Chief Engineer

By Gene Thomas,2014-10-16 08:36
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Chief Engineer

    1. Can you tell something about your last ship ? What types (brands) of main

    engine have you ever experienced ?

    My last ship (type of engine , horse power , trading area , GRT/DWT , etc .) I have experience with several different types of main engines , such as Sulzer , B&W MAN, PC etc .

    2. What abilities should a chief engineer posses ?

    Fist ,I think it is very important for a Chief engineer to be skillful and proficient at work .Second ,he should maintain good management in the engine department . Third , he should be able to try to motivate every person under his management by assigning job fairly among them . Fourth , he need to be good in English and language communication . Last , it is very important for a Chief Engineer to maintain good relationship with the Master , the technical superintendent and other personnel form company , First Engineer and the Chief Officer . Above all , he should listen to orders form the Master in most cases .

    3. What were the consumption rates of cylinder lube oil and fuel oil in your

    previous ship ?

    For your reference : for a 10000 hp main engine , the consumption rate of fuel oil could be roughly 20-25 tons per day , cylinder oil about 280-310 liters per day (depending on the engine type )

    The duty engineer should check to see if the consumption is normal . The Second engineer usually is responsible for checking the fuel oil and recording the figures in the engine Log Book . Lube oil should be checked on every duty watch . The Chief engineer is responsible for application of the supplies of lube oil and fuel oil .

    4. Can you please describe in the bunkering procedures ?

     I should make a bunkering plan firstly according to the ship owners instructions and

    then report the plan to the Master for approval .

     Secondly, a bunkering meeting should be held to specify the responsibilities of crew during the procedure .

     Thirdly, preparations of the following like plugs , extinguishers, drum, alarms , communication means , fuel oil system graphics (drawing) should be made .

     Fourthly, I should order the third engineer to measure the oil volume in the suppliers

    tanks and record the flow meter figures .

     Bunkering starts after all is ready. I should order the duty engineer to take sounding all the time , especially at the beginning and at the end of bunkering each tank . My duty engineer should pay attention to the oil pressure , the temperature and the oil sample to be taken and used as evidence in the future .

     Lastly , I should not sign the receipts , regardless of any delay , until quantities of the bunkering oil are confirmed . I should also note down any dispute over the quantity or adverse the company .

     I should bear the following precautions in my mind during bunkering .

     Before bunkering , I need to make sure that all scuppers are plugged and cemented . I should stop ballasting , de-ballasting and taking fresh water on board whilst bunkering , if possible . If I have to do all the jobs together , I should take all care to prevent an overflow of water and fuel oil . If the decks become awash due to such water overflow or rain , then bunkering should be stopped whilst the scuppers are being drained .

    5. Please tell me the minimum safe oxygen percentage for the safety of the

    workers in an enclosed space . Please describe the procedures of entry into

    and work in enclosed spaces .

     More than 18% and no more than 23% of oxygen in an enclosed space will be OK for the workers.

     The procedures are as follows :

     First , I should prepare an entry permit to be signed by the master .

     Second , before entry is allowed , all the relevant manholes should be opened for ventilation.

     Third , the air and surrounding of the enclosed space should be test to see whether it is safe .

     Fourth , necessary equipment like the fire , extinguisher , lights , communication equipment should be carried by the crew when entering .

     Fifth , before entry into an enclosed space , a meeting regarding the work procedure should be held .

     Lastly , when someone is working in an enclosed space , good communication between the crew inside and the crew outside should be maintained and the emergency rescue team should stand by for any rescue work .

     When entering , at least one of the crew inside is to the lookout job . During the crews

    stay in the space , ventilation should be continuously on to provide enough oxygen . 6. What is a Bunkering plan ?

     A bunkering plan is made according to the owners and or charters order: the passage

    (voyage) plan , and capacity of the tanks , oil ROB , and so on . A bunkering plan is made by the Chief Engineer and approved by the Master and the company .

     Generally , the volume of the bunkered oil shouldnt exceed 85% of tank capacity .

    7. What will you do if the oil supplied by the oil company is less than the agreed amount after bunkering ?

     Receipts should not be signed , regardless of any delay , until quantities are confirmed by all parties concerned . Any dispute over the quantity or adverse specifications of bunkers taken shall be noted on the fuel receipt and the company should be advised accordingly. 8. Did you ever encounter any mechanic problem on board your previous

    vessels ? How did

    you handle them .

     It is suggested to answer this question frankly and honestly .

