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CONNAISSEZ-VOUS LE C?UR HISTORIQUE DE LIEGE

By Andrea Allen,2014-09-03 11:50
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CONNAISSEZ-VOUS LE C?UR HISTORIQUE DE LIEGECONN

     - 5 KM - 3 h

    PROVINCE OF LIEGE

    The historic centre of Liège

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    On the move all summer!

    In BRUSSELS, from 25 June to 3 September, the “Tourism and Gastronomy" exhibition will offer you a

    chance to discover the many assets and treasures of Wallonia. Every two weeks, one Province will be given

    pride of place. However, we know there’s nothing like getting out and about if you’re looking for an in-

    depth experience, so why not try one of our “Gastronomic Treasure Trails"?

    All the treasure trails are free and available from 25 June to 16 September 2012, (except for the Charleroi

    Pays de Geminiacum Treasure Trail). Simply turn up on one of the dates mentioned below and enjoy a

    delicious free welcome treat to send you on your way!

Province of Walloon Brabant

    NIVELLES Along the streets On foot Free breakfasts on Sundays 1 and

    8 July Rural excursion By bicycle

    Rural excursion in the “Roman Païs” By car

    Province of Liège

    LIEGE The historic centre of Liège On foot Free breakfasts on Saturdays 14

     and 21 July An encounter with Tchantchès and On foot

     Simenon

    EUPEN The Eastern Cantons: nature, lakes and By car Free breakfasts on Sundays 15

    regional specialities and 22 July

    Province of Namur

    NAMUR Namur for the inquisitive and for On foot Free breakfasts on Wednesdays 1

    gourmets and 8 August

    Castles, vineyards and farms around By car

    Namur

    Province of Hainaut

    CHARLEROI The Charleroi region, as you have never On foot Free breakfasts on Saturdays 11

     seen it before! and 18 August

     Regional products and heritage in the By bicycle

     “Entre-Sambre-et-Meuse” or car

     Pays de Geminiacum treasure trail By car or Treasure trail available only on

     bicycle Wednesdays 15 and 22 August

     Heritage, Tourism and Gastronomy at On foot Free breakfasts on Saturday 11 MONS the heart of Mons August Free afternoon snacks

     on Saturday 18 August

     From the “Château Montois” to By car Free breakfasts on Saturday 11

     “Caillou-qui-bique” August

     From “Caillou-qui-bique” to the By car Free afternoon snacks on “Château Montois” Saturday 18 August TOURNAI The historic heart of Tournai On foot Free breakfasts on Saturdays 11

    and 18 August Landscapes of the Escaut plain By car

    Province of Belgian Luxembourg Free breakfasts on Saturday 25 ARLON A small breath of Arlon air On foot August and Sunday 2 September

    A large breath of Arlon air On foot

    INFORMATION: www.wallonie.be Freephone: 0800 11901 (in French)

    or 0800 11902 (in German)

    IN PARTNERSHIP WITH SNCB BELGIAN RAILWAYS, TRAVEL SMART!

    Travel to the starting points of our treasure trails with a “Weekend” ticket, which offers you a 50% discount

    on the price of a return journey by train.

    If you are doing one of the treasure trails on a weekday in July and August, opt for the “Summer” ticket

    which also offers you discount on the price of a return journey by train.

    For more information, visit www.be-rail.be

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    THE SUMMER GASTRONOMY TREASURE TRAILS

    Discovering Wallonia, from Tournai to Eupen, from Nivelles to Arlon...

Does the summer sunshine make you want to get out and about?

    Starting at the Espaces Wallonie, roads, streets, paths and tracks will lead you over hills and down valleys to discover the treasures of Wallonia. Heritage, gastronomy, landscapes and outstanding historic sites - there is something for everyone.

    To ensure all participants, especially the gourmets, get off to the best of starts with a full stomach, free breakfasts or afternoon snacks will be available on certain days.

    And, before starting your trails, why not find out more about the wealth of services offered by the Espaces

    Wallonie: from information about housing to debt conselling, from Equal Opportunities to the regional, federal and community mediation services, plus a range of regional publications and exhibitions. In short, a modern administration, close to your needs and ready to answer all your questions. But, enough said, now it’s time to get on your bicycle, pull on your walking boots, or climb inro your car and

    take to the road...

