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2007March13.doc - UNEP

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2007March13.doc - UNEP

    THE ENVIRONMENT IN THE NEWS

    Tuesday, 13 March 2007

     UNEP and the Executive Director in the News

; Bahrain to host 'green' conference (Gulf Times)

    ; Taiwan unhappy about unfair treatment at seminar (Radio Taiwan International) ; French firm boosts UN tree project. (Daily Nation)

    ; Environnement : International : Campagne pour un milliard d'arbres (Netbois (France) ; Kenya urged to step up action on trees (Africa Science News Service) ; Agriculture & Marine Resources Nairobi Convention (Seychelles Nation)

    ; Der Ex-Präsident als Umwelt-Guru? (Agence France Presse)

     Other Environment News

    ; British government to publish climate change bill (Agence France Presse) ; An inconvenient truth... there is a lot of hot air in this confusing green debate (Independent

    Online)

    ; Peru's alarming water truth (BBC)

    ; Icy Nordics Doubt Net Gains From Global Warming (Reuters)

    ; From a Rapt Audience, a Call to Cool the Hype (New York Times) ; Brown battles to take back the high ground as Tories plan a green tax allowance for flyers

    (The Guardian)

    ; 131 Governments Set Their Nets for Illegal Fisher (Environment News Service) ; Oil That Fries Your Burger Can Run Your Car (Reuters)

    ; Croatia suspends Heineken plant over pollution fears (Agence France Presse) ; Eucalyptus Bad for Biodiversity - Trust (The Daily Monitor (Addis Ababa) ; Greenhouse gasbags have it all wrong (San Fransisco Chronicle)

     Environmental News from the UNEP Regions

; ROAP

    ; ROLAC

    ; ROWA

     Other UN News

; UN Daily News of 12 March 2007

    ; S.G.‘s Spokesman Daily Press Briefing of 12 March 2007

    Communications and Public Information, P.O. Box 30552, Nairobi, Kenya Tel: (254-2) 623292/93, Fax: [254-2] 62 3927/623692, Email:cpiinfo@unep.org, http://www.unep.org

Gulf Times: Bahrain to host 'green' conference

13 March 2007

    THE Third Regional Environment Conference, under the theme Challenges and Opportunities, will be held on April 26 at the Crowne Plaza Hotel.

    The one-day event is organised by the United Nations Environment Programme's (Unep) West Asia regional office and MacroMedia, Qatar.

    It will be held under the patronage of the head of the Public Commission for the Protection of Marine Resources, Environment and Wildlife Shaikh Abdulla bin Hamad Al Khalifa. Unep deputy regional director and conference co-ordinator Dr Basel Al Yousif said the event was a significant step forward in view of the increasing challenges facing the environment in the Gulf region as a result of the industrial and urban developments, changes in the consumption and production patterns, as well as conflicts and their adverse impacts on the environment. "The conference will bring together experts to cover key environmental challenges and opportunities, which is its core theme," he said.

    MacroMedia executive manager Babekir Osman said the event was the third round of environmental conference system it organised.

    "The patronage of Shaikh Abdulla has assured us of Bahrain's commitment towards the environment which has listed it among the top countries that care about the environment," he said.

    ________________________________________________________________________

    Radio Taiwan International: Taiwan unhappy about unfair treatment at seminar

13 March 2007

    Taiwan is unhappy about its unfair treatment at an international seminar on fishery subsidies. Instead of using the name "Taiwan" or the "Republic of China" at the event, it was forced to change its title to "China, Taiwan province."

    The foreign minister Monday accused China of putting pressure on the event organizers --the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) and the World Wildlife Foundation (WWF). The seminar was held recently in Geneva.

    The ministry said to maintain Taiwan's national integrity, the Taiwanese delegation protested and received an apology from the staff at Geneva.

    ________________________________________________________________________

    Daily Nation: French firm boosts UN tree project.

Story by NATION Reporter

    Publication Date: 3/13/2007

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A leading French cosmetic firm has given a United Nations tree project a major boost.

    Yes Rocher Foundation yesterday pledged one million trees towards the Plant for the Planet -

    Billion Tree Campaign.

    The firm is the first brand of botanical cosmetics in the world, and has a presence in 80 countries.

    The billion-tree-campaign was launched last year by Unep, with the support of Nobel laureate

    Wangari Maathai.

