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CONSENSUS STATEMENT

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CONFERENCE OF MINISTERS OF CULTURE ... CULTURE IS A FUNDAMENTAL RIGHT THAT ALL INDIVIDUALS, COMMUNITIES AND NATIONS SHOULD FREELY AND FULLY ENJOY AND ...

AFRICAN UNION UNION AFRICAINE

     UNIÃO AFRICANA

    Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA P. O. Box 3243 Telephone : 00 251 11 551 7700 Fax : 00 251 11 551 7844

    website: www. africa-union.org

     rd3 SESSION OF THE AFRICAN UNION

    CONFERENCE OF MINISTERS OF CULTURE 25 29 OCTOBER 2010

    ABUJA, NIGERIA

    CAMC/EXP/4(III)

    THEME: SUSTAINABLE FINANCING OF THE CULTURAL

    DEVELOPMENT SECTOR IN AFRICA

     nd2 Pan-African Cultural Congress Consensus Statement

    25- 26 October 2010

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     nd2 PAN-AFRICAN CULTURAL CONGRESS

    OF THE AFRICA UNION

     THTH09 - 11 NOVEMBER 2009, AU CONFERENCE CENTRE,

    ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA

    Consensus Statement

    We, the delegates attending the second Pan African Cultural Congress at the AU Conference Center in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 9 11 November 2009, to

    deliberate on the general theme: “INVENTORY, PROTECTION, AND

    PROMOTION OF AFRICAN CULTURAL GOODS”.

I. Guided by:

    - The African Union Constitutive Act (2000);

    - The African Cultural Charter (1976)

    - The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (1981);

    - The Charter for the African Cultural Renaissance (2006);

    - The African Union Plan of Action on Cultural and Creative Industries in

    Africa (2008);

    - And All relevant international instruments for the protection and

    promotion of culture goods including the UNESCO Convention on the

    means of prohibiting preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of

    property of cultural goods (1970), the Convention for the Safeguarding

    of the Intangible Cultural Heritage ( 2003) and the Convention on the

    Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions

    (2005)

II. Convinced that:

    ; Culture is a fundamental right that all individuals, communities and nations

    should freely and fully enjoy and preserve with the aim, of collectively and

    constantly, promote human dignity, better living standards and well being of

    the African people;

    ; Tangible and intangible heritage if mainstreamed into social life and education

    programmes and if properly promoted is an invaluable catalyst for sustainable

    human and social development, social harmony, integration and peace;

    Tangible and intangible heritage, as part of culture, should be efficiently

    identified and protected to be transmitted to future generations; Governments

    have an obligation to ensure inventory protection and promotion of African

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    cultural goods which calls for a stronger participatory approach associating

    the private sector, women, youth, community based organizations as well as

    regional and international partners;

    ; The development of cultural and creative industries, as well as the promotion

    of cultural heritage, alongside with tourism, environment and trade represent

    valuable tools for community social and economic development in Africa.

    ; Language is both an intangible cultural heritage and a vehicle for transmitting

    culture, facilitating communication and creating understanding through

    mediating social interaction;

    III. Reaffirm that the use of African languages at school and in all African public and work places, administrative, judiciary and cultural institutions should remain a high priority in Africa’s socio-economic development and the African Cultural

    Renaissance;

    IV. Reemphasize the critical importance of social education in which all cultural development stakeholders should play an active leading role in order to facilitate inter-generational transmission of culture and concretize the vision of a peaceful, integrated and prosperous Africa;

    V. Acknowledge that globalization, global influence of Media and Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) create challenges but also great opportunities for African cultural development stakeholders;

    VI. Raise a renewed awareness of the African Union Vision of an integral, united and prosperous Africa and its initiatives aiming at helping African cultural development stakeholders to take full advantage of the positive side of globalization.

VII. Commit ourselves to take the following specific actions:

    1. Urge all State Parties, African citizens residing in Africa and in Diaspora,

    Non state actors, including Civil Society Organizations and human-rights

    groups, development partners, and friends of Africa, to acknowledge,

    understand, promote, advocate, and support efforts to translate our

    commitments into deeds, in order to make the Pan-African Cultural

    Renaissance a reality;

    2. Advocate for the concretization of an African cultural architecture

    including the establishment of the Pan African Cultural institute (PACI), the

    Great Africa Museum in Algiers, the Africa film Commission and the

    harmonization of cultural policies and programmes;

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    3. Urge the African countries to implement the following specific

    recommendations:

    About legal instruments

A) At national level

    4 Those African countries that do not have constitutional provisions for the

    protection of their cultural heritage and goods should do so.

    5. National legislation must regulate both local sale and export of cultural

    goods. It must control their management, their movements across state

    boundaries and rights of state pre-emption in respect of them. There must

    be provisions for their inalienability.

    6. Each country must conduct a national inventory of its cultural goods both

    in public and private collections. This should be done in collaboration with

    ICCROM, Ecole du Patrimoine Africain (EPA) Cultural Heritage

    Development of Africa (CHDA), ICOM and AFRICOM (International

    Council of Museums ICOM’s programme for Africa) among other and

    possible financial and technical assistance of developed countries.

