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    大学三级(A)模拟442

Part ? Listening Comprehension

     Directions: This part is to test your listening ability. It

     consists of 3 sections.

Section A

     Directions: This section is to test your ability to understand short dialogues. There are 5 recorded dialogues in it. After each dialogue, there is a recorded question. Both the dialogues and questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, you

    should decide on the correct answer from the 4 choices marked A, B,

    C and D given in your test paper. Then you should mark the

    corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through

     the center.

1 A. 8. B. 7. C.

    5. D. 9.

    2 A. She didn't want to watch TV. B. She wanted to go to bed.

     C. She wanted to listen to the radio. D. Her study was disturbed.

3 A. A car. B. A cow. C. A

    book. D. A table.

    4 A. Ask for a three-day leave. B. Go out with his friend.

     C. Watch films at home. D. Go to visit Bob.

    5 A. She is wandering. B. She is thinking.

     C. The man should wash the clothes. D. She has already washed the clothes.

Section B

     Directions: This section is to test your ability to understand short conversations. There are 2 recorded conversations in it. After each conversation, there are some recorded questions. Both the conversations and questions will be spoken two times. When you hear

    a question, you should decide on the correct answer from the 4

    choices marked A, B, C and D given in your test paper. Then you

    should mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a

     single line through the center.

6 A. 10. B. 9. C.

    12. D. 8.

    7 A. A picture of Britain. B. A picture of the queen's palace.

     C. A picture of the Rowland Hill. D. A picture of Queen Victoria.

     B. From a friend. 8 A. In a newspaper.

     C. On TV. D. In a magazine.

     B. Communication 9 A. Knowledge of English.

    skill.

     C. Creativity. D. Knowledge about computer.

10 A. He applies for this job to earn more money.

     B. He majored in computer in the university.

     C. He knows little about computer.

     D. He has just graduated from a university.

Section C

     Directions: This section is to test your ability to comprehend short passages. You will hear a recorded passage. After that you will hear five questions. Both the passage and the questions will be read two times. When you hear a question, you should complete the

    answer to it with a word or a short phrase (in no more than 3 words).

    The questions and incomplete answers are printed in your test paper.

    You should write your answers on the Answer Sheet correspondingly.

     Now listen to the passage.

11 What's the problem the world is now facing?

     The world is not only hungry but it is also thirsty for ______.

12 What percentage does the fresh water account for?

     Only ______ percent.

13 Where does the fresh water come from?

     It comes from rivers, lakes and ______.

14 Why people can't use all of the fresh water?

     Because some of it is ______.

15 How can people make use of sea water?

     They make use of it by ______ the salt.

Part ? Structure

     Directions: This part is to test your ability to construct

     grammatically correct sentences. It consists of 2 sections.

Section A

     Directions: In this section, there are 10 incomplete sentences. You are required to complete each one by deciding on the most appropriate word or words from the 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Then you should mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet

     with a single line through the center.

    16 ______ got in the wheat than it began to rain heavily.

     A. No sooner had they B. No sooner have they

     C. No sooner they D. No sooner they had

    17 He bought her what she wanted, ______ the fact that they were costly.

     A. even if B. as though C. only if D. regardless of

    18 We have produced twice as much steel this year ______ 4 years ago.

     A. than we did B. as we did

     C. than we have produced D. as we have produced

19 Her hair and coat were wet because it ______.

     A. would be raining B. had been raining

     C. would have been raining D. had rained

    20 I became a teacher because I preferred books and people ______ politics.

     A. than B. to C. rather D. against

    21 The farmers, ______ houses had been destroyed by the serious flood, were given help by the government.

     A. who B. what C. which D. whose

    22 The experience ______ in the war will be of great value to us.

     A. to gain B. gaining C. gained D. gain

    23 In our company, everybody is well taken care of, ______ position he is in.

     A. as long as B. even if C. now that D. no matter what

     Under no circumstances ______ leave his post. 24

     A. a soldier mustn't B. a solider must

     C. mustn't a soldier D. must a solider

    25 As a biologist and ecologist, he is ______ all forms of hunting.

     A. against B. down C. back D. off

Section B

     Directions: There are 10 incomplete statements here. You should fill in each blank with the proper form of the word given in brackets. Write the word or words in the corresponding space on the

     Answer Sheet.

    26 (Walk) ______ in the street the other day, I came across an old friend of mine.

    27 Greenpeace is an international (organize) ______ that works to protect the environment.

    28 They (forbid) ______ from entering the new building because they made such a damage in the old one.

    29 It takes (much) ______ time to go there by train than by plane.

    30 He had moral objections to (kill) ______ animals for food.

    31 I began to learn the guitar, and (discover) ______ that I was pretty good at it.

    32 He (work) ______ in that city for eight years before he moved here.

    33 Nancy studied there and (regard) ______ as the top student in the class.

    34 The (relative) ______ recent outbreak of street protests largely reflects the frustration of young people unable to find jobs.

