient wall around a less developed town. It is reported it has a long history, dating back to over 5 century BC. The local government is collecting money to repair and rebuild the wall. It has cost a lot of money. Some of your classmates think it is not worth. Some think it’s a good way to develop the local economy. Now Group 1 and 2 against Group 3 and 4. Let’s have the debating.

    Closing down by dictation

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