    7 Each country should take an inventory of her cultural objects outside the

    country on the basis of information published in museum, auction and

    exhibition catalogues and art books.

    8 National budgets should be provided for preventive activities and state of

    the art museum infrastructure.

    9. Other branches of municipal laws particularly environmental and planning

    laws should also be deployed to protect cultural property.

B) At bilateral, regional or international level

    10 Each country should commence bilateral negotiations with those countries

    holding their “irreplaceable masterpieces” of Cultural. If negotiations fail

    the countries must seek the good offices of the Intergovernmental

    Committee by submitting requests for the return of the objects to the

    Committee.

    11 The respective police, customs and immigration departments should be

    linked together under bilateral and multilateral, mutually beneficial

    agreements to combat looting and illegal excavations.

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12 Advocate that the primary task for the Member States should be the

    ratification and implementation of the decisions and recommendations of the AU Conferences and Congresses on culture as well as popularizing, ratifying and translating into policies and strategies the Charter for the African Cultural Renaissance and other International legal Instruments relating to the protection and promotion of cultural goods as the 1954 Convention for the Protection of Cultural property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its two Protocols, the 1970 Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of Cultural Property, the 1995 UNIDROIT Convention and the 2001 Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage;

About Museums

    13. Advocate for the setting of standards for African museums as an incentive for achieving results, through the use of the experience of existing professional organizations such as ICCROM, EPA, CHDA,AFRICOM and ICOM among

    others towards finding ways of creating, encouraging and implementing such standards

    14. Recommend African states to upgrade and harmonise their policies and practices in the management of museums and their financing. The African sub-regions are a suitable level to start that work, in order to later extend to the rest of the continent.

About Capacity Building

    15. Urge African Ministries of Culture and African Governments to consider capacity building as a high priority, therefore recommend capacity building in areas such as inventory , conservation and presentation systems of cultural goods, training of professional and technical staff in museums and cultural institutions, police, customs and immigration officials, setting up of security and safety systems to protect and preserve cultural goods and institutions, increasing the awareness among holders, curators and other actors, and the strengthening of institutions;

16. Recommend that the capacity and programmes of African cultural

    institutions including libraries, archives and museums be strengthened to meet the challenges of mass education and social mobilization;

    17. Recommend the development and strengthening of research capacity at the various levels of the existing cultural institutions by drawing into this programme more universities.

18. Urge governments to ensure capacity building to communities and

    practitioners in the field of inventory, protection and promotion of cultural heritage

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as it’s represents the crucial demonstration of their cultural identity.

About the EU AU Cooperation

    19. Recommend the co-organisation and launch of a common pilot cultural programme during the Africa-EU summit in 2010 that focus on the valorisation of the African cultural heritage and the establishment of partnerships between cultural institutions in Europe and in Africa;

    20. Recommend the EU to support other African cultural goods promotion initiatives within the EU-AU partnership;

About Collaboration

    21. Put forward the proposal by UNESCO that AU considers the feasibility of creating a link on the AU website regarding the illicit trafficking and restitution of cultural goods to member states which can be establish in 2010;

    About the 2005 Convention on the promotion and protection of the Diversity of cultural expressions and its implementation through the 2008 African Union Plan of Action on Cultural and Creative Industries

    22.Continue advocating and intensifying the ratification campaigns at the national level of the 2005 Convention and urge African member states individually or jointly in collaboration with their Civil Society Organizations (CSO) to start drawing up national actions plans for the implementation of the Convention;

    23. Recommend the mapping of the creative industries for their development, protection and promotion implicating local researchers and stakeholders and community.

    About the 2003 Convention for Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage

    24.Urge countries to ratify this convention, as they could as it can provide access to some dedicated financial resources.

    25.Recommend the presentation of the list of cultural goods by countries to be listed in the Urgent and Representative Safeguarding lists and request that

    member states:

    . carry out the inventory of their tangible and intangible heritage in implicating the local communities.

    . take all legal and practical measures for the protection and for the promotion of cultural heritage.

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    . facilitate the development of crafts and cultural practices based on the

    recognition of the intangible cultural heritage.

About Public and Private Partnerships

26. Recommend that governments create a comprehensive regulatory

    framework for a Multi Stakeholders Partnerships (MSP) as a way to strengthen the cultural sector.

About Mass Education and Social Awareness Building

    27. Recommend African governments to domesticate the AU Language Plan of Action in their policies and implement it by using African languages as medium of instruction in schools and public places

    28. Recommend that public and state schools teach curricula which installs pride, self esteem and African values to promote Pan-Africanism;

    29. Recommend to dedicate one of the Africa days to promote African cultural heritage;

    30. Recommend that literacy programmes for mass education are strengthened;

About Financing

    31. Call upon member states to contribute financial resources into African World

    Heritage Fund as this is one of the mechanisms to ensure that the much

    needed capacity building will be undertaken.

    32. Urge the AU to look at innovative financing sources such as a tax on the use

    of African cultural goods in museums or cultural exhibitions throughout the

    world to contribute to a cultural promotion fund to be located in the African

    Union.

    VIII. Request that these recommendations be submitted to the next Ministers of Culture Conference of African Ministers of Culture in 2010.

     th November 2009 Done at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on the 11

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