The Wildlife Society Wildlife Damage Management Working Group

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The Wildlife Society Wildlife Damage Management Working Group

     Nominating and Elections Committee (Rich

    Chipman, Larry Clark, Desley Whisson) in The Wildlife Society Wildlife developing an excellent slate of candidates. Damage Management Working Group This is the final issue of INTERACTIONS edited

    by Art Smith, who has served as our Newsletter, Summer 2002 newsletter editor for 5 years! Thanks, Art, for a Volume 9(2) job well done. And welcome to Danny Martin, our new editor.

     FORWARD It has been an honor and a pleasure to serve as chairperson of our Working Group for the past Fellow Members of our Working Group: two years. In Bismarck, I’ll hand over the reins to chair-elect Kathleen Fagerstone, who will I hope many of you will attend our Working thprovide our Group with excellent leadership Group’s annual meeting, at the 9 Annual TWS

    during the coming two years. With your Conference in Bismarck. We’ll convene on

    continued support and involvement, we’ll Weds. Sept. 25 from 12 noon to 2 P.M. in the

    continue to be among the largest and most Heart Room at the Radisson Inn. At this writing,

    active working groups in TWS. our agenda includes the following items: th- Bob Timm ;;Update on plans for the 10 Wildlife

    <> Damage Management Conference (April 6-

     9, 2003, Hot Springs, Arkansas)

    ;;Future WG response on certification of

    private nuisance wildlife control operators WANTED: ;;Development of proposed symposia / thInformation on management of workshops for the 10 Annual Conference

    of TWS (Sept. 6-10, 2003, Burlington, coyotes in urban/suburban locals Vermont) ;;Response to a request from TWS Council Interested in cases from small towns to large to assist with funds for upgrading TWS’s metropolises, non-lethal to lethal to no control, computer / web capabilities and areas in which there have been conflicts If you have items for our agenda (whether with coyotes for few to many years. Particularly you’re able to be present or not), please let me interested in the type(s) of conflicts and/or know soon. Also at the Bismarck Conference, management techniques that have either an excellent all-day symposium sponsored by worked well or have failed miserably, including our Working Group, Management of North those whose success was likely determined by American Blackbirds, will occur on Friday, Sept. public or interest group opinion. Also needed: 27. I thank Mark Tobin, Kathleen Fagerstone, publishable-quality photographs of coyotes in Robert Schmidt, and other WG members who an urban/suburban environment. If you have organized the comprehensive set of 21 papers reliable information or contacts, please contact: being presented. This issue of INTERACTIONS includes a ballot Danny Martin,, for your WG officers and board members; I (507) 317-6046* encourage you to review the biographical information on each candidate and vote by *please call only if you do not have access to returning your ballot to Gary Witmer before the electronic mail. Sept. 6 deadline. I appreciate the efforts of the 1

    INTERACTIONS, TWS WDMWG newsletter, Summer, 2002, 9(2)


    July 2002

    The candidates are listed by office and then alphabetically by last name. The official ballot

    follows on page 4.


    JIM ARMSTRONG - DAVID DRAKE - Jim Armstrong is an Associate Professor and David Drake is currently an extension wildlife Extension Wildlife Specialist in the School of specialist and assistant professor at Rutgers Forestry and Wildlife Sciences at Auburn University. University. He completed his Ph. D. in Forestry at Jim and his wife have two daughters (ages 17 and North Carolina State University, received a Master’s 12). He received his his B.S. in 1976 from Freed-degree in Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences from Hardeman College (Biology) and his M.S. in 1978 Texas A&M University, and graduated with a from Abilene Christian University (Wildlife Biology). bachelor’s degree in Biology from Macalester After getting his Masters, he worked as a Wildlife College in St. Paul, MN. David’s research interests Technician and Wildlife Biologist for the Georgia include wildlife management on private lands, Department of Natural Resources. He was the wildlife damage management, and wildlife policy. Georgia Wildlife Biologist of the Year in 1984. Jim During time away from work, David enjoys sailing, returned to school in 1985 and received his Ph.D. in flyfishing, and spending time with his family. 1989 from Virginia Tech (Educational Research and Evaluation). He began working at Auburn University

    in 1990. Jim’s professional interests revolve around

    all aspects of wildlife damage management and

    human dimensions of wildlife management. He has

    served as President and Representative to the

    Southeastern Section for the Alabama Chapter, The

    Wildlife Society and is a Certified Wildlife Biologist


    physiology and behavior. Larry has four patents on Secretary-Treasurer: animal repellents, two of which were licensed for commercial development.

