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PUBLIC ECONOMICS

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PUBLIC ECONOMICSPUBL

    PUBLIC ECONOMICS

    Analytical Syllabus for the UADPhilEcon

     st1 week

    A survey of the general equilibrium theory and the basic principles of Welfare Economics:

    ; Description of the institutional framework (behaviour of consumers and

    producers, equilibrium conditions, Walras law).

    ; Welfare properties of competitive equilibrium (basic theorems of Welfare

    Economics, lump-sum transfers and taxes, Pareto optimality).

     ndrd2 and 3 week

    Commodity taxation:

    ; The Ramsey rule (derivation, implications, inverse elasticities rule).

    ; Extension to many households (optimal tax rule, applications).

    ; Generalizing the production technology.

    ; Untaxed goods, uniform taxes, production efficiency.

     thth4 and 5 week

    Income taxation:

    ; The Mirrlees economy (basic structure, the structure of utility).

    ; Optimal tax function (linear taxation, non-linear taxation, effects on labour

    supply.

    ; Extensions (two forms of labour, income and commodity taxes).

     thth6 and 7 week

    Corporate taxation:

    ; Taxation of the firm (profit tax, personal taxes).

    ; Tax incidence (Harberger economy, income effects).

    ; Taxation and Finance (systems of corporate and personal taxation, finance and

    investment with certainty, uncertainty).

     thth8 and 9 week

    Public goods and externalities:

    ; Optimal provision (pure public goods, free disposal, congestion).

    ; Personalized prices and the Lindahl equilibrium.

    ; Finance by taxation (identical consumers, differentiated households).

    ; Market inefficiency and externalities.

    ; The Coase theorem (markets for externalities, non-existence of markets,

    bargaining).

     thth10 and 11 week

    Tax evasion:

    ; Evasion as a decision with risk.

    ; Evasion and labour supply.

    ; Evasion and its effects on the supply of public goods .

    ; Optimal auditing with an independent Revenue Service.

    ; Evasion by firms.

    ; Optimal taxation with evasion.

     th12 week

    Debt and taxation:

    ; The effects of debt.

    ; Optimal lump-sum taxation and debt.

    ; Debt neutrality.

    ; Income and interest taxation.

    References

    Allen, F. (1982), Optimal linear income taxation with general equilibrium effects on wages, Journal of Public Economics, 17, 135-143.

     Allingham, M.G. and A. Sandmo (1972), Income tax evasion: a theoretical analysis, Journal of Public Economics, 1, 323-338.

     Andersen, P. (1977), Tax evasion and labour supply, Scandinavian Journal of

    Economics, 79, 375-383.

     Anderson, R. and J.G. Ballentine (1976), The incidence and excess burden of a profits tax under imperfect competition, Public Finance, 31, 159-176.

     Auerbach, A.J. (1983), Taxation, corporate financial policy and the cost of capital, Journal of Economic Literature, 21, 905-940.

    Becker, W.H., J. Buchner and S. Sleeking (1987), The impact of public transfer expenditures on tax evasion, Journal of Public Economics, 34, 243-252.

    Bergstrom, T.C. , I. Blume and H. Varian (1986), On the private provision of public goods, Journal of Public Economics, 29, 25-49.

    Bigelow, J.P. (1993), Inducing efficiency: externalities, missing markets, and the Coase theorem, International Economic Review, 34, 335-346.

    Blundell, R. (1992), Labour supply and taxation: a survey, Fiscal Studies, 13,

    15-40.

    Cremer, H. and F. Gahvan (1993), Tax evasion and optimal commodity taxation, Journal of Public Economics, 50, 261-275.

    Landskroner, Y. J. Paroush and I. Swary (1990), Tax evasion and portfolio decisions, Public Finance, 45, 409-422.

    Myles, G.D. (1989), Ramsey tax rules for economies with imperfect competition, Journal of Public Economics, 38, 95-115.

    Myles, G.D. (1995), Imperfect competition and industry-specific input taxes, Public Finance Quarterly, 23, 336-355.

    Myles, G.D. (1997), Public Economics, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

    Ray, R. (1986), Sensitivity of optimal commodity tax rates to alternative demand functional forms, Journal of Public Economics, 31, 253-268.

    Virmani, A. (1989), Indirect tax evasion and production efficiency, Journal of

    Public Economics, 39, 223-237.

    Yamada, M. (1990), An analysis of optimal taxation and tax evasion, Public

    Finance, 45, 470-490.

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