    Yesterday, Prof Maathai and Unep director Achim Steiner, were on hand to accept the pledge by Mr Jacques Rocher, on behalf of the Foundation, during a brief ceremony at the UN office in Nairobi.

    Mr Rocher described the campaign as ―simple but powerful‖ and called for more corporate bodies to get more involved.

    ________________________________________________________________________

    Netbois (France) : Environnement : International : Campagne pour un milliard d'arbres Rappel : Le PNUE lance une campagne visant à planter un milliard d’arbres :

    Wangari Maathai, S.A.S le Prince Albert II de Monaco, le PNUE et des experts en agroforesterie apportent leur soutien à une initiative mondiale pour combattre les changements climatiques au niveau local

    Nairobi L‘importance fondamentale d‘un engagement bénévole et collectif pour lutter contre les changements climatiques a été mise en exergue aujourd‘hui avec le lancement d‘une nouvelle campagne visant à planter un milliard d‘arbres à travers le monde.

    Plantons pour la Planète : la Campagne pour un milliard d‘arbres, sous l‘égide du Programme des Nations Unies pour l‘environnement (PNUE), vise à encourager toutes les sphères de la société, du simple citoyen à la société philanthropique, à prendre des mesures pratiques, aussi petites soient-elles, pour pallier à un des plus grands défis du XXIème siècle.

    La Campagne pour un milliard d‘arbres, qui bénéficie du soutien du Professeur Wangari Maathai, Lauréate du Prix Nobel de la Paix et fondatrice du Green Belt Movement (mouvement écologiste panafricain au Kenya), Son Altesse Sérénissime le prince Albert II de Monaco et le Centre mondial d‘agroforestrie (ICRAF), a été lancée durant la conférence annuelle de la convention sur le changement climatique qui se tient actuellement à Nairobi.

    Le Secrétaire général adjoint des Nations-Unies et Directeur exécutif du Programme des Nations Unies pour l‘environnement (PNUE), M. Achim Steiner, a déclaré : ? Les négociations intergouvernementales sur le changement climatique ont tendance à être difficiles, trop longues et souvent frustrantes, particulièrement pour ceux qui les suivent. Pourtant, nous ne devons surtout pas nous décourager ?.

    ? Aussi, l‘action ne doit pas se borner aux coulisses des négociations. La campagne, qui vise à planter au moins un milliard d‘arbres en 2007, offre à toutes les sphères de la société un moyen de participer à la lutte contre le changement climatique ?, a-t-il ajouté.

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    ? En réhabilitant des forêts disparues et en en plantant de nouvelles, nous cherchons également des solutions à d‘autres menaces dont la perte de biodiversité, les réserves d‘eau en péril, l‘avancée des déserts et l‘érosion des sols ?, a affirmé M. Steiner.

    Professeur Maathai a déclaré: ? Lorsque nous plantons des arbres, parfois les gens me disent : ? Je ne veux pas planter cet arbre, parce qu‘il ne poussera pas assez vite ?. Je dois leur rappeler sans cesse que les arbres qu‘ils coupent aujourd‘hui n‘ont pas été plantés par eux, mais par leurs

    ancêtres. Ils doivent donc planter des arbres qui bénéficieront aux communautés à l‘avenir.?

    ? La Campagne pour un milliard d‘arbres sèmera les premières graines de notre volonté résolue de nous mobiliser autour de la question de l‘environnement de façon pratique aussi bien dans

    les pays industrialisés que dans les pays en voie de développement ?, a déclaré M. Steiner.

    ? Le temps presse et il faut à tout prix limiter les conséquences du réchauffement planétaire. Il est temps d‘agir : planter des arbres et entreprendre d‘autres activités concrètes. Nous montrerons ainsi aux instances politiques de part le monde que l‘inaction n‘est plus de mise, et que grâce à l‘action positive de la Campagne pour un milliard d‘arbres, il est possible de contrer

    les effets nocifs des émissions de dioxyde de carbone dans l‘atmosphère. Planter un arbre dans un jardin, dans un parc, à la campagne, en forêt, est un acte tout simple à la portée de tout un chacun. Mais cette action répétée un milliard de fois laissera une empreinte à long terme. ?

    D‘autres petits gestes, comme l‘utilisation limitée de nos voitures, éteindre la lumière quand on quitte une salle ou éteindre un appareil plutôt que de le mettre en veille, ont un impact tout aussi certain.