COMPETITIONS THROUGHOUT THE SUMMER...

    for those who enjoy a challenge...

    The guide to each treasure trail includes a set of questions. Write your answers in the spaces provided, drop it off at the Espace Wallonie reception or letterbox when you have finished and you could win a prize!

Prizes

Every month:

    A gourmet basket worth ?60 will be awarded to the first correctly completed answer form pulled out of the hat at the end of July, end of August and end of Septembe in each participating Espace Wallonie.

    (Except for the Pays de Geminiacum treasure trail, where the prize draws will be held on 15 and 22 August only for a gourmet basket worth ?50).

On the days when free breakfasts or afternoon snacks are offered (see table)

    A voucher worth ?150 for accommodation in Wallonia.

    The prize draws will take place on the first working day following these days.

    Two free return tickets for second-class travel on Belgian railways offered by SNCB Belgian Railways. The prize draws will take place on the first working day following these days.

    Prize winners will be informed by email, telephone or post.

    Will you be the “Gourmet treasure trail (wo)man” of the summer?

     There will be another prize draw for a special prize for participants who submit

    completed questionnaires for at least one treasure trail per province between 25 June and 16 September. To enter this draw, please ask for your entries to be validated at each Espace Wallonie.

    The prize is a voucher worth ?500 for accommodation in Wallonia and the draw will be held at the end of September.

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    PROVINCE OF LIEGE

    The historic centre of Liège

Bonus!

    Free breakfast on Saturdays 14 and 21 July 2012, from 9am to 10.30am at the ESPACE WALLONIE DE LIEGE, 86, Place Saint-Michel, 4000 LIEGE

    On these days, final departure at 4 pm. Completed questionnaires must be placed in the box at the Espace Wallonie before 6pm.

    This treasure trail is free of charge and is open to all from 25 June to 16 September

Treasure trail on foot

    Duration: about 3 hours

    Length: about 5 km

    Accessible by accompanied reduced-mobility participants

Liège is known as the glowing city” because there is always something going on

    there. On 17 September 705 AD, what was then the village of Liège became famous when Bishop Lambert was martyred here. A church was built in his memory and then, after he was canonised, a cathedral. Liège grew into a powerful city-state ruled by a Prince-Bishop who was an Elector of the Holy Roman Empire and whose influence extended across Europe. Nowadays, the historic centre of Liège has many tourist attractions: St Martin’s tower, the Archéoforum

    archaeological museum which includes the underground vaults of the former St Lambert’s Cathedral, some magnificent mediaeval fonts in churches, the Law Courts building (the former palace of the Prince-Bishops), the old market square, the enormous flight of steps up to the citadel (known as Buren’s mountain), the

    bustling La Batte market and the Town Hall. Multilingial guides offer tours. In Liège, a warm welcome is more than just words, it is a long-standing, proud tradition. Come and discover the city’s history and, above all, its pleasant lifestyle

    by tasting and sampling its gastronomic specialities and enjoying Liège-style hospitality as you follow in the footsteps of one of its most famous inhabitants, Georges Simenon, the author who created the detective Inspector Maigret.

INFORMATION and CONTACTS

    ; From Monday to Friday from 8.30am to 5pm: ESPACE WALLONIE DE LIEGE, 86, Place Saint-

    Michel, 4000 LIEGE Tel: +32 (0)4 250 9330

    E-mail: ew.liege@spw.wallonie.be

    ; At weekends: MAISON DU TOURISME, 32-35, Place Saint-Lambert, 4000 LIEGE Tel: +32 (0)4

    237 9292 E-mail: mtpaysdeliege@provincedeliege.be

    ;

    MISCELLANEOUS:

    If you would like to follow the treasure trail in a group of more than 10 people, please inform us in advance by e-mail or telephone.

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    The historic centre of Liège

    This treasure trail invites you to discover the history of the oldest neighbourhood in Liège which includes the cathedral, the Carré district, the Place Saint-Lambert, the old market square, the Rue Hors-Château and the Rue Féronstrée.

    The Espace Wallonie in Liège is housed in the former home of the Desoër de Solières family, a building attributed to Lambert Lombard (1505-1566), a Liège-born artist and architect.

