DOCX

CHAPTER 27 NOTES: 1950S CULTURE

By Melissa Hayes,2014-07-04 08:48
8 views 0
CHAPTER 27 NOTES: 1950S CULTURE. CHAPTER 27 VOCABULARY. GI BILL OF RIGHTS: LAW THAT PROVIDED FINANCIAL AND EDUCATIONAL BENEFITS FOR WWII VETERANS. SUBURBS: ...

Chapter 27 Notes: 1950s Culture

    Chapter 27 Vocabulary

    GI Bill of Rights: law that provided financial and educational benefits for WWII veterans

    Suburbs: small residential communities surrounding cities; boomed in the 1950s due to President Eisenhower’s highway system

    Dixiecrats: Southern Democrats that protested Truman’s passing of civil rights (Strom Thurmond)

    Fair Deal: president Truman’s economic and social program

    Conglomerate: a major corporation that owns smaller companies in unrelated industries

    Baby Boom: as soldiers returned home from WWII and settled into family life, they contributed to the unprecedented population explosion

    Dr. Jonas Salk: developed a vaccine for polio

    Franchise: company that offers similar products or services in similar locations (such as McDonalds)

    Planned Obsolescence: in order to encourage people to buy more products, manufacturers purposely designed products to become obsolete Consumerism: excessive concern with buying material goods; people had excess money in the 1950s for the first time in decades, and the goods were available to buy

    Mass Media: means of communication that reach large audiences

    Federal Communications Commission: government agency that regulates the

    communication industry

    Urban Renewal: plan to tear down decaying neighborhoods and build low cost housing

    Beat Movement: expressed the social and literary nonconformity of artists, poets and writers; expressed discontent with the repression of the 1950s Brown vs. Board of Education: Supreme Court case that made school segregation illegal; decided in 1954

    Postwar America

    I. Employment in the 1950s

    A. Many people began working in white-collar jobs (service industries) B. New types of businesses

    1. Conglomerates: Major corporations that includes a number

    of smaller companies in unrelated industries

    2. Franchises: A company that offers similar products or

    services in many locations

    II. Social Conformity

    A. People were encouraged to conform to social norms and standards

    1. Creative thinking not encouraged

    B. Franchise businesses encouraged sameness

    C. The Beat Movement rejects conformity

    1. Jack Kerouac

    2. Allen Ginsbergy

    III. Suburban Lifestyle

    A. New highways, affordable gasoline and cars allowed people to live

    outside of cities

    B. Baby Boom: Unprecedented population explosion; created largest

    generation in nation’s history (Late 1940s through early 1960s)

    1. Had a huge impact on the economy

    2. Dr. Spock encouraged mothers to stay home

    C. Women’s Roles

    1. Women seen as homemakers and mothers

    2. More than 1/5 of suburban wives were unhappy

    3. Betty Freidan and The Feminine Mystique (1963)

    D. Leisure in the Fifties

    1. Americans had more leisure time than ever before

    2. Fishing, bowling, hunting, boating, golf, and reading

    3. Professional sports (television)

    IV. The Automobile Culture

    A. Cheap fuel and cars (people also saved a lot of money during WWII) B. Living in the suburbs makes cars a necessity

    C. Interstate Highway System (Eisenhower)

    1. White Flight

    2. Strip malls, drive-in movies, drive-through restaurants/ fast

    food

    3. Car trips for vacation (Disneyland)

    D. Problems:

    1. Car accidents

    2. Pollution

    V. Consumerism

    A. Definition: Buying material goods

    B. Many new products available; prosperous time C. Planed Obsolescence: The designing of products to wear out or

    become outdated quickly, so people will feel a need to replace their

    possessions frequently.

    D. Buying on credit

    E. Advertising (television)

    VI. Politics

    A. Eisenhower

    1. President from 1952-1960

    2. VP is Nixon

    3. Presidency brings prosperity and political conservatism

    VII. Advances/Setbacks for Civil Rights

    A. Advances

    1. Jackie Robinson

    2. Brown vs. Board of Education

    3. Minorities establish organizations to improve civil rights

    4. Rock ‘n’ roll and jazz pave the way for minority

    representation in pop culture

    B. Setbacks

    1. TV portrays an idealized white America

    2. Urban Areas fall into decay due to “white flight”

    3. Minorities experience prejudice and discrimination

    VIII. Television

    A. Became very popular in the 1950s

    B. Was only on certain times of the day

    C. Shows reflected fears/anxiety of the times

    1. Twilight Zone

Report this document

For any questions or suggestions please email
cust-service@docsford.com