    Au Royaume-Uni, par exemple, on estime que si chacun éteignait son téléviseur et ses autres appareils électroniques plutôt que de les mettre en veille, on économiserait assez d‘électricité pour alimenter près de trois millions de foyers pendant une année entière.

    L‘idée de la Campagne a été inspirée par le Professeur Wangari Maathai, qui est aussi la marraine de la Campagne. Lorsqu‘une société aux Etats-Unis a annoncé qu‘elle comptait

    planter un million d‘arbres, le Professeur Maathai a déclaré : ? C‘est très bien, mais vous

    devriez plutôt en planter un milliard ! ?.

    La Campagne est également placée sous le haut patronage de Son Altesse Sérénissime le prince Albert II de Monaco, qui a déclaré : ? Je suis honoré d‘être associé à Wangari Maathai dont les actions en faveur de la reforestation ont été et continue à être une source d‘inspiration ?, ajoutant que ? Planter un arbre pour les générations à venir est un geste simple, toutefois c‘est un symbole vivant du développement durable. ?

    A travers le monde, individus et organisations, d‘horizons aussi divers que la société civile, le secteur privé ou l‘Etat, liés à des associations de jeunes et d‘enfants, à des écoles, des groupes communautaires, des associations agricoles ou à des municipalités, seront encouragés à enregistrer leur engagement à planter des arbres via un site web

    (www.unep.org/billiontreecampaign). Chaque promesse consistera à s‘engager à planter de un à 10 millions d‘arbres.

    La Campagne pour un milliard d‘arbres encourage la plantation d‘arbres indigènes et d‘espèces variées acclimatés au milieu local. Quatre zones prioritaires ont été identifiées : forêts naturelles surexploitées, zones rurales, exploitations forestières gérées de façon durable et zones urbaines.

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    Le site met à la disposition du public, conseils et renseignements pour planter un arbre et le guide vers des associations partenaires capables d‘offrir des conseils adaptés, comme le Centre mondial de l‘agroforesterie (ICRAF).

Le Directeur général de l‘ICRAF, M. Dennis Garrity, a déclaré : ? La Campagne Plantons pour

    la Planète est une initiative louable qui va lier tout un chacun avec l‘arbre et l‘environnement. Planter un arbre est un acte généreux, mais il faut cependant utiliser des connaissances scientifiques pour planter l‘arbre approprié dans la zone climatique qui lui correspond. Les 500

    millions de petits fermiers qui vivent dans les zones tropicales vont en dériver des bénéfices certains et ces arbres vont transformer simultanément leur vie et leur paysage environnant. ?

    Une fois la promesse enregistrée sur le site de la campagne, il revient à la personne ou à l‘organisation de s‘assurer que le nombre d‘arbres promis est réellement planté. Chaque participant recevra un certificat de participation et il lui sera demandé d‘informer les

    responsables de la campagne sur l‘état des arbres plantés via le site web.

    Le site affiche continuellement le nombre de promesses enregistrées et publiera aussi des photos et les comptes rendus des réalisations de membres de la campagne.

    ________________________________________________________________________

    Africa Science News Service: Kenya urged to step up action on trees

    By Henry Neondo

    13 March 2007

    Kenya has so far pledged only 11.5 million trees since when the UNEP in partnership with the green belt movement launched the billion tree campaign last November.

     According to Prof Wangari Mathai, this does not auger well for a country hosting the agency in charge of the global environment and called for more to be done. She called on the government to declare a national tree planting day or week to help popularize its commitment to boosting canopy cover in the country, said to have reduced to 1.7 percent in the last two decades. Globally, tree-planting pledges from around the world in support of the Billion Tree Campaign now total 562,769,095 trees. According to UNEP, although the campaign only started in January, over 50 percent of the target has been reached, following a pledge of 250 million trees by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Mexico. Over one million trees have also been planted worldwide.

     Under the Plant for the Planet: Billion Tree Campaign, people, communities, organizations, business and industry, civil society and governments are being encouraged to plant trees and enter their tree planting pledges on this web site. The objective is to plant at least one billion trees worldwide during 2007.