    LARRY CLARK - Larry Clark is Project Leader of the Avian Zoonotics

    and Repellents Projects at the USDA's National

    Wildlife Research Center. Larry has worked in the

    area of avian ecology since 1975. He received a

    B.S. in zoology from the University of Maryland, a

    M.S. in ecology from Northern Arizona University,

    and a Ph.D. in population and evolutionary ecology

    from the University of Pennsylvania. He was a post-

    doctoral fellow and faculty member at the Monell

    Chemical Senses Center for 12 years before joining

    the USDA. Larry has served on the Board of the

    Wildlife Damage Management Working Group and

    has served as an Associate Editor of the Journal of

    Wildlife Management. He is the author on over 110

    scientific publications in the areas of wildlife damage

    management, chemical ecology, and sensory


    INTERACTIONS, TWS WDMWG newsletter, Summer, 2002, 9(2)

    pesticides under FIFRA-88 and GLP/QA GDLNs, and has received Superior or Outstanding Performance Awards for 9 of 10 past years. Ray is RAY STERNER - a lecturer for courses in Comparative Animal Behavior and Research Methods at University of Ray is the currently Project Leader (research of Colorado Denver and Metropolitan State College improved assessment, sampling, and economic of Denver, and is a co-developer of The Electronic methods for wildlife damage management) at Guard and the Livestock Protection Collar (EPA NWRC. He received his B.S. from Penn State Reg. No. 56228-22). University and his M.S./Ph.D. from the University of Since 1996, he has edited, published, and mailed Wisconsin. the minutes, abstracts, and supplementary materials Ray has extensive comparative research for the Annual Meeting of Western Coordinating experience (>20 species)animal behavior focus, Committee-95, "Vertebrate Pests of Agriculture, 90+ refereed/non-refereed / technical/popular Forestry, and Public Lands." In 1996 he was publications involving studies of environmental, elected Secretary of the Coordinating Committee, nutritional, toxicological, and chemical factors which entailed subsequent rotation through Vice-impacting animal behavior. He is the study Director, Chair (1998) and Chair (1999) Positions. Ray was Co-Principal Investigator, or Technical Chair of the Membership Committee of the Rocky Representative (contract monitor) for 13 studies Mountain Regional Chapter of the Society of Quality needed to either maintain the registrations of DRC-Assurance in 1997-99, and a member of the 1339 and strychnine alkaloid or maintain/expand the Elections Committee in 1995. registrations for zinc phosphide (ZnP); 32 experienced in registration/re-registration of APHIS

     Executive Board:

    NOEL MYERS - Noel E. Myers has worked for APHIS, WS for the RICHARD CHIPMAN - last 10 years. Presently he is a Staff Officer for WS, Rich is a Certified Wildlife Biologist living in Operational Support Staff (OSS) in Riverdale, Castleton, New York with his wife and two sons. He Maryland, serving as a technical advisor to the has worked for the USDA, Animal and Plant Health Director on a wide variety of issues involving wildlife Inspection Service, Wildlife Services since 1991 damage management. Prior to Noel’s appointment including seven years as a Wildlife Biologist in to WS in Riverdale, Maryland, he worked as a field Vermont and as the New York State Director since biologist for WS programs in the States of California, 1997. He is also an Adjunct Professor at the State Missouri, and the Maryland/Delaware/District of University of New York at Cobleskill in Cobleskill, Columbia. Practical, hands-on experience in New York. Prior to that he worked for various State dealing with urban wildlife issues, airport-wildlife Fish and Wildlife Agencies and Universities on rare hazards, migratory birds, and predators has species in Vermont, Maine, Kansas and Costa Rica, provided Noel with a well-rounded and diversified Central America. Rich received his B.A. in Biology wildlife damage management background. Noel and B.S. in Wildlife Management from the University has a B.S. degree in Wildlife Resources of Maine and his M.S. in Wildlife Biology from the Management from West Virginia University. He is University of Vermont. He is the Past President currently a member of the United States Animal (1994-1997) and Newsletter Editor for the Northeast Health Association, The Wildlife Society (TWS), and Association of Wildlife Damage Biologists and TWS Wildlife Damage Management Working Group. former Secretary of the National Animal Damage Control Association (1997-2000). He has been an active member of the Wildlife Society since 1987 LISA MULLER - and served as the Vermont Representative to the Lisa Muller received a B.S. and M.S. in Wildlife New England Chapter (1994-1998) and on the Science from Auburn University. She received a Conservation Committee (1996-1997). He has also Ph.D. in Wildlife Management from the University of served as the Secretary for the New York Chapter Georgia. Her research focused on potential of TWS (1998-2001), been a member of the WDWG management practices for overabundant white-since 1993 and served on the Board since 1999. tailed deer. Lisa worked at Delaware State His primary management interests include: reducing University and came to the University of Tennessee, the impact of colonial waterbirds and other wildlife at Knoxville in 1999. She has been active with the airports; management of conflicts associated with state chapter of The Wildlife Society. Her research double-crested cormorants; the management of interests include the use of remote sensing tools to raccoon and bat rabies and other zoonotic diseases evaluate white-tailed deer damage to agriculture. including West Nile virus and promoting the teaching of wildlife damage management skills and concepts.