Question 1:

    A. In which architectural style is the building?

    B. Who commissioned it?

    To the right of the Espace Wallonie stands the Bocholz house, a beautiful Meuse-valley-style house, built initially for a canon from the chapter of St Lambert’s cathedral in the sixteenth century.

Question 2: What was the canon responsible for?

    Walk along the Rue Haute Sauvenière. On the right, you will see stones in the buildings taken from the old city walls and the outbuildings of the Holy Cross church.

    ; On the left, you will see the restaurant “Chez Philippe (1), reputed to serve the best

    boulets (meatballs) in Liège, along with other local specialities. Further along the street on the right is the Holy Cross Collegiate Church, which is undergoing a major restoration. The three naves are unusual because they are all equal in height, reminiscent of a German hall church. Make

    your way tos and enter the small courtyard with attractive seventeenth-century facades and the tiny Church of St-Nicolas-aux-Mouches.

    Then turn into the Rue Saint-Pierre. At No.13, a plaque commemorates the birthplace of the famous composer and organist, César Franck, who was born in Liège when it was part of the United Netherlands, and who died here when it was part of France.

From the walkway, you can admire the western side of the Provincial Government’s headquarters,

    decorated with sculptures and low-relief panels.

Next, make your way to the Ilôt Saint-Michel and walk down the Rue de l’Official. Here you will

    find a sign which reads “L’âme du folklore Wallon, enfant de la place Saint-Michel (“The soul of

    Walloon folklore is a child of the Place St Michel”).

Question 3: Who is depicted on this sign?

    Go down the flight of steps to the Rue de la Populaire and cross it to the Royal Theatre, built in 1822. It was built cheaply by re-using stone and bricks from the three churches destroyed in Liège during the French revolutionary era. In front of the Theatre is a statue of André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry, a famous violinist and composer from Liège (1741-1813), whose heart is contained in an urn inside the pedestal of the statue.

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Question 4: What was the occupation of André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry’s father?

    Go down the left-hand side of the Royal Theatre along the Rue Georges Clémenceau, named after the Prime Minister of France during the First World War, who united his people and led them to victory in 1918. The City of Liège named this street after him shortly afterwards.

; At No.19, you will find Lemlyn” (2), a delicatessen which offers a selection of local

    specialities.

Question 5: Solve the riddle displayed in the shop window

Turn left onto the Rue des Dominicains and then right onto the Rue du Pot-d’Or, which was given

    its name in the sixteenth century (“Golden Pot Street”) because of one of the street signs there.

; At No.2 you will find the “Galler” chocolate shop (3), where you can taste some delicious

    artisanal chocolates.

    You are now in the centre of the quadrangle formed by Rue Pont d’Avroy and Rue de la Casquette, known as the Carré. It is a maze of shops and meeting places, which are all lit up at night: exotic restaurants, luxury restaurants, bistros and nightclubs. The old island has become a haven of pleasure.

    Take the Rue du Mouton Blanc on the left, which is named after Gilles Mouton, who worked as a tawer. He attached a sign to his home, which can now be found at the Museum of Walloon Life.

Question 6: What does a tawer do?

; At No.22 you will find Jean-Philippe DARCIS’s artisan chocolate shop (4).

Make your way to the Place Cathédrale and the Vinâve d'Ile: a vinâve was an island

    neighbourhood, surrounded by water. Above the fountain stands a bronze statue called "The Virgin and Child" by Jean Del Cour (1695).

; In the left-hand corner of the square, you will find the Galerie Cathédrale, where there is

    another chocolate shop ”Chocolat Artisanal Mosan (5).

Return to the Place Cathédrale.

    After the Concordat of 1802, St Paul’s church became the Cathedral of Liège, replacing St

    Lambert’s Cathedral which had been destroyed in 1793 by revolutionaries. St Paul’s was chosen in

    preference to St James’s and St Martin’s churches because of its more central location.

    St Paul’s was originally founded as a collegiate church by Bishop Eracle, Prince-Bishop Notger’s

    predecessor.

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    The original Romanesque church was built between 966 and 1240, and was later demolished and replaced by the church we see today, which was built in several phases and completed in the early fifteenth century. The tower was started in 1390 and remained incomplete for many years: it was only finished in 1810, using stone from the ruins of St Lambert’s Cathedral. The silhouette of the

    spire, surrounded by four small steeples, is an intentional reference to the main tower of St Lambert’s Cathedral, from which it inherited its clock and carillon.