    The idea for the Plant for the Planet: Billion Tree Campaign was inspired by Professor Wangari Maathai, Nobel Peace Prize laureate for 2004 and founder of Kenya‘s Green Belt Movement,

    which has planted more than 30 million trees in 12 African countries since 1977. Speaking last week at the UN Offices in Nairobi where a private French botanical cosmetic company Yves Rocher pledged to plant a million trees this year, Prof Mathai said ―it was

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    encouraging for a private profit making institution to show care for environment‖ and urged more firms including local ones to do the same.

    The Yves move follows a number of activities that are to take place over the campaigns. So far, a number of events have taken place around the world over the campaigns. For example, on the 5 March there was the launch of the Billion Tree Campaign in Brazil with Achim Steiner, UN Under-Secretary General and UNEP Executive Director and the Minister of Environment, H.E. Ms. Marina Silva From 12-16 March - The 18th Session of the FAO Committee on Forestry will host the Billion Tree Campaign exhibition in Rome and July14, the University Museum of Zoology will host the Billion Tree Campaign exhibition on Forests Day in Cambridge, United Kingdom.

    The billion tree campaign is federated by the UNEP which coordinates these efforts in both rural and urban areas. Prof Mathai encouraged more people and entities individuals, children

    and youth groups, schools, community groups, non-governmental organizations, farmers, private sector organizations, local authorities and national governments to enter pledges on the

    online form found on the UNEP website, www.unep.org.

    Each pledge can be anything from a single tree to several million trees. She said the responsibility will lie with the person/organization making the pledge via the campaign website to arrange for the tree planting. According to Achim Steiner, UNEP‘s Executive Director, all

    contributing participants will receive a certificate of involvement. He said participants will be encouraged to follow up via the web site so UNEP can verify that the trees have survived, in partnership with certification mechanisms, such as the Forest Stewardship Council. The website will record the ongoing tally of pledges, and also publish photos and accounts from registered campaign members of what they have achieved. The campaign strongly encourages the planting of indigenous trees and trees that are appropriate to the local environment. UNEP has also provided an advice on tree planting (How to plant a tree) on billion tree campaign website, as well as information about reforestation and other tree-related issues, including links to appropriate partner organizations best equipped to give locally tailored advice, such as the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF).

    Forests cover 30 per cent of the planet‘s total land area. The total forested area in 2005 was just

    under 4 billion hectares, at least one third less than before the dawn of agriculture, some 10,000 years ago. (1 hectare is equal to 10,000 square metres). But forests are unevenly distributed. The ten most forest-rich countries, which account for two-thirds of the total forested area, are the Russian Federation, Brazil, Canada, the United States, China, Australia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Indonesia, Peru and India.

    On a global average, more than one-third of all forests are primary forests, defined as forests where there are no clearly visible indications of human activity and where ecological processes are not significantly disturbed. Six million hectares of primary forest are lost every year due to deforestation and modification through selective logging and other human interventions.

     Only 20 per cent of the world‘s forests remain in large intact areas. These forests consist of tropical rain forests, mangrove, coastal and swamp forests. Monsoon and deciduous forests flourish in the drier and more mountainous regions. Primary forests shelter diverse animal and plant species, and culturally diverse indigenous people, with deep connections to their habitat. The Billion Tree Campaign, launched by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), under the patronage of Professor Wangari Maathai, founder of the Green Belt Movement and 2004 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate and HSH Albert II, Sovereign Prince of Monaco, encourages

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    people, communities, business and industry, civil society organizations and governments to enter tree-planting pledges online with the objective of planting at least one billion trees worldwide during 2007.

    ________________________________________________________________________

    Seychelles Nation : Agriculture & Marine Resources Nairobi Convention

     13.03.07

Addressing land-based activities to protect marine life

    Seychelles is this week hosting representatives of ten regional countries which are contracting parties to the Nairobi Convention, in a workshop intended for the convention’s steering committee to begin procedures to agree on a protocol that addresses land-based activities in the western Indian Ocean to the convention.

    Enacted in June 1985, the Nairobi Convention for the Protection, Management and Development of the Marine and Coastal Environment of the Eastern African Region constitutes the current regional framework for the protection and conservation of marine and coastal environment of the western Indian Ocean.

    Recognizing the need to broaden the scope of the Convention to encompass land-based activities, since most coastal zones of western Indian Ocean countries which have signed the Convention are sites of major cities, harbours, industries and other socio-economic infrastructure which increasingly affect the environment, the Convention‘s steering committee

    is now striving to have the new protocol ready for endorsement by environment ministers from each contracting country during their next meeting in August this year.