    35 She loves parties so much that she is always the last (leave) ______.

Part ? Reading Comprehension

     Directions: This part is to test your reading ability. There are 5 tasks for you to fulfill. You should read the reading materials

     carefully and do the tasks as you are instructed.

Task 1

    It is clear that some people who participate in exercise training will develop injuries to their bones, muscles, and joints (关节).

    Despite unfounded reports in the mass media of extremely high injury rates among adult exercisers, there have been few good studies of exercise injuries in populations. One of the difficulties in performing such studies has been the need to identify both the number of cases and the number of people at risk for injury. In other words, it is difficult to know the number of individuals injured and the total number of individuals exercising in the population. But these two figures are necessary in order to calculate (统计) true injury

    rates. Normally, injury is defined as an accident that causes a person to stop exercising for at least one week. The best available studies on injury rates show that about 25 to 30 percent of adult runners become "injured" (based on the above definition) over the course of a year. More serious injuries include those for which the injured person seeks medical care. If only they are considered, injury rates are much lower, perhaps in the range of 1 percent per year.

     Little is known about the causes of exercise injuries. One factor that has been linked to injury is the amount of exercise; for example, individuals who run more miles are likelier to be injured than those who run fewer miles. Factors such as age, sex, body type, and experience have not been shown to be associated with risk of injury. It seems logical that structural abnormalities, sudden increases in training intensity, and types of equipment used are likely to be related to injury risk. However, data to support these opinions are not available.

    36 What is the writer's attitude towards high injury rates among adult exercisers reported by the mass media?

     A. Positive. B. Indifferent. C. Negative. D. Reserved.

37 The true injury rates are obtained from ______.

     A. the average number of injuries for each individual

     B. the amount of exercises for each individual

     C. the numbers of the injured and all individuals in training

    D. the numbers of people doing exercises and those stopped

    exercises for one week

    38 Which of the following is NOT shown as the factor for causing exercise injuries?

     A. The amount of exercise.

     B. The age, sex and body type.

     C. Structural abnormalities.

     D. The sudden increases in training intensity.

    39 The factors that are in relation to exercises injuries ______.

     A. have been obtained from many good studies

     B. have been confirmed by many data

     C. cannot confirm the risk of equipment types

     D. can be proved easily by the data through calculation

40 The passage is mainly about ______.

     A. the high injury rates for those doing exercises

     B. the ways to avoid exercise injuries

     C. the evidences for the seriousness of exercise injuries

     D. the studies about injury rates and causes for injuries

Task 2

    Some people argue that self-plagiarism (自我剽窃) is impossible by

    definition because plagiarism is theft and people cannot steal from their own work. But, this is not correct in law. And there are circumstances, such as insurance fraud (保险欺), etc., when it is

    possible to steal from oneself.

     Self-plagiarism, however, must be carefully distinguished from the recycling of one's work that to a greater or lesser extent everyone legally does. Self-plagiarism in academic (学术的) publications is a

    gray area. However, many universities indirectly recognize the practice as deceptive. They publish rules preventing students from handing in basically the same essay for credit in different courses.

    There are also rules against someone handing in the same graduate thesis to different universities. Among established academics, self-plagiarism is a problem. It means basically the same article or book is handed in on more than one occasion for salary raising or promotion.

     Like all plagiarism the essence of self-plagiarism is the author' attempts to cheat the reader. This happens when no indication is given that the work is being recycled or when an effort is made to disguise the original text. For example, an author just makes cosmetic changes to make the same article, chapter, or book look different. But actually it remains unchanged in its central argument. In this case, disguising a text occurs. Authors change such things as paragraph breaks, capitalization, or the substitution of technical terms in different languages. What he has done is to make readers believe they are reading something completely new. This practice is self-plagiarism.

    41 In the second sentence of the first paragraph, "this" refers to ______.

     A. all the activities about plagiarism

     B. the activities of self-plagiarism

     C. the argument for the impossibility of self-plagiarism

     D. the argument for the possibility of self-plagiarism

    42 Which of the following is NOT true about self-plagiarism in academic publications?

     A. It is impossible when one recycles his / her work at such extent as everyone legally does.

     B. It is a clearly defined area especially in universities~

     C. Handing in the essentially same essay for credit in different courses belongs to it.

     D. Many universities are strongly opposed to it.

    43 According to the passage, ______ is the essence of self-plagiarism.

     A. the writer's pursuit for money or promotion

     B. the writer's laziness at his / her work

     C. the writer's deception on himself

     D. the writer's deception on the reader

    44 The word "cosmetic" in the last paragraph means ______.

     A. beautiful B. detailed C.

    surface D. general

    45 Which of the following does NOT belong to self-plagiarism?

     A. No indication about the recycling of the work.

     B. Disguising the original work by making small changes.

     C. Indication about the small changes in the work.

     D. Substitution of technical terms in two different languages.

Task 3

    A. Business manager

     You will be responsible for our global business within specific countries and will have a good understanding of international distribution, possibly based on previous experience, plus the ability

    are highly varied in their culture. You will to work in markets that

    be fluent in a second language and be willing to travel extensively.