    Go into the Cathedral and admire the sixteenth-century stained-glass windows, the Baroque recumbent effigy of Christ in white marble by Del Cour and the outstanding nineteenth-century furniture. The Cathedral has one of the most beautiful Gothic cloisters in the Belgium. You can visit the Treasury from the cloisters.

    Take the exit from the cloisters to the Rue Bonne Fortune, then turn right onto the Rue Saint-Paul. On the corner is the old-fashioned Taverne Saint-Paul which welcomes visitors. This road is more

    than eight hundred years old and today contains many bars and shops. Turn left onto the Rue des Carmes, where a Carmelite convent used to stand.

; At N?3, you will find Philosophie de Cuisine (6), a culinary workshop whose chef prepares

    regional specialities using organic ingredients.

    Turn left on to Place du XX Août, whose name recalls the terrible day of 20 August 1914, when German troops burned down several houses and massacred 28 people. On your right are buildings belonging to the University of Liège, founded in 1817.

Question 7: Who founded the University of Liège?

    In 1881, the University admitted its first female student, to study for a degree in pharmacy.

Question 8: What was the name of the University’s first female student?

; Go past the University to the Place Cockerill, where, at N?18, you will find Saveur Bio du

    terroir Al Binete”, an organic grocer’s shop (7)

    Turn left onto the Rue de la Régence, then left again onto the Rue Cathédrale, then right onto the Rue Lulay-des Fèbvres. This used to be a district inhabited by the city’s blacksmiths, locksmiths and

    other iron workers, accessed via the Pont d’Ile bridge.

; At N?11, you will find Le Lulay Al Copète (8) where Mr and Mrs Lardinois sell a range of

    local specialities.

Question 9: The Liège white pork sausage is flavoured with which herb?

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    Go down the Passage Lemonnier on the right. This was the first shopping arcade in Belgium (it opened in 1839) and was named after its architect.

Question 10: How many metres long is the Passage Lemonnier?

    Cross the Rue de l’Université and the Rue de la Régence, then turn right onto the Rue de la Wache, which takes its name from the field of barley ('wache’ in Walloon ) that used to be here.

    Go to the entrance of St Denis’s church on the Rue Cathédrale. The doorway is marked with the

    levels reached by the waters of the River Meuse during various floods.

Question 11: In what years did these floods occur?

    Until the twentieth century, the waters of branches of the River Meuse flowed where the Boulevard Sauvenière, the square, the Rue de l’Université and the Rue de la Régence are today.

Question 12: Mark the streets on the plan

    Go into the church, walk through it and leave through the door to the eighteenth-century cloisters, which house several statues that are venerated by locals, who light candles in front of them. St Denis’s church is one of the oldest buildings in Liège : it was founded at the end of the tenth century by Prince-Bishop Notger. The building we see today provides a comprehensive lesson in historical architectural styles: the nave is Romanesque, as is the large narthex tower (as the tower has no external door, it was a perfect defensive refuge). For ten years, the composer Grétry sang in the choir here. Some works of art in the church deserve your attention: several sixteenth-thcentury paintings by Lambert Lombard in the side aisles (16 century), and the wonderful, early

    sixteenth-century, Gothic wooden reredos in the right-hand transept, which depicts the Passion of Christ in six panels, above five panels recounting scenes from the life of St Denis.

In the thirteenth century, the small wooded square outside the church was home to the city’s

    potters.

Question 13: Riddle:

    I am round or square and well-moulded. When served at the market, I am cut up.

    It is not worth making just one of me, especially for not much of anything. What am I?

    Opposite the church, the large Gothic-Renaissance style building, dating from the late-sixteenth and early-seventeenth centuries used to house the Imperial Post Office.

    Make your way to the Rue St Etienne and the newly named Place St Etienne, then go down the Galeries St Lambert to the Place St Lambert, the heart of Liège.