    Speaking at the launching of the workshop Monday March 12, the Chair of Seychelles‘ Focal

    Point to the Convention, Dr Rolph Payet, who is also the principal secretary for Environment, said that the Nairobi Convention is of utmost importance for the region, since it is the only set of rules that countries of the region abide by, to manage and protect marine and coastal environment.

    He said that the convention ―is a conduit for policy makers to get governments from their surrounding areas to take timely and concerted actions to address some of the issues that we face in the region‖.

    ―We can do all the science, all the research for management,‖ he added, ―but if the governments are not on board, then we will go round in circles. We will speak of the same problem today, tomorrow, forever I suppose, until the resources cave in on us.‖

    With regard the land-based sources protocol, Dr Payet explained that the protocol aims to obtain ―political and management commitment from countries of the region as well as actions on the ground‖.

    He said he expects that the convention‘s steering committee ―works out a process that will

    entice each respective government which are party to the convention to sign on and commit to the cause‖.

    Mr Payet also thanked the Global Environment Facility (GEF) representative, who is also being represented at the meeting, for facilitating the gathering in Seychelles.

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    Also to speak at the opening of the workshop, which took place at the SMB Conference Room on Latanier Road, was the chairperson of the Convention‘s steering committee, Chantal

    Andriannarivo, who welcomed the participants, while the United Nations Environment Programme‘s (Unep) secretariat representative in the region, Dickson Waringaie, gave the delegates a broad idea of the task ahead for the formulation of the protocol. _______________________________________________________________________

    Agence France Presse : Der Ex-Präsident als Umwelt-Guru?

Paris, 12. März

    Jacques Chirac nimmt Abschied von der Macht - seinem Land möchte Frankreichs künftiger Ex-Präsident aber an prominenter Stelle verbunden bleiben. Er wolle den Franzosen künftig "auf andere Weise dienen", sagte der 74-Jährige sechs Wochen vor der Präsidentschaftswahl am Sonntagabend in einer TV-Ansprache. Als Tätigkeitsfelder nannte er Gerechtigkeit, Fortschritt, Frieden und "Frankreichs Größe". Beobachtern zufolge träumt Chirac davon, als Guru für Umwelt und nachhaltige Entwicklung wie US-Altpräsident Bill Clinton oder dessen Vize Al Gore durch die Welt zu ziehen. So könnte er sich zum "Arbeitspferd" der von ihm geforderten Umweltorganisation der Vereinten Nationen (UNEO) machen, wie der konservative "Figaro" am Montag schrieb.

    In einem seiner letzten großen Auftritte hatte Chirac Anfang Februar auf einer internationalen Konferenz einen Appell zur Umwandlung des UN-Umweltprogramms UNEP in eine eigenständige UNEO mit weitgehenden Kompetenzen gestartet. Hinter dem "Pariser Appell" steht eine "Pioniergruppe" aus 40 Staaten, die USA und große Schwellenländer sind dagegen. Über sein "Leben nach der Politik" sprach Chirac jüngst erstmals. Andere Pläne dafür sind bislang kaum erkennbar. Von Rechts wegen sind französische Altpräsidenten Mitglieder des Verfassungsrates. Doch es sei nur schwer vorstellbar, dass sich dieser "Mann der Tat" mit der Rolle eines Verfassungsrichters begnüge, notierte der "Figaro". Das Blatt spekulierte, Chirac könne auch für seine ländliche Wahlheimat Corrèze in den Pariser Senat einziehen oder den Vorsitz einer Behinderten-Stiftung übernehmen.

    _____________________________________________________________________________

    _____________________________________________________________________________

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    Other Environment News

Agence France Presse: British government to publish climate change bill

13 March 2007.

    LONDON (AFP) - The British government will publish a draft climate change bill on Tuesday, outlining long-term goals to cut carbon dioxide emissions by 60 percent by 2050 while eschewing annual targets.

    The draft legislation comes amid heightened debate here over the role Britain should play in tackling global warming, with the three main political parties having proposed a raft of proposals on how best to push Britons to live greener lifestyles.

    Though the government does not want to set annual targets, main opposition Conservative party leader David Cameron argues that independently set yearly goals will be more credible, effective and less liable to political manipulation.