    9. The ISM Code requires preventive maintenance schedules .How do you

    make your maintenance schedules ?

     According to the ISM Code , the preventive maintenance plan is made based on the ships Planned Maintenance System and the machinery running hour records . This plan should

    be made on an annual basis (or a five-year basis) . Usually , the monthly maintenance schedules are made based on the annual preventive maintenance plan and the basic occasional maintenance work.

    10. Have you ever been to the US ports ? Are your familiar with the USCG

    inspections ?

     Some of the useful word you may use when you answer the question:

     US ports: New York , New Orleans , San Francisco , Tampa , Houston , Mississippi River , etc.

     USCG refers to the US coast guards .

     The most important thing in US is the sanitation (hygiene) . Besides , fire fighting equipment (FFE) and life saving apparatus (LSA) and training drills must be well prepared for check .

    11. What do you know about the SOPEP ?

     SOPEP means Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan . The SOPEP should contain (but not limited to ) the following contents

    (1) Procedures to be followed by the Master or other crew in case of oil pollution .

    (2) Pollution reporting system and the authority or persons to be contacted in the event of pollution including the telephone number etc .

    (3) Detailed description of actions to be taken immediately by persons on board to reduce or control the discharge of oil after the incident .

    (4) List of oil spill response equipment to be maintained and prepared on board ( Removers , sprayer , oil absorbent , saw dust , sand , waste rags , scoop , shovels , buckets , bamboo brooms , portable pump , protective clothing , portable containers ,) . The essence of the Plan is to avoid any possible oil leakage and oil pollution .

    Simply speaking , SOPEP should include such things as the emergency contacts ( telephone and other communication means , address etc ) , the equipment used in dealing with oil pollution , the muster list for oil pollution , the report procedure when the accident happens etc.

     SOPEP is compulsory on board most of the ship according to the ISM code , IOPP is the certificate for the vessel that is qualified for the requirements issued by the Class on oil pollution prevention .

    12. What are the possible causes of crankshaft failure ?

     Too big or too small clearance between bush and shaft is one of the most possible reasons . Other reasons include material problem , dirtiness of the lube oil , uneven loading in each cylinder , bed lubrication , and deformation of frame and bedplate .

    13. What actions should be taken when there is oil overflow on deck during

    bunkering ?

    (1) Stop pumping and other operations first ;

    (2) Ring the alarm immediately ;

    (3) Crew should come to their respective position and take actions immediately accord to the


    (4) If there is a possibility of fire , the Muster List for fire should be followed ;

    (5) After finishing all the actions , records should be made on what has happened ;

    (6) Draw lessons form the incident to avoid future reoccurrence of the same kind of

    incident .

    14. Explain the important things when you take over form the previous Chief

    Engineer .

    I shall familiarize myself with the following :

    (1) The engine department personnel ;

    (2) The SMS manuals and other documents on board ;

    (3) Conditions of the vessel , the engine and the equipment to see whether there are any

    problems left ;

    (4) Any outstanding claims and incident reports in the service period of the previous Chief

    Engineer should be cleared;

    (5) Engine logbook ;

    (6) The ROB volume of the fuel oil , the diesel oil , lube oil and chemicals ;

    (7) CMS survey items ;

    (8) PMS overdue items and relevant reports .

    After finishing all the items in the checklist for handover , we tow shall sign our names for evidence , one copy of which with the signature of the master shall be sent to the company . 15. Please explain what the Chief engineers Standing Order is ? What does

    Night Order include ?

     It is basically the Chief engineers won set of instructions and orders for the operation of

    the engine department . The orders should include any particular operating procedures that the Chief Engineer wishes to emphasize. The set of standing orders and procedures must include the following :

     Operating procedures for main engine;

     Operating procedures for auxiliary engines;

     Watch procedures;

     UMS procedures:

     When to call the Chief Engineer;

     Emergency shutdown procedures;

     Daily monitoring and logs.

     Arrival/Departure procedures;

     Operation of steering gear and test procedures;

     Bunkering procedures;

     Safe procedures in the engine room;

     Duties of junior engineers and ratings;

     Different vessels may have different contents concerning the standing order of the Chief Engineer. But basically , the contents above should be covered . The Standing Order should be put in the engine control room and in the cabin of the Chief Engineer .

     The night order should include such things as the warning , lookout and when to call the Chief Engineer etc . The C/E need to prepare night order ever night before he goes to sleep.

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