    INTERACTIONS, TWS WDMWG newsletter, Summer, 2002, 9(2)

    reduce ungulate, waterfowl, and rodent conflict with ART SMITH - humans in a variety of agricultural and urban Art is a Certified Wildlife Biologist living in Pierre, settings. Recent research focuses have included South Dakota with his wife and two sons. He has developing methods to reduce disease transmission worked for South Dakota Department of Game, Fish between deer and livestock and evaluating a and Parks since January 2001. Prior to that, he reproductive inhibitor for resident Canada geese. worked at the USGS National Wildlife Health Center He obtained Ph.D. and M.S. degrees at the and the Department of Wildlife Ecology, University University of Nebraska and his B.S. at the University of Wisconsin, Madison. Art received his B.S. in of Wisconsin - Stevens Point. He has been a Ecology and Systematic Biology from Cal Poly, San member of The Wildlife Society for 15 years and is a Luis Obispo, California, and his M.S. from the Certified Wildlife Biologist. Previous TWS positions University of Wisconsin. He has been the Wildlife Kurt has held include President and Secretary of the Damage Management Working Group newsletter Nebraska Chapter, and Secretary of the Colorado editor since 1998, and is an active member in The Chapter. He is also a member of the National Wildlife Society at the international, state & Section Animal Damage Control Association. Kurt is an avid levels, he chaired a 1999 TWS annual conference hunter, chasing bucks, bulls, and birds for pleasure. session sponsored by this Working Group, and served on the TWS Conservation Education Awards DESLEY WHISSON - Committee in 1999, 2001, & 2002. He is also a member of the National Animal Damage Control Desley received her Ph.D. in wildlife management Association (Treasurer since 2001), Organization of from the Queensland University of Technology, Fish and Wildlife Information Managers (President-Australia in 1994. Her present position is as Elect 2002), and the International Biometric Society Extension Wildlife Specialist at the University of 1992-2001. His primary management and research California at Davis. Desley’s dissertation focussed interests are the development of useful wildlife on cultural control techniques for rodent pests in damage databases, the integration of research, Australia sugarcane. Prior to moving to California in management, and private industry in the wildlife January 1995, Desley spent a year in Mexico at the damage field, and the effects of wildlife disease on Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexicó where the hunting public and wildlife management. Art’s she was primarily involved with research on pocket personal interests include hunting, fishing, bird gophers. While at the University of California at watching with his sons, volleyball, making sawdust Davis, she has been involved in research and in his garage shop, and spending time with his extension activities related to vertebrate pest family. management. She is a member of the Vertebrate

     Pest Council and was Program Co-Chair for the

    19th Vertebrate Pest Conference. KURT VERCAUTEREN - Kurt is a Research Wildlife Biologist with the USDA/APHIS/WS/ National Wildlife Research Center in Fort Collins, CO. Kurt is responsible for

    developing innovative and integrated methods to


    INTERACTIONS, TWS WDMWG newsletter, Summer, 2002, 9(2)


    July 2002

This ballot should be mailed by September 6, 2002. Fold on the dotted lines so that the mailing

    address appears on the outside, tape it shut and affix first-class US postage. This will ensure

    delivery to the ballot counting committee. It is important that you vote for no more than one Chair-Elect, one Secretary-treasurer, and three Board Members.

    Please indicate your choices by CIRCLING the candidates’ names you are voting for.