    Indeed, The Guardian newspaper reported on Tuesday that the government will announce legally binding limits on carbon emissions that will be set every five years, accompanied by a duty for ministers to report to parliament every year on progress being made, seen as a move to combat criticism from Cameron.

    According to the daily, if the government did not meet the bill's requirements in the first five-year interval, ministers would be required to take urgent action.

    The environment has shot higher up the political agenda in Britain since Cameron's election as Tory leader in December 2005, along with the publication of a government-sponsored report last October which said the effects of global warming could cost the world more than World Wars I and II and the Great Depression of the 1930s combined.

    ________________________________________________________________________

    Independent Online: An inconvenient truth... there is a lot of hot air in this confusing green debate

    Cameron must take much credit for ensuring the Government brings forward a Climate Change Bill

Published: 13 March 2007

    Foreign tourists arriving in Britain this week must be more bewildered than usual. They will note that green issues are the overwhelming political theme. Today the Government publishes a draft Climate Change Bill. Yesterday, the two aspirant prime ministers, Gordon Brown and David Cameron, competed with a sweaty intensity to show they were best equipped to lead an environmental crusade. Welcome to Green Britain.

    Yet the same tourists will note also the small fortune that is required to take an unreliable train or Tube from the airport to the centre of London. If they manage to get to the capital, they will discover that large parts of the Underground are closed at weekends and quite often are disrupted in the rush hour during the week. If they hire a bike they will find that cycle lanes

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    come and go haphazardly. If they decide to head for another part of the country by train, they will need to part with an even bigger fortune. Probably they will decide instead to hire a car or fly, thereby adding to the pollution in Green Britain.

    The tourists are not alone in their confusion. The political debate in Britain is loud and noisy, but at an early stage. There is cause for caution amidst the greener-than-green proclamations. First the good news. Today's Climate Change Bill is a significant measure, making domestic targets for lower carbon emissions legally binding. The Bill follows last week's EU summit that agreed to act in a similar fashion on a Europe-wide basis. The EU agreement did not get the publicity it deserved, in the way that good news from Europe never does. Such a pivotal and detailed agreement could not have materialised through any equivalent institution. Enter Gordon Brown, who made his first substantial contribution to the debate on the environment last night. Brown is the most strategically astute figure in British politics. His timing was impeccable. When better to deliver a speech advancing the cause of international agreement than in between the EU deal announced last Friday and the publication of today's Climate Change Bill? In his speech Brown proclaimed the need for a "new world order" against climate change and cited the success of Make Poverty History, the campaign that led to an international assault on global poverty.

    On one level Brown is right in ways that are almost obvious. There is no point in Britain making sacrifices alone while the rest of the world enjoys itself to destruction. But Brown deploys Make Poverty History as a metaphor for change too often. He has used it in relation to tackling domestic poverty as well as climate change. The metaphor is a convenient shield for willing the ends without giving too much detail about the means. For Britain, the practical measures required to address global poverty were relatively painless. The environment is a different matter altogether. That will involve significant changes.

    Enter David Cameron. Cameron approaches this policy area with very different electoral considerations. Brown is in the contradictory position of becoming famous for putting up taxes without people noticing. He has no choice but to move cautiously in relation to green taxes. In contrast Cameron needs to woo Lib Dem and Labour voters and has recognised that the environment is one policy area that can symbolise a changed Conservative Party. Even so Cameron has been genuinely bold beyond electoral expediency. He puts the case openly for higher plane fares and comes up with a progressive solution. The rules will be the same for everyone, with all from the wealthy to the poorest being given a strict carbon allowance. Cameron must take much of the credit for ensuring that the Government brings forward today's Climate Change Bill. This timid, scared Labour administration is influenced by the position taken by the Conservatives on any issue. If Cameron had not promoted the idea of a Bill it would not be part of the legislative programme. Like his Tory predecessors he is shaping government policy while stranded in opposition.

    But Cameron's wider package lacks coherence and conviction. In shouting more loudly, the Tories are becoming trapped into policy positions where they have done none of the detailed thinking, and from which they show signs already of seeking an escape. Yesterday Cameron repeated vaguely that his green taxes would finance tax cuts for the family. Yet on the BBC he accepted that the economics of green taxes were what he called a "dynamic situation". In other words, he could not answer the question about whether green taxes were aimed at changing behaviour or a revenue-raising measure to implement other tax cuts.

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