AFRICAN UNION UNION AFRICAINE
Addis Ababa, ETHIOPIA P. O. Box 3243 Telephone : 00 251 11 551 7700 Fax : 00 251 11 551 7844
website: www. africa-union.org
rd3 SESSION OF THE AFRICAN UNION
CONFERENCE OF MINISTERS OF CULTURE 25 – 29 OCTOBER 2010
THEME: SUSTAINABLE FINANCING OF THE CULTURAL
DEVELOPMENT SECTOR IN AFRICA
nd2 Pan-African Cultural Congress Consensus Statement
25- 26 October 2010
nd2 PAN-AFRICAN CULTURAL CONGRESS
OF THE AFRICA UNION
THTH09 - 11 NOVEMBER 2009, AU CONFERENCE CENTRE,
ADDIS ABABA, ETHIOPIA
We, the delegates attending the second Pan African Cultural Congress at the AU Conference Center in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, from 9 – 11 November 2009, to
deliberate on the general theme: “INVENTORY, PROTECTION, AND
PROMOTION OF AFRICAN CULTURAL GOODS”.
I. Guided by:
- The African Union Constitutive Act (2000);
- The African Cultural Charter (1976)
- The African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights (1981);
- The Charter for the African Cultural Renaissance (2006);
- The African Union Plan of Action on Cultural and Creative Industries in
- And All relevant international instruments for the protection and
promotion of culture goods including the UNESCO Convention on the
means of prohibiting preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of
property of cultural goods (1970), the Convention for the Safeguarding
of the Intangible Cultural Heritage ( 2003) and the Convention on the
Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions
II. Convinced that:
; Culture is a fundamental right that all individuals, communities and nations
should freely and fully enjoy and preserve with the aim, of collectively and
constantly, promote human dignity, better living standards and well being of
the African people;
; Tangible and intangible heritage if mainstreamed into social life and education
programmes and if properly promoted is an invaluable catalyst for sustainable
human and social development, social harmony, integration and peace;
Tangible and intangible heritage, as part of culture, should be efficiently
identified and protected to be transmitted to future generations; Governments
have an obligation to ensure inventory protection and promotion of African
cultural goods which calls for a stronger participatory approach associating
the private sector, women, youth, community based organizations as well as
regional and international partners;
; The development of cultural and creative industries, as well as the promotion
of cultural heritage, alongside with tourism, environment and trade represent
valuable tools for community social and economic development in Africa.
; Language is both an intangible cultural heritage and a vehicle for transmitting
culture, facilitating communication and creating understanding through
mediating social interaction;
III. Reaffirm that the use of African languages at school and in all African public and work places, administrative, judiciary and cultural institutions should remain a high priority in Africa’s socio-economic development and the African Cultural
IV. Reemphasize the critical importance of social education in which all cultural development stakeholders should play an active leading role in order to facilitate inter-generational transmission of culture and concretize the vision of a peaceful, integrated and prosperous Africa;
V. Acknowledge that globalization, global influence of Media and Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) create challenges but also great opportunities for African cultural development stakeholders;
VI. Raise a renewed awareness of the African Union Vision of an integral, united and prosperous Africa and its initiatives aiming at helping African cultural development stakeholders to take full advantage of the positive side of globalization.
VII. Commit ourselves to take the following specific actions:
1. Urge all State Parties, African citizens residing in Africa and in Diaspora,
Non state actors, including Civil Society Organizations and human-rights
groups, development partners, and friends of Africa, to acknowledge,
understand, promote, advocate, and support efforts to translate our
commitments into deeds, in order to make the Pan-African Cultural
Renaissance a reality;
2. Advocate for the concretization of an African cultural architecture
including the establishment of the Pan African Cultural institute (PACI), the
Great Africa Museum in Algiers, the Africa film Commission and the
harmonization of cultural policies and programmes;
3. Urge the African countries to implement the following specific
About legal instruments
A) At national level
4 Those African countries that do not have constitutional provisions for the
protection of their cultural heritage and goods should do so.
5. National legislation must regulate both local sale and export of cultural
goods. It must control their management, their movements across state
boundaries and rights of state pre-emption in respect of them. There must
be provisions for their inalienability.
6. Each country must conduct a national inventory of its cultural goods both
in public and private collections. This should be done in collaboration with
ICCROM, Ecole du Patrimoine Africain (EPA) Cultural Heritage
Development of Africa (CHDA), ICOM and AFRICOM (International
Council of Museums – ICOM’s programme for Africa) among other and
possible financial and technical assistance of developed countries.
7 Each country should take an inventory of her cultural objects outside the
country on the basis of information published in museum, auction and
exhibition catalogues and art books.
8 National budgets should be provided for preventive activities and state of
the art museum infrastructure.
9. Other branches of municipal laws particularly environmental and planning
laws should also be deployed to protect cultural property.
