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-Gram (+) cocci and have a thick peptidoglycan cell wall

By Danielle Allen,2014-03-18 09:30
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-Gram (+) cocci and have a thick peptidoglycan cell walla,A,Gram,gram,cocci,and,have,thick,cell,wall

-Gram (+) cocci and have a thick peptidoglycan cell wall and a

    grape cluster appearance

    -causes “STOIC” diseases:

     Scalded skin syndrome

     Toxic shock

     Osteomyelitis

     Impetigo

     Carbuncles

    -Enteritis from improperly refrigerated foods ; 1-5 hours incubation ; acute diarrhea and vomiting -coagulase (+)

    -penicillin resistant

    HALLMARK: yellow pus or honey crusted lesions

-Gram (+) cocci and have a thick peptidoglycan cell wall and a

    grape cluster appearance

    -causes UTI‟s and subacute endocarditis in

    immunocompromised

    -iatrogenic/nosocomial

    -penicillin resistant

    -Gram (+) cocci and have a thick peptidoglycan cell wall and a grape cluster appearance

    -causes UTI‟s in young sexually active females; dysuria, hematuria, frequency, urgency, and burning on urination -catalase (+)

    -Gram (+) cocci and have a thick peptidoglycan cell wall -3 disease types by 3 mechanisms: pyogenic disease causing inflammation, toxigenic diseases by producing exotoxin, and immunologic diseases by cross-reacting Ab production

Scarlet Fever - strawberry tongue/fever

    Impetigo perioral infection

    Cellulitis septicemia in <48 hours

Pharyngitis strep throat

    Erysipelas superficial; can lead to cellulitis

    Post-strep Glomerulonephritis type 3 rxn; peripheral edema

    Puerperal Fever - childbirth

    Erythema Nodosum arms and legs

    Rheumatic Fever Ab/Ag in joints; heart; carditis

    -Gram (+) cocci and have a thick peptidoglycan cell wall -normal female genital tract flora

    -test pregnant women because it can cause neonatal sepsis and meningitis

    -uncommon to cause UTI

    -Bacitracin resistant

    -Gram (+) cocci and have a thick peptidoglycan cell wall -85 antigenically distinct subtypes

LoBar Pneumonia right middle lobe

     Otitis media & Sinusitis chronic mastoiditis

     Meningitis also caused by N.Meningitides & H.Influenza

     Bacteremia endocarditis, arthritis, peritonitis

    -Gram (+) cocci and have a thick peptidoglycan cell wall -normal mouth and gut flora

    Endocarditis heart valves

    Bacteremia blood

    Abscess skin

    -immunocompromised need to take prophylactic before dental work

    -Gram (-) diplococci w/ kidney/coffee bean appearance -found in genital tract, anorectal, pharyngeal, eyes of newborns -virulence factors: pili, IgA protease, LOS (endotoxin) -major STD; oral contraceptives risk

    -male: yellow-green discharge; female: asymptomatic (PID) -newborns: Opthalmia neonatorum from infected mothers causing blindness

    -Gram (-) diplococci w/ kidney/coffee bean appearance -normal URT flora

    -transmission via respiratory droplets in enclosed areas (epidemic)

    -virulence factors: capsule, LPS (endotoxin), IgA protease -creates septic meningitis in patients

    -Meningococcemia (in blood stream) ; Waterhouse-

    Friederichsen syndrome (severe) ; DIC, shock, bilateral

    destruction of adrenal glands ; CNS ; meningitis

-Gram (+) endospore forming rod

    -Type A, B, and E most likely to cause disease -soil, water, home canning, unpasteurized honey -blocks Ach release ; flaccid paralysis

    -starts in cervical spine and ocular muscles then respiratory muscles

    -diplopia (double vision)

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