From the beginning of the Punic Wars to the end of the Pax Romana, there was a spark inside roman culture that allowed their ways of life to be remembered millennia later. Roman culture has nestled itself in a large variation ways into modern life. Ranging from military factors to economic issues, modern society has many attributes resulting from the great empire of Julius and Augustus Caesar. However, the question remains, what exactly can we attribute to roman culture?
To begin, it would be appropriate to analyze the geographical location of Rome. The city was situated on the Tiber River, in between two hills, Palatine and Capitoline. Along with that, Rome rested right underneath the Alps, a dense mountain range. This protected them from invaders coming from the north, a very important defense addition. Most importantly however, the empire started on the Italian Peninsula. Their location allowed them to trade with many other civilizations, and eventually allowed them to expand across their corner of the world. In order for Rome to have been able to spread and evolve their culture, it was very important for them to thrive. They were dealt a very lucky hand when they found their slice of heaven in in the Mediterranean Sea.
This empire resting on the Italian Peninsula demonstrates all of the characteristics of an advanced civilization. Most basic, the Roman Empire had its selection of developed cities. It not only had the capital of Rome, but many others spread from Spain to Egypt. Additionally, Rome had an organized government. Their government was in fact so advanced that government here in America is based upon the original Roman senate. Possibly most importantly, the Roman Empire had great specialization of
Labor. Their specializations were greatly exemplified in the military,
where warriors were arranged into legions and phalanxes based on their
occupational skill or duty. Arts and Architecture from Rome can also still
be seen today, from the Coliseum to the great aqueducts which once
supplied the city with water. Their architectural creations made Rome the
long-lasting empire it was.
Not only did Roman arts create a lasting impression on Romans,
but they also have shaped modern society. In the times of today, we have town squares or main roads which are very similar to the Roman equivalent of the forum. Many times, our modern establishments are based around our town centers, so our cities would be very different without the use of the roman forum. Finally, in modern times our military is divided into ranks and regimens vary closely tied to how the Romans ran their military. This set the Roman military far above others from the similar time, as other civilizations such as the Mayans still acted on a solo basis. Rome also had an advanced army that recruited and paid their soldiers. This influenced us later civilizations such as The United States of America to make our warriors professional.
In the legends of Romulus and Remus to the mythology surrounding Roman culture, one theme is universal. That said theme is seen by intelligent historians to be the need for innovation. The innovation that has driven the great creations of roman culture deep into that of America. The innovation that has lead the tales of Julius and Augustus Caesar deep into the culture of the western world. The innovation that has made their buildings still apparent to those looking with a watchful eye. This is the need for innovation that has made Roman culture become infused with the culture of many modern societies.
Picture of coin: http://apod.nasa.gov/apod/ap960229.html