    CHAIR-ELECT (vote for one): Jim Armstrong David Drake

    SECRETARY-TREASURER (vote for one): Larry Clark Ray Sterner

BOARD MEMBERS (vote for three):

    Richard Chipman Noel Myers

     Lisa Muller

Art Smith Kurt VerCauteren

     Desley Whisson

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- fold here

     fold here


    Art Smith 523 E. Capitol Ave Game, Fish & Parks Pierre, SD 57501 5

    INTERACTIONS, TWS WDMWG newsletter, Summer, 2002, 9(2)


    Gary Witmer


    4101 LaPorte Ave.

    Fort Collins, CO 80521-2154


    INTERACTIONS, TWS WDMWG newsletter, Summer, 2002, 9(2)




    Author: Michael Conover. Lewis Publishers, CRC Press LLC. 2000. 418+ pp. $69.95. ISBN 1-56670-538 (hardcover). Writing this review was a challenge, given that the object was not to repeat everything that was presented, but to give my impression of the book and summarize the information between the covers. The first part was easy I very much enjoyed reading this book. My dilemma was how to summarize the

    information without taking 20 pages! This book not only covers a vast majority of topics, but does so through the use of plenty of citations, personal comments, relevant side-bar examples, tables, and graphics. This is not a technical manual, a reader will not learn how to properly set a foothold trap or moderate a task force. That is not its intent. But it should be a welcomed tool for the novice, as well as the experienced, wildlife damage management (WDM) professional. Mike Conover has filled a void by presenting the scientific side of WDM.

    The book has 16 chapters which can be separated into 5 main sections. Chapters 1-6 define WDM, discuss the philosophy of management, the history of WDM, and how wildlife damage affect humans and safety, the economy, and the environment. Chapters 7-13 cover how to reduce human-wildlife conflicts by reducing animal populations, removing individual animals and changing animal behavior. Chapter 14 presents the reduction of human-wildlife conflicts by changing the resource so it becomes less vulnerable to damage. Chapter 15 talks about changing people’s perceptions about wildlife, and the final chapter covers

    the idea of integrated management approach.

    Dr. Conover’s writing style included the use of in-text (scientific style) citations, extensive use of tables -

    at times running for multiple pages, and separate literature cited sections by chapter. People uncomfortable with large tables and in-text citations may be bothered by them, but to compensate, the use of scientific names of animals and plants were restricted to an Appendix and common names used throughout the book. Also, any references to dollar amounts were standardized to US dollars in the year 2000, and most chapters contained a short, final summary of its main points. Case studies were used throughout to illustrate specific topics or points, however I felt that some of these actually detracted from the flow of information. But that may be due to my personal preference for in-text citations.

    By using the citations, one can continue to explore specific topics if desired, however even without them, this is an excellent tool to teach the scientific bases of WDM issues. In most cases, topics are covered very completely. For instance, Chapter 2 covers the history of WDM. Not an unusual topic, but the coverage starts with pre-historic examples, and continues through to the present while discussing WDM in the ancient world (15,000 2,000 years ago), medieval Europe, colonial and frontier America, and the industrial revolution.

    My main criticisms of this book are first, with the exception of a few specific pages, most wildlife damage examples were from North America. But given the heavy distribution of scientific study, research funding, and suburbanization of the United States landscape, the focus is perhaps justified. Another concern I had was that information presented in some sections was not as complete as in others. An example is a comparison of Chapter 2 (above) or Chapter 4 (zoonosis) with Chapter 5 (economics). Chapters 2 and 4 presented so much information that saturation points may be reached for some. But in Chapter 5, although basic ideas and facts on the economics of wildlife damage were presented, I left feeling that there was so much more that could have been covered, or perhaps expanded upon, but wasn’t.

    But perhaps that is how it should be. No matter what level one is involved at, be it as a private control operator, extension specialist, agency representative, university student or professor, or private citizen, serious WDM practitioners quickly realize that it is a very complex subject. This book introduces the science of WDM at basic levels and proceeds through the different topics with varying layers of complexity. If readers wish to continue their education on a particular topic, they are given ample citations to do so on their own. After all, if I want to learn more on wildlife damage economics, there are shelves upon shelves of relevant economics, agriculture, and biology books just down the street at the library, and this book certainly provides the basic tenets to begin a search.

    - Art Smith

    (NOTE: this review previously appeared in the May/June 2002 issue #222 of The PROBE)


    INTERACTIONS, TWS WDMWG newsletter, Summer, 2002, 9(2)


INTERACTIONS, TWS WDMWG newsletter, Summer, 2002, 9(2)

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