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    For many years, controversy raged about what to do with this square, following the destruction of St Lambert’s Cathedral. Today, the square has been levelled with a three-dimensional framework marking the layout and structure of the Cathedral. During the restoration work, archeaological remains from the Middle Palaeolithic period (about 50,000 BC) were found here, beneath the remains of a large Roman villa, which in turn were beneath the remains of a Merovingian town, which in turn were beneath the foundations of the first Cathedral, built by Notger, the first Prince-Bishop. Today, artefacts from all these remains can be admired in the Archéoforum.

    Question 14: In 1907, who was the first archaeologist to discover the underground treasures of the Place St Lambert?

    Having undergone extensive rebuilding, the centre of Liège now meets the needs of its present-day inhabitants and visitors. However, care has been taken to remind them of the religious origins of this ancient episcopal principality. For many years, parents used to bring their children here to have their photos taken in an aeroplane that used to stand on the square, in front of the Palace of the Prince-Bishops. The plane was eventually removed, but thirty years later it was reinstalled here after a local fund-raising campaign. Today the plane contains statues of two caricature Liège people: grumpy, rebellious, loud-mouthed, hating pomp and ceremony, fiercely independent but with hearts of gold and quick to defend good causes.

    Question 15: What are the most impertinent resident of Liège and his partner called?

    These streets used to resound with the cries of street-traders and pedlars, who laid out their wares outside the Grand Bazar department store, on the Place du Marché and in other parts of the city, where they accompanied everyday life for the city’s residents and set the pace of life for the

    “glowing city.

    Question 16: What do these old Liège-dialect street cries mean in modern French or English?

    a) Cutès peures madame! b) Traze bellès d'jeyes pou cing censes!

    Now walk down the Rue Léopold to N?24 where a commemorative plaque marks the birthplace of Georges Simenon. Cross the road and go down the Rue de l'Hôtel de Ville until you come to a square, which was called the Place Léopold until recently.

Question 17: What is the square’s new name?

The Town Hall deserves your full attention. The locals call it “La Violette”, (“The Violet”) which was

    the building’s name before it was taken over as a meeting place by first independent city council in the thirteenth century. The original building was demolished by Duke Charles the Bold of Burgundy’s trrops in 1468, then by soldiers of King Louis XIV of France’s army in 1691.

    The building we see today was built between 1714 and 1718 in the Classical style.

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Question 18: On the coat-of-arms of the City of Liège is the perron (column with

    steps) and the letters L and G. What do these letters stand for?

Go behind the Town Hall, and turn right onto the Rue du Stalon.

; At N?1 is the “Amon Nanesse” restaurant (9), which serves traditional Belgian food in an

    old-fashioned setting.

Go past the pékèt shop and follow the Rue de l'Epée until you reach the Rue Neuvice, a vinâve

    dating back to the twelfth century which connected the bank of the River Meuse to the market square, and which used to be a busy shopping street. Like almost all of the neighbourhood, it was destroyed in the bombardment of Liège by the French army in 1691, so most of the facades you can see today date back to the eighteenth century. Many are decorated with old-fashioned metal signs.

    Turn down the fourteenth-century Rue du Carré, famous for being the narrowest street in Liège, then cross the Rue du Pont and continue along the Rue de la Boucherie. Note the group of eighteenth- century overhanging timber-frame houses on the left. Timber was a popular building material because it was cheaper than brick or stone. On the other side of the street, at N?7, a plaque commemorates the birthplace of a painter.

Question 19: What is this painter’s name?

Opposite, on the corner, you will see the Halle du Nord, also called the Halle aux Viandes. This

    eighteenth-century limestone building is the oldest secular building in the city. It was restored with funding from the Walloon Region, the European Heritage Fund and Liège City Council. Until recently, it was home to the guild of the “Mangons” (Butchers).

    Question 20: Translate into modern French or English the names of these other guilds in Liège:

    a) Les charliers

    b) Les sclaideurs

    c) Les naiveurs

    d) Les texheurs

    e) Les Soyeurs

    As in many other European cities, the thirteenth and foruteenth centuries in Liège were marked by social unrest. The Peace of Fexhe, signed in 1316, gave the city’s guilds a voice in the government

    of the city.

    On the night of 3 August 1312, a dispute between the rich merchants and their poorer neighbours erupted into violence. The merchants sought refuge in St Martin’s church, where they were

    surrounded by an angry mob, who set fire to the church and burned them to death. In 2012, we thwill commemorate the 700 anniversary of this event.

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