     B. Department store buyer

     Based at our head office in London, you will select and order stock from our suppliers in Italy. You will need to predict fashion trends and build a strong relationship with our Italian office. You will have gained your buying experience in women's fashion and will hold a degree in design.

     C. Legal services administrator

     As head of the legal office, your work will include managing the office IT network, typing reports and supervising staff members. You will need good organizational skills in order to keep ahead of a varied workload. You will be dealing with senior executives and government officials, so a mature and efficient manner is essential.

     Responsibilities of the employees:

     1. Business manager: be responsible for (46) within specific

    countries;

     2. Department store buyer: to predict (47) and build

    relationship with our Italian office;

     3. Legal services administrator: to deal with (48) and

    government officials.

     Requirements of the employees:

     1. Business manager: be fluent in (49) ;

     2. Legal services administrator: good (50) to keep ahead of a

    varied workload.

Task 4

    ARelevance of motivation theories BSystematic Training

     CPersonnel management DUtilization of

    Human Resources

     EPrerequisites to Recruitment FAppraisal

    Techniques

     GCost Effectiveness HOrganizational

Trends

     ITrade Union Representation JContinuous

    Development

     KApproaches to Training LProblems with

    Appraisal

     MDetermination of Rewards NHuman Resources

    Supply

     OAssessment Centers POrganizational

    Culture

    ______工会代表 ______评估手段 51

52______成本效益 ______激励理论的相关性

    ______确定奖励 ______组织趋势 53

54______招聘的前提 ______培训方法

55______评估中的问题 ______评估中心

Task 5

    Complaining about faulty goods or bad service is never easy. First of all, complaints must be made to a responsible person. Go back to the shop where you bought the goods, taking with you any receipt you may have and ask to see the owner.

     If you don't want to do it in person, write a letter. Stick to the facts and keep a copy of what you write. At this stage you should give any receipt numbers, but need not give receipts or other documents to prove you bought the article. If you are dissatisfied with the answer you get, write to the managing director of the firm or shop. Be sure to keep copies of your own letters and any answers you receive.

     If your complaint is a just one, the shopkeeper may offer to replace the faulty article. You may have the right to refuse the goods and ask for a refund, but this is only where you have hardly used the goods and have acted at once. And if you have suffered some special loss, for example, a new washer tears your clothes, you might claim money to replace them. If the shopkeeper offers you a credit note to buy goods in the same shop but you would rather have money back, say so. If you accept a credit note, remember that later you won't be able to get refunded. In case the shop owner refuses to refund, approach your Citizens' Advice Bureau before you accept a credit note.

    56 What should you take with you when asking to see the shop owner?

     ______.

    57 To whom can you write if you are not satisfied with the answer you get?

     You can write to ______.

    58 What kind of right do you have if the shop owner offers to replace the faulty article?

     You have the right to ______ and ask for a refund.

    59 What can you do if you have suffered some special loss?

     You can ______ to replace it.

    60 To whom can you approach if the shop owner refuses to refund?

     ______.

Part ? Translation

     Directions: After each of the sentences numbered 61 to 64, you will read four choices of suggested translation. You should choose the best translation and mark the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. And for the paragraph numbered 65, write your

    translation in the corresponding space on the

     Translation/Composition Sheet.

    61 People were not fully aware that peace of mind was very important for health.

     A?人们过去并未充分了解心灵的宁静对健康极为重要。

     B?如果人们能感觉到大脑的平静?那将对健康极为重要。

     C?人们过去对于心灵的宁静对健康的极端重要性并不了解。

     D?大脑的平静对健康极为重要?这一点人们尚未充分意识到。

    62 Great efforts should be made to inform the public of the terrible consequences of neglecting environmental protection.

     A?公众已经在了解保护环境的结果上做了很大努力。

     B?应大力向公众宣传忽视环境保护的可怕后果。

     C?应花大力气通知公众忽视环境保护的可怕后果。

     D?人们已经在向大众宣传保护环境的结果上做了很大努力。

    63 Without reading the required books before classes, students will find it difficult to understand the class.

     A?如学生课前没有按要求看书?他们会觉得难以听懂授课内容。

     B?如学生课前不阅读指定书目?他们会觉得难以听懂授课内容。

     C?如学生课前不看书?他们会很难找到授课内容。

     D?如学生不和同学一起按要求看书?他们很难找到授课内容。

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