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    Selected Caste Study of CABRI-Volga Project Deliverable

    D3 ”Environmental Risk Management in Large River Basins:

    Overview of current practices in the EU and Russia”





    1Karlsruhe University, Germany


    Flood mitigation is a part of integrated water management performed by the federal state administration on water management in Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany. Integrated water management practices of this administration are discussed in the earlier chapters of D3 Report. One of the prior objectives of this administration is to reduce damaging effects of floods as there is no absolute flood protection. Such approach has been developed on the basis of lessons learned from the recent damaging floods. This goal is more difficult to attain than the tasks of hydraulic engineering aimed at providing technical flood protection. Prevention of flood damages requires an organised, well-aimed and integrated cooperation of many different partners of administration and society. Objectives and Strategies for Flood Management in Baden-Württemberg

    The experiences of several extreme flood events of the past 10 years and the following discussion have led to three important findings:

    ; Flood events are natural and cannot be avoided.

    ; Due to settlement and high-class use of flood endangered valleys, natural

    floods become disastrous events causing high material damages and

    threatening humans in their living environment.

    ; There is no absolute flood protection. The protection by technical

    measures is limited by technical or financial constraints and is only 2sufficient up to the planned limit, i.e. the design flood. There will always

    be larger run-offs and higher water levels against which technical

    measures do not provide protection any more.

    From this, also in Baden-Württemberg two important conclusions have been drawn:

    ; It is not so important to influence the flood. The most important among

    flood protection measures is rather to reduce the damaging effects of

    flood events.

    ; The task of reducing flood damages is more complicated than the former

    task of hydraulic engineering which was to provide for technical flood

    protection. To prevent flood damages requires an organised, well-aimed

    and integrated co-operation of many different partners of administration

    and society.

     1 This Case-study is prepared by Konrad Störk 2Design flood: The flood event which is used in order to design the flood protection plant: maximum run-off in a certain recurrence period for which a structure is dimensioned.

    Selected Caste Study of CABRI-Volga Project Deliverable

    D3 ”Environmental Risk Management in Large River Basins:

    Overview of current practices in the EU and Russia”

There are 3 sub-strategies in order to achieve the objectives:

    1. Management of flood endangered areas and catchment areas: In principle, the largest possible damage mitigation Land use control can only be achieved with the combination of the • Surface-related information about the flood hazard (Flood hazard three sub-strategies. maps) ; Management of flood endangered areas • Planning-related and legal safeguarding of the flood-endangered and management of catchment areas aims areas against high-class land use at a surface use which is adapted to the flood • Adapted use of flood-endangered areas danger and at increasing the water retention Water retention in the surface in the catchment area. Preservation and restoration of retention areas and soils enabling seeping ; Technical flood protection prevents

    damages up to the design flood. 2. Technical Flood Protection: ; Flood damage prevention reduces, beyond Construction of dams, dykes and water retention basins, river this, damages also during more extreme improvement and flood-proofing measures according to the events. present risk potential

     By Management of Flood endangered areas and

    3. Flood Damage Prevention: catchment areas we understand the adjustment of Flood proofing constructions the land use which is necessary in order to reduce Adaptation of construction type and equipment of buildings the damage potential (surface prevention). according to the flood risk "living with the flood" Furthermore we assign all measures in the Flood preparedness catchment area serving to influence the development ; Flood alarms in good time and well-planned action of flood (water retention) in the surface to this sub-before and during flood in order to reduce damages strategy. ; Drawing-up alarming- and action plans

    Risk Prevention The valleys must, as far as possible, be kept free Financial prevention by means of savings and insurances from additional flood-endangered structures.

Fig. 17: Flood Risk Management in Baden-Württemberg

Guidelines for Flood Hazard and Strategies for Flood Damage Mitigation

    This section presents a project which has been very successfully run in Baden-Württemberg in the field of flood risk reduction.

    The Ministry for the Environment and Transport formed a multi-disciplinary working group at the end of 2000. Group members include representatives of disaster control, municipalities, municipal associations, spatial planning, regional planning associations, the Chambers of Industry and Commerce, the insurance industry and water management administration. In addition to the Ministry for the Environment and Transport, the Ministry for the Interior and the Ministry for Economics are also represented. This coordinated initative confirms the need for interdisciplinary co-operation.

    The members quickly determined that flood hazard maps for all relevant areas were urgently needed. As a basis for their work, all parties required hazard maps showing the spread of floods and flood depths for various recurrence periods. In addition, information is required on historical extreme events and threats to surfaces of high-grade use located behind protective devices.

    Based on the flood hazard maps covering all relevant areas, it is possible to draw up precautionary and flood damage mitigation plans for the protection of humans and

    Selected Caste Study of CABRI-Volga Project Deliverable

    D3 ”Environmental Risk Management in Large River Basins:

    Overview of current practices in the EU and Russia”

    property, public facilities and for securing business and industrial locations. Only those who are familiar with the hazards involved are able to take the right prevention and preparedness measures. The working group drew up the “Guidelines for Flood Hazards

    and Strategies for Damage Mitigation in Baden-Württemberg“. All group members

    agreed on an 11 - point program. By acting together at a preliminary stage, targeted flood management should be used to mitigate flood hazards as much as possible and to reduce or even completely prevent flood damage. All members support each other through close co-operation and through the inclusion of potentially affected residents, municipalities and of the local disaster control administration together with the fire department and police, the State and regional planning authorities, water management authorities, industry and business as well as insurance companies.

    3“11 – Point Programme for Flood Damage Mitigation”

    (1) Sustainable interdisciplinary co-operation and State-wide development of flood hazard maps (2) Joint regulations and information from the State government

     (3) Regulations on handling water-endangering substances in flood-prone areas (4) Defining methods and area categories for regional planning

    (5) Adoption of water management information in developing and modifying municipal development plans

    (6) Inclusion of hazard maps in municipal planning

    (7) Integration of essential regionally planning features into the State Development Plan

    (8) Development and maintenance of warning and action plans, regular practice exercises for risk defence

    (9) Risk Prevention through Insurance

    (10) Public Relations Development of Flood Partnerships

    (11) Interdisciplinary action plans on flood defence in the catchment areas in Baden-Württemberg Action Plan on Flood Defense

    Long-term and sustainable consensus is needed among the responsible authorities and those affected in order to ensure acceptance of comprehensive flood management and the necessary measures and resources used. An Action Plan on Flood Defence will combine the goals of all parties involved in flood protection and prevention within a catchment area and describe the measures to be taken by all responsible and affected stakeholders.

    The basis of this plan is the LAWA (Joint State Working Group for Water Resources) action instructions produced in 1999. They contain items to be observed by decision-makers within affected special administrations, associations, cities and municipalities; points should be equally understandable to citizens affected by flooding. When all points have been worked through and implemented, it should be possible to reach the objectives contained in the action plan on flood defence:

    ; Reduction of damage risks

    ; Reduction of flood water levels

     3 For details, see Annex

    Selected Caste Study of CABRI-Volga Project Deliverable

    D3 ”Environmental Risk Management in Large River Basins:

    Overview of current practices in the EU and Russia”

    ; Increase flood awareness

    ; Improvement of flood information

    Action Plan has been completed for the Rhine River. Drafts of Action Plans have been completed for the Neckar and the Donau rivers.

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