B) At bilateral, regional or international level
10 Each country should commence bilateral negotiations with those countries
holding their “irreplaceable masterpieces” of Cultural. If negotiations fail
the countries must seek the good offices of the Intergovernmental
Committee by submitting requests for the return of the objects to the
11 The respective police, customs and immigration departments should be
linked together under bilateral and multilateral, mutually beneficial
agreements to combat looting and illegal excavations.
12 Advocate that the primary task for the Member States should be the
ratification and implementation of the decisions and recommendations of the AU Conferences and Congresses on culture as well as popularizing, ratifying and translating into policies and strategies the Charter for the African Cultural Renaissance and other International legal Instruments relating to the protection and promotion of cultural goods as the 1954 Convention for the Protection of Cultural property in the Event of Armed Conflict and its two Protocols, the 1970 Convention on the means of prohibiting and preventing the illicit import, export and transfer of Cultural Property, the 1995 UNIDROIT Convention and the 2001 Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage;
13. Advocate for the setting of standards for African museums as an incentive for achieving results, through the use of the experience of existing professional organizations such as ICCROM, EPA, CHDA,AFRICOM and ICOM among
others towards finding ways of creating, encouraging and implementing such standards
14. Recommend African states to upgrade and harmonise their policies and practices in the management of museums and their financing. The African sub-regions are a suitable level to start that work, in order to later extend to the rest of the continent.
About Capacity Building
15. Urge African Ministries of Culture and African Governments to consider capacity building as a high priority, therefore recommend capacity building in areas such as inventory , conservation and presentation systems of cultural goods, training of professional and technical staff in museums and cultural institutions, police, customs and immigration officials, setting up of security and safety systems to protect and preserve cultural goods and institutions, increasing the awareness among holders, curators and other actors, and the strengthening of institutions;
16. Recommend that the capacity and programmes of African cultural
institutions including libraries, archives and museums be strengthened to meet the challenges of mass education and social mobilization;
17. Recommend the development and strengthening of research capacity at the various levels of the existing cultural institutions by drawing into this programme more universities.
18. Urge governments to ensure capacity building to communities and
practitioners in the field of inventory, protection and promotion of cultural heritage
as it’s represents the crucial demonstration of their cultural identity.
About the EU – AU Cooperation
19. Recommend the co-organisation and launch of a common pilot cultural programme during the Africa-EU summit in 2010 that focus on the valorisation of the African cultural heritage and the establishment of partnerships between cultural institutions in Europe and in Africa;
20. Recommend the EU to support other African cultural goods promotion initiatives within the EU-AU partnership;
21. Put forward the proposal by UNESCO that AU considers the feasibility of creating a link on the AU website regarding the illicit trafficking and restitution of cultural goods to member states which can be establish in 2010;
About the 2005 Convention on the promotion and protection of the Diversity of cultural expressions and its implementation through the 2008 African Union Plan of Action on Cultural and Creative Industries
22.Continue advocating and intensifying the ratification campaigns at the national level of the 2005 Convention and urge African member states individually or jointly in collaboration with their Civil Society Organizations (CSO) to start drawing up national actions plans for the implementation of the Convention;
23. Recommend the mapping of the creative industries for their development, protection and promotion implicating local researchers and stakeholders and community.
About the 2003 Convention for Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage
24.Urge countries to ratify this convention, as they could as it can provide access to some dedicated financial resources.
25.Recommend the presentation of the list of cultural goods by countries to be listed in the Urgent and Representative Safeguarding lists and request that
. carry out the inventory of their tangible and intangible heritage in implicating the local communities.
. take all legal and practical measures for the protection and for the promotion of cultural heritage.
. facilitate the development of crafts and cultural practices based on the
recognition of the intangible cultural heritage.
About Public and Private Partnerships
26. Recommend that governments create a comprehensive regulatory
framework for a Multi Stakeholders Partnerships (MSP) as a way to strengthen the cultural sector.
About Mass Education and Social Awareness Building
27. Recommend African governments to domesticate the AU Language Plan of Action in their policies and implement it by using African languages as medium of instruction in schools and public places
28. Recommend that public and state schools teach curricula which installs pride, self esteem and African values to promote Pan-Africanism;
29. Recommend to dedicate one of the Africa days to promote African cultural heritage;
30. Recommend that literacy programmes for mass education are strengthened;
31. Call upon member states to contribute financial resources into African World
Heritage Fund as this is one of the mechanisms to ensure that the much
needed capacity building will be undertaken.
32. Urge the AU to look at innovative financing sources such as a tax on the use
of African cultural goods in museums or cultural exhibitions throughout the
world to contribute to a cultural promotion fund to be located in the African
VIII. Request that these recommendations be submitted to the next Ministers of Culture Conference of African Ministers of Culture in 2010.
th November 2009 